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Japanese Culture

カード 13枚 作成者: Japanese Culture by zuknow (作成日: 2014/06/26)

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教材の説明:

some Japanese culture.

公開範囲:

公開

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  • 1

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    • Bon-sai

    解説

    The word “Bon-sai” is a Japanese term which, literally translated, means “planted in a container”. This art form is derived from an ancient Chinese horticultural practice, part of which was then redeveloped under the influence of Japanese Zen Buddhism. It has been around for well over a thousand years. The ultimate goal of growing a Bonsai is to create a miniaturized but realistic representation of nature in the form of a tree. Bonsai are not genetically dwarfed plants, in fact, any tree species can be used to grow one.

  • 2

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    • Geisha

    解説

    Geisha are professional entertainers who attend guests during meals, banquets and other occasions. They are trained in various traditional Japanese arts, such as dance and music, as well as in the art of communication. Their role is to make guests feel at ease with conversation, drinking games and dance performances.

  • 3

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    • Kabuki

    解説

    Kabuki is a traditional Japanese form of theater with roots tracing back to the Edo Period. It is recognized as one of Japan's three major classical theaters along with noh and bunraku. Kabuki is an art form rich in showmanship. It involves elaborately designed costumes, eye-catching make-up, outlandish wigs, and arguably most importantly, the exaggerated actions performed by the actors. The highly-stylized movements serve to convey meaning to the audience

  • 4

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    • Kimono

    解説

    The kimono is a traditional Japanese dress. In modern day Japan, it is worn only sparingly or during special occasions such as weddings, tea ceremonies, formal traditional events and funerals. An appropriate style and color of kimono is to be worn depending on the occasion and the person's age and marital status.

  • 5

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    • Mikoshi

    解説

    A mikoshi is a divine palanquin, also translated as portable Shinto shrine. Shinto followers believe that it serves as the vehicle to transport a deity in Japan while moving between main shrine and temporary shrine during a festival or when moving to a new shrine. Often, the mikoshi resembles a miniature building, with pillars, walls, a roof, a veranda and a railing.

  • 6

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    • Ninjya

    解説

    Ninja were professional spies during the age of the samurai. Their origins go back to the twelfth century, when the samurai class began to gain power. When the scale of fighting increased in the fourteenth century, it became necessary to conduct espionage activities against enemy forces, and ninja became even more active.

  • 7

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    • Origami

    解説

    Origami is the art of folding paper into recognizable or functional forms. There are hundreds and hundreds of things you can fold paper into. The word origami comes from the Japanese words oru (folding), and kami (paper), and it was from Japan that this artform originated, many hundreds of years ago.

  • 8

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    • Sadoh

    解説

    The tea ceremony ”Sadoh" is a traditional Japanese culture. It is not only the way of serving or drinking tea but composite art including fine arts, craftwork, flower arrangement, architecture, landscape gardening, cooking and others. Learning the tea ceremony is considered a part of etiquette and mental training.

  • 9

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    • Samurai

    解説

    The samurai (or bushi) were the warriors of premodern Japan. They later made up the ruling military class that eventually became the highest ranking social caste of the Edo Period (1603-1867). Samurai employed a range of weapons such as bows and arrows, spears and guns, but their main weapon and symbol was the sword.

  • 10

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    • Sumo

    解説

    Sumo is a Japanese style of wrestling and Japan's national sport. It originated in ancient times as a performance to entertain the Shinto deities. The rules are simple: the wrestler who first exits the ring or touches the ground with any part of his body besides the soles of his feet loses. Matches take place on an elevated ring (dohyo), which is made of clay and covered in a layer of sand. A contest usually lasts only a few seconds, but in rare cases can take a minute or more. There are no weight restrictions or classes in sumo, meaning that wrestlers can easily find themselves matched off against someone many times their size. As a result, weight gain is an essential part of sumo training.

  • 11

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    • Tatami

    解説

    Tatami mats are woven straw mats closely associated with Japanese culture, where they have been an enduring feature for centuries. The densely woven mats are traditionally used as a floor covering, and a number of traditions surround their use. The classic size of a tatami mat is three by six feet (one by two meters), although a wide assortment of shapes and sizes are available in addition to custom mats.

  • 12

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    • Ukiyoe

    解説

    The art of ukiyoe ("pictures of the floating world"), originated in the metropolitan culture of Edo (Tokyo) during the period of Japanese history. It is an art closely connected with the pleasures of theatres, restaurants, teahouses, geisha and courtesans in the even then very large city. Many ukiyoe prints by artists like Utamaro and Sharaku were in fact posters, advertising theatre performances and brothels, or idol portraits of popular actors and beautiful teahouse girls. But this more or less sophisticated world of urban pleasures was also animated by the traditional Japanese love of nature, and ukiyoe artists like Hokusai and Hiroshige have had an enormous impact on landscape painting all over the world.

  • 13

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    • Sushi

    解説

    Sushi is the most famous Japanese dish outside of Japan, and one of the most popular dishes among the Japanese themselves. In Japan, sushi is usually enjoyed on special occasions, such as a celebration. During the Edo period, "sushi" referred to pickled fish preserved in vinegar. Nowadays sushi can be defined as a dish containing rice which has been prepared with sushi vinegar. There are many different types of sushi.

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