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World war 2 Terms -2

カード 55枚 作成者: Jill (作成日: 2013/11/28)

  • fascism

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    fascism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.

    解説

  • 2

    Weimar Republic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Was the democratic government which ruled over Germany form 1919 to 1933. Was Germany's first democracy and it failed miserably. It had leaders such as Hindenburg.

    解説

  • 3

    the basic foundation for the family

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • women (Mussolini)

    解説

  • 4

    Pacific Strategy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Island Hopping and Submarine Warfare: did not trust Chiang Kai Shek, used this strategy instead to slowly sweep across something.

    解説

  • 5

    island hopping

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.

    解説

  • 6

    Marshal Henri Petain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This aging leader of France accepted defeat to the Germans, which allowed him to keep a very small portion of the south of France to himself under the puppet government of Vichy France

    解説

  • 7

    totalitarian state

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a nation in which a single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives: no limited government power, no individual freedoms.

    解説

  • 8

    militarist regimes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • regimes which involve the belief that their nation or government should possess a large amount of military power in order to gain power and influence

    解説

  • 9

    Monroe Doctrine for Asia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Japan would guide Asian neighbors to development and prosperity (capture its neighbors)

    解説

  • 10

    D-Day

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.

    解説

  • 11

    Warriors and Political Leaders

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Men (Hitler)

    解説

  • 12

    Aryan Racial State

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hitler's goal was...

    解説

  • 13

    Il Duce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the Leader; Benito Mussolini

    解説

  • 14

    Asia for the Asians

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Japanese conquest of Southeast Asia had been accomplished under this slogan. Many Japanese sincerely believed that their government was bringing about the liberation of Asians from European colonial rule.

    解説

  • 15

    Battle of Midway Island

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • turning point of the war in Asia; US planes destroyed four attacking Japanese aircraft carriers; defeated the Japanese navy and established naval superiority in the Pacific

    解説

  • 16

    Enabling Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the government could ignore the constitution for four years, and create laws to solve the country's problems (gave Hitler absolute dictatorial power for those years)

    解説

  • 17

    "Mussolini is always right"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Only truly successful fascist propaganda in Italy

    解説

  • 18

    Vichy France

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • this portion of France was the portion that was not occupied with Germany but followed Germany's every command: puppet government

    解説

  • 19

    Lebensraum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hitler's expansionist theory that the stronger and superior nations deserved living space, so it was rightful that they could expand and conquer.

    解説

  • 20

    won broad support for Roosevelt's war policy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • actual result of Pearl Harbor

    解説

  • 21

    Anschluss

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The union of Austria with Germany, resulting from the occupation of Austria by the German army in 1938.

    解説

  • 22

    Mein Kampf

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • My struggle, autobiography of Hitler and his beliefs

    解説

  • 23

    Schutzstaffeln

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "SS"; guard squadrons, under the total control of Adolf Hitler. Responsible for many of the crimes against humanity done by the Nazis during World War II.

    解説

  • 24

    Surprise Attack on American and European colonies in South Asia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Solution to Japan's "retaliation-supplies" problem from America

    解説

  • 25

    Operation Overlord

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • D-Day's Code Name

    解説

  • 26

    Nuremberg

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Annual party rallies held here, including mass demonstrations and spectacles.

    解説

  • 27

    Poland

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Britain and France began reacting to Hitler's conquests- they agreed to protect this country in case of war, and did when Germany invaded them.

    解説

  • 28

    Anti-Comintern Pact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • treaty between Germany and Japan promising a common front against communism

    解説

  • 29

    New Order in East Asia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The idea that Japan will throw off foreign imperialism from Asia and form and autarktic bloc run by Japan. This leads to deterioration in US Japanese relations.

    解説

  • 30

    Battle of the Coral Sea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A battle between Japanese and American naval forces that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia.

    解説

  • 31

    Co-Prosperity Sphere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Japan's goal and organization to help all Asians escape Western colonial rule; but real goal was a Japanese empire in Asia

    解説

  • 32

    King Victor Emmanuel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • appointed Mussolini as Prime Minister after capitulating in 1922.

    解説

  • 33

    Pearl Harbor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. December 7, 1941.

    解説

  • 34

    League of Combat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • political group led by Mussolini, also known as the Black Shirts, supported by the middle class industrialists

    解説

  • 35

    the pillar of the state

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • family (Mussolini)

    解説

  • 36

    Wives and Mothers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Women (Hitler)

    解説

  • 37

    German Workers' Party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Munich based party that promised German national socialism that would abolish capitalism; Hitler joined in 1919 and controlled it by 1921 transforming it into National Socialists German Workers' Party; used mass rallies and propaganda

    解説

  • 38

    Soviet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The first nation in which Germany's advance had been stopped

    解説

  • 39

    Rome-Berlin Axis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The alliance between Italy and Germany, Mussolini and Hitler (later also Japan)

    解説

  • 40

    Munich Conference

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further

    解説

  • 41

    China Incident

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • incident in which Japan invaded China, and America stood by the side and watched it happen remaining neutral.

    解説

  • 42

    Beer Hall Putsch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In 1923 the Nazis attempted to overthrow the government in Munich. It was a total failure, and Hitler received a brief prison sentence during which time he wrote Mein Kampf.

    解説

  • 43

    loss in morale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • expected result of Pearl Harbor

    解説

  • 44

    Duty, Discipline, Hard Work

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Stalin's family values

    解説

  • 45

    Stalin's five-year plan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • impressive progress in industrial production (coal, oil, steel)

    解説

  • 46

    terror, repression, murder, police, concentration camps, execution squads, death camps

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • SS used...

    解説

  • 47

    Battle of Normandy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Allies gained a foothold on the French coast during this battle. Eventually they were able to drive the Germans back and liberate Western Europe. Greatest naval invasion in history. Led to D-Day

    解説

  • 48

    Storm Troops

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the "SA" organization. A semi-military group formed to protect Nazi meetings, which evolved to a group that terrorized civilians without police interference. Sturmabteilung

    解説

  • 49

    Benito Mussolini

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.

    解説

  • 50

    public work projects

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • everyone working is a soldier, equally important, help your country, lower unemployment rates

    解説

  • 51

    nationalism and militarism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hitler's appeal...

    解説

  • 52

    Josef Stalin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • was general secretary of the Communist party, became the leader and dictator of Russia after Lenin's death. Dictator, brought Russia out of recession and made Russia an industrial superpower in WW2, followed Lenin.

    解説

  • 53

    Battle of Kursk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • German forces are soundly defeated by the Soviets, greatest tank battle of WWII

    解説

  • 54

    Marco Polo Bridge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in 1937, Japan militarists touched off an explosion here that led to an all-out invasion of China. Caused hostilities between the two countries in WW2.

    解説

  • 55

    Kristallnacht

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "night of the shattered glass", (Night of the Broken Glass) mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.

    解説

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