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JRC-Vocab[過去1 2-300]

カード 299枚 作成者: zero__0810 (作成日: 2016/09/14)

  • stilted


    〔文体などが〕堅苦しい、形式張った、気取った

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  • 1

    stilted

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔文体などが〕堅苦しい、形式張った、気取った

    答え

    • not natural or relaxed; too formal

    解説

    We made stilted conversation for a few moments.

  • 2

    in profile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 横から、横顔で

    答え

    • (in reference to someone's face) as seen from one side.

    解説

    have a photo taken in profile 横向きの顔の写真に撮ってもらう

  • 3

    tomb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 墓所、墓地, 埋葬室、霊廟, 墓石、墓標, 〔原子炉を覆う〕石棺

    答え

    • a large grave, especially one built of stone above or below the ground

    解説

    Survey work to find the tomb of King Henry I who is believed to be buried at Reading Abbey has started.

  • 4

    impregnable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 難攻不落の、(批評・議論・誘惑などに)動じない、負けない、道徳心の堅固な、受精可能な

    答え

    • strong and impossible to defeat or change

    解説

    Experts recognize that creating impregnable systems is impossible.

  • 5

    epitome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 典型(的な例)、縮図 概略、大要、あらまし、抜粋、要約

    答え

    • a perfect example of something

    解説

    It was the epitome of a hometown screening.

  • 6

    hemorrhage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 出血、(資産・人材などの)大量の損失

    答え

    • the flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessel

    解説

    The hemorrhage stopped after 2012, but only because larger cities started drawing people again.

  • 7

    retreat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〈軍隊などが〉〔…から〕〔…へ〕退く,後退する; 退却する

    答え

    • move back, pull back or move away or backward

    解説

    Let’s everybody retreat to their corners for a minute.

  • 8

    check

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a〈…を〉くい止める,はばむ,阻止する. b〈感情・活動などを〉抑える,抑制する. c〈進行中のものを〉急に止める.

    答え

    • 1. examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition 2. block or impede (a player from the opposing team) in ice hockey

    解説

    Inflation must be checked if the dollar is to keep its value.

  • 9

    onset

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 襲撃、攻撃、始まり、着手、手始め、徴候、発病

    答え

    • the beginning or early stages (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons)

    解説

    She died two days after the onset of the rabies.

  • 10

    case

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【文法】 格.

    答え

    • nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence

    解説

    The objective case is used for nouns and pronouns which function as objects.

  • 11

    Natural selection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 自然選択

    答え

    • the theory that only the strong survive.

    解説

    They refer to scaling laws and rules and animal design, even natural selection

  • 12

    beak

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • くちばし

    答え

    • horny projecting mouth of a bird

    解説

    The monsters had glowing red eyes, sharp beaks, and vicious talons.

  • 13

    finch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • フィンチ

    答え

    • any of numerous small songbirds with short stout bills adapted for crushing seeds

    解説

    The story of the peppered moth is a classic example of evolution in action, right up there with Darwin’s finches.

  • 14

    bluish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 青みを帯びた、青みがかった

    答え

    • of the color intermediate between green and violet

    解説

    Horizons glow with satanic reds squishing through black and bluish clouds, as though the sky itself were bruised and bleeding.

  • 15

    medicinal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 薬に用いられる、医薬の、薬効のある、治療力のある

    答え

    • having the properties of medicine

    解説

    Traditionally, dogs are eaten for medicinal qualities, as their meat is supposed to stoke the body’s yang energy.

  • 16

    impetus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 勢い、はずみ、刺激、運動量

    答え

    • a force that moves something along

    解説

    Ultimately, however, housing policy provided an impetus to organize in an effort to change the college’s status quo.

  • 17

    endeavor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 努力する, 努力,試み

    答え

    • attempt by employing effort

    解説

    But it's good to remember that sometimes these endeavors don't always go so well.

  • 18

    guise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (特に、人を欺くために外面を装った)外観、様子、見せかけ、口実

    答え

    • an artful or simulated semblance

    解説

    It is about a deeply dangerous ideology that is infiltrating American society in the guise of religion.

  • 19

    blend in with

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔…と〕調和する[混ざる], 〈…を〉〔…と〕混ぜる; 調和させる

    答え

    • blend in/blend into sth = to look or seem the same as surrounding people or things and therefore not be easily noticeable:

    解説

  • 20

    camouflage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • カムフラージュ、偽装、迷彩、ごまかし、見せかけ

    答え

    • an outward semblance that misrepresents the true nature of something

    解説

    She called it “the greatest operation of political camouflage in Spain’s recent history”.

  • 21

    the Age of Exploration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 大航海時代

    答え

    • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Discovery

    解説

    The Age of Exploration or Age of Discovery as it is sometimes called, officially began in the early 15th century and lasted until the 17th century.

  • 22

    wind up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ~を終える、~を終わりにする文例 結局[最後に]~になる

    答え

    • - finally be or do something - coil the spring of (some mechanical device) by turning a stem

    解説

    This puts the body in a top-to-bottom spiral, ready to start winding up.

  • 23

    overload

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔人や乗り物などに〕過重な荷物を載せる 〔人に〕過重な負担を掛ける

    答え

    • place too much a load on

    解説

    I even avoided telling anybody that it happened because I felt so overloaded.

  • 24

    gem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (特に、磨いたりカットを施したりした)宝石、宝玉、宝石のように美しいもの、至宝、珠玉

    答え

    • a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry

    解説

    If and when the seeds arrive at the university, they will receive the kind of security usually reserved for precious gems.

  • 25

    coffer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (銀行などの)金庫、財源、(格(ごう)天井の)格間(ごうま)、貴重品箱、金箱、

    答え

    • a chest especially for storing valuables

    解説

    For centuries, British monarchs and governments largely left the City to its own devices on the understanding it would fill tax coffers.

  • 26

    rebellious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 反抗的な、反逆心のある、謀反を起こした、反乱に加わった

    答え

    • - resisting control or authority - discontented as toward authority

    解説

    Her most cherished song in Cameroon, “Liberte,” was considered rebellious at the time that Cameroon gained independence.

  • 27

    notable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 注目に値する、著しい、顕著な、有名な、顕著で、有名で

    答え

    • worthy of notice

    解説

    Here’s a look at other notable incidents in which famous people were attacked by someone they didn’t know

  • 28

    in harmony with

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ~と調和[一致]して

    答え

    • ~と調和[一致]して

    解説

  • 29

    fit in with

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ~と調和する、~に適合する、~にうまく溶け込む

    答え

    • If one thing fits in with another thing, they look pleasant together or are suitable for each other.

    解説

  • 30

    one-story

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 単層の、一層の、平屋建ての

    答え

    • (of a building) having only one floor or level

    解説

    Our one-story house plan collection is strikingly diverse.

  • 31

    exotic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔植物や言葉などが〕外来の、外国産の 〔ひどく〕変わっている、風変わりな

    答え

    • being or from or characteristic of another place or part of the world

    解説

    She became an expert horticulturist, maintaining an impressive garden of exotic plants.

  • 32

    shrink

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔サイズが〕縮む、縮まる、小さく[少なく]なる 〔予算・経済などが〕縮小する

    答え

    • wither, as with a loss of moisture

    解説

    When the dollar is weak, dollar loans are plentiful, but when it rises, the supply shrinks.

  • 33

    Mother Nature

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 母なる自然

    答え

    • a common personification of nature that focuses on the life-giving and nurturing aspects of nature by embodying it, in the form of the mother

    解説

    There is a limit to what Mother Nature can provide.

  • 34

    indigenous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (ある土地・国に)土着の、原産の、固有で、原産で、生まれながらの、生来の、(…に)固有で

    答え

    • originating where it is found

    解説

    Indeed, conservation has a long and ugly history of forcibly moving indigenous and local people out of areas to make way for protected areas.

  • 35

    ailment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (通例軽いまたは慢性の)病気、不快

    答え

    • an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining

    解説

    As patients present a wider variety of ailments, more guidance for doctors is required, she thinks.

  • 36

    Word/Iidom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 意味

    答え

    • Definition

    解説

    Sentence

  • 37

    chronicle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 年代記に載せる、記録にとどめる、詳しく述べる

    答え

    • a record or narrative description of past events

    解説

    The Augusta Chronicle on how people should respond to shootings:

  • 38

    interrupt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 中断する、遮断する◆一時的に 割り込む、妨げる、妨害する、邪魔する

    答え

    • to interfere in their activity, disrupt their conversation, or to disturb their peace and quiet.

    解説

    Trump was interrupted several times by protesters as he spoke.

  • 39

    submerged

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 水面下の、水中の

    答え

    • to stay under the surface of the water

    解説

    I was happy for her, she seemed completely submerged in a spiritual happiness I hadn’t seen in a while or ever.

  • 40

    obligate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 義務を負わせる、義務付ける

    答え

    • force somebody to do something commit in order to fulfill an obligation

    解説

    As a Muslim, I may not subscribe to your faith or your lifestyle, but I am obligated to respect your choice.

  • 41

    sediment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 沈殿物、おり、かす

    答え

    • matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid, dregs

    解説

    Sediment, fertilisers and herbicides attack the reef’s resilience.

  • 42

    crystal clear

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 水晶のように澄んだ、きれいな

    答え

    • transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity

    解説

    The sea is crystal clear and the nearest reef is an easy swim from the beach.

  • 43

    downriver

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 下流の, 下流へ

    答え

    • in the direction that the water in a river is flowing

    解説

    The area is popular because of the class-IV Slaughterhouse Falls and class III rapids that continue downriver from there.

  • 44

    silt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • へどろ、沈殿物

    答え

    • mud or clay or small rocks deposited by a river or lake

    解説

    The boat slid ashore, cracking through a fine layer of ice and black silt.

  • 45

    nutrient

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 栄養素

    答え

    • a substance that provides nourishemnt essential for the maintenance of life and for growth

    解説

    That reduces native habitats and the watershed’s ability to recharge groundwater and filter nutrients.

  • 46

    die out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 絶滅する

    答え

    • to stop existing

    解説

    Under ISIS, the economic and social life of the town began to die out.

  • 47

    flee

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 逃げる、消失する

    答え

    • run away quickly, to leave very quickly

    解説

    Hartin fled after being charged with five counts of child rape.

  • 48

    muddy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 泥が付いた、汚れた、不明瞭な

    答え

    • dirty and messy; covered with mud or muck

    解説

    Yeah, boys, that’s my old man out there in that muddy garden.

  • 49

    devour

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • むさぼり食う

    答え

    • eat immoderately,eat greedily,destroy completely

    解説

    It wasn’t long before I was devouring texts, and my love of literature still remains.

  • 50

    manner

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 方法、態度、様子、特徴

    答え

    • how something is done or how it happens

    解説

    In doing so, I have won the right to exist in any manner that I choose throughout the gender spectrum.

  • 51

    merely

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ただ、単に

    答え

    • and nothing more

    解説

    The ideology is merely the fuse that lights a bomb that has been years in the making.

  • 52

    result

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (vi)結果として生じる、帰する、終わる

    答え

    • come about or follow as a consequence

    解説

    He also thinks the results will be worth the effort.

  • 53

    Word/Iidom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 意味

    答え

    • Definition

    解説

    Sentence

  • 54

    inference

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n)推論、推測=guess

    答え

    • something that you think is true, based on information that you have

    解説

    “It would be smarter not to offer misleading inferences.”

  • 55

    explicitly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adv)明白に、はっきりと

    答え

    • explicit--expressed in a way that is very clear and direct

    解説

    He went so far as to explicitly deny that the ongoing violence in Israel-Palestine is about politics.

  • 56

    contradict

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (v)否定する、~に反論する

    答え

    • to disagree with something, especially by saying that the opposite is true

    解説

    That’s believable in large part because it contradicts the official White House line.

  • 57

    name O1 for(after) O2

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • O2の名をとってO1に名をつける

    答え

    • to give someone or something a particular name

    解説

  • 58

    premise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n)(~という)前提、仮定

    答え

    • the buildings and land that a shop, restaurant, company etc uses a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn

    解説

    Yet the premise of those recommendations—that the department is fatally racist and brutal—is false.

  • 59

    a pyroclastic flow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 火砕流

    答え

    • a fast-moving current of hot gas and rock (collectively known as tephra), which reaches speeds moving away from a volcano of up to 700 km/h (450 mph)

    解説

    As many as 3,000 people lost their houses in the pyroclastic flow.

  • 60

    clock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (v) (ある時間・スピードなどを達成する、記録する

    答え

    • to measure or record the time or speed that someone or something is travelling at

    解説

    The police clocked him doing between 100 and 110 miles per hour.

  • 61

    utterly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adv)全く、すっかり、全然

    答え

    • completely - used especially to emphasize that something was very bad, or that a feeling was very strong

    解説

    Be mindful that sometimes the worst loneliness of all comes when you’re in a relationship but feel utterly disconnected from your partner.

  • 62

    Fahrenheit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) (adj) 華氏(の)

    答え

    • a scale of temperature in which water freezes at 32º and boils at 212º

    解説

    Some springs in Yellowstone can reach temperatures close to 200 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • 63

    ridge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n)山の背、尾根、分水嶺

    答え

    • a long, narrow hilltop, mountain range, or watershed.

    解説

    The green is long and divided into sections by ridges.

  • 64

    settlement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n)居留地

    答え

    • a group of houses and buildings where people live, especially in a place where few people have lived before

    解説

    To help move the settlement forward, the drivers’ lawyer has offered to cut her fee by $10 million.

  • 65

    devastation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 荒らすこと、荒廃(状態)、惨害、惨状

    答え

    • devastate---to damage something very badly or completely

    解説

    The Zoo posted a note on Facebook expressing devastation at the death of its gorilla.

  • 66

    Martinique

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • マルチニーク島

    答え

    • a mountainous island in the Caribbean Sea, which is a dependency of France. Population: 425,966 (2003). Capital: Fort-de-France.

    解説

  • 67

    Rhetorical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 修辞学の

    答え

    • If you ask a rhetorical question it means you don’t necessarily expect an answer

    解説

    Rhetorical Purpose questions

  • 68

    refute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 論駁(ろんばく)する、誤りを明らかにする、やり込める

    答え

    • overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

    解説

    Experts also reevaluated the fire evidence, which has been scientifically refuted since her trial.

  • 69

    inhospitable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 荒れ果てた、荒涼たる

    答え

    • the environmental condition in a region that lacks a favorable climate or terrain for life or growth

    解説

    inhospitable land

  • 70

    glacier

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 氷河

    答え

    • a slowly moving mass of ice

    解説

    Last August, he hiked on a glacier at Kenai Fjords National Park in Alaska.

  • 71

    offshore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj.) 沖(合)の. 2〈風が〉(海岸から)沖に向かう. 3〈商品・技術など〉海外の,国外での.

    答え

    • - (of winds) coming from the land - away from shore; away from land

    解説

    He was swimming about 30 yards offshore in water that was 15-20 feet deep.

  • 72

    academic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n.) 大学人 《大学・研究所などでの研究者・教官》; 学究肌の人.

    答え

    • - an educator who works at a college or university - associated with academia or an academy

    解説

    Academics who study the links between violence and video games say there isn’t quite that universal certainty.

  • 73

    exaggerate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (…を)(実際以上に)大げさに言う、誇張する、強調しすぎる、(…を)過大視する

    答え

    • to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth

    解説

    Some analysts think the survey exaggerates the problem.

  • 74

    blubber

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n)脂肪、贅肉、(vi)泣きじゃくる、

    答え

    • - excess bodily weight - an insulating layer of fat under the skin of whales and other large marine mammals; used as a source of oil - cry or whine with snuffling

    解説

    A blubbered and distorted face confronted her; the creature was crying.

  • 75

    shed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (vt)脱ぐ、落とす

    答え

    • - cause or allow (a solid substance) to flow or run out or over - get if of

    解説

    Despite that caution, she sought to shed a positive light on recent developments.

  • 76

    molt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (vi)〔羽などが〕生え変わる

    答え

    • cast off hair, skin, horn, or feathers

    解説

    Their bodies were covered in molting feathers, and their wings were tipped with tiny, shriveled hands.

  • 77

    insulate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (…を)隔離する、孤立させる、(…を)絶縁する、(…を)断熱する、(…を)遮断する

    答え

    • protect from heat, cold, or noise by surrounding with insulating material

    解説

    So the party is working to insulate Love from the drag that he might be on down-ticket candidates.

  • 78

    walrus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • セイウチ

    答え

    • either of two large northern marine mammals having ivory tusks and tough hide over thick blubber

    解説

    Polar bears need the ice — that’s where the seals and walruses they eat live.

  • 79

    nourishment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 滋養物、栄養、食物、(精神的な)糧(かて)、栄養状態、助成、育成

    答え

    • the act of nourishing

    解説

    At the same time up to 793 million people don't get enough nourishment to help them live a healthy life.

  • 80

    in short supply

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 不足して

    答え

    • in limited/good/plentiful/abudant/ supplyなど様々な形容詞を入れて使える

    解説

    - Fresh vegetables are in short supply in the winter. - Yellow cars are in short supply because everyone likes them and buys them. - At this time of the year, fresh vegetables go into short supply.

  • 81

    in bold

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ボールド体で、太字で

    答え

    • ボールド体で、太字で

    解説

    Choose the meaning of each phrase in bold.

  • 82

    similarly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 類似して、同様に

    答え

    • in a similar way

    解説

    Curses are not real, and function similarly to any outrageous belief system known to man.

  • 83

    meanwhile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • その間に;一方では

    答え

    • while something else is happening

    解説

    Meanwhile, Apple has a loyal customer base it continues to target with improved software and services.

  • 84

    in a vacuum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [しばしば否定文で](周囲から)孤立して、絶縁して

    答え

    • without any connection to other people or events

    解説

    Problems such as this do not occur in a vacuum.こういう問題は他と無関係に起こるわけではない。

  • 85

    invention

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [U]発明;[C]発明品

    答え

    • the act of inventing something;a useful machine, tool, instrument etc that has been invented

    解説

    The announcement coincided with the startup’s first test of the propulsion system that is essential to the invention.

  • 86

    cultural diffusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 文化伝播

    答え

    • the spreading out of culture, culture traits, or a cultural pattern from a central point.

    解説

    Inter-cultural diffusion can happen in many ways. Migrating populations will carry their culture with them.

  • 87

    subsequently

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 後で

    答え

    • after an event in the past

    解説

    My role involves helping women who have lost a baby before birth or who subsequently dies," says Jo. says Jo.

  • 88

    defeat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〜を破る、負かす

    答え

    • to win a victory over someone in a war, competition, game etc [= beat]

    解説

    The Penguins won their fourth Stanley Cup title earlier this month after defeating the San Jose Sharks 3-1 in Game 6.

  • 89

    conqueror

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 征服者

    答え

    • someone who is victorious by force of arms

    解説

    Henry I, son of William the Conqueror, founded Reading Abbey in 1121.

  • 90

    faraway

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 遠い

    答え

    • [only before noun] a long distance away [= distant]

    解説

    If not, he said, "Albania's hope for launching membership negotiations will be moved again to a faraway distance."

  • 91

    immigrant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 移民

    答え

    • someone who enters another country to live there permanently

    解説

    A notable uptick in Asian immigrants is also diversifying these cities, Mr. Potter said.

  • 92

    homeland

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 自国、母国

    答え

    • the country where someone was born

    解説

    John Oliver has a message for his homeland: do not leave the European Union.

  • 93

    tremendous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • とても大きな、巨大な

    答え

    • very big, fast, powerful etc

    解説

    “And if you look at Margaret Thatcher in England, she did a tremendous job over there.”

  • 94

    prominent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 目立った、有名な、重要な

    答え

    • something that is in a prominent place is easily seen ; important

    解説

    These fears are especially prominent in France, which has long relied on Britain as a counterweight to its powerful neighbor.

  • 95

    Christianity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • キリスト教

    答え

    • the religion based on the life and beliefs of Jesus Christ

    解説

    He rejects Islam as a rule and he never speaks about good religion, even Christianity.

  • 96

    cult

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 異教、新興宗教

    答え

    • an extreme religious group that is not part of an established religion

    解説

    A woman looks back on her involvement with a Charles Manson-like cult.

  • 97

    sanction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (v)〜を認可する;〜を制裁する

    答え

    • to officially accept or allow something [= approve]

    解説

    “A lot of employees would be delighted to be able to share information and know it’s been sanctioned by the company,” she said.

  • 98

    missionary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 宣教師

    答え

    • someone who has been sent to a foreign country to teach people about Christianity and persuade them to become Christians

    解説

    He later embarked on a second career as a missionary for Islam.

  • 99

    Word/Iidom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 意味

    答え

    • Definition

    解説

    Sentence

  • 100

    prose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔韻文に対して〕散文(体)◆韻を踏んでいない通常の文体。

    答え

    • - ordinary writing as distinguished from verse - matter of fact, commonplace, or dull expression

    解説

    Pears said: "Lisa is a genuinely exciting writer - there is electricity running through her prose."

  • 101

    thesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔論述の中心となる〕命題 〔随筆などの〕テーマ、主張

    答え

    • - an unproved statement put forward as a premise in an argument - a treatise advancing a new point of view resulting from research; usually a requirement for an advanced academic degree

    解説

    The thesis topics for the PhD students fascinated me or if the truth be told, overawed me.

  • 102

    synthesize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ~を総合的に扱う、総合する ~を合成する

    答え

    • combine and form a synthesis

    解説

    Her voice sounded so perfect it had to be synthesized.

  • 103

    tremendous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔大きさや程度が〕とてつもなく大きい[激しい]

    答え

    • extraordinarily large in size, extent, amount, power, or degree

    解説

    My distrust of the federal government is tremendous.

  • 104

    buggy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔小型の〕一頭立て馬車

    答え

    • a cart with wheels that's pulled by a horse

    解説

  • 105

    draw out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 長々と続ける、長引かせる、延長する

    答え

    • lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer

    解説

    The meeting was drawn out until midnight

  • 106

    retrieve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔失った物などを〕取り戻す、回収する 〔情報を〕検索する、読み出す

    答え

    • get or find back; recover the use of

    解説

    And so they want not only to retrieve the stolen money, but to restore it.

  • 107

    over breakfast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 朝食を食べながら

    答え

    • 朝食を食べながら

    解説

  • 108

    noteworthy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 注目に値する、特筆すべき

    答え

    • worthy of notice

    解説

    But that the discussion is even taking place is noteworthy.

  • 109

    revenue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔国家の〕歳入◆【対】expenditure 〔企業などの〕収益 〔個人や非営利組織の〕収入 国税局、国税庁、税務局

    答え

    • money earned by a business, or income received by the government from taxes

    解説

  • 110

    plummet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 真っすぐに落ちる、真っ逆さまに落ちる◆【同】drop sharply 〔価値・価格などが〕急落する、急に下がる文例文例 〔気分などが〕急に落ち込む

    答え

    • to drop sharply

    解説

    Venezuela depends on oil exports for most of its earnings, and prices have plummeted.

  • 111

    peruse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 詳細に調べる、よく調べる、熟読する

    答え

    • read or examine something carefully

    解説

    Please peruse this report at your leisure

  • 112

    bring about

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔徐々に〕~をもたらす、~を引き起こす

    答え

    • cause to happen, occur or exist

    解説

    the new President must bring about a change in the health care system

  • 113

    engage in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ~に従事する、~に携わる

    答え

    • Engage means to bind, catch, or involve.

    解説

    Too many times, you see a doctor who isn’t emotionally engaged.

  • 114

    introspection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 内省,内観,自己反省.

    答え

    • to look inside

    解説

    After months of introspection, I am retiring from football

  • 115

    equivalent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔効果や価値などが〕同じ、同等の、同意義の

    答え

    • being essentially equal to something

    解説

    It’s the comic book movie equivalent of pulling a rabbit out of your hat.

  • 116

    out of money

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 金に困って、金がなくて

    答え

    • 金に困って、金がなくて

    解説

    I ran out of money.

  • 117

    come up with

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〈話〉〔アイデアなどを〕思い付く、考え付く、考え出す 〈話〉〔答えなどを〕見つけ出す (人)と一緒に近づいてくる、~と同一水準に達する、~と対等になる、~に追い付く

    答え

    • (idiomatic) To invent, create, or think of.

    解説

    He came up with an answer to our problem. 彼は我々のかかえる問題のひとつの解決法を見出した.

  • 118

    paradigm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔模範となる〕実例、範例 〔理論などの〕枠組み、パラダイム

    答え

    • a standard, perspective, or set of ideas a way of looking at something

    解説

    As with all major paradigm shifts, there will be winners and losers.

  • 119

    go out of business

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ビジネス[商売]をやめる、廃業する、倒産する、店を畳む

    答え

    • ビジネス[商売]をやめる、廃業する、倒産する、店を畳む

    解説

    •Senba Kitcho was pursued over this incident, eventually forcing it to go out of business.

  • 120

    cause-effect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 因果

    答え

    • 因果

    解説

    cause-effect passage

  • 121

    compare-contrast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 比較と対比

    答え

    • 比較と対比

    解説

    compare-contrast passage

  • 122

    problem-solution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 問題解決

    答え

    • 問題解決

    解説

    problem-solution passage

  • 123

    Sumerian

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • シュメール人(の)、シュメール語(の)

    答え

    • a member of a people who inhabited ancient Sumer

    解説

    These statuettes belonged to the members of the Sumerian upper class," Turk explained. Turk explained.

  • 124

    Fertile Crescent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [the~]三日月地帯

    答え

    • an area in the Middle East in the shape of a crescent (=a curved shape) from Israel to the Gulf, including the land around the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Several important ancient civilizations had their homes there, such as the Assyrian and Sumerian civilizations.

    解説

    But there are also references to the old South, to Africa and the Fertile Crescent in her clothes.

  • 125

    distinct

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 独特な;明瞭な

    答え

    • clearly different or belonging to a different type

    解説

    There is a distinct smell of perfume in the room. 部屋の中にはっきりと香水のにおいがする

  • 126

    locale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 場所;(小説などの)場面、舞台

    答え

    • the scene of any event or action (especially the place of a meeting)

    解説

    They shared some resemblances regarding their geographic locale

  • 127

    irrigate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (〜を)灌漑する(カンガイスル)

    答え

    • supply water to (land or crops) to help growth, typically by means of channels.

    解説

    Farmers like Clark rely exclusively on the San Juan River to irrigate their crops.

  • 128

    flooding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [n.] 洪水

    答え

    • a situation in which an area of land becomes covered with water, for example because of heavy rain

    解説

    One model predicts waves of rain all day, with two-to-four inches possible, along with the possibility of flooding.

  • 129

    bureaucracy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 官僚(たち), 官僚的な人たち. 〔政府の〕官僚制度,〈集合的に〉官僚

    答え

    • -[uncountable and countable] the officials who are employed rather than elected to do the work of a government, business etc -[uncountable] a complicated official system which is annoying or confusing because it has a lot of rules, processes etc

    解説

    He offered an example of government bureaucracy at work.

  • 130

    comparable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 比較できる、類似の;匹敵する

    答え

    • similar to something else in size, number, quality etc, so that you can make a comparison

    解説

    If you’ve got three résumés, and they’re all comparable, the thing that’s going to make the difference is how they function under pressure.

  • 131

    Tigris

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [the~]ティグリス川

    答え

    • the Tigris a river in southwest Asia, flowing through Turkey and Iraq. The area between the Tigris and another river, the Euphrates, is called Mesopotamia, and several of the world's most ancient cities were built in this area.

    解説

    the land between the Tigris and Euphrates

  • 132

    Euphrates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [the~]ユーフラテス川

    答え

    • the Euphrates a long river which flows from Turkey through Syria and Iraq into the Persian Gulf

    解説

    His unit was attacking from the southwest near the bank of the Euphrates River in an area called Nuaimiya.

  • 133

    Mesopotamia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • メソポタミア

    答え

    • the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq

    解説

    an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia

  • 134

    undertaking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 引き受けること;事業、仕事

    答え

    • - any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted - the trade of a funeral director

    解説

    It’s a huge program, with many pieces that on their own amount to ambitious undertakings, so it’s way too early to call it a winner.

  • 135

    harness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〜利用する、活用する

    答え

    • - control and direct with or as if by reins - keep in check - exploit the power of

    解説

    the necessity of harnessing the manpower

  • 136

    hierarchical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 階層性の

    答え

    • classified according to various criteria into successive levels or layers

    解説

    hierarchical governing structure

  • 137

    pharaoh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ファラオ

    答え

    • the political and religious leader of the Egyptian people

    解説

    Last year, American Pharaoh became the first horse in 37 years to sweep the Derby, Preakness and Belmont.

  • 138

    erect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (家・像など)を建てる=build;(姿勢などが)直立した、まっすぐな

    答え

    • to build something such as a building or wall

    解説

    both cultures erected massive structures

  • 139

    ziggurat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ジッグラト

    答え

    • a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians

    解説

    They include ziggurats made of stacks of cardboard boxes and three recent pieces using secondhand furniture.

  • 140

    worship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (神など)を崇拝する;崇拝

    答え

    • - the activity of worshipping - a feeling of profound love and admiration

    解説

    Plans call for preserving the sanctuary as a place of worship.

  • 141

    step-like

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 階段のような、階段状の

    答え

    • 1.Resembling a step or some aspect of one.

    解説

    •Specifically, the cavity 10 is formed into a two-step cylindrical shape having a diameter changing in a step-like form. 具体的には、キャビティ10は、ステップ状に径が変化する2段の円筒形状となっている。

  • 142

    hieroglyphic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ヒエログリフ(の)、象形文字(の)

    答え

    • a writing system using picture symbols; used in ancient Egypt

    解説

    “If you look all the way back to the way people communicated initially, there were pictograms, hieroglyphics and cave paintings,” he says.

  • 143

    cuneiform

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • くさび形文字(の)、キュニフォーム

    答え

    • an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia and Persia

    解説

    Cuneiform writing, the remote ancestor of the Western alphabet, was invented in the Near East about 5,000 years ago.

  • 144

    wedge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • くさび

    答え

    • a piece of wood, metal, etc. having one thick end and tapering to a thin edge, that is driven between two objects or parts of an object to secure or separate them.

    解説

    It's not the first such heist of the legacy commodity in a state where sports fans like to wear foam wedges on their heads.

  • 145

    arguably

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 異論のあるところで(あるが)、おそらく

    答え

    • as can be shown by argument

    解説

    This alone is arguably a marketable reason for a CRT in the modern age of consumer electronics.

  • 146

    outlast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (物が)〜長持ちする;(人が)〜より長生きする

    答え

    • live longer than

    解説

    But the war devolved into a quagmire that has outlasted 10 Colombian presidents

  • 147

    bank

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (川・湖などの)土手、川岸

    答え

    • - a financial institution that accepts deposits and channels the money into lending activities - sloping land (especially the slope beside a body of water)

    解説

    Brexit has made what was already a serious Italian banking crisis worse.

  • 148

    divine being

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

    Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are the same divine being.

  • 149

    Word/Iidom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 意味

    答え

    • Definition

    解説

    Sentence

  • 150

    celestial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)空の、天体の

    答え

    • relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven of or relating to the sky

    解説

    celestial heavens coming down into the spa.

  • 151

    dwarf planet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 矮惑星、準惑星、準惑星

    答え

    • a planetary-mass object that is neither a planet nor a natural satellite.

    解説

    Pluto was a planet until the discovery of a bunch of objects about its size brought it down to dwarf planet. All those bodies will soon be dwarf planets.

  • 152

    asteroid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 小惑星 《火星と木星の間などに散在する》.

    答え

    • any of numerous small celestial bodies composed of rock and metal that move around the sun

    解説

    But at its previous destination, the asteroid Vesta, two of the four wheels overheated and failed.

  • 153

    meteoroid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 流星体、隕(いん)星体

    答え

    • (astronomy) any of the small solid extraterrestrial bodies that hits the earth's atmosphere

    解説

    The Moon’s tenuous atmosphere varies over each month and after meteoroid

  • 154

    orbit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [v.]〈天体・人工衛星などが〉〈…の〉周りを軌道に乗って回る.

    答え

    • the (usually elliptical) path described by one celestial body in its revolution about another

    解説

    The risks to Juno will not end once it arrives in orbit.

  • 155

    speculation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) (確実な根拠なしの)思索,沈思; 推測,憶測 〔on,about〕

    答え

    • continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject or series of subjects of a deep or abstruse nature

    解説

    Despite repeated speculation that the prime minister’s honeymoon is over, his Liberal Party remains strong in opinion polls

  • 156

    accretion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 1不可算名詞 (発育・付着・包含などによる)増大; 付着. 2可算名詞 増加物; 付着物.

    答え

    • an increase by natural growth or addition

    解説

    “Pagan” is less a collection of songs than a slow-moving accretion of sensation.

  • 157

    tidal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 潮の、干満のある、満潮時に出帆する

    答え

    • of or relating to or caused by tides

    解説

    Apple is reportedly in talks to purchase Jay-Z's streaming music platform Tidal.

  • 158

    supernova

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 超新星 《普通の新星の何万倍も明るい新星

    答え

    • a star that explodes and becomes extremely luminous in the process

    解説

    Bill Gross talks about a bond-market supernova getting ready to blow.

  • 159

    plausible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj) もっともらしい、まことしやかな、口先のうまい

    答え

    • apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

    解説

    It may not be entirely hygienic — or plausible — but it works

  • 160

    detractor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) C, 中傷する人

    答え

    • opponent

    解説

    Smith’s detractors said it was because she was too lenient.

  • 161

    dark matter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) ダークマター; 暗黒物質

    答え

    • a hypothetical type of matter composing the approximately 27% of the mass and energy in the observable universe [1] that is not accounted for by dark energy, baryonic matter, and neutrinos

    解説

    part of dark matter, they should be all around us.

  • 162

    spinning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n,adj) 糸紡ぎ、紡績、紡績業、紡績(用)の

    答え

    • creating thread

    解説

    The Dawn spacecraft was designed to use four spinning wheels to pivot in different directions

  • 163

    comprise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (v) 成る、(…を)含む、(集まって)構成する

    答え

    • - be composed of - include or contain; have as a component

    解説

    In the American Civil War, 18 percent of the Union Army was comprised of immigrants — most from Germany and Ireland

  • 164

    remnant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) [しばしば複数形で] 残り,残余,残物 〔of〕

    答え

    • a small part or portion that remains after the main part no longer exists

    解説

    On the ground are remnants of American and British bombs used by the coalition.

  • 165

    gravitational

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)引力(作用)の、重力の

    答え

    • of or relating to or caused by gravitation

    解説

    The closer it gets, the more the spacecraft will be influenced by the comet's irregular gravitational pull.

  • 166

    collide

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (vi) 激しく)ぶつかり合う、衝突する、(…と)衝突する、一致しない、相反する、(…と)一致しない

    答え

    • crash together with violent impact

    解説

    Too many conflicts collide with too little conciliation

  • 167

    fusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 溶解、融解、溶解したもの、原子核の結合、(政党・党派などの)連合、合同、提携、連合体

    答え

    • the act of fusing (or melting) together

    解説

    Since early 2015, a new fusion has occurred: Ballet Theater’s dancers now work in deeper harmony with his ideas.

  • 168

    probable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj) (確実ではないが)ありそうな、起こりそうな、まず確実な、たぶん…だろう

    答え

    • likely but not certain to be or become true or real

    解説

    The probable result: Import prices will remain depressed, and will weigh on U.S. consumer prices.

  • 169

    flatten

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (v) (…を)平らにする、(…に)うつぶせになる、(…に)へばりつく、気力をそぐ

    答え

    • make flat or flatter / become flat or flatter

    解説

    flattened path, raised up on his elbows, staring at the damage, guilty.

  • 170

    protoplanetary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (astronomy) Of or pertaining to a protoplanet. propoplanet= 原始惑星

    答え

    • A protoplanetary disk is a rotating circumstellar disk of dense gas and dust surrounding a young newly formed star

    解説

    Some young protoplanetary disks are thought to have a mass of 0.01 to 0.1 solar masses, or more than 10 times that needed to make a planetary system like our own

  • 171

    magnetism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 磁気、磁性、磁気作用、磁気学、(知的・道徳的な)魅力

    答え

    • attraction for iron; associated with electric currents as well as magnets; characterized by fields of force

    解説

    He'd accidentally demonstrated that magnetism, not radio waves, was at the heart of animal navigation

  • 172

    coalesce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (vi) 癒合(ゆごう)する、合体する、合同する

    答え

    • - fuse or cause to grow together - mix together different elements

    解説

    The dust and elements coalesced to become the terrestrial planets

  • 173

    terrestrial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj) 地球(上)の、現世の、この世の、(空気・水に対して)陸(上)の、陸から成る、陸生の

    答え

    • of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth or its inhabitants

    解説

    That would make it quite a different beast from an overblown terrestrial planet.

  • 174

    gaseous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj) ガス(体)の、ガス状の、気体の、実のない、捕らえどころのない

    答え

    • existing as or having characteristics of a gas

    解説

    Saturn, with its gaseous surface consumed by hydrogen and helium, is inhospitable to life.

  • 175

    condense

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (v) 濃縮する、凝縮させる、要約する、簡約する、(…に)短縮する

    答え

    • - cause a gas or vapor to change into a liquid - undergo condensation; change from a gaseous to a liquid state and fall in drops

    解説

    This interview has been lightly edited and condensed.

  • 176

    melting points

    補足(例文と訳など)

    •  (n) 融解点

    答え

    •  (n) 融解点

    解説

    Pure, crystalline solids have a characteristic melting point, the temperature at which the solid melts to become a liquid.

  • 177

    gravitational pull

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 引力、重力

    答え

    • (n) 引力、重力

    解説

  • 178

    rip away

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • rip(v) 引き裂く、(…を)はぎ取る、裂き取る、(…を)裂く、縦引きにする

    答え

    • tear

    解説

  • 179

    breadcrumb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) パン粉,パンくず

    答え

    • crumb of bread

    解説

    It’s made with green lentils, carrots, onion, tofu and breadcrumbs for binding.

  • 180

    trail

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 引きずった跡、通った跡、痕跡(こんせき)、船跡、航跡、(獣の)臭跡、(捜索などの)手がかり、(荒野などの)踏みならされてできた道、(山中などの)小道、(彗星(すいせい)・流星の)尾

    答え

    • a track or mark left by something that has passed

    解説

    That trail also connects to a longer route, the Garden to Sky Loop Trail.

  • 181

    itinerant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj) 巡回する、巡歴の、遍歴中の、地方巡回の

    答え

    • traveling from place to place to work

    解説

    Even if it’s for a brief time, camping allows me to be part of a place, rather than an itinerant.

  • 182

    postulate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (v) (…を)自明なこととして仮定する、主張する、(論理を発展させるために)前提とする、(…を)要求する

    答え

    • maintain or assert

    解説

    Others postulate that a mini black hole passed through the Earth in Siberia and out the other side.

  • 183

    adherent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj) 粘着性の、付着力のある、付着した (n) 味方,支持者,党員,信者 〔of,to)

    答え

    • (adj)sticking fast (n)someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another

    解説

    its creation has more adherents than the others do

  • 184

    oppose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (v) 対抗する、反対する、(…を)妨害する、(…と)争う、(…に)(…を)反対させる、対比させる、(…に)反対する

    答え

    • to go against it or fight hard to stop it

    解説

    Opposing the ban also seemed likely to ruin anyone’s re-election prospects.

  • 185

    aspect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) (もの・ことの)面、様相、(問題を見る)見地、角度、(家・部屋などの)向き、方位、(人の)顔つき、容貌(ようぼう)、(人事に影響を与えるという)星の相、相

    答え

    • a part or feature of something

    解説

    I would do this on a weekly basis, taking an ongoing event and digging into an aspect of the science in more detail.

  • 186

    emit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (vt) 放射する、発する、吐く、発行する、(電波で)送る

    答え

    • to give off or let out

    解説

    More time would be spent in cars moving more slowly, consuming more gasoline and emitting more carbon.

  • 187

    self sustaining

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj) 自活する、自立する

    答え

    • able to provide for your own needs without help from others

    解説

    Part of the goal of “Forever Green” is to make the park more self-sustaining.

  • 188

    integral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj) (完全体をなすのに)不可欠な、必須の、完全な、整数の、積分の

    答え

    • very important or necessary

    解説

    International law, Ginsburg well understands, is an integral part of the law of the United States.

  • 189

    devoid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj) (…が)欠けていて、なくて

    答え

    • completely wanting or lacking

    解説

    When it’s finished, in 2040 or so, Poplar will be a wildlife sanctuary devoid of residents.

  • 190

    dissipate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (v) 散らす、消す、晴らす、浪費する、放散する

    答え

    • to cause to separate and go in different directions

    解説

    After three outings, he required a two-week layoff to let soreness dissipate.

  • 191

    nothingness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 無、空、非実在、空虚、無価値、無意味なもの、人事不省、死

    答え

    • the state of nonexistence

    解説

    Every night, a feeling of nothingness and emptiness comes over me.(T_T)

  • 192

    hermetic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj) 密封した、錬金術の、秘伝の、難解な

    答え

    • completely sealed; completely airtight

    解説

    For instance, what if a mature David at some point demanded freedom from his hermetic environment, regardless of the risk?

  • 193

    legitimacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (n) 合法性、適法、嫡出(ちやくしゆつ)、正統、正系、道理にかなっていること、妥当性

    答え

    • 1. lawfulness by virtue of being authorized or in accordance with law 2.undisputed credibility

    解説

    Attacks on the tribunal’s legitimacy continued on Wednesday.

  • 194

    encroach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 浸入する、侵害する

    答え

    • advance beyond the usual limit

    解説

    The cane marked the arrival of the ever encroaching reality she fought so hard to deny.

  • 195

    certainty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 確実(なこと)、確信、確実なもの、必然的な事物

    答え

    • the state of being certain

    解説

    Only Trump knows exactly his level of certainty as he zeroed in on one of the most important decisions of his campaign.

  • 196

    aftermath

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 二番刈り、(戦争・災害などのあとの)状態、余波、直後の時期

    答え

    • the consequences of an event

    解説

    Dean Parsons offered this assessment of the shooting and its aftermath:

  • 197

    on the contrary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • それどころか

    答え

    • contrary to expectations

    解説

    I was told she's over the hill. On the contrary I thought her singing (was) better than ever. 彼女はもう絶頂期は過ぎたと人に言われたが, どうしてその歌声は前にも増してすばらしかった.

  • 198

    Historian

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 歴史家

    答え

    • someone who is an authority on history

    解説

    Nonetheless, the historian said, birth years oftentimes did not match.

  • 199

    argue about

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • について論じる

    答え

    • について論じる

    解説

    I argue about who cleans.

  • 200

    historiography

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (歴)史学、歴史科学

    答え

    • the writing of history

    解説

    Peters summarizes these well, but his quarry is the great white whale of this specialized historiography: the Soviet Internet.

  • 201

    political

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 政治の

    答え

    • involving or characteristic of politics or parties or politicians

    解説

    Yesterday’s shootings prompted a variety of U.S. political leaders to respond in competing ways – and the differences between them matter.

  • 202

    military

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 軍事の

    答え

    • the military forces of a nation, characteristic of or associated with soldiers or the military

    解説

    Biographical data on the site, such as military service, also appears to align with Long’s.

  • 203

    reasoning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 推理、論理的思考

    答え

    • a logical, thoughtful way of thinking

    解説

    However, the reasoning used in the case was broad and could affect common password sharing.

  • 204

    erupt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 噴出する、噴出させる

    答え

    • start abruptly appear on the skin

    解説

    The same streets had erupted in chaos overnight.

  • 205

    revolt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 反乱、背く

    答え

    • [v.] make revolution [n.] organized opposition to authority; a conflict in which one faction tries to wrest control from another

    解説

    Many saw the colonists' reasoning behind their revolt

  • 206

    neutral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 中立の

    答え

    • having no personal preference

    解説

    Nantucket, another island farther out to sea, stayed neutral during the Revolutionary War.

  • 207

    be put to the test

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 試練を受ける、真価が問われる

    答え

    • to see what someone or something can achieve.

    解説

    Fig. to see what someone or somethinI think I can jump that far, but no one has ever put me to the test

  • 208

    fiercely

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 猛烈に

    答え

    • in a physically / emotionally fierce manner

    解説

    It’s also something the players will fiercely resist.

  • 209

    legislature

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 立法府、議会

    答え

    • persons who make or amend or repeal laws

    解説

    The legislature settled on an extra $500 per pupil, to apply to capital expenses like buildings or equipment.

  • 210

    grievance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 苦情、不満

    答え

    • complaint

    解説

    As usual with the campaign, the joy of that moment was inflected with a grievance aimed at the media.

  • 211

    autonomy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 自治

    答え

    • political independence

    解説

    Machines had been made too intelligent and given too much autonomy

  • 212

    colonist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 入植者

    答え

    • a person who settles in a new colony or moves into new country

    解説

    The early colonists were not brave explorers but “waste people” who had been expelled from England.

  • 213

    counterpart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 対の片方

    答え

    • a person or thing having the same function or characteristics as another

    解説

    But it is only in recent years that the cost for a man’s haircut has rivaled its feminine counterpart

  • 214

    in essence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 本質的には

    答え

    • essentially; at bottom, often despite appearances:

    解説

    He is in essence a reclusive sort.

  • 215

    aristocracy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 華族制度

    答え

    • a privileged class holding hereditary titles

    解説

    The sheltered subjects of his cartoons had become a sidelined aristocracy

  • 216

    afar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • はるかかなたに

    答え

    • (old-fashioned) at or from or to a great distance; far

    解説

    The infectious laughter could be heard from afar.

  • 217

    rid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 取り除く

    答え

    • relieve from

    解説

    Turkey’s domestic situation is increasingly a concern as the government seeks to rid broad sectors of society of alleged antagonists.

  • 218

    aspiration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 野望

    答え

    • a cherished desire

    解説

    The FBI says it’s tracking roughly 1,000 people it views as having terrorist aspirations

  • 219

    incur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • こうむる

    答え

    • make oneself subject to; bring upon oneself; become liable to

    解説

    This is sheer profiteering, because I can't see how they incur any additional costs.

  • 220

    the Seven Years' War

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 7年戦争。(プロイセン及びそれを支援するグレートブリテン王国(イギリス)と、オーストリア(ハプスブルク君主国)・ロシア・フランスなどのヨーロッパ諸国との間で行われた戦争)

    答え

    • The Seven Years' War was a world war fought between 1754 and 1763, the main conflict occurring in the seven-year period from 1756 to 1763. It involved every European great power of the time except the Ottoman Empire, spanning four continents, and affected Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines

    解説

  • 221

    subsequently

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • その後

    答え

    • happening at a time subsequent to a reference time

    解説

    The academy acknowledged MacNicol's entry had been eligible at the time of submission, but added he had subsequently appeared in a further Veep episode.

  • 222

    levy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 課税、課す

    答え

    • impose and collect

    解説

    That board, made up of league presidents and chancellors, could possibly levy sanctions against Baylor.

  • 223

    anger

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [v.] 怒らせる

    答え

    • [n.] the state of being angry [v.] make angry

    解説

    Interesting that sadness unexpressed often turns to anger; and worse

  • 224

    wage war

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 開戦する

    答え

    • fight; engage in physical encounter

    解説

    I go with the feeling that we should not wage war again and that we must not forget the sacrifice of those who went to war and died.

  • 225

    sever

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 切断する

    答え

    • set or keep apart

    解説

    First it was just the lobe, now it appears the entire auditory protrusion was severed by the deranged painter.

  • 226

    rebel against

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • に反抗する

    答え

    • to resist and revolt against someone or something.

    解説

    Barbara rebelled against the teachers at the school.

  • 227

    sympathize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • に同情する

    答え

    • to feel or express sympathy or compassion

    解説

    Democrats delighted in the disarray unfolding, but also sympathized with Cruz's plight.

  • 228

    go bankcrupt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 倒産する

    答え

    • become insolvent

    解説

    He sent me a letter to the effect that his poultry farm would go bankrupt sooner or later.

  • 229

    Word/Iidom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 意味

    答え

    • Definition

    解説

    Sentence

  • 230

    conquest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 征服、遠征。 征服して得た土地、占領地

    答え

    • the act of conquering success in mastering something difficult an act of winning the love or sexual favor of someone

    解説

    “For the basic research, it was the conquest of mouse genetics,” he says.

  • 231

    dynasty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 王朝 世襲による権力継承 支配者層

    答え

    • a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family

    解説

    These parasite-prone dynasties tend to be flexible, opportunistic, and varied in their diets.

  • 232

    compile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 蓄積する 〔資料などを〕集める 〔資料をまとめて書物を〕編集する

    答え

    • get or gather together put together out of existing material

    解説

    Nobody — even in the Western intelligence community — compiles transcripts.

  • 233

    crossroad /krɔ́sròʊd/

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 交差道路、交差路 《crossroads》交差点 《crossroads》岐路、重大な決定を下すべき時

    答え

    • a junction where one street or road crosses another

    解説

    This was when Newark was a decaying commercial crossroads with a notorious homicide rate.

  • 234

    geometry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 《数学》幾何学(書) 〔関連ある部分同士の〕配置、配列 〔表面の〕形状

    答え

    • the pure mathematics of points and lines and curves and surfaces

    解説

    There were untested geometries out there that could transform bike design.

  • 235

    fortuitous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 偶然の、思いがけない

    答え

    • accidental, lucky

    解説

    The marriage of the Nationals and Murphy was almost fortuitous

  • 236

    rabbi

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔ユダヤ教の〕律法学者、宗教指導者 〔ユダヤ教の敬称の〕先生、師

    答え

    • spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation; qualified to expound and apply Jewish law

    解説

    As a rabbi, I had to protest his speech.

  • 237

    scroll

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 巻物、渦巻き形、渦巻模様

    答え

    • a document that can be rolled up (as for storage)

    解説

    It’s been released as part of IKEA’s celebration of ten years in Japan, and the look and name is an homage to a ninja’s scroll

  • 238

    catalogue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (=catalog) ~の目録[カタログ]を作る ~を目録[カタログ]に載せる 〔物事を〕分類する

    答え

    • make an itemized list or catalog of; classify make a catalogue, compile a catalogue

    解説

    It would take 300 years to catalogue all the tree species in the Amazon rainforest.

  • 239

    legacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔遺言書による〕相続財産、遺産 〔先祖や過去からの〕伝来のもの、遺産 [adj.]使われていない、時代に合わなくなった

    答え

    • - money or property that is given to you by somebody when they die - a situation that exists now because of events, actions, etc. that took place in the past

    解説

    For the Brazilians remaining in Rio after the Olympics have come and gone, there is no clean air legacy.

  • 240

    underestimate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔~の量や価格などを実際より〕低く見積もる 〔~の価値や能力などを〕過小評価する、見くびる

    答え

    • make too low an estimate of assign too low a value to make a deliberately low estimate

    解説

    Trump says his Democratic rival was either ignoring or underestimating the scope of the problems.

  • 241

    nevertheless

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [adv.] それにもかかわらず、それでもなお[やはり]、それにしても、とは言っても、そうは言うものの、このような次第ではあるが

    答え

    • despite anything to the contrary (usually following a concession)

    解説

    Though they did not remain that way, Roark’s performance was nevertheless impressive.

  • 242

    multipurpose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 多目的の[に使える]

    答え

    • having multiple uses

    解説

    After the game, the site will be converted into softball and multipurpose recreational fields for those on the base, Hill said.

  • 243

    privilege

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 特権、特典、恩恵

    答え

    • a special advantage or immunity or benefit not enjoyed by all

    解説

    “He’s someone of privilege who knows he can get away with anything.”

  • 244

    Hebrew

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ヘブライ人, 古代ヘブライ語

    答え

    • a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors

    解説

    Other details in his attire included a cobalt blue tie, and a little lapel badge spelling Hillary in Hebrew.

  • 245

    scribe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔古代の〕書記官 〔印刷術発明前の〕写字生 《ユダヤ教》〔律法書の〕書士;モーセ五書を羊皮紙に羽ペンで書き写す人。

    答え

    • - someone employed to make written copies of documents and manuscripts

    解説

    Throughout history those with power had secretaries or scribes.

  • 246

    Word/Iidom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 意味

    答え

    • Definition

    解説

    Sentence

  • 247

    only a select few

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 選ばれた少数(の人)だけ

    答え

    • a small number of people that is selected

    解説

    Either one, it's only for a select few. どれもかなり人を選ぶ

  • 248

    ally

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】1.〔条約で形成される〕同盟[連合]国 2.同調者、支持者、協力者

    答え

    • an associate country, a friendly nation

    解説

    The U.S.-backed alliance includes a Kurdish militia and Arab allies that joined it last year.

  • 249

    promise of citizenship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 市民権取得の見込み[可能性・保証]

    答え

    • expectation to get citizenship

    解説

  • 250

    frontier

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】国境(地方)、辺境地帯、境界

    答え

    • an international boundary the area (often fortified) immediately inside the boundary

    解説

    This army of hosts is programmed to think it lives inside an American frontier town during the late 19th century.

  • 251

    ultimately

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【副】最後に、最終的に、結局のところ(は)

    答え

    • at the very end of the process

    解説

    Ultimately, though, they concluded that a biofuel plant would be too costly.

  • 252

    assimilate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [知識・文化などを]吸収する、取り入れる

    答え

    • absorb

    解説

    The Romans frequently assimilated barbarians by a Romanization process

  • 253

    barbarian

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】未開人、教養のない人

    答え

    • a person with no manners

    解説

    It was necessary, they argued, to protect Chinese civilization against the “barbarian” hordes.

  • 254

    confer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ~を授与する、贈る

    答え

    • grant, present

    解説

    State ownership confers an endorsement and easier access to resources.

  • 255

    emancipated

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【形】解放された、自主的な、自由な

    答え

    • free from traditional social restraints

    解説

    People with this mindset value the emancipated individual above the cohesive community.

  • 256

    grant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【他動】〔嘆願などを〕許可する、承諾する、与える

    答え

    • agree to give or allow to, agree or admit to someone that something is true

    解説

    The Home Office have granted temporary extensions to their stay.

  • 257

    freed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 解放された

    答え

    • released, becoming free, freedom

    解説

    They freed the hostages.

  • 258

    province

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】〔行政区分の〕州、省、県〔古代ローマの〕属州

    答え

    • a region within a country

    解説

    Taliban fighters are also trying to close key highways across the province.

  • 259

    practice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】〔理論や計画などの〕実践、実行、履行、活動、行為

    答え

    • carry out, acting

    解説

    She will return to Thailand for rest and practice before the Rio Olympics.

  • 260

    verdict

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】〔陪審員の〕評決、判決、答申

    答え

    • the findings of a jury on issues of fact submitted to it for decision

    解説

    The verdict caused Congress to tighten laws on using insanity as a defense.

  • 261

    corporal punishment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔刑務所で行われる〕体刑、体罰

    答え

    • punishment of physical injury( on someone convicted of committing a crime)

    解説

    The majority of parents acknowledge that corporal punishment doesn’t much work as a disciplinary technique.

  • 262

    treason

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】〔国家への〕反逆、裏切り

    答え

    • betrayal

    解説

    I immediately knew it was a joke — sarcasm, sure, but not treason.

  • 263

    freeman

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (奴隷でない)自由民

    答え

    • a person who is not a serf or a slave

    解説

  • 264

    stake

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 利害関係

    答え

    • have an interest

    解説

    This episode sets the stakes even higher than Naz’s freedom; his very soul seems to be on the line.

  • 265

    absorb( - into ...)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 吸収する

    答え

    • assimilate or take in

    解説

    Her fiction is easy to follow and hard to fathom; easy to enjoy and harder to absorb.

  • 266

    with no stake

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 利害関係なしの

    答え

    • 利害関係なしの

    解説

  • 267

    descendant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 子孫

    答え

    • a person considered as descended from some ancestor or race

    解説

    As they built their own country seats, descendants were often competitive in their home designs.

  • 268

    unassimilated

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【形】[適合・順応]していない

    答え

    • not absorbed or integrated

    解説

  • 269

    overrun

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 行き過ぎる、〔国などを〕侵略する

    答え

    • too much production or more than expected, seize the position of and defeat

    解説

    In 2014, Isis overran large swathes of northern and western Iraq, proclaimed the creation of a "caliphate", and became Islamic State.

  • 270

    population center

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 人口密集地帯

    答え

    • a centerpoint of the region's population.

    解説

  • 271

    waterway

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔船が航行できる〕河川、水路、運河

    答え

    • a navigable body of water

    解説

    It’s the latest trouble for waterways receiving polluted discharges from Lake Okeechobee.

  • 272

    habitation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 居住(地)、住まい

    答え

    • the state of living somewhere

    解説

    In 2017, the team will start to collect marine sediments to look for signs of habitation, such as stone artefacts or ancient human DNA.

  • 273

    offshoot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔元から〕分かれ出たもの、派生物

    答え

    • a natural consequence of development

    解説

    An even more radical offshoot of Al Qaeda, the newcomers attracted Islamic extremists from around the world.

  • 274

    meatpacking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 精肉[食肉加工]業

    答え

    • wholesale packaging of meat for future sale

    解説

    meatpacking hub

  • 275

    slaughter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 食肉処理[解体]する

    答え

    • the killing of animals (as for food)

    解説

    They include phasing out the use of antibiotics in meat consumed by humans and finding gentler ways of inducing unconsciousness before slaughter.

  • 276

    transcontinental

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 大陸横断の

    答え

    • spanning or crossing on the farther side of a continent

    解説

    Zika travelled to Brazil, then, as viruses prefer to travel these days—on transcontinental airplanes.

  • 277

    carrier

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 運ぶための道具[装置・手段]

    答え

    • a person or firm in the business of transporting people or goods or messages

    解説

    passenger carrier

  • 278

    vital to

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔…に〕きわめて重要で

    答え

    • performing an essential function in the living body

    解説

    they were vital to moving people and products in America

  • 279

    advent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 出現,到来

    答え

    • the coming of an important event, person, invention, etc. arrival that has been awaited (especially of something momentous)

    解説

    In the 1950s, this role suddenly disappeared with the advent of effective chemical rodenticides.

  • 280

    fortunate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • [n.]《the ~》幸運な人, 《the Fortunate》幸運王 [adj.]〔人が〕幸運な、運が良い 〔物事が〕幸運によってもたらされた 〔物事が〕幸先の良い、幸運をもたらす

    答え

    • having unexpected good fortune

    解説

    And even those people fortunate enough to graduate from these highly segregated schools have a grim outlook.

  • 281

    refrigerated

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〔飲食物が〕冷蔵[冷凍]保存された、冷蔵庫[冷凍庫]で保管[保存・冷却]された、冷蔵庫[冷凍庫]から出したての 〔自動車などが〕冷蔵[冷凍]機能を備えた

    答え

    • made or kept cold by refrigeration

    解説

    The raspberry drizzle-over can be made and refrigerated up to 2 days in advance.

  • 282

    foremost

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 最初、一番先の

    答え

    • ranking above all others

    解説

    First and foremost, the ACA was all about getting people insured.

  • 283

    burgeoning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【形】急成長する

    答え

    • burgeon : grow and flourish

    解説

  • 284

    denizen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 居住者、居留民{きょりゅうみん}、帰化動物

    答え

    • a plant or animal naturalized in a region

    解説

    the new denizens did not always have an easy time

  • 285

    unscrupulous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【形】不謹慎な、たちの悪い

    答え

    • without scruples or principles

    解説

    Native Americans and unscrupulous businessmen

  • 286

    trickle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】ポツポツと来ること 【自動】したたる、ちょろちょろ流れる 【他動】~をしたたらせる、ぽつりぽつりと移動させる

    答え

    • flowing in drops; the formation and falling of drops of liquid

    解説

    the number of people moving west was just a trickle.

  • 287

    trapper

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (狩猟のために)わなを仕掛ける人

    答え

    • someone who sets traps for animals (usually to obtain their furs)

    解説

    As a boy, I was fascinated with the West and cowboys and trappers.

  • 288

    flock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【自動】集まる、群がる

    答え

    • [n] a group of birds [v] come together as in a cluster or flock

    解説

    people began flocking there

  • 289

    plain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】1.平原2.平原地帯、大平原地帯◆《米国》ミシシッピイ川周辺の大平原地帯

    答え

    • extensive tract of level open land not elaborate or elaborated; simple

    解説

    open plains

  • 290

    deter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【他動】阻む、阻止する、思いとどまらせる

    答え

    • turn away from by persuasion

    解説

    Armed clashes with natives did not deter them

  • 291

    fence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【他動】~をさく[塀・フェンス]で囲う、~に囲いをする

    答え

    • [v] surround with an enclosure

    解説

    wanted to fence in ther lands

  • 292

    tumble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【自動】1.倒れる、ひっくり返る2.転がり回る3.動き回る4.〔急に〕落ちる5.崩壊する【他動】~を倒す、~を崩壊させる【名】1.〔突然のまたはぶざまな〕転倒2.混乱、乱雑

    答え

    • 1. 【vn】 fall down, as if collapsing 2.【v】fly around 3.【nv】an crobatic feat of rolling or turning end over end 4.【v】understand, usually after some initial difficulty

    解説

    On one hand, most people who tumble into poverty during a 10-year period are short-timers, according to researchers at the University of Michigan.

  • 293

    lawlessness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】違法(非合法)であること

    答え

    • contrary to or without regard for the law:

    解説

    lawlessness was common

  • 294

    faith

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】信頼、信念、信条

    答え

    • confidence or trust in a person or thing

    解説

    many only had their faith in religion

  • 295

    veteran

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 【名】1.兵役経験者◆現役の軍人も含まれる2.《軍事》古参兵、歴戦の兵士

    答え

    • someone who fought in a war as a soldier, sailor, etc.

    解説

    Four thousand World War II veterans marched in the October 1945 renaming ceremony.

  • 296

    prairie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 大草原

    答え

    • : a large, mostly flat area of land in North America that has few trees and is covered in grasses

    解説

    corn began covering the prairies

  • 297

    westward

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 西の

    答え

    • toward the west

    解説

    after the westward rush for gold and land

  • 298

    fence in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (囲いで)〈…を〉囲い込む.

    答え

    • (囲いで)〈…を〉囲い込む.

    解説

    The American men have not done this well in Olympic fencing in more than a century.

  • 299

    rancher

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 〈米・豪〉農場[牧場]の経営者[労働者] 〈米〉〔建築様式の〕ランチ・ハウス

    答え

    • a person who owns or operates a ranch

    解説

    As a fire consumes a large swath of grazing land, a rancher herds his cattle toward safety.

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