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rare job words

カード 148枚 作成者: kaoru.szn (作成日: 2014/08/20)

  • upsurge

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  • 1

    upsurge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /ˈʌpˌsɜrdʒ/ (n.) – the state of increasing or rising in terms of strength or quantity

    解説

  • 2

    commute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. commute /kəˈmyut/ (v.) – to move from one point to another Example: He chose to work at home so he wouldn’t have to commute every day.

    解説

  • 3

    obligatory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /əˈblɪg əˌtɔr i/ (adj.) – necessary to be done to obey a law or regulation Example: Soldiers have an obligatory duty of protecting citizens during war.

    解説

  • 4

    assessment /

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • əˈsɛs mənt/ (n.) – evaluation of skills or abilities based on a series of tests or examination Example: The final assessment determines a soldier’s endurance and stamina.

    解説

  • 5

    discharge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /dɪsˈtʃɑrdʒ/ (v.) – to dismiss someone from a job Example: Some soldiers were discharged after the drinking incident.

    解説

  • 6

    appalling

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /əˈpɔ lɪŋ/ (adj.) – shocking and disappointing Example: The appalling behavior of the senior officer was caught on camera.

    解説

  • 7

    stodgy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /ˈstɒdʒi/ (adj.) – referring to food that is high in carbohydrates Example: They ate a stodgy soup for breakfast.

    解説

  • 8

    overturn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /ˌoʊ vərˈtɜrn / (v.) – to officially cancel or reverse a previous decision Example: Unexpectedly, the court overturned the rule filed against the team.

    解説

  • 9

    repercussion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /ˌri pərˈkʌʃ ən / (n.) – a negative effect that occurs for a long time Example: The repercussion for the player’s bad behavior is suspension.

    解説

  • 10

    plaintiff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /ˈpleɪn tɪf/ (n.) – a person who files a lawsuit in a court Example: The plaintiff demanded $1 billion for damages.

    解説

  • 11

    lawsuit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2 /ˈlɔˌsut/ (n.) – a case brought by a complainant that has to be decided in the court Example: The manager filed a lawsuit against a player who violated the contract.

    解説

  • 12

    disparaging

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /dɪˈspær ɪ dʒɪŋ/ (adj.) – expressing comments that look down on someone or something Example: The coach was fined because of his disparaging comments about the player.

    解説

  • 13

    derogatory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tending to lessen the merit or reputation of a person or thing; disparaging; depreciatory: a derogatory remark. If you make a derogatory remark or comment about someone or something, you express your low opinion of them. He refused to withdraw derogatory remarks made about his boss.

    解説

  • 14

    revoke

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • —verb (used with object), re·voked, re·vok·ing. to take back or withdraw; annul, cancel, or reverse; rescind or repeal: to revoke a decree. to bring or summon back. —verb (used without object), re·voked, re·vok·ing. Cards. to fail to follow suit when possible and required; renege. —noun Cards. an act or instance of revoking. Origin: 1300–50; Middle English revoken < Latin revocāre to call again, equivalent to re- re- + vocāre to call —Related forms re·vok·er, noun re·vok·ing·ly, adverb un·re·voked, adjective —Synonyms 1. retract, recall; nullify, countermand.

    解説

  • 15

    complainant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • —noun a person, group, or company that makes a complaint, as in a legal action. Origin: 1375–1425; late Middle English < Anglo-French compleignant (present participle of compleindre). See complain, -ant

    解説

  • 16

    topple

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • —verb (used without object), top·pled, top·pling. to fall forward, as from having too heavy a top; pitch; tumble down. to lean over or jut, as if threatening to fall. —verb (used with object), top·pled, top·pling. to cause to topple. to overthrow, as from a position of authority: to topple the king. Origin: 1535–45; earlier top to tilt, topple (see tope1) + -le —Related forms un·top·pled, adjective —Synonyms 4. defeat, vanquish,

    解説

  • 17

    a whole new level

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /ə hoʊl nu ˈlɛv əl/ (idiom) – a situation with great intensity and uniqueness Example: The manufacturers took text messaging to a whole new level.

    解説

  • 18

    emit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. emit /ɪˈmɪt/ (v.) – to release something Example: Defective chargers can emit smell of burnt wires.

    解説

  • 19

    fuse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fyuz/ (v.) – to combine with each other and form a single unit Example: Developers fused different programs for the new phone model.

    解説

  • 20

    aroma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. aroma /əˈroʊ mə/ (n.) – an odor or smell that is usually desirable Example: The aroma of brewed coffee attracted the visitors.

    解説

  • 21

    allot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 割り当てる əˈlɒt/ (v.) – to put or give something Example: The president allotted a huge amount of the annual budget to wildlife protection programs.

    解説

  • 22

    preserve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /prɪˈzɜrv/ (v.) – to maintain something in good condition and keep it away from harm Example: Activists preserve marine life by protecting oceans.

    解説

  • 23

    asset

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /ˈæs ɛt/ (n.) – a beneficial aspect of someone or something Example: The fishing industry is one of the main assets of countries near oceans.

    解説

  • 24

    sanctuary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ˈsæŋk tʃuˌɛr i/ (n.) – a place for protection of animals and other living creatures Example: The environmental group built a marine sanctuary for the endangered marine species.

    解説

  • 25

    exploitation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /ˌɛk splɔɪˈteɪ ʃən/ (n.) – overusing or overdoing something, usually for extra profit Example: Exploitation of natural resources can lead to shortage of supplies.

    解説

  • 26

    Anesthesia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 麻酔

    解説

  • 27

    recollect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 思い出す

    解説

  • 28

    a fine line

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 細線 /ə faɪn laɪn/ (idiom) – a very small difference between two things or ideas Example: There is a fine line between confidence and arrogance.

    解説

  • 29

    eye-opener

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /ˈaɪˌoʊ pə nər/ (n.) – refers to something that triggers an enlightening realization or understanding Example: The new research is a real eye-opener for medical practitioners.

    解説

  • 30

    deter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • /dɪˈtɜr/ (v.) – to stop or prevent someone from doing something, commonly by discouraging them with fear and doubt of the consequences Example: The pain did not deter the patient to continue his therapy.

    解説

  • 31

    hype

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 誇大広告 hype 1 (hp) Slang n. 1. Excessive publicity and the ensuing commotion: the hype surrounding the murder trial. 2. Exaggerated or extravagant claims made especially in advertising or promotional material: "It is pure hype, a gigantic PR job" (Saturday Review). 3. An advertising or promotional ploy: "Some restaurant owners in town are cooking up a $75,000 hype to promote New York as 'Restaurant City, U.S.A.'" (New York). 4. Something deliberately misleading; a deception: "[He] says that there isn't any energy crisis at all, that it's all a hype, to maintain outrageous profits for the oil companies" (Joel Oppenheimer). tr.v. hyped, hyp·ing, hypes To publicize or promote, especially by extravagant, inflated, or misleading claims: hyped the new book by sending its author on a promotional tour.

    解説

  • 32

    hinder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 妨げる /ˈhɪndər/ (v.) – to prevent something from happening or to cause difficulties Example: Lack of constant interaction with parents can hinder the development of a baby’s communication skills.

    解説

  • 33

    plea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 嘆願 2. plea /pli/ (n.) – an appeal or request usually made in an emotional manner Example: The organization made a plea to the government to support their charitable activities.

    解説

  • 34

    referendum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 住民投票 5. referendum /ˌrɛf əˈrɛn dəm/ (n.) – a vote asking qualified voters to agree or disagree with a specific issue Example: The results of the referendum will be announced on national television.

    解説

  • 35

    heir

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 相続人 5. heir /ɛər/ (n.) – a person who receives a title and property from someone who died Example: The king’s first child is the heir to the throne.

    解説

  • 36

    monarchy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 君主制 1. monarchy /ˈmɒnərki/ (n.) – type of government ruled by a king or queen Example: The king and the royal family want to maintain the monarchy in their country.

    解説

  • 37

    spending

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 支出 2. spending /spɛndɪŋ/ (n.) – refers to the money spent or used Example: The financial secretary monitors the government’s spending.

    解説

  • 38

    renovation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • リフォーム 3. renovation /ˈrɛnəˌveɪʃən/ (n.) – the process of fixing or repairing something to bring it back in good condition Example: The old embassy building has an ongoing renovation.

    解説

  • 39

    furnishing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 家具 4. furnishing /ˈfɜrnɪ ʃɪŋ/ (n.) – refers to decorations and furniture inside a building or room Example: We bought furnishings like tables and chairs for my room.

    解説

  • 40

    duties

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • du·ty (dt, dy-) n. pl. du·ties 1. An act or a course of action that is required of one by position, social custom, law, or religion: Do your duty to your country. 2. a. Moral obligation: acting out of duty. b. The compulsion felt to meet such obligation. 3. A service, function, or task assigned to one, especially in the armed forces: hazardous duty. 4. Function or work; service: jury duty. See Synonyms at function. 5. A tax charged by a government, especially on imports. 6. a. The work performed by a machine under specified conditions. b. A measure of efficiency expressed as the amount of work done per unit of energy used. 7. The total volume of water required to irrigate a given area in order to cultivate a specific crop until harvest. Idioms: duty bound Obliged: You are duty bound to help your little sister and brother. off duty Not engaged in or responsible for assigned work. on duty Engaged in or responsible for assigned work. Synonyms: assessment, tax, imposition, impost,

    解説

  • 41

    fund

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • n. 1. A source of supply; a stock: a fund of goodwill. 2. a. A sum of money or other resources set aside for a specific purpose: a pension fund. b. funds Available money; ready cash: short on funds. 3. funds The stock of the British permanent national debt, considered as public securities. Used with the. 4. An organization established to administer and manage a sum of money. tr.v. fund·ed, fund·ing, funds 1. To provide money for paying off the interest or principal of (a debt). 2. To convert into a long-term or floating debt with fixed interest payments. 3. To place in a fund for accumulation. 4. To furnish a fund for: funded the space program.

    解説

  • 42

    simultaneously

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 同時に 1. simultaneously /ˌsaɪməlˈteɪniəsli, ˌsɪm əl-/ (adv.) – at the same time or instant Example: Two famous bands conducted concerts simultaneously.

    解説

  • 43

    benevolent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 親切な 2. benevolent /bəˈnɛv ə lənt/ (adj.) – having personal instinct to help and/or to be kind to others Example: Parents are naturally benevolent to their children.

    解説

  • 44

    in unison

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ユニゾンで 3. in unison /ɪn/ /ˈyu nə sən, -zən/ (idiom) – refers to two actions that are happening simultaneously Example: The twin babies would often smile and laugh in unison.

    解説

  • 45

    lend a helping hand

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 手を貸す 4. lend a helping hand /lɛnd ə ˈhɛl pɪŋ hænd/ (idiom) – the act of doing something in order to help or assist another person or group Example: Parents who lend a helping hand to their friends are likely to have benevolent children.

    解説

  • 46

    altruistic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 利他的な 5. altruistic /ˌæl truˈɪs tɪk/ (adj.) – having a natural and unselfish tendency to be concerned with the well-being of other people Example: The woman who saved the baby from the car crash was celebrated for her altruistic act.

    解説

  • 47

    hypertension

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 高血圧 1. hypertension /ˌhaɪ pərˈtɛn ʃən/ (n.) – a medical condition in which the blood pressure is very high Example: My mother takes medicine for hypertension.

    解説

  • 48

    spearhead

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 陣頭指揮を執る 2. spearhead /ˈspɪərˌhɛd/ (v.) – to lead or head an event, activity, or project Example: The doctor spearheaded the campaign to promote herbal medicine.

    解説

  • 49

    regenerate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 再生する 3. regenerate /rɪˈdʒɛn əˌreɪt/ (v.) – to reproduce or to replace something Example: Human cells have the ability to regenerate by themselves.

    解説

  • 50

    susceptible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 影響を受けやすい /səˈsɛp tə bəl/ (adj.) – likely to be influenced or affected by another thing Example: Studies suggest that people who are always stressed are susceptible to cancer.

    解説

  • 51

    treatable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 治療可能な tri tə bəl/ (adj.) – referring to something that can be cured, especially by medicine Example: The diseases that were formerly incurable are now treatable, thanks to advanced technology.

    解説

  • 52

    regain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 取り戻す 1. regain /riˈgeɪn/ (v.) – to return to or get something back Example: She regained consciousness 10 minutes after she passed out.

    解説

  • 53

    bypass

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • バイパス 2. bypass / ˈbaɪˌpæs, -ˌpɑs/ (v.) – to avoid something by going around it Example: The surgeon needs to bypass vital organs in order to reach the internal wound.

    解説

  • 54

    decode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • デコード 3. decode /diˈkoʊd/ (v.) – to make sense of a coded message by translating it into a more understandable form of language Example: The scientists made a system that can decode the emotions of victims who cannot speak.

    解説

  • 55

    electrode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 電極 4. electrode /ɪˈlɛk troʊd/ (n.) – a conductor through which electricity can be transferred Example: They had to use electrodes to let electricity flow into the device.

    解説

  • 56

    cherish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 大事にする 5. cherish /ˈtʃɛr ɪʃ/ (v.) – to appreciate and value something because of its personal significance Example: After her near-death experience, she began to cherish her life even more.

    解説

  • 57

    paralyzed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 麻痺

    解説

  • 58

    limbs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 手足

    解説

  • 59

    paralysis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • まひ

    解説

  • 60

    spinal cord

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 脊髄

    解説

  • 61

    passed out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 気絶

    解説

  • 62

    unearth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 発掘する 1. unearth /ʌnˈɜrθ/ (v.) – to find something, usually by digging Example: The miners unearthed gold while searching for copper.

    解説

  • 63

    extinct

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 絶滅した 2. extinct /ɪkˈstɪŋkt/ (adj.) – referring to something that is no longer existing Example: The scientist gave us a lecture about the extinct species that once lived in Europe.

    解説

  • 64

    discover

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 発見する 3. discover /dɪˈskʌvər/ (v.) – to find something out Example: Historians discovered an ancient tool used by prehistoric men.

    解説

  • 65

    precisely

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 正確に 4. precisely /prɪˈsaɪs li/ (adv.) – in an exact manner Example: She precisely described how the replica of a dinosaur in the museum looked like.

    解説

  • 66

    flexibility

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 柔軟性 5. flexibility /flɛksəˈbɪlɪti/ (n.) – ability to adapt Example: The researchers wanted to test the animal’s flexibility in different weather conditions.

    解説

  • 67

    carnivores

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 肉食動物

    解説

  • 68

    fecal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 糞便の

    解説

  • 69

    fecal fossil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 糞化石

    解説

  • 70

    omnivores

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 雑食

    解説

  • 71

    fossil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 化石

    解説

  • 72

    archaeological

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 考古学的な

    解説

  • 73

    sediment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 堆積物

    解説

  • 74

    coprostanol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • コプロスタノール

    解説

  • 75

    gut

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

  • 76

    metabolizes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 代謝

    解説

  • 77

    cholesterol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • コレステロール

    解説

  • 78

    microfossils

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 微化石

    解説

  • 79

    enact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 制定する 1. enact /ɛnˈækt/ (v.) – to make something legal by making it a law Example: The government has enacted a law that lowers the tax for small businesses.

    解説

  • 80

    rival

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ライバル 2. rival /ˈraɪ vəl/ (adj.) – referring to a competitor in business or competition contest Example: Our company is trying to beat our rival company by putting up three huge branches in Asia.

    解説

  • 81

    undermine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 弱体化させる 3. undermine /ˌʌn dərˈmaɪn/ (v.) – to weaken someone or something Example: The large number of imported goods undermines the local market.

    解説

  • 82

    dominant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 支配的な 4. dominant /ˈdɒm ə nənt/ (adj.) – most powerful or superior Example: Dominant businesses often outperform small businesses.

    解説

  • 83

    boast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 誇る 5. boast /boʊst/ (v.) – to brag or tell something proudly Example: John boasts of his collection of bestseller books.

    解説

  • 84

    brag

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 自慢

    解説

  • 85

    feline

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ネコ 1. feline /ˈfi laɪn/ (adj.) – referring to cats and their characteristics Example: Feline obesity is a growing problem in some developed countries.

    解説

  • 86

    lameness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 跛行 2. lameness /leɪmnəs/ (n.) – refers to a weak, crippled, or disabled manner of walking Example: The dog showed lameness after it was run over.

    解説

  • 87

    diabetic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 糖尿病患者 3. diabetic /ˌdaɪ əˈbɛt ɪk/ (n.) – a person who suffers from diabetes Example: The pet owner found out that his dog was diabetic.

    解説

  • 88

    pose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ポーズ 4. pose /poʊz/ (v.) – to cause problems or trouble Example: Unhealthy diet can pose several health problems to cats.

    解説

  • 89

    take in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 取り込む 5. take in /ˈteɪkˌɪn/ (v.) – to be allowed to enter Example: Street dogs were taken in a shelter for medication.

    解説

  • 90

    leniency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 寛大さ 2. leniency /ˈli ni ən si/ (n.) – the state of being agreeable and understanding Example: Parents’ leniency can lead to having spoiled kids.

    解説

  • 91

    chore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 雑用 3. chore /tʃɔr/ (n.) – a regular task usually done repeatedly Example: Mothers often do the chores in the house.

    解説

  • 92

    extracurricular

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 課外

    解説

  • 93

    pill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ピル 1. pill /pɪl/ (n.) – a small solid medicine, usually round and cylindrical Example: Ann took some pain-relieving pills.

    解説

  • 94

    generic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 包括的な 2. generic /dʒəˈnɛr ɪk/ (adj.) – referring to a product, usually medicine, with unfamiliar brand name Example: Generic drugs are cheaper than commercial brands.

    解説

  • 95

    diagnose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 診断する 3. diagnose /ˈdaɪ əgˌnoʊs/ (v.) – to identify something, usually a disease, based on tests Example: She was diagnosed with diabetes.

    解説

  • 96

    initiate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 開始する 4. initiate /ɪˈnɪʃ iˌeɪt/ (v.) – to start something Example: Officials initiated the investigation on the recent epidemic.

    解説

  • 97

    deter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 阻止する 5. deter /dɪˈtɜr/ (v.) – to prevent something from happening Example: He placed a bandage on the wound to deter infection.

    解説

  • 98

    dementia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 認知症

    解説

  • 99

    ailment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 病気

    解説

  • 100

    surveillance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • サーベイランス 1. surveillance /sərˈveɪ ləns, -ˈveɪl yəns/ (n.) – the act or manner of observing someone secretly, especially when the person is suspected of a criminal activity Example: The president decided that better surveillance is needed for the safety of his family.

    解説

  • 101

    intelligence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • インテリジェンス 2. intelligence /ɪnˈtɛ lɪ dʒəns/ (n.) – the act of collecting information that is considered confidential because of its significance Example: Secret agents are often responsible for gathering and sending intelligence.

    解説

  • 102

    intercept

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • インターセプト 3. intercept /ˌɪntərˈsɛpt/ (v.) – to hear or see information that is either meant for another or is never meant to be publicized Example: The government successfully intercepted documents that would prove the corrupt politician guilty.

    解説

  • 103

    snooping

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • スヌーピング 4. snooping /’snupɪŋ/ (n.) – the act of investigating in secret, especially with the intent of finding something secret or private Example: Electronic snooping can be considered as an act of invasion of privacy.

    解説

  • 104

    eavesdrop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 盗聴する 5. eavesdrop /ˈivzˌdrɒp/ (v.) – to listen to a conversation in secret, especially if the conversation is private Example: They set up cameras in the building to eavesdrop on the unsuspecting criminals.

    解説

  • 105

    stirred

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 攪拌

    解説

  • 106

    illicit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 不法な

    解説

  • 107

    eavesdropping

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 盗聴

    解説

  • 108

    niche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ニッチ 1. niche market /nɪtʃ ˈmɑr kɪt/ (n.) – a small but profitable market that specializes on a certain product or commodity Example: Her hobby of making recyclable pens generated a niche market in the neighborhood.

    解説

  • 109

    livestock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 家畜 2. livestock /ˈlaɪvˌstɒk/ (n.) – animals that are bred and nurtured in a farm for a profit Example: The family never goes to the supermarket because they have a livestock of their own.

    解説

  • 110

    nurtured

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 育ま

    解説

  • 111

    cattle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 畜牛 3. cattle /ˈkæt l/ (n.) – farm animals domesticated for meat, milk, and other purposes Example: The tastiest beef comes from cattle.

    解説

  • 112

    domesticate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 飼いならす

    解説

  • 113

    breeder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ブリーダー 4. breeder /ˈbri dər/ (n.) – a person who farms or breeds animals as a profession Example: He is both a breeder and a racer of horses.

    解説

  • 114

    ban

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 禁止 5. ban /bæn/ (v.) – to stop the use or practice of something by making it illegal Example: The government decided to ban the import and export of chicken because of the sudden virus outbreak.

    解説

  • 115

    camaraderie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 仲間意識 1. camaraderie /ˌkɑməˈrɑdəri, -ˈrædə-, ˌkæmə-/ (n.) – shared friendship and trust among members of a group Example: The rich boy and the poor girl played football in camaraderie.

    解説

  • 116

    miniature

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ミニチュア 1. miniature /ˈmɪn iə tʃər, -ˌtʃʊər, ˈmɪn ə tʃər/ (adj.) – referring to a very small version of something Example: My brother liked playing with miniature cars when he was little.

    解説

  • 117

    conventional

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 従来型の 2. conventional /kənˈvɛn ʃə nl/ (adj.) – being traditional or ordinary Example: Having a computer at home is conventional in our country.

    解説

  • 118

    speculate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 推測する 3. speculate /ˈspɛkyəˌleɪt/ (v.) – to guess about something Example: The authorities speculate that the company is doing something illegal.

    解説

  • 119

    augment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 増大させる 4. augment /ɔgˈmɛnt/ (v.) – to grow in number or in size Example: The foundation solicited donations to augment its budget.

    解説

  • 120

    patent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 特許 5. patent /ˈpætnt/ (n.) – a right issued by the government that allows a person or a company to exclusively produce, use, or sell a product Example: Only the company that holds the patent can sell the product.

    解説

  • 121

    rousing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 奮起させる 1. rousing /ˈraʊ zɪŋ/ (adj.) – referring to something that is exciting or moving Example: The rousing song has made the athletes cry during the ceremony.

    解説

  • 122

    aspiring

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 意欲的な 2. aspiring /əˈspaɪə rɪŋ/ (adj.) – determined to be successful in one’s chosen career Example: Aspiring singers will have a chance to sing before the president.

    解説

  • 123

    anthem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • アンセム 3. anthem /ˈæn θəm/ (n.) – a song of a particular group or country Example: Students are required to memorize and sing the national anthem.

    解説

  • 124

    liken to

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • に例える 4. liken to /ˈlaɪ kən tə/ (v.) – to tell that someone or something is similar to the other Example: The voice quality of the singer is likened to a famous soprano.

    解説

  • 125

    entry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • エントリー 5. entry /ˈɛn tri/ (n.) – a thing that qualifies a person to be part of a competition Example: All entries for the competition should be submitted before Friday.

    解説

  • 126

    hymn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 賛美歌

    解説

  • 127

    Psalm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 賛美歌

    解説

  • 128

    monk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 修道士

    解説

  • 129

    diet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ダイエット 1. diet /ˈdaɪ ɪt/ (n.) – a selection of food normally or habitually eaten by a person or an animal Example: Asian diet consists mostly of grains rather than meat.

    解説

  • 130

    tenfold

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 10倍に 2. tenfold /ˈtɛnˈfoʊld/ (adv.) – by ten times as much Example: The number of local farm markets went up tenfold, from 10 to 100.

    解説

  • 131

    livestock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 家畜 3. livestock /ˈlaɪvˌstɒk/ (n.) – animals that are bred and nurtured in a farm for a certain asset or benefit Example: Beef, chicken, and pork come from the flesh of livestock.

    解説

  • 132

    input

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • インプット 4. input /ˈɪnˌpʊt/ (n.) – the process of putting in or contributing to a system Example: Food industries can have a positive input on the environment by reducing wastes from food production.

    解説

  • 133

    optimistic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 楽観的な 5. optimistic /ˌɒp təˈmɪs tɪk/ (adj.) – showing positive view; expecting a positive result Example: The school is optimistic about adding more vegetables in the school menu.

    解説

  • 134

    protein

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • タンパク質

    解説

  • 135

    poultry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 家禽

    解説

  • 136

    dairy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 乳製品

    解説

  • 137

    detrimental

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 有害な

    解説

  • 138

    cattle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 畜牛

    解説

  • 139

    designation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 指定 1. designation /ˌdɛz ɪgˈneɪ ʃən/ (n.) – the appointment or selection of someone for a certain title or position Example: Her family celebrated her designation as the new mayor of the city.

    解説

  • 140

    wedlock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 結婚生活

    解説

  • 141

    breadwinner

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 稼ぎ手

    解説

  • 142

    forefront

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 最前線

    解説

  • 143

    exacerbate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 悪化させる

    解説

  • 144

    conceives

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • conceive *** 想像する, 妊娠する 関連語 gestation, gravid, imaginary, imagination, imaginative, imagine, pregnancy, pregnant, suppose, supposition

    解説

  • 145

    fertility

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 生殖能力

    解説

  • 146

    forecasts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 見通し

    解説

  • 147

    supine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 背臥位の

    解説

  • 148

    poker

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ポーカー

    解説

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