zuknow learn together

新しい教材を作成

American History 20th

カード 84枚 作成者: Jill (作成日: 2013/11/28)

  • The "New Era"

解説面  クリックしてカードを裏返す

アプリをダウンロードして、このコンテンツを学習しよう! AppStore / Google Play

教材の説明:

詳細はありません

公開範囲:

公開

カテゴリ:

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    The "New Era"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The politics of the Twenties fostered and protected business and industry; Herbert Hoover viewed as the "great engineer; The Fordney-McCumber tariff (1922) shifted duties radically upward; This helped raised taxes on foreign companies to try to help local companies.

    解説

  • 2

    Nagasaki

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bomb dropped here on August 9. We didn't want to drop this bomb, but we had to because the Japanese Military was still trying to fight back.

    解説

  • 3

    Earl Warren

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Brown case argued in December 1953, right after Earl Warred appointed Chief Justice. He knows how to compromise. 2 term gov. of California. Helped Eisenhower become president. In return Eisenhower made him next open spot on supreme court. Happened to be chief justice position

    解説

  • 4

    "Broker's Loans"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Used stock as collateral. Wealthy big business men would loan brokers money for profit. They would get a commission.

    解説

  • 5

    Battle of the Coral Sea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Checked Japan's advance southward. 7-8 May 1942. A turning point

    解説

  • 6

    Charles Coughlin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Opposite side of Huey long. Pushed hard from the right, said FDR had too much power. Thought FDR was controlled by Jewish conspiracy. HE was a radio priest.

    解説

  • 7

    Little Rock High, 1957

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • School were Orval Faubus used the National guard to stop kids from entering school b/c they are black

    解説

  • 8

    Montgomery Bus Boycott

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rosa Parks arrested on 1 December 1955 for failing to give up her seat. She workd as secretary for NAACP at night, so she had large standing in black community. Led to bus segregation being ruled unconstitutional.

    解説

  • 9

    July plot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A plot in July 1944 to assassinate Hitler

    解説

  • 10

    Relief Recover, Reform

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. FDR's motto for the first 100 days. 2. Help people with financial relief. 3. Help the Economy Recover 4. Reform economy so this wouldn't happen again.

    解説

  • 11

    Herbert Hoover

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tried to fix the great depression, but was a bad public speaker. Couldn't reassure the people because he wasn't charismatic. He was almost used as a scapegoat. He had been seen as a hero during WWI, and engineered the New Era of twenties prosperity.

    解説

  • 12

    Alf Landon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • From Kansas, ran for president for the Republicans in 1936. Has 71% support of the papers. Literary Digest predicted a landslide win for him.

    解説

  • 13

    Douglas Macarthur/Japan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In charge of Rebuilding Japan. He told soldiers that if they struck a Japanese person they would spend a year in Jail. Got women right to vote

    解説

  • 14

    Winston Churchill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The people rally around him. HE is one of the first to doubt Hitler. He helps Britain survive attack from Germany

    解説

  • 15

    Tonkin Gulf Resolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • passed by Senat with an 98-2 vote. Gives LBJ a "blank Check" to fight in Vietnam. This is because USS madoxx radios that it has been "attacked" by North Vietnam.

    解説

  • 16

    Southern Manifesto

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Resolution condemning the supreme courts ruling of brown

    解説

  • 17

    Wagner Act (1935)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Guaranteed unions right to bargain collectively. Really a type of rescue mission for the unions. Unions now had the right to meet and form.

    解説

  • 18

    Battle of the Bulge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Winter of 1944. Last German offensive. We didn't expect them to attack during the Holidays. Caught us off guard. Thought that if they could separate the Americans and the British, with the Bulge, they would quarrel, stay separated, and become weak.

    解説

  • 19

    Island Hopping

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Strategy adopted by MacArthur. Hop around the Islands for our offense

    解説

  • 20

    The Rhineland

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • German troops march unchallenged into this area on March 7, 1936. Area of western Germany, between Germany and france. Germans were told not to enter after WWI, France made the Maginot line, but germans didn't heed this.

    解説

  • 21

    All deliberate Speed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • After case was in deliberation for 6 monhs, it was decided that Sepaarate but equal facilities are inherently unequal. Court ordered all deliberate speed to inact it. Stretchy term, but still an absolute. People could interpret it however they wanted

    解説

  • 22

    Brown vs. Board of Education 1954

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5 separate cases concerning school segregation combined to creat this. Oliver Browns daughter linda had to go miles away to black shool instead of white school right down street. Brown won, but was to be carried out "with all deliberate speed." They could take all the time they needed to instate it. Dragged things out

    解説

  • 23

    Huey Long

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Louisiana, governor and U.S. Senator. Assassinated in his own state capitol in 1935. Said Share the wealth. Wanted 5,000 income for all Americans.

    解説

  • 24

    "Final Solution"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Adopted in January 1942. Germans exterminating Jews. Darwanism is source

    解説

  • 25

    Ngo Dinh Diem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Leader of South Vietnam. Horrible person, but because he wasn't communist we supported him. He had monestarys burnt. Monks burnt themselves alive as protest. In 1963 he is assassinated

    解説

  • 26

    Austrian Anschluss

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Annexation of Austria. Making small nation part of greater reich.

    解説

  • 27

    "Hundred Days"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Centered around measures put forward by FDR for Relief recovery and reform. Congress worked with him. He cut federal spending. FDR got many major bills passed in his first 100 days in office. He was trying many things to fix the economy.

    解説

  • 28

    Overlord/D-Day Invasions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • D-Day - June 6, 1944. Also called operation overlord. Eisenhower commanded everyone. 156,000 Allied troops landed on Normandy.

    解説

  • 29

    North and South Vietnam

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • North Vietnam - communist. South Vietnam - non communist. Split after French leave. America wanted them to stay divided because we were afraid if they got back together they would turn all communism. We at least wanted south Vietnam to stay non communist.

    解説

  • 30

    Orval Faubus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Governer of Arkansas. Uses National Guard to defy Supreme court ruling on Brown and not allow blacks to enter school in Arkansas

    解説

  • 31

    101st Airborne Division

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Eisenhower dispatches this group to protect the students at Littler Rock Central High. Comes close to creating a civil war.

    解説

  • 32

    Pearl Harbor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 7 December 1941, there had been rumors in November. We figured out they would attack (Japanese) but we didn't know where. Thought Indonesia or Philippines, never Pearl Harbor. We had a battle plan, Code Orange, but it involved counter attack from Hawaii. We didn't think it was possible to use dive bombers, subs, no radio communication like they did. 19 U.S. ships sunk/ damaged. 179 planes destroyed. 2400 servicemen killed. We figured it out, but it was too late.

    解説

  • 33

    Hoover Dam

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Largest federal relief program which Herbert Hoover initiated. This was pump priming, giving people money easier, so they would put it back into economy.

    解説

  • 34

    Domino Theory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • If one nation falls to communism, the surrounding ones will go as well.

    解説

  • 35

    White Citizen's councils

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Souths reaction to Brown. White supremacist group formin in 1954, right after Brown passed.

    解説

  • 36

    Douglas MacArthur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Commands in Guadalcanal. Island hopping stratagy

    解説

  • 37

    Sit-In Strategy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Begin in 1960 as college students move to integrate lunch counters. They would sit at couners who would refuse them service, but would be non violent. Policy of "cover your head, but don't strike back.

    解説

  • 38

    Dwight D. Eisenhower

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Major General in WWII. Overall supreme general for all allied troops in Europe. Had to coordinate everything

    解説

  • 39

    Sudetenland/Czechoslovakia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sudetenland is present day Czechoslovakia. Outer edge of Czech Republic. Britain and France allowed Germany to take land, hoping to appease him.

    解説

  • 40

    George S. Patton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Commans the U.S. seventh Army, who defeats Germans in Sicily and pushes into Italy. Put on probation for slapping U.S. soldiers

    解説

  • 41

    "Court Packing" Plan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FDR wanted to pack the supreme court with people who would always agree with him. He made a plan that any justice over 70 could retire at full pay for any who wouldn't, FDR could appoint a new justice, with a max of 15.

    解説

  • 42

    NRA/SEC

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • NIRA - National Recovery Administration.

    解説

  • 43

    "Barbarossa"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hitler breaks pack with the soviet Union by attacking on 22 Jun 1941. This leads to a 2 front war, which the Germans are not equipped to win. Hitler didn't realize the Soviets would attack back, like with Japan and America at pearl harbor. One of the turning points in the war.

    解説

  • 44

    CCC/TVA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • CCC - Civilian Conservation Corps. TVA - Tennessee Valley Authority, creates jobs and electricity. Cheap electricity makes so many things possible.

    解説

  • 45

    Iwo Jima

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In March, Japanese eventually defeated, but with heavy loses. They use suicide bombers. Because they think of their homeland as divine.

    解説

  • 46

    Blitzkrieg

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Germans come into France quickly, planes fly in. Used the same route that they tried to use in 1914 when they failed. Hitler beat France in 6 weeks. He accomplished in 6 weeks what previously they had fought for for 4 years and failed.

    解説

  • 47

    El Alamein/North Africa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • British win victory in October 1942 here. Turning point.

    解説

  • 48

    "New Deals"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FDR said federal government should do more. Realized people needed money/jobs to jumpstart economy. His plan to get nation back on its feet.

    解説

  • 49

    Monolithic Communism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One stone - communist countries are all united.

    解説

  • 50

    Social Security Act (1935)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Provided for the handicapped, unemployed, elderly. During great depression, more pople need help in this area, but it was not supposed to last.

    解説

  • 51

    Nuremburg Laws

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1935, deprived German Jews full citizenship

    解説

  • 52

    "Black Thursday"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • October 24, 1929. Sell orders flood the market, bankers stabilize the situation.

    解説

  • 53

    Stalingrad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Won in February 1943 after a seven month siege. Begins germans retreat

    解説

  • 54

    Hiroshima

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • First atomic bomb dropped here on August 6 1945

    解説

  • 55

    Isoroku Yamamoto

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Designed the attack on Pearl Harbor. Told Japanese not to use plan. Said it would work, but that it would awaken the sleeping child. IF they used the paln, he would give them victories for 6 months, but after that he couldn't promise anything.

    解説

  • 56

    Alphabet Agencies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Programs that FDR started, they were referred to as this; SEC,NRA, CCC, TVA and Passed in the 1st 100 days

    解説

  • 57

    "Unconditional Surrender"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Casablanca Conference, which was between FDR and Churchill, called for an unconditional surrender. January 1943. We will rebuild however we want after the war

    解説

  • 58

    Schechter v. U.S. (1935)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • May of 1935, overruled the NIRA. This was huge. Created fair labor standards.

    解説

  • 59

    O.S.S. "deer Team"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • U.S. special forces who trained Vietnamese nationalists to fight Japanese.

    解説

  • 60

    Battle of Midway

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Permanently put the Japanese on the defensive.

    解説

  • 61

    Lend-Lease Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Approved in 1941. Ultimately gives 50 billion dollars in supplies to allies by 1946. Allies - Britain especially - need everything from boots to bombers.

    解説

  • 62

    Freedom Riders

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rode greyhound buses into Alabama and Mississippi to integrate lunch counters and restrooms at stops in May 1961. Attacked by KKK in Birmingham, police look other way. Violence in Montgomery led RFK to send federal marshalls to rescue them

    解説

  • 63

    "Jim Crow" Laws

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Restricted blacks rights

    解説

  • 64

    "Call Money Market"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Buying on margin or credit led to stock prices based on speculation, and not dividends. People would get quick loans from banks and large corporations to buy stocks.

    解説

  • 65

    Okinawa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • April- June, same as Iwo Jima

    解説

  • 66

    Recession of 1937 - 38

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Deflation, the economy had been propped up by the government for 4 years, which created a deficit. This recession made people loose faith in Roosevelt. Recession ends as WWII begins

    解説

  • 67

    Vietnamese Nationalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Vietnamese want other Vietnamese in charge of country. Don't want outside influence. We free them from French colonies, but then overstay welcome

    解説

  • 68

    "Black Tuesday"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The actual crash. 29 October. Things had stabilized over the weekend after black Thursday, but Tuesday was bad. Over 16 million stocks sold on Tuesday.

    解説

  • 69

    Hoovervilles

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Little villages where poor people lived in because of the depression. "cardboard box houses" blamed hoover for the depression.

    解説

  • 70

    Dienbienphu 1954

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Battle in part of the first Indochina war

    解説

  • 71

    "Traitor to his class"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The wealthy thought FDR was a traitor to his class. HE was also wealthy, his peers thought he was unfair to his own people for calling for higher taxes on them.

    解説

  • 72

    "Over-speculation"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Because people bought credit thinking stocks would continue to raise like they had been from 1927 to 1929. But they were looking at stock speculation, not actual dividends.

    解説

  • 73

    Battle of Britain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • July - October of 1940. Pitted RAF (Royal air force) against the Luftwaffe (German Air force) The british fend off the German invasion

    解説

  • 74

    Buter v. U.S.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Overturned the tax basis for the AAA (Agricultural adjustment act) which paid farmers to not grow crops. Said the tax was unconstitutional, so they shot it down

    解説

  • 75

    Green Berets

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Special force which JFK used as leaders of counter insurgency efforts

    解説

  • 76

    Ho Chi Minh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sent oldest man from every family to france to be educated. They would return home and spread knowledge. Western educated. Appealed for aid in Vietnam in 1919 at versailles

    解説

  • 77

    Thurgood Marshall

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Led the NAACP team of lawyers. First associate justice on supreme country. Great lawyer, also great physical presence

    解説

  • 78

    Martin Luther King, Jr

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Becomes prominent because of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Becomes a leader n the civil rights movement. Young preacher. From Atlanta. Gets pictured in Times magazine

    解説

  • 79

    Fireside Chats

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FDR started radio programs called fireside chats, where he would console the hurting nation. This is where he said "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself."

    解説

  • 80

    Viet Minh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Communist party. Opposed occupation of Vietnam by France, and later opposed South Vietnam and U.S.

    解説

  • 81

    USS Maddox

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Radios in that they have been "attacked" by north Vietnam. This spurs the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, which allows us to attack.

    解説

  • 82

    Bank Holiday

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • March 5-9 1933 All banks close. He came into office on March 4. He had a lot to get done while the banks were closed

    解説

  • 83

    Containment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cold war theory. Good in theory, not practice. Went on for 45 years. We hoped to contain communism in areas where it was already, but to not let it spread.

    解説

  • 84

    Literary Digest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Predicted Alf Landon would win 1936 election by a landslide. They sent out post cards, and people checked who they wanted to win for presidency, and sent it back to Literary Digest. This was not an accurate statistic. They plummeted when he lost.

    解説

56846

セットの学習コンテンツ

公開初月で
60,000
ダウン
ロード!

無料アプリはこちら!

英単語をウェブサイト
からzuknowに簡単登録

覚えたい単語を選択するだけ!
簡単にzuknowに登録することが
できます

Get the free Chrome Extension

トップ