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The road to Brexit - The Economist

カード 43枚 作成者: Takuya Morikawa (作成日: 2016/10/16)

  • instinct


    instinct (for something/doing something) (to do something)

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教材の説明:

Words from the Economist October 8th 2016
Leader: The road to Brexit

公開範囲:

公開

カテゴリ:

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    instinct

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • instinct (for something/doing something) (to do something)

    答え

    • 本能、衝動、生まれながらの才能

    解説

    a natural tendency for people and animals to behave in a particular way using the knowledge and abilities that they were born with rather thought or training

  • 2

    perilous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • very dangerous

    解説

  • 3

    beset

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • usually passive

    答え

    • 悩まされる

    解説

    be-(強意) + set (配置する) to affect somebody/something in an unpleasant or harmful way

  • 4

    chicane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • シケイン(S字カーブなど)

    解説

    a sharp double bend, either on a track where cars race, or an ordinary road to stop vehicles from going too fast

  • 5

    activist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 政治活動家、行動隊員

    解説

    a person who works to achieve political or social change, especially as a member of an organization with particular aims

  • 6

    invoke something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • <法など>を発動する、実施する

    解説

    in- (・・・に) + voke (呼ぶ) to mention or use a law, rule as a reason for doing something

  • 7

    hint

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to suggest something in an indirect way

    解説

  • 8

    grave

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 重大な、ゆゆしい

    解説

    gravis (重い、厳粛な) very serious and important; giving you a reason to feel worried

  • 9

    overwhelm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (・・・で)苦しむ、困惑する

    解説

    over (・・・の上に) + whelm (圧倒する) to have such a strong emotional effect on somebody that it is difficult for them to resist or know how to react

  • 10

    Tory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • connected with the British Conservative Party

    解説

  • 11

    sovereignty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 主権、統治権

    解説

    sovereign + -ty (状態・性質) the state of being a country with freedom to govern itself

  • 12

    jurisdiction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 司法権

    解説

    juris-(法) + -diction (話すこと) = 法を話すこと = 司法権 the authority that an official organization has to make legal decisions about somebody/something

  • 13

    rhetoric

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 美辞麗句

    解説

    rhetor (雄弁家) + -ic(・・・学) speech or writing that is intended to influence people, but that is not completely honest or sincere

  • 14

    impede

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 遅らせる、邪魔する

    解説

    im-(中に) + pede (足) = 足を中に入れる、足枷をする to delay or stop the progress of something

  • 15

    bargain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 交渉する、取引によって交換する

    解説

    bargaignier (値切る) to discuss prices, conditions etc.,with somebody in order to reach an agreement that is acceptable

  • 16

    vice versa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 逆もまた同様に

    解説

    vice (変化) + -versa (回転した) = 回転を逆回りにした used to say that the opposite of what you have just said is also true

  • 17

    convince somebody that

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • <人>に<事>を納得させる、確信させる

    解説

    con- (完全に) + vince (征服する) to make somebody believe that something is true

  • 18

    veto

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 拒否権、否認

    解説

    veto (私は許さない) the right to refuse to allow something to be done, especially the right to stop a law from being passed or a decision from being taken

  • 19

    give ground

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 譲歩する

    解説

    to allow somebody/something to have an advantage; to lose an advantage for yourself

  • 20

    concession

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 譲歩、譲与、容認

    解説

    con-(一緒に) + -cede (行く) + -sion something that you allow or do, or allow somebody to have, in order to end an agreement or to make a situation less difficult

  • 21

    suffocate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 窒息させる、息をつまらせる

    解説

    suf- (下に) + -foc (のど) + -ate (・・・にする) = のどを下側にする to die because there is no air to breathe; to kill somebody by not letting them breath air

  • 22

    regime

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 政治制度、政体

    解説

    regime(統治、管理) a method or system of government, especially one that has not been elected in a fair way

  • 23

    imposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (税・重荷などを)課すこと

    解説

    im- (上に) + -pose (置く) + -ition the act of introducing something such as a new law or rule, or new tax

  • 24

    bureaucracy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 煩雑な手続き 官僚制度、官僚

    解説

    bureau (局) + cracy (政治、社会階級、社会組織) the system of official rules and ways of doing things that a government or an organization has, especially when these seem to be too complicated

  • 25

    dislocation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 混乱、分裂 = disruption

    解説

    dis-(分離) + locate a state in which the usual organization of something is disturbed and does not work or continue in the normal way = disruption

  • 26

    divvy something up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 分ける、分配する

    解説

    to divide something, especially money into two or more parts

  • 27

    amid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ・・・の真っただ中に、最中に

    解説

    on middlan (= in the middle) in the middle of or during something, especially something that causes excitement or fear

  • 28

    diplomat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 外交官、大使など

    解説

    a person whose job is to represent his or her country in a foreign country, for example, in a embassy

  • 29

    consent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • consent (to something)

    答え

    • 許可を与える、承諾する

    解説

    con- (共に) + -sent (感じる=sense) permission to do something, especially given by somebody in authority

  • 30

    at leisure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • without hurrying

    解説

  • 31

    likewise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the same, also

    解説

  • 32

    interim

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • adjective

    答え

    • しばらくの間、暫時

    解説

    inter- (・・・の間) + -im (副詞語尾) = 合間に intended to last for only a short time until somebody/something more permanent is found

  • 33

    ardent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • passionate

    解説

    ardens (燃えている) very enthusiastic and showing strong feeling about something/somebody

  • 34

    be ensconced

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • be ensconced (+adv./prep.)

    答え

    • 落ち着く、身を隠す

    解説

    if you are ensconced or ensconce yourself somewhere, you are made or make yourself comfortable and safe in that place or position

  • 35

    entail

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • = involve

    解説

    en- (・・・の中に入れる) + -tail (限度、限界、限定) to involve something that cannot be avoided

  • 36

    rosy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • = hopeful

    解説

    likely to be good or successful

  • 37

    Secretary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the head of a government department chosen by the President

    解説

    secret (秘密の) + -ary (・・・に関わる人) Home Secretary = 内務大臣

  • 38

    flush somebody/something out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 力ずくで追い出す

    解説

    to force a person or animal to leave the place where they are hiding

  • 39

    strikingly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 著しく、際立って

    解説

    in a way that is interesting and unusual enough to attract attention

  • 40

    interventionist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • adjective

    答え

    • (他国に対する)内政干渉論者、介入主義の

    解説

    connected with the policy or practice of a government influencing the economy of its own country, of becoming involved in the affairs of other countries

  • 41

    flirtation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • flirtation (with something)

    答え

    • 一時的興味、関心

    解説

    a short period of time during which somebody is involved or interested in something, often not seriously

  • 42

    worryingly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 心配なことに、心配なほどに

    解説

    in a way or to a degree that makes you worry

  • 43

    loom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (悪いことが)現れる、すぐに起こりそうだ

    解説

    to appear important or threatening and likely to happen soon

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