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American History from 1877

カード 14枚 作成者: Jill (作成日: 2013/11/28)

  • Federal Emergency Relief Agency

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Federal Emergency Relief Agency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The FERA combined cash relief with work relief to needy families. 8 million jobs through the winter. They distributed $4 billion to the states, and these governments distributed direct help and jobs to eight million people. Make-work jobs helped people through the winter. The FERA also constructed 5,000 buildings and 7,000 bridges, sent 100,000 young people to college, and taught a million a half adults to read.

    解説

  • 2

    Rural Electrification Administration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The REA of 1935 began a program bringing electricity to rural areas.

    解説

  • 3

    bank holiday

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FDR ordered the close of all banks until government examiners could investigate their financial condition; only sound/solvent banks were allowed to reopen.

    解説

  • 4

    social security

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a government program that provides economic assistance to persons faced with unemployment, disability, or old age.

    解説

  • 5

    Tennessee Valley Authority

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The TVA of 1933 built dams to use water power to develop a backward area of seven states served by the Tennessee River system. TVA established a standard cost of electricity that the power companies were dared to match. TVA: (1) built 16 large dams and took over five, plus managed many smaller ones on creeks; (2) built power plants; (3) helped flood control; (4) prevented soil erosion by planting millions of trees, selling fertilizer at cost, raising fertility, and teaching farmers; plowing, crop rotation; and (5) brought transportation to the river and jobs to factories, created parks, stocked new lakes with fish, erected schools, libraries, and hospitals.

    解説

  • 6

    Home Owners Loan Corporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the HOLC began loans at 5% for 15 years to make mortgage payments affordable. The $3 billion in mortgages, saved a million homes since home construction was idle, and there were a thousand foreclosures a day. (refinance)

    解説

  • 7

    Works Project Administration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The WPA built schools, sewage treatment plants, and 500,000 miles of road. Under Harry L. Hopkins, WPA paid about $52 a month on projects chosen for low-cost materials, spending some $6 billion in 1935-1936. 3 million people worked for WPA at its height, and some 8 million people worked for it in all on 250,000 projects at a cost of $11 billion by 1941.

    解説

  • 8

    Securities and Exchange Commission

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The SEC of 1934 regulated the securities market and insisted upon dealing in the true value of the stocks (timely and adequate financial reports were required).

    解説

  • 9

    National Industrial Recovery Association

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The NRA assisted industry, labor, and unemployed; maximum hours of labor, minimum wages, and made the work place fair.

    解説

  • 10

    Civil Works Administration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The CWA established and organized work for four million people in a month, building a half million miles of road, 40,000 schools, 3,500 athletic fields, 1,000 airports, adult evening classes and rural schools for 50,000 teachers.

    解説

  • 11

    Agriculture Adjustment Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In 1938, The AAA (1) paid for withholding the planting of crops; (2) put limitations on the acres planted; (3) granted loans against stored crops and supported prices; (4) insured crops. Farm income nearly doubled by 1940 to $9 billion.

    解説

  • 12

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The FDIC of 1933 guaranteed savings accounts up to $2,500 (today, up to $100,000). The Federal Reserve extended to protect industrial and savings banks and was empowered to regulate credit.

    解説

  • 13

    Federal Housing Administration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The FHA insured banks against loss on loans for construction. Much of all this precluded housing for the poor. (rebuild)

    解説

  • 14

    Civilian Conservation Core

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The CCC had a half million men working in camps cutting trails in parks, building dams, draining swamps, clearing land, and planting trees. Began in 1933 and by 1935, the men (age 18-25) received room and board, clothing, and $30 a month. CCC also had recreation and education.

    解説

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