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American History World War 1

カード 37枚 作成者: Jill (作成日: 2013/11/28)

  • Roosevelt Corollary

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Roosevelt Corollary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South and Central America by using military force. To cover debt.

    解説

  • 2

    Gentlemen's Agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An agreement with Japan where Japan agreed to limit immigration, and Roosevelt agreed to discuss with the San Francisco School Board about the segregation of Japanese children in school. 'We'll stop segregation, if Japan stops immigration.'

    解説

  • 3

    dollar diplomacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Taft encouraged American investment abroad to support the diplomacy of the government and to ensure American growth and stability. *Term used to describe the efforts of the US to further its foreign policy through use of economic power by guaranteeing loans to foreign countries.*

    解説

  • 4

    Pancho Villa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A combination of a bandit and a Robin Hood. Mexican revolutionary who killed many Americans in Mexico. The United States sent John J Pershing to capture him but never did. Eventually he was assassinated in 1923.

    解説

  • 5

    John J. Pershing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • US general who chased Pancho Villa over 300 miles into Mexico but didn't capture him.

    解説

  • 6

    Punitive Expedition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 11,000 US soldiers, led by General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing, were sent into northern Mexico in 1917, to capture Francisco "Pancho" Villa after he led an attack that resulted in 17 Americans dying. The US soldiers could not find him but he was ultimately killed by political enemies in 1923.

    解説

  • 7

    Kaiser Wilhelm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (1859-1941) King of Prussia and Emperor of Germany whose political policies led his country into World War I. He was forced from power when Germany lost the war.

    解説

  • 8

    The Blank Check

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Austria feared that if they invaded the Balkans, the Russians would come to the rescue of their Slavic brothers. Germany, sensing this may be the chance to destroy her enemies Russia and France in a quick and decisive war, pledged unconditional support to Austria. All but assuring that if Austria invaded the Balkans that a huge conflict would result. The German backing of Austria is noted as the greatest reason for the outbreak of World War I.

    解説

  • 9

    Francis Ferdinand

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • His assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia. This caused Germany and Austria-Hungary, and countries allied with Serbia (the Triple Alliance Powers) to declare war on each other, starting World War I.

    解説

  • 10

    Gavrilo Princip

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Murdered Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife. Member of a terrorist organization called The Black Hand. Helped to end the optimistic Progressive era in America. Wanted to set Bosnia free from Austria-Hungary

    解説

  • 11

    von Schlieffen plan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Military plan of Germany to end the war quickly be invading Belgium on the way to France and then after defeating France, make its way to Russia and defeat them. It was a failure because of the time frame which was horribly off and they did not expect the British to join France.

    解説

  • 12

    Lusitania

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sunk in 1915 by a German submarine. 139 American killed. Forced Germany to stop submarine warfare.

    解説

  • 13

    Charles E. Hughes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • American politics early 20th century. His first stint in politics occurred as the Governor of New York. After a brief spell as associate Justice on the Supreme Court, Hughes ran as the Republican candidate in 1916 against Woodrow Wilson. After losing to Harding, he returned to the Supreme Court under Harding, but this time as Chief Justice.

    解説

  • 14

    unrestricted submarine warfare

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • January 1917, the use of submarines to sink without warning any ship (including neutral ships and unarmed passenger liners) found in an enemy's waters. Germany thought they could win the war against the exhausted Allies before the U. S. could bring its full force to bear in the conflict. It was the use of submarines that would eventually bring the United States into the war, and in his request to Congress for a declaration of war in 1917, Wilson described the actions of German submarines as "warfare against mankind.",

    解説

  • 15

    Zimmerman Note

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Brought Americans into WWI

    解説

  • 16

    convoys

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • groups of ships that were escorted across the Atlantic by warships for safety.

    解説

  • 17

    William Simms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This writer defended the southern views of life against the constant scrutiny of the North. He believed it was the duty of the intellectuals of the South to enlighten the nation on the ways of the South and the reasoning behind it.

    解説

  • 18

    Bolsheviks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian government during WWI.

    解説

  • 19

    Lenin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • leader of the Bolshevik Party, overthrew the Russian government and established a Communist government.

    解説

  • 20

    Brest-Litovsk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Russia signed a peace treaty with Germany at this site and dropped out of the war, marking Russia's exit from World War I by conceding Lithuania, Poland, and Finland. Although Lenin supported peace many other Bolsheviks were not prepared to lose one third of the population to Germany.

    解説

  • 21

    American Expeditionary Force

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The AEF was the first American ground troops to reach the European front. After Pershing returned from Mexico, embarrassed- the AEF was formed with Pershing as Commander and began arriving in France in the summer of 1917.

    解説

  • 22

    Triple Entente

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Russia, France, Great Britain

    解説

  • 23

    Central Powers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria during World War I.

    解説

  • 24

    Fourteen Points

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations. *open diplomacy, the end of colonialism, and national self-determination*

    解説

  • 25

    Versailles Treaty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Peace without victory!" The compromise after WWI, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.

    解説

  • 26

    Chateau-Theirry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 27 nations agreed: (1) France recovered Alsace and Lorraine; (2) Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia were created; (3) Austria and Hungary were divided into two nations and lands were ceded to Yugoslavia, Russia, and Italy; (4) Italy was enlarged; (5) Germany was blamed for starting the war and made to pay reparations and disarm; and (6) a League of Nations was established. German reparations of $33 billion were levied, and the Germans might have an army limited to 100,000 men but no navy or air force.

    解説

  • 27

    Belleau Wood

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • June 1918. Very bloody and was the first time the US was involved. US had 10,000 casualties. Americans took 1600 German POW. "Devil Dog" comes from this battle representing the Marines.

    解説

  • 28

    Armistice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Agreement to end war (Veteran's Day- November 11, 1918)

    解説

  • 29

    League of Nations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.

    解説

  • 30

    Henry Cabot Lodge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Republican, Senator from Massachusetts and reservationist who, as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, opposed the American membership in the League of Nations and effectively blocked it in the Senate.

    解説

  • 31

    Article X

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This part of the Versailles Treaty morally bound the US to aid any member of the League of Nations that experienced any external aggression.

    解説

  • 32

    Alvin York

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tennessee-born soldier whose action in the Argonne Forest made him an American hero, killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers when his soldiers took cover; won Congressional Medal of Freedom

    解説

  • 33

    Herbert Hoover

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Administered aid to refugees in Europe. *The U.S. president during stock market crash, who rejected the Progressive emphasis on activist government to pursue a program of minimal business regulation, low taxes, and high tariffs; encouraged businesses to regulate themselves, his belief in "rugged individualism" kept him from giving people direct relief during the Great Depression.*

    解説

  • 34

    Triple Alliance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

    解説

  • 35

    Central Powers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey (Ottoman Empire), Bulgaria

    解説

  • 36

    The Big Four

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wilson of the United States, Lloyd George of Britain, Georges Clemenceau of France, and Vittorio Orlando of Italy)- Versailles Treaty

    解説

  • 37

    T. E. Lawrence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In the Mideast (Lawrence of Arabia), a British officer, led Arab guerrilla units against the Turks.

    解説

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