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American History 20th -2

カード 88枚 作成者: Jill (作成日: 2013/11/28)

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    recession

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • economic slump

    解説

  • 2

    Importance of Ford

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • assembly line, installation buying, consumerism

    解説

  • 3

    Atlantic Charter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war

    解説

  • 4

    scapegoat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a person or group on whom to blame their problems

    解説

  • 5

    aggression

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a warlike act by one country against another without cfause

    解説

  • 6

    FERA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Federal Emergency Relief Administration: combined cash relief to needy families with work relief

    解説

  • 7

    FDR

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Roosevelt, the President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms

    解説

  • 8

    Communism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an economic system in which all wealth and property are owned by the community as a whole

    解説

  • 9

    Literary Renaissance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hurston, Fitzgerald, Hughes, Hemingway, Cummings, Anti-Materialism

    解説

  • 10

    concentration camps

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • prison camps for civilians who are considered enimes of the state

    解説

  • 11

    Speakeasies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An illegal bar where drinks were sold, during the time of prohibition. It was called a Speakeasy because people literally had to speak easy so they were not caught drinking alcohol by the police.

    解説

  • 12

    totalitarian state

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives

    解説

  • 13

    victory gardens

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Backyard gardens; Americans were encouraged to grow their own vegetables to support the war effort

    解説

  • 14

    TVA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Tennessee Valley Authority federation was created in 1933 in order to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development in the Tennessee Valley, a region particularly impacted by the Great Depression

    解説

  • 15

    fascism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition

    解説

  • 16

    Black Friday

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • October 29, 1929: Stock Market Crash, other name

    解説

  • 17

    Kellog-Briand Pact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The treaty outlawed war

    解説

  • 18

    Lend-Lease Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S

    解説

  • 19

    19th Amendment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.

    解説

  • 20

    Nazis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • German political party joined by Adolf Hitler, emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. When Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, the Nazi Party became the only legal party and an instrument of Hitler's absolute rule.

    解説

  • 21

    FDIC

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A federal guarantee of savings bank deposits initially of up to $2500, raised to $5000 in 1934, and frequently thereafter; continues today with a limit of $100,000

    解説

  • 22

    Prohibition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages

    解説

  • 23

    SSA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Relief passed in 1935 to provide Americans with retirement benefits. Mandated unemployment and disability insurance. Workers and employers pay into this fund.

    解説

  • 24

    Overproduction or Consumerism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the theory that an increasing consumption of goods is economically beneficial, born in the 1920's

    解説

  • 25

    Capone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition until arrested for tax evasion (1899-1947)

    解説

  • 26

    Marcus Garvey

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business

    解説

  • 27

    The New Deal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The programs and policies to promote economic recovery and social reform introduced during the 1930s by President Franklin D. Roosevelt

    解説

  • 28

    Nazi-Soviet Pact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A secret agreement between the Germans and the Russians that said that they would not attack each other

    解説

  • 29

    Neutrality Acts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Originally designed to avoid American involvement in World War II by preventing loans to those countries taking part in the conflict; they were later modified in 1939 to allow aid to Great Britain and other Allied nations.

    解説

  • 30

    installment buying

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • buying on credit

    解説

  • 31

    (Symbolism of) Jazz Age

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Louis Armstrong, Cole Porter, Duke Ellington

    解説

  • 32

    Lindbergh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)

    解説

  • 33

    Cummings

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • United States writer noted for his typographically eccentric poetry (1894-1962)

    解説

  • 34

    rationing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • limitations on the amounts of certain goods that people could buy

    解説

  • 35

    Armstrong

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • United States jazz trumpeter and bandleader (1900-1971)

    解説

  • 36

    National Sports

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Quality sport environment, '- Participation should be fun & part of life, '- Training and accountability, '- Screening process, '- Parents commitment, '- Sportsmanship, '- Sportsmanship, '- Safe playing environment, '- Equal play, '- Drug, tobacco, alcohol & performance drugs-free

    解説

  • 37

    Return to Normalcy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1920's America wanted a _____ to ______, , After World War I 1919-20s, when Harding was President, the US and Britain returned to isolatoinism. The US economy "boomed" but Europe continued to struggle. It was the calm before the bigger storm hit: World War II

    解説

  • 38

    F. Scott Fitzgerald

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a novelist and chronicler of the jazz age. his wife, zelda and he were the "couple" of the decade but hit bottom during the depression. his novel THE GREAT GATSBY is considered a masterpiece about a gangster's pursuit of an unattainable rich girl.

    解説

  • 39

    Battle of Britian

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1940-41- Series of bombing raids launched against British cities by the German air force

    解説

  • 40

    REA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rural Electrification Administration: made electricity available at low rates to American farm families in areas that private power companies refused to service

    解説

  • 41

    Tuskegee Airmen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school.

    解説

  • 42

    Flappers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • carefree young women with short, "bobbed" hair, heavy makeup, and short skirts. The flapper symbolized the new "liberated" woman of the 1920s. Many people saw the bold, boyish look and shocking behavior of flappers as a sign of changing morals. Though hardly typical of American women, the flapper image reinforced the idea that women now had more freedom.

    解説

  • 43

    Hoover

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 31st President of the United States

    解説

  • 44

    bull market

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a period of increased stock trading and rising stock prices

    解説

  • 45

    Teapot Dome Scandal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall was bribed by two oil executives to lease them government land in California and Teapot Dome, Wyoming

    解説

  • 46

    Bank Failures

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • After the stock market crash, many Americans proceeded to remove their money from the bank causing many banks to close.

    解説

  • 47

    Steamboat Willie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first ever cartoon movie; main character was Mickey Mouse., first ever cartoon movie; main character was Mickey Mouse.

    解説

  • 48

    appeasement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • practice of giving into aggression in order to avoid war

    解説

  • 49

    Modernism vs. Traditionalsim

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • modernism: an intellectual movement that has roots in the European Enlightenment of the 1700s and encourages scientific thought, the expansion of knowledge, and belief in the inevitability of progress / traditionalism:, strict adherence to traditional methods or teachings

    解説

  • 50

    bank holiday

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pres. FDR closed down all banks for 40 days

    解説

  • 51

    Mass Culture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the culture that is widely disseminated via the mass media

    解説

  • 52

    Louis Armstrong

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.

    解説

  • 53

    Cole Porter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A twentieth-century American songwriter. His songs, such as "Anything Goes," "I Get a Kick out of You" and "I've Got You Under my Skin," are renowned for their witty, sophisticated lyrics.

    解説

  • 54

    Fads

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Items or activities that are very popular for a short time

    解説

  • 55

    Al Johnson

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • white performer, used blackface in talking films such as The Jazz Singer

    解説

  • 56

    Axis and Allies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Two sides during WWII ___: italy /japan/ germany + 15 others _____: britain/ france /soviet union/ US/ china

    解説

  • 57

    Hughes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • was an African-American poet, novelist, and playwright. He remains beloved especially for his poetry, and is considered one of America's greatest poets

    解説

  • 58

    The Great Crash

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Oct 29, 1929-stock market crash caused by over speculation and overly high stock prices built on non-existent credit

    解説

  • 59

    CCC

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • It was Relief that provided work for young men 18-25 years old in food control, planting, flood work, etc.

    解説

  • 60

    Changes in Women's manners/morals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • women became less "ladylike" and did things such as smoking, drinking, and looked less like traditional girls

    解説

  • 61

    WPC

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the women's political council, an organization that helped fight Jim Crow Laws

    解説

  • 62

    Duke Ellington

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Born in Chicago middle class. moved to Harlem in 1923 and began playing at the cotton club. Composer, pianist and band leader. Most influential figures in jazz.

    解説

  • 63

    Isolationism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a policy of non participation in international economic and political relations

    解説

  • 64

    Hurston

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A girl who loved reading adventure stories and myths. She ended up being at the top of the A.A literary society.

    解説

  • 65

    fireside chats

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FDR radio speeches named because he spoke from a chair near a fireplace in the White HOuse

    解説

  • 66

    Disney

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • United States film maker who pioneered animated cartoons and created such characters as Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck

    解説

  • 67

    disarmament

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the reduction of armed forces and weapons of war

    解説

  • 68

    Good Neighbor Policy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations w/Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region

    解説

  • 69

    Changes in Womens Status

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 19th Amendment, Flappers, women's morals, women's manners

    解説

  • 70

    bracero program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the recruitment of Mexican laborers to work in the United States

    解説

  • 71

    Hemingway

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an American writer of fiction who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954 (1899-1961)

    解説

  • 72

    Expatriates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • people who leave their own country to live in a foreign land

    解説

  • 73

    stocks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • shares of ownership

    解説

  • 74

    Ruth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • United States professional baseball player famous for hitting home runs (1895-1948)

    解説

  • 75

    Experimentalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an orientation that favors experimentation and innovation

    解説

  • 76

    blitzkrieg

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939

    解説

  • 77

    Scopes Monkey Trial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1925, the trial that pitted the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution against teaching Bible creationism

    解説

  • 78

    AAA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Agricultural Adjustment Administration: attempted to regulate agricultural production through farm subsidies; ruled unconstitutional in 1936; disbanded after World War II

    解説

  • 79

    Rosie the Riverter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a cultural icon of the United States representing the American women who worked in factories during World War II

    解説

  • 80

    You're the top, anything goes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Two Cole Porter Songs we need to know for the test

    解説

  • 81

    Anti-Materialism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • philosophical materialism. Fascist world view based on the idea that materialism is bad.

    解説

  • 82

    Munich Conference

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further.

    解説

  • 83

    War Production Board

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • helped factories shift from making consumer goods to making guns, ships, aircrafts, and other war materials

    解説

  • 84

    "Double V" campaign

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The World War II-era effort of black Americans to gain "a Victory over racism at home as well as Victory abroad."

    解説

  • 85

    Second New Deal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a new set of programs in the spring of 1935 including additional banking reforms, new tax laws, new relief programs; also known as the Second Hundred Days.

    解説

  • 86

    Changes in Fashion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Women started having shorter hair, shorter skirts, and less traditional

    解説

  • 87

    Nativism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the policy of perpetuating native cultures (in opposition to acculturation)`

    解説

  • 88

    The Great Depression

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a time period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment

    解説

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