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Coffee test 2

カード 72枚 作成者: Larry (作成日: 2013/11/27)

  • Fruity

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Fruity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coffees that have a berry or tropical fruit-like flavor or Aroma. Kenya, Harrar and Sidamo are a few examples.

    解説

  • 2

    Mild

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A coffee with osoft flavor characteristics

    解説

  • 3

    mouthfeel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The sensation or weight you feel inside your mouth when tasting coffee.

    解説

  • 4

    Peaberry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A round-shaped bean that occurs when one of the two flat-sided beans in the coffee cherry fails to grow. The remaining small bean assumes a rounded pea shape. This occurs in about five percent of the beans of a typical arabica crop.

    解説

  • 5

    Soft

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Low-acidity, mild flavored coffees

    解説

  • 6

    Sparking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coffee with a bright acidity that dances on your tongue before it quickly dissipates.

    解説

  • 7

    Stale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coffee exposed to oxygen for extended periods of time loses acidity and becomes flat and cardboard tasting. This is the taste of stale.

    解説

  • 8

    Sweet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sweet is a positive coffee description that is associated with a pleasant flavor and mouthfeel.

    解説

  • 9

    Syrupy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A thick coffee with a lot of body that leaves a lingering aftertaste.

    解説

  • 10

    Tangy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A lingering acidity

    解説

  • 11

    Varietal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A botanical subheading of species. For example, Bourbon is a varietal of the species arabica.

    解説

  • 12

    Wild

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Exotic flavors with extreme characteristics

    解説

  • 13

    Winey

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A taste similar to that of red wine or having a fruit quality.

    解説

  • 14

    Why are Latin American and washed African coffees recommended for iced coffee?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Their acidity and flavor characteristics tend to be more mouthwatering or thirst quenching.

    解説

  • 15

    The lighter the roast, the more caffeine is present in a cup of coffee

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False.

    解説

  • 16

    Roasting Plants

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Kent, Washington

    解説

  • 17

    Roast Curve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Finding the right amount of heat over the right amount of time. Our attention to the roasting process means that if another company purchased the same beans there is no guarantee that anyone could make coffee taste like ours.

    解説

  • 18

    Two prerequisites for a coffee farmer to be considered a C.A.F.E. Pratices supplier

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • High quality coffee and social criteria

    解説

  • 19

    C.A.F.E. Practices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A set of socially responsible coffee buying guidelines. These guidelines ensure high-quality coffee, promote equitable relationships with farmers, workers and communities, and they protect the environment.

    解説

  • 20

    When did the Coffee of the Week program begin?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 9/2003

    解説

  • 21

    Agronomy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The science and economics of crop production. The application of soil and plant sciences to soil management and crop production.

    解説

  • 22

    Arrival Samples

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When coffee arrives from origin at each of our roasting plants, samples from each lot are roasted and cupped by a green coffee specialist and tasting room assistant to ensure quality.

    解説

  • 23

    Biodiversity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Number and variety of living organisms; includes genetic diversity, species diversity, and ecological diversity.

    解説

  • 24

    C.A.F.E. Practices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coffee buying guidelines developed with the goals of ensuring the future supply of high-quality sustainable coffee and promoting equitable relatinships withe farmers.

    解説

  • 25

    Coffee Exporters

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • They receive or buy coffee beans from mills and cooperatives. They contract and arrange for shipment of the green coffee and sell the coffee to importers and roasters.

    解説

  • 26

    Coffee Producers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coffee farmers

    解説

  • 27

    Coffee suppliers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Any of the following sources of green coffee: Farmers, Mills, Exporters, Cooperatives

    解説

  • 28

    Coffee Trading

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coffee buying

    解説

  • 29

    Cupping

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cupping is the term used in the coffee industry for the process of tasting and defining coffees.

    解説

  • 30

    How coffee is tasted and evaluated in the coffee industry.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Step up from a Coffee Press (Similar/better)

    解説

  • 31

    Farmer Support Center (FSC)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Located in San Jose, Costa Rica. The partners based out of this office work directly with coffee farmers, cooperatives, mills, and exporters to advance the sharing of best practices as they relate to high quality sustainable coffee and selling coffee in a socially responsible way.

    解説

  • 32

    Offer Samples

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coffee samples that are sent to the SCTC from suppliers. The samples are roasted, cupped and evaluated by SCTC partners and considered for purchasing. First cupping of the minimum three throughout the buying process.

    解説

  • 33

    Pre-shipment samples

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The second round of coffee samples that are sent to SCTC from a supplier. When the coffee is ready to leave the origin country, a sample is sent for approval.

    解説

  • 34

    SCTC

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Starbucks Coffee Trading Company, our coffee purchasing office located in Lausanne, Switzerland.

    解説

  • 35

    SSC

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Starbucks Support Center located in Seattle, Washington.

    解説

  • 36

    Sustainability

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A method of using a resource so that the resource is not depleted or permanently damaged. In the case of farming, it refers to practices that can be sustained over the long term without adversely affecting the environmental conditions (soil, water, quality and climate) necessary to support future farming. With the flavor lock valve we can preserve the coffee's freshness and offer our coffee all over the world. The flavor lock allows gases to escape without allowing oxygen in.

    解説

  • 37

    Balanced

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A coffee that features a harmonious mix of flavor, acidity, and body; no one characteristic dominates the cup.

    解説

  • 38

    What are the four coffee taste characteristics?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Aroma, Acidity, Body, Flavor

    解説

  • 39

    Our preferred supplier program ensures that Starbucks sources sustainable coffees by evaluating the quality, economical, social and environmental aspects of production.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 40

    Why does Starbucks have access to the highest quality arabica coffees in the world?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • We've formed lasting relationships with the growers.

    解説

  • 41

    Coffee Industry is comprised of...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 25 million people growing coffee in approximately 70 countries.

    解説

  • 42

    Top 10 coffee producing countries in the world

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Brazil (25%), 2. Colombia (9%), 3. Vietnam (9%), 4. Indonesia (8%) , 5. India (4%), 6. Mexico (4%), 7. Ethiopia (3%), 8. Uganda (3%), 9. Cote d'Ivoire (3%), 10. Honduras (2%)

    解説

  • 43

    ICO

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • International Coffee Organization

    解説

  • 44

    What is the Starbucks Coffee Agronomy Company and where is it located?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Opened in January of 2004 in San Jose, Costa Rica. This office was established to support our rapid growth plans and to help ensure the future supply of high-quality, sustainable green coffee from existing and potential sources in Central America. Starbucks Coffee Agronomy Company will house a team of agronomists, cuppers and sustainability experts to ensure the future availability of high-quality, sustainable coffee from Central America. The office will manage Starbucks Coffee Trading Company's coffee sourcing guidelines and preferred supplier program, oversee regional social programs, and engage with local governments on sustainability issues. By being used in select Central America countries, agronomists will work directly with farmers implementing sustainable coffee production methods.

    解説

  • 45

    The price of coffe on the commodity market has been driven by severe weather and tremendous speculation between 1991 and 2003.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 46

    What has driven the price of coffee down in today's market?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The global oversupply of coffee

    解説

  • 47

    What are the two pre-requisites to be considered as a preferred supplier?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Meet Starbucks strict quality standards, Provide economic transparency

    解説

  • 48

    In order for coffee production to be sustainable, it must be economically viable at all levels of the supply chain.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 49

    Coffee flowers look and smell like

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Star jasmine

    解説

  • 50

    5 pounds of coffee cherry equals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one pound of green coffee or one tree.

    解説

  • 51

    First pop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 7 to 9 minutes. Also refered to as the cinnamon roast because of its color at this stage. Coffee that is roasted to first pop is very high in acidity, light in body and has under-developed, greenish flavors. Commerical coffee companies that can coffee will stop roasting after the first pop.

    解説

  • 52

    Second pop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 11-13 minutes. After the coffee pops the second time, changes within the bean happen very quickly. Oils that are rising to the bean's surface cause a crackling noise. Some oil can be seen on the surface of the bean and the center crease opens wider. Since the first pop, acidity is decreasing and body and flavor are increasing. Many specialty coffee companies stop roasting right at the the second pop.

    解説

  • 53

    Dark Roast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Our three dark roast coffees are Espresso Roast, Italian Roast and French Roast. By the time the coffee reaches our French Roast we have roasted out the acidity and body has decreased.

    解説

  • 54

    Our darkest roast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • French Roast

    解説

  • 55

    Generally a big rain will trigger flowering on a coffee plant.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 56

    Characteristics of a coffee tree

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A fruit tree, Flowers last 2 to 4 days, The bud becomes a cherry

    解説

  • 57

    The Starbucks Roast(tm) occurs within this timeframe.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • between 11-13 minutes

    解説

  • 58

    Proportion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Use the right proportion of coffee to water. The recipe is 2 tablespoons of ground coffee (10 grams) for each six ounces (180 milliliters) of water.

    解説

  • 59

    Water

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Use water that tastes clean, fresh and free of impurities. A cup of coffee is 98% water.

    解説

  • 60

    Freshness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The enemies of coffee are oxygen, light, heat and moisture. Once a flavorlock bag is opened, the coffee should be stored in an opaque, airtight container at room temperature. For best results, coffee should be ground just before brewing. Whole bean coffee stays fresh longer because there is less surface area exposed to oxygen. Once brewed, the flavors in coffee are very fragile. Brewed coffee is best held in a thermal carafe and if left on the burner should be consumed within 20 minutes.

    解説

  • 61

    The quality of Starbucks coffee is directly impacted by each and every store partner

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 62

    What is the correct proportion of coffee to water?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2 tablespoons of ground coffee to 6 ounces of water

    解説

  • 63

    Different brewing methods will have the same grind requirements

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FALSE

    解説

  • 64

    Whole bean coffee stays fresh longer because there is less surface area exposed to oxygen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 65

    What is the Starbucks Coffee Master program?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An education program established to enhance Starbucks position as the leader in coffee by rewarding and recognizing those partners whose passion for our coffee sets them apart from their peers.

    解説

  • 66

    The Starbucks Roast(tm) means roasting each coffee as dark as we can get it.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FALSE

    解説

  • 67

    Starbucks offers a wide variety of both blends and single origin coffees.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 68

    Starbucks coffee buyers consider many factors besides priced when buying green coffee.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 69

    In what year did Starbucks team up with Conservation International (CI)?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2001

    解説

  • 70

    Conservation International (CI)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An environmental nonprofit organization

    解説

  • 71

    Economic transparency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Documentation providing information on how much money the farmer received

    解説

  • 72

    Black Apron Exclusives(tm)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Represents Starbucks expertise in coffee and dedication to the farmers who grow it. Launched in April 2004, this new line features rare and intriguing coffees in very limited supply.

    解説

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