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100 American History Facts

カード 50枚 作成者: Jill (作成日: 2013/11/28)

  • Jamestown

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  • カード表 : 英語
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  • 1

    Jamestown

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the first permanent English settlement, was founded in 1607

    解説

  • 2

    July 4, 1776

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the Declaration of Independence was signed

    解説

  • 3

    1607

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement was founded

    解説

  • 4

    1787

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the Constitution of the United States was written

    解説

  • 5

    1803

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • President Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory from France

    解説

  • 6

    1861-1865

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Civil War was fought

    解説

  • 7

    Lexington, Massachusetts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The first shots of the American Revolution were fired in April 1775

    解説

  • 8

    Concord, Massachusetts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The site of the first battle of the American Revolution

    解説

  • 9

    Yorktown, Virginia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The British defeat by George Washington signaled the end of the American Revolution.

    解説

  • 10

    Battle of Saratoga

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the turning point of the American Revolution

    解説

  • 11

    Fort Sumter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the first shots of the Civil War were fired in South Carolina

    解説

  • 12

    Battle of Gettysburg

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The turning point in the Civil War for the North, because Confederate troops were forced to retreat and never invaded the North again.

    解説

  • 13

    Vicksburg, Mississippi

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The capture by the North in 1863, effectively split the Confederacy in two and gave control of the Mississippi River to the Union.

    解説

  • 14

    Appomattox Court House

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The small town in Virginia where Robert E. Lee surrendered the Confederate Army to Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War.

    解説

  • 15

    mercantilism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An economic theory that a country's strength is measured by the amount of gold it has, that a country should sell more than it buys and that the colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country.

    解説

  • 16

    abolitionist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • person who wanted to end slavery in the United States

    解説

  • 17

    tariff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tax on goods brought into a country

    解説

  • 18

    protective tariff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tax placed on goods from another country to protect the home industry

    解説

  • 19

    sectionalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • strong sense of loyalty to a state or section instead of to the whole country

    解説

  • 20

    Manifest Destiny

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The belief that the United States should own all of the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

    解説

  • 21

    Temperance Movement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol

    解説

  • 22

    Representative Government

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them

    解説

  • 23

    Republic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them

    解説

  • 24

    House of Burgesses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the first representative assembly in the new world

    解説

  • 25

    Three Branches of Government

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch, and the Executive Branch

    解説

  • 26

    checks and balances

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches

    解説

  • 27

    free enterprise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation

    解説

  • 28

    federalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the sharing of power between the states and the national government

    解説

  • 29

    separation of powers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system in which each branch of government has it's own powers

    解説

  • 30

    Popular Sovereignty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the practice of allowing each territory to decide for itself whether or not to allow slavery

    解説

  • 31

    amend

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • means to change

    解説

  • 32

    unalienable rights

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • rights that cannot be given up, taken away or transferred. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, are some of those rights.

    解説

  • 33

    tyranny

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cruel and unjust government

    解説

  • 34

    democracy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a form of government that is run for and by the people, giving people the supreme power

    解説

  • 35

    ratify

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • means to approve by vote

    解説

  • 36

    Judicial Review

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the right of the Supreme Court to judge laws passed by Congress and determine whether they are constitutional or not

    解説

  • 37

    civil disobedience

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the refusal to obey a government law or laws as a means of passive resistance because of one's moral conviction or belief

    解説

  • 38

    Federalists

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • supporters of the Constitution who favored a strong national government

    解説

  • 39

    Antifederalists

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • people opposed to the Constitution, preferring more power be given to the state governments than to the national government

    解説

  • 40

    nullification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the idea of a state declaring a federal law illegal

    解説

  • 41

    primary sources

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the original records of an events. They include eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches, and letters by people involved in the event, photographs and artifacts

    解説

  • 42

    secondary sources

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the latter writings and interpretations of historians and writers. Often secondary sources, like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources.

    解説

  • 43

    Republicanism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an attitude toward society in the late 1700s based on the belief that the good virtue and morality of the people was essential to sustain the republican form of government.

    解説

  • 44

    Industrial Revolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the ers in which a change from household industries to factory production using powered machinery took place

    解説

  • 45

    Magna Carta

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • signed in 1215 by William and Mary of England, was the first document that limited the power of the rule.

    解説

  • 46

    English Bill of Rights

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • protected the rights of English citizens and became the asis fro the American Bill of Rights

    解説

  • 47

    Declaration of Independence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a document written by Thomas Jefferson, edeclaring the colonies independence from England

    解説

  • 48

    Articles of Confederation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the first American constitution. It was a very weak document that limited the power of the Congress by giving states the final authority over all decisions.

    解説

  • 49

    Constitution of the United States

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the laws and principles of the government of the United States

    解説

  • 50

    George Washington's Farewell Address

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • advised the United States to stay "neutral in its relations with other nations" and to avoid "entangling alliances".

    解説

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