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American History from 1877 - The Depression

カード 22枚 作成者: Jill (作成日: 2013/11/28)

  • Herbert Hoover

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Herbert Hoover

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Who was blamed for the depression that had lost to FDR?

    解説

  • 2

    3 R's

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Relief, Recovery, Reform- FDR

    解説

  • 3

    HoLlyWooD

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Roosevelt was the only President to serve 4 terms. FDR won in 32-44. 1932 (H) Hoover, 1936 (L) Landon, 1940 (W) Wilkey, 1944 (D) Dooey.

    解説

  • 4

    The Crash

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • On October 29, 1929, the stock market crash due to over-production and over-speculation, (bad banking, uneven distribution of income and agriculture). Black Tuesday; 16 million shares were dumped on the market with orders to brokers to sell (3 million shares). The average stock lost half its previous value in the next month, and the stockholders lost about $40 billion by the end of the year.

    解説

  • 5

    Eleanor Roosevelt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ''Daughters of the American Revolution." She was the conscience of the administration, the wife of FDR and the most prominent 1st lady who was attentive to the poor and downtrodden and who could get out and travel. She wrote a newspaper column and FDR used her as a lightning rod, testing reactions before he possibly offended some of his southern political support. She became a sort of trial balloon. If she rattled the establishment, FDR might call in the politician and disclaim her with, "Oh, that's just my wife; can you manage your wife?"

    解説

  • 6

    Bonus Army

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • About 15,000 veterans of the Great War marched on Washington in the summer of 1932 as the Bonus Army or the Bonus March. They were out of jobs, losing their homes, and wanting an immediate bonus for their wartime service (it was promised for 1945).

    解説

  • 7

    hooverville

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • make-shift temporary shelters or camps of homeless people appeared where people gathered around fires in barrels to stay warm.

    解説

  • 8

    Huey Long

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Louisiana Governor, a 'Good ol' boy' who called for a "Share Our Wealth" program, took on Bourbon Democrat, built up LSU; stadium, band, etc.

    解説

  • 9

    John L. Lewis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • United Mine Workers, created Congress of Industrial Organization (CIO) - helped create industrial unions.

    解説

  • 10

    Reconstruction Finance Corporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The RFC in 1932, a relief agency to loan $2 billion to banks, insurance companies, and railroads. Again, Hoover wanted rugged individualism (to prevent any dole or big government). The RFC never released more than 20% of the money, and it did not stop the Depression.

    解説

  • 11

    Wilkie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Republican; ran against FDR in 1940; FDR won and served his third term. Willkie attacked the New Deal for waste and threatening the free enterprise system and democracy, and he promised to keep America out of the war. He also wanted the presidency limited to two terms.

    解説

  • 12

    Herbert Hoover

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The 31st president of the US. (Republican). President during the crash of the stock market. Unable to help country get out of the Great Depression. Lost to FDR (Democrat) in 1932.

    解説

  • 13

    Wagner Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The National Labor Relations Act (sponsor, Robert A. Wagner, senator from New York) of 1935 followed, becoming "labor's Magna Carta." It secured for labor the right to organize a union to engage in collective bargaining for better wages and working conditions, and it stopped manufacturers from firing those workers who were involved in union activities. It was a labor reform which served recovery through guaranteeing unions, wages, and buying power.

    解説

  • 14

    Brain Trust

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Roosevelt then met with certain university professors to map out some ideas for fighting the Depression. Their program was the New Dealwhich promised: crop control measures to the farmers, direct relief to the needy and public works for jobs, safeguards for bank deposits and mortgages, full production and employment to business and labor, hydroelectric projects to the people in backward regions, and to put the stock exchange under control (that it might not cause such problems again).

    解説

  • 15

    sit-down strike

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • With unions in place Refusal to work until needs are met.

    解説

  • 16

    Landon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Republican presidential candidate in the election of 1936. He promised to continue the programs of the New Deal

    解説

  • 17

    Franklin Delaware Roosevelt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The 32nd President (Democrat) elected in 1932. Cousin w/ Teddy. Governor of New York - "Happy days are here again!" - song during campaign. Quoted: "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself." Roosevelt's platform: (1). End Prohibition, (2). End Gold Standard. New Deal: Federally Funded Programs

    解説

  • 18

    The Panay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This American ship was bombed and sank in the Yangtze River by Japanese bombers in 1937, along with three oil tankers. While Japan apologized and pay reparations, the American public began boycotting Japanese goods.

    解説

  • 19

    Fireside Chats

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FDR would talk on radio to the American people. -Used to calm people down.

    解説

  • 20

    hundred days

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the special session of Congress that Roosevelt called to launch his New Deal programs. The special session lasted about three months: 100 days.

    解説

  • 21

    court packing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Where FDR tried to add more members to the Supreme Court to pass his programs., attempt by Roosevelt to appoint one new Supreme Court justice for every sitting justice over the age of 70 who had been there for at least 10 years. Wanted to prevent justices from dismantling the new deal. Plan died in congress and made opponents of New Deal inflamed.

    解説

  • 22

    relief, reform, recovery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • What were the landmarks of the new deal?

    解説

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