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American Revolution

カード 68枚 作成者: Jill (作成日: 2013/11/28)

  • revolution

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    revolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • overthrowing an existing government and replacing it with a new form

    解説

  • 2

    Henry Clinton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • British general who takes over after William Howe resigns

    解説

  • 3

    George Rogers Clark

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • American leader at battles in the West

    解説

  • 4

    Battle of Camden

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • big British victory in August of 1780 where General Cornwallis was placed in charge of the South

    解説

  • 5

    mercenary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hired soldier

    解説

  • 6

    blockade

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • surrounding a large area to prevent supplies from getting in and out

    解説

  • 7

    Ethan Allen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • leader of the Green Mountain Boys

    解説

  • 8

    Battle of Saratoga

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • turning point of the American Revolution

    解説

  • 9

    Shot Heard Round the World

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nickname for the battle of Lexington and Concord; first time a colony revolted against its mother nation

    解説

  • 10

    John Burgoyne

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • British general at Saratoga

    解説

  • 11

    George Washington

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Commander of the Continental Army

    解説

  • 12

    Don't Tread on Me

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • flag flown by John Paul Jones during the American Revolution; has been used recently by the Tea Party

    解説

  • 13

    Bonhomme Richard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • name of John Paul John's ship

    解説

  • 14

    Henry Clinton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • general that took over for Gen. William Howe

    解説

  • 15

    siege

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • surrounding a city and launching a series of attacks until you ultimately conquer it

    解説

  • 16

    Treaty of Paris

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • officially ended the American Revolution

    解説

  • 17

    Paul Revere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • silversmith from Boston who is usually credited with warning minutemen "The British are Coming!"

    解説

  • 18

    New England

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • most patriots were from this region of the US

    解説

  • 19

    desertion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • running away from duties such as military service; aka going AWOL

    解説

  • 20

    patriot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • colonist who fought for independence

    解説

  • 21

    guerrilla warfare

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • swift hit and run tactics, surprise attacks

    解説

  • 22

    France and Spain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • two major allies of the Americans during the American Revolution

    解説

  • 23

    Hessians

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • group of mercenaries from Germany who fought for Britain during the American Revolution

    解説

  • 24

    South

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • most loyalists were from this region of the US

    解説

  • 25

    Boston

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • city that started the American Revolution

    解説

  • 26

    Battle of Brooklyn Heights

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • another name for the Battle of Long Island

    解説

  • 27

    Battle of Guilford Courthouse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Americans retreat; Britain changes their strategies

    解説

  • 28

    Vincennes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • victory at this fort in the west gave the Americans control of the Ohio River Valley during the war

    解説

  • 29

    Francis Marion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Swamp Fox" Also the main character in The Patriot

    解説

  • 30

    John Paul Jones

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • naval hero of the American Revolution; considered the father of the US Navy

    解説

  • 31

    allusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • figurative language in which you make reference to something from history or literature; Benedict Arnold, Scrooge, etc.

    解説

  • 32

    redcoats

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nickname for British soldiers

    解説

  • 33

    Lord Dunmore's Proclamation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • offered freedom to slaves who fought for BRITAIN at the end of the American Revolution

    解説

  • 34

    William Dawes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • patriot who rode with Paul Revere to warn the minutemen

    解説

  • 35

    Rochambeau

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • French general who helped capture Yorktown

    解説

  • 36

    Philadelphia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • instead of following the 3-Prong Attack, Gen. Howe decided to take this major US city to stop Washington and the Continental Army

    解説

  • 37

    martyr

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • someone who dies for their beliefs

    解説

  • 38

    Fort Ticonderoga

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • patriots led by Ethan Allen surprise an outpost on Lake Champlain and capture cannon for the Americans

    解説

  • 39

    Green Mountain Boys

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a group of militiamen from Vermont who had major victories for the Patriots in the Northeast

    解説

  • 40

    Nathan Hale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • patriot who said "I regret I have but one life to give for my country." before being hung after the Battle of Long Island

    解説

  • 41

    privateer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "legal" pirate

    解説

  • 42

    Battle of Saratoga

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • after this battle foreign nations allied with the colonists against the British

    解説

  • 43

    William Howe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • British Commanding General at the start of the American Revolution

    解説

  • 44

    Lexington and Concord

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first shots of the American Revolution were fired here

    解説

  • 45

    torie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • another name for a loyalist

    解説

  • 46

    Battle of Bunker Hill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first major battle of the American Revolution; took place outside Boston

    解説

  • 47

    Valley Forge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Area outside Philly that Washington and the Continental Army spent the harsh winter of 1777-1778 at

    解説

  • 48

    Joseph Brant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mohawk leader of the Native Americans who fought against the Americans in the West during the American Revolution

    解説

  • 49

    Battle of Long Island

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Major defeat for the Continental Army in it's first real battle of the war; took place outside New York City

    解説

  • 50

    neutral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • colonist who took neither side during the war

    解説

  • 51

    Britain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nation with the most powerful navy in the world during the 1700s

    解説

  • 52

    minutemen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • militia that were ready to fight within a short time

    解説

  • 53

    Friedrich von Steuben

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • drill sergeant from Prussia who trained the Continental Army at Valley Forge

    解説

  • 54

    Battle of Yorktown

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • last major battle of the American Revolution

    解説

  • 55

    Bernardo de Galvez

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Spanish governor of Louisiana who helped secure the Gulf of Mexico during the war

    解説

  • 56

    Marquis de Lafayette

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • French noble who joined the Americans after reading the Declaration of Independence; aide to Washington

    解説

  • 57

    Delaware River

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • body of water Washington famously crossed before launching the attack on Trenton

    解説

  • 58

    Battle of Princeton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Washington launches another surprise attack, this time by leaving campfires going and flanking the British

    解説

  • 59

    loyalist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • colonist who sided with Britain during the American Revolution

    解説

  • 60

    -ist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • morpheme meaning "one who believes in"

    解説

  • 61

    3-Prong attack

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • battle plan for the British during 1777, included attacking Albany from different directions

    解説

  • 62

    Benedict Arnold

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • patriot leader who turned to the British in 1779; traitor

    解説

  • 63

    flank

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the "sides" of an army

    解説

  • 64

    1783

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • year Treaty of Paris was signed, establishing the United States

    解説

  • 65

    siege

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • surround a city/fort and launch attacks against it over a period of time

    解説

  • 66

    Battle of Kings Mountain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Loyalists vs. Patriots. South wants to be separate from the North. Patriot victory.

    解説

  • 67

    Battle of Trenton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Washington launched a surprise attack on a group of Hessians the morning after Christmas

    解説

  • 68

    Battle of Cowpens

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nathanael Greene replaces Horatio Gates. Patriot victory.

    解説

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