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Bible study in university

カード 90枚 作成者: Sherry (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • book of daniel

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    book of daniel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An apocalyptic book that points to life after death. Setting is Babylon in the exile, but in reality it is addressing the Greek persecution. Tells the story of a young man and his friends who refuse to give into the ruler's demands and also contains visions

    解説

  • 2

    publius

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Received Paul during his shipwreck on the island, where Paul healed his father of dysentery.

    解説

  • 3

    pauline theology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • refer to the Christianity associated with the beliefs and doctrines espoused by Paul of Tarsus through his writings, "grace and peace" = gift from God

    解説

  • 4

    book of revelation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A highly symbolic work written in the apocalyptic style which tells of visions of God, the risen Lord, and the future.

    解説

  • 5

    abraham

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Founder of Judaism who, according to the Bible, led his family from Ur to Canaan in obedience to God's command.

    解説

  • 6

    samaritans

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • People who lived in the area of israel called Samaria. The Samaritans came from Jews who married non-Jews.

    解説

  • 7

    mary magdalene

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The woman who first sees a resurrected Jesus at his tomb. She is present also present at the foot of Jesus' cross and she accompanies Joseph of Arimathea in taking Jesus' body to the tomb. She is present in Mark, Matthew, and John but NOT Luke.

    解説

  • 8

    babylon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. It achieved particular eminence as the capital of the Amorite king Hammurabi in the eighteenth century B.C.E. and the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in the sixth century B.C.E. (p. 29)

    解説

  • 9

    barnabas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Jerusalem church sent him, a Jew from Cyprus, to Antioch. The church in Antioch commissioned him along with Paul to go on a mission to the Gentiles., cousin of Mark - co-worker with Paul on Paul's first missionary journey "Lord, salvation, redeemer, etc." went from empirical terms to religious terms

    解説

  • 10

    apostle's creed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a very early statement of the Christian faith, a statement of belief of the Apostles based upon the New Testament that was derived from a baptismal creed used especially in Rome known as the Old Roman, In 200, Christians created a statement of faith in order to bring clarity and unity in the Church's basic beliefs. It became a mandatory part of Christian worship

    解説

  • 11

    mount of olives

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Where Jesus was arrested and later ascended into heaven.

    解説

  • 12

    substance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

    解説

  • 13

    agape

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (Greek) love (especially love that is spiritual and selfless in nature), a religious meal shared as a sign of love and fellowship

    解説

  • 14

    disciple

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a follower of a person or a belief

    解説

  • 15

    aquila

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Husband of Priscilla, originally from Pontus. Ended life as a martyer.

    解説

  • 16

    circumcision

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the act of circumcising performed on males eight days after birth as a Jewish and Muslim religious rite

    解説

  • 17

    sadduccees

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • They did not believe in anything that wasnt mentioned in the Torah. As part of the wealthy, conservative, aristocratic ruling class, many Sadducees actively worked with the Romans.

    解説

  • 18

    old testament covenants

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • circumcision

    解説

  • 19

    priscilla

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • She lived, worked, and traveled with the Apostle Paul, along with her husband, Aquila.

    解説

  • 20

    paraclete

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • another name for the Holy Spirit that means advocate, defender, or consoler

    解説

  • 21

    anthropomorphism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the representation of objects (especially a god) as having human form or traits

    解説

  • 22

    king agrippa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In the New Testament, the son of Herod Agrippa I and brother of Bernice and Drusilla. He was king of Chalcis, located in the Lebanons. He listened to the Apostle Paul and was almost persuaded to be a Christian.

    解説

  • 23

    sophia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • means "wisdom" in Greek

    解説

  • 24

    apocalyptic literature

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a form of writing that describes the destruction of evil and the coming of God's reign

    解説

  • 25

    eschatology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the branch of theology that is concerned with such final things as death and judgment, A study of and teaching about the "last things" (death, judgment, heaven, hell, purgatory, the Second Coming of Christ, and the resurrection of the body).

    解説

  • 26

    apostle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (New Testament) one of the original 12 disciples chosen by Christ to preach his gospel, any important early teacher of Christianity or a Christian missionary to a people

    解説

  • 27

    gethsemane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the garden that Jesus went to with his Apostles on the day before he died, Means "olive press." a garden outside Jerusalem where Jesus went to pray after the Last Supper. He was betrayed and arrested there by a band of soldiers.

    解説

  • 28

    unforgivable sin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sin against the Holy Spirit = despair= belief that God cannot forgive the wrong I've done

    解説

  • 29

    teleology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the explanation of phenomena by the purpose they serve rather than by postulated causes. • Theology: the doctrine of design and purpose in the material world.

    解説

  • 30

    pharisees

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A progressive, reforming group of Jewish lay scholars. Their name comes from the Aramaic perishaya, which means "the separated ones."

    解説

  • 31

    gnostic gospels

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Knowledge", missing gospels from the Bible (because they were written from personal perspective)

    解説

  • 32

    parousia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (Christian theology) the reappearance of Jesus as judge for the Last Judgment, The second coming of Christ when the Lord will judge the living and the dead

    解説

  • 33

    new covenant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the climax of salvation history, the coming of Jesus Christ, the fullness of God's Revelation, the new agreement brought about by the death of Jesus that makes possible individual relationship with God, Jesus fulfilled the Law of Moses by giving a new law of love and by teaching that God's covenant of love extends beyond the chosen people to people everywhere

    解説

  • 34

    holy ghost

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the third person in the Trinity, Summary: The Holy Ghost is the third member of the Godhead who is omnipresent and is something that does not possess flesh and bones. The Holy Ghost, otherwise known as the Holy Spirit, is what Christians believe leads them to the holy faith. The Holy Ghost also acts like a messenger between humans and God and also a guide that will help humans follow the path of Christ. Characters: Holy Spirit- the third member of the Godhead Allusion: The Star Wars series directed by George Lucas • The Holy Ghost= Force , Jedi=Common people, • The Force in Star Wars is an all-encompassing power that the Jedi believe in. The Jedi represent the common people who turned to the Force as a source of good, hope, and strength to direct them. The Force alludes to the Holy Ghost that serves a symbol of hope for humans. This allusion illustrates that the Force is a power that helps Jedi's from falling into the sin and the Dark Side.

    解説

  • 35

    paul in athens

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Upset by their worship of idols; preached about Jesus, and interested many.

    解説

  • 36

    calvary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified, any experience that causes intense suffering, n. The place where Christ was crucified.

    解説

  • 37

    caesarea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Herod the Great built this city on the Mediterranean coast and named it in honor of Augustus Caesar., world's first manmade harbor

    解説

  • 38

    baptism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the first of the seven sacraments that gives access to the other sacraments; first and chief sacrament of forgiveness of sins because the baptized Christian receives the remission of both personal and original sin. it incorporates him or her into the church, the body of Christ., a Christian sacrament signifying spiritual cleansing and rebirth

    解説

  • 39

    tabitha

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This women is from Joppa was raised from the dead by Peter she also was a follower of Jesus and many good works, HEALED BY PETER FROM DEATH

    解説

  • 40

    the wedding at cana

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • First miracle performed by Jesus in Gospel of John; Jesus and his disciples are invited to a wedding and when the wine runs out Jesus turns water into wine

    解説

  • 41

    paul's journeys

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1st- from Antioch t Syria; Jerusalem Council; 2nd- from antioch to tarsus and others; 3rd-from Antioch to the Asia Minor regions of Galatia and Phrygia in order to strengthen the faith of some Christians.

    解説

  • 42

    simon magus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mysterious figure first named in Acts 8 who was able to perform magical deeds and who was thought to be in competition with the apostles for followers. Later Christians insisted that he tried to wrest converts from apostles by doing magical deeds to convince them of his own power. One later noncanonical text, the ACts of Peter, narrates a series of miracle-working contests between Peter and this man. Peter, of course, wins. Starting in the second century, Christian-heresy hunters claimed that he was the first Gnostic (which is not true)., sold holy items for profit

    解説

  • 43

    metanarrative

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • describes elements of a narrative that openly refer to or comment upon their own placement within the narrative, A story within a story (the story "between the lines" or "behind the scenes"), "big story" - represents in short an explanation for everything that happens in society, An overarching story that encompasses every aspect of our lives. Why we are here. eg; Adam & Eve, "big story" - represents in short an explanation for everything that happens in society

    解説

  • 44

    koine greek

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Common Greek. Greek of the Bible, common dialect which was the official language of the roman empire

    解説

  • 45

    soteriology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the branch of Christian theology that deals with salvation as the effect of a divine agency, the study of salvation

    解説

  • 46

    romans 13

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • for, "Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.", obedience to the government, For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved., For if you live according to the sinful nature, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body, you will live,

    解説

  • 47

    high priest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The person who occupied the highest office in the Jewish priestly system and was president of the supreme Council of the Jews.

    解説

  • 48

    herod

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • king of Judea who (according to the New Testament) tried to kill Jesus by ordering the death of all children under age two in Bethlehem (73-4 BC)

    解説

  • 49

    adoptionism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • belief that Christ was the adopted and not natural son of God

    解説

  • 50

    sermon on the mount

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The first discourse (Mt 5-7) is commonly called this. , It portrays Jesus as a teacher, the "New Moses," , Who presents new laws called "the Beatitudes"

    解説

  • 51

    john the baptist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (New Testament) a preacher and hermit and forerunner of Jesus (whom he baptized)

    解説

  • 52

    nicene creed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The summary of Chritian beliefs developed by the bishops at the firt 2 councils of the church in 325 A.D.s the main truths of the catholic faith., response to the Arian heresy which denied the divinity of christ from the city of Nicaea in 325 original creed with changes only creed excepted by Catholics orthodox anglican and major Protestant churches, states that Jesus is one with God

    解説

  • 53

    athanasian creed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • emphasized the equality of the Three Persons of the Blessed Trinity and their relationship to eachother

    解説

  • 54

    conversion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a spiritual enlightenment causing a person to lead a new life

    解説

  • 55

    herodias

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The wife of Herod Philip I and then Herod Antipas. She had Salome request the head of John the Baptist after pleasing her step-father, Antipas, with a dance.

    解説

  • 56

    canonical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • conforming to orthodox or recognized rules, reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality, orthodox [canon (n) = set of accepted works]

    解説

  • 57

    septuagint

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the oldest Greek version of the Old Testament, A pre-Christian Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures made by Jewish scholars, and later adopted by Greek-speaking Christians

    解説

  • 58

    ethos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a Greek term referring to the character of a person; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals

    解説

  • 59

    john 3:23

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • But John also was baptizing in Ae´non near Sa´lim, because there was a great quantity of water there, and people kept coming and being baptized;

    解説

  • 60

    ecclesiology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the branch of theology concerned with the nature and the constitution and the functions of a church

    解説

  • 61

    christology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a religious doctrine or theory based on Jesus or Jesus' teachings, The branch of Christian theology that studies the nature, Person, and works of Jesus Christ

    解説

  • 62

    nag hammadi library

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a collection of 13 ancient papyrus codices translated from Greek into Coptic that were discovered by farmers near the town of Nag Hammadi in 1945

    解説

  • 63

    gnostic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pertaining to knowledge, especially to the esoteric knowledge taught by an early Christian mystical sect

    解説

  • 64

    jerusalem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews.

    解説

  • 65

    deuterocanonical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • term meaning "second canon," It includes the Catholic Old Testament but not in the Hebrew Bible. These additions are 1 and 2 Maccabees, Judith, Tobit, Baruch, Sirach, Wisdom, and parts of Esther and Daniel, those books and passages of the Old and New Testaments about which there was controversy in early Christian history, second canon; refers to the books of the OT that were not found in the Hebrew Scriptures: Sirach, Wisdom, Baruch, 1 and 2 Maccabees, Tobit, Judith, and Esther and Daniel.

    解説

  • 66

    synoptic gospels

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, which, because of their similarities, can be "seen together" in parallel columns and mutually compared.

    解説

  • 67

    eucharist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • From the Greek for "thanksgiving"; also called the Mass or Lord's Supper. It is the principal sacramental celebration of the Church, established by Jesus at the Last Supper, in which the mystery of salvation through participation in the sacrificial Death and glorious Resurrection of Christ is renewed and accomplished. The term applies to the species consecrated during the Mass.

    解説

  • 68

    70 ce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Gospel according to Mark, Roman destruction of Jerusalem and the second Temple.

    解説

  • 69

    faith

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • institution to express belief in a divine power "grace and peace" = from Emperor and war

    解説

  • 70

    grace

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (Christian theology) the free and unmerited favor or beneficence of God, a disposition to kindness and compassion

    解説

  • 71

    corinth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a leading city of ancient Greece famous for its architecture, pottery, and shipbuilding

    解説

  • 72

    antinomianism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the theological doctrine that by faith and God's grace a Christian is freed from all laws (including the moral standards of the culture), asserting that inner grace was sufficient to achieve salvation and that church ministers were unnecessary for that goal

    解説

  • 73

    1 corinthians 13

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your ability, but with the temptation he will also provide the way of escape, that you may be able to endure it.

    解説

  • 74

    parables

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • what Jesus's stories were typically presented as, in which earthly situations familiar to people of his time and place were used to make a spiritual point, metaphors or similes drawn from common life experiences or nature to illustrate moral or spiritual truths

    解説

  • 75

    lazarus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the diseased beggar in Jesus' parable of the rich man and the beggar, the person who Jesus raised from the dead after four days in the tomb, a man who Jesus raised from the dead, even though he'd been buried for three days. A symbol of Jesus's power and of possibilities.

    解説

  • 76

    apocrypha

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 14 books of the Old Testament included in the Vulgate (except for II Esdras) but omitted in Jewish and Protestant versions of the Bible,, Greek word meaning "obscure" or "hidden," later "unauthoritative" In Biblical literature, those books rejected by the Jew as uninspired, and hence excluded from the Old Testament, although they were later accepted by the Catholic Church.

    解説

  • 77

    demetrius

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ephesian silversmith; started a riot accusing Paul of teaching against goddess Diana

    解説

  • 78

    elizabeth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The wife of Zechariah the priest, She gave birth to John the Baptist in her old age.

    解説

  • 79

    alexandria

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • City on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt founded by Alexander. It became the capital of the Hellenistic kingdom of Ptolemy. It contained the famous Library and the Museum and was a center for leading scientific and literary figures in the classical and postclassical eras.

    解説

  • 80

    stephen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One of the first seven deacons. One of the first Christian martyrs who was stoned to death., First Christian martyr

    解説

  • 81

    parable of the talents

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • god gave each person a talent to share withe everyone

    解説

  • 82

    dietary laws

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rules about what persons are permitted to eat, and under what circumstances. Examples include the modern-day Muslim and Jewish prohibition of pork, and regulations spelled out in Torah, such as the admonition not to "boil a kid in his mother's milk (Exodus 23:19, Exodus 34:26, Deuteronomy 14:21).

    解説

  • 83

    aramaic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a Semitic language originally of the ancient Arameans but still spoken by other people in southwestern Asia

    解説

  • 84

    peter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disciple of Jesus and leader of the apostles, A.D. 5-67 One of the 12 apostles of Jesus; Roman Catholics consider him to be the first pope, bishop of Rome

    解説

  • 85

    cornelius

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first "public" Gentile convert to Christian faith, The 1st Gentile convert; Peter was sent to preach Jesus to him and baptize him

    解説

  • 86

    typology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the study of types of writing that have common traits, the study of types in scripture, The study of types of writing that have common traits. Typology in Scripture study involves reading the Old Testament in light of Christ crucified and risen.

    解説

  • 87

    apocalypse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a prophetic revelation, especially one concerning the end of the world

    解説

  • 88

    transfiguration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (New Testament) the sudden emanation of radiance from the person of Jesus, The mystery from Christ's life in which God's glory shone through and transformed Jesus' physical appearance while he was in the company of the Old Testament prophets Moses and Elijah. Peter, James, and John witnessed this event.

    解説

  • 89

    beatitudes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Jesus' teachings about the meaning and path to true happiness; descriptions of the way to attain eternal blessedness, or holiness, to which God calls all of us

    解説

  • 90

    realized eschatology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Technical term describing the ministry of Jesus in which the eschaton has moved from the future to the present, from the sphere of expectation into that of realized experience, • 1 Corinthians• Don't worry about the World anymore• , kingdom is here and now; believers are the kingdom; there is no second coming; prob- there is no triumph of God over people

    解説

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