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New Empires in the Americas

カード 28枚 作成者: Jill (作成日: 2013/11/28)

  • Leif Eriksson

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Leif Eriksson

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Norwegian explorer, son of Erik the Red; first European to explore the Americas

    解説

  • 2

    effect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • result of an action or decision

    解説

  • 3

    Ferdinand Magellan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Portuguese captain of a Spanish fleet that sought a western route to Asia via the "Southern Ocean"

    解説

  • 4

    circumnavigate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • go all the way around the globe

    解説

  • 5

    Spanish Armada

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Huge fleet of warships meant to end the English plans

    解説

  • 6

    Line of Demarcation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • imaginary line that divided the Atlantic Ocean; Spain claimed all land west of the line

    解説

  • 7

    protestants

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Reformers who protested some of the Catholic Church's practices

    解説

  • 8

    Christopher Columbus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Italian explorer who was convinced that he could reach Asia by sailing westward across the Atlantic Ocean.

    解説

  • 9

    Northwest Passage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • water route through North America tht would allow ships to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific

    解説

  • 10

    conquistadors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Spanish soldiers who led military expeditions in the Americas

    解説

  • 11

    Encomienda system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Gave settlers the right to tax local Native Americans or to make them work in exchange for protection

    解説

  • 12

    African Diaspora

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • scattering of a people - Africans were sent all across the New World

    解説

  • 13

    Hernan Cortes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • conquistador who conquered Mexico and brought about the fall of the Aztec Empire

    解説

  • 14

    Francisco Pizarro

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • conquistador who sailed with Balboa on the discovery of the Pacific Ocean and later conquered the Inca Empire

    解説

  • 15

    Bartolome de Las Casas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Spanish missionary and historian who became the first ordained Catholic priest in the New World and protected the Native Americans; against slavery.

    解説

  • 16

    plantations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Large farms that grew just one kind of crop

    解説

  • 17

    immune

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Having a natural resistance

    解説

  • 18

    Columbian Exchange

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • transfer of trade that started with Columbus's explorations

    解説

  • 19

    Protestant Reformation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Religious movement began in small German towns but spread to most of Europe

    解説

  • 20

    caravels

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ships with triangular sails that, unlike traditional square sails, allowed ships to sail against the wind

    解説

  • 21

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • signed by Portugal & Spain it moved the line of Demarcation 800 miles further west

    解説

  • 22

    Middle Passage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Voyage across Atlantic Ocean that enslaved Africans were forced to endure

    解説

  • 23

    Moctezuma II

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Aztec Emperor who welcomed explorer Cortes as a god and was taken prisoner by him.

    解説

  • 24

    charter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Document giving (Sir Walter Raleigh) permission to start a colony

    解説

  • 25

    Jacques Cartier

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • French sailor and explorer who made three voyages to Canada for Francis I

    解説

  • 26

    Henry the Navigator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • King of Portugal who established a school of navigation and financed trips of exploration

    解説

  • 27

    structure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • way something is set up or organized

    解説

  • 28

    astrolabe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • enabled navigators to learn their ship's location by charting position of the stars

    解説

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