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英検一級難単語(科学技術)

カード 69枚 作成者: echo_yosho (作成日: 2016/08/30)

  • amphibian


    /æmˈfɪbiən/

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教材の説明:

英検一級語彙について『英検一級 文で覚える単熟語』の科学技術セクションから覚えられていないものを厳選したもの。発音記号、語の意味、例文は基本的にはOxford Learner's Dictionary(Onlihne)から。

公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    amphibian

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /æmˈfɪbiən/

    答え

    • any animal that can live both on land and in water. Frogs, toads and newts are all amphibians.

    解説

    Amphibians and reptiles [ˈreptaɪl]

  • 2

    foolproof

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈfuːlpruːf/

    答え

    • very well designed and easy to use so that it cannot fail and you cannot use it wrongly

    解説

    This recipe is foolproof—it works every time.

  • 3

    exonerate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    •  /ɪɡˈzɒnəreɪt/

    答え

    • ) to officially state that somebody is not responsible for something that they have been blamed for

    解説

    The report exonerates the president of any knowledge of the arms deal.

  • 4

    litigation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌlɪtɪˈɡeɪʃn/

    答え

    • the process of making or defending a claim in court

    解説

    The company has been in litigation with its previous auditors for a full year.

  • 5

    proton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈprəʊtɒn/

    答え

    • a very small piece of matter (= a substance) with a positive electric charge that forms part of the nucleus (= central part) of an atom

    解説

    陽子

  • 6

    bombard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /bɒmˈbɑːd/

    答え

    • attack a place by firing large guns at it or dropping bombs on it continuously

    解説

    Madrid was heavily bombarded for several months.

  • 7

    molten

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈməʊltən/

    答え

    • heated to a very high temperature so that it becomes liquid

    解説

    molten lead

  • 8

    electromagnetic wave

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɪˌlektrəʊmæɡˈnetɪk/

    答え

    • having both electrical and magnetic characteristics

    解説

    電磁波

  • 9

    displace

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /dɪsˈpleɪs/

    答え

    • (especially North American English) to remove somebody from a job or position

    解説

    displaced workers

  • 10

    on the cusp of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /kʌsp

    答え

    • the dividing line between two very different things:

    解説

    on the cusp of adulthood

  • 11

    by all odds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɒdz/

    答え

    • In every possible way; unquestionably

    解説

    By all odds it is the best film of the year.

  • 12

    boon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /buːn/

    答え

    • something that is very helpful and makes life easier for you

    解説

    The new software will prove a boon to Internet users.

  • 13

    premonition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌpriːməˈnɪʃn/

    答え

    • a feeling that something is going to happen, especially something unpleasant

    解説

    He had a premonition that he would never see her again.

  • 14

    bear out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /beə(r)/

    答え

    • (especially British English) to show that somebody is right or that something is true

    解説

    The other witnesses will bear out what I say.

  • 15

    more often than not

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • usually; in a way that is typical of somebody/something

    解説

  • 16

    at one's fingertips

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ˈfɪŋɡətɪp

    答え

    • to have the information, knowledge, etc. that is needed in a particular situation and be able to find it easily and use it quicklyyou can get it and use it very easily:

    解説

    I made sure I had all the facts at my fingertips before attending the meeting.

  • 17

    come out with

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to say something, especially something surprising or rude

    解説

    He came out with a stream of abuse.

  • 18

    spin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /spɪn/

    答え

    • (informal) a way of presenting information or a situation in a particular way, especially one that makes you or your ideas seem good

    解説

    Politicians put their own spin on the economic situation.

  • 19

    savvy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈsævi/

    答え

    • (informal) having practical knowledge and understanding of something; having common sense

    解説

    More people are cholesterol savvy today than five years ago.

  • 20

    hull

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /hʌl/

    答え

    • the main, bottom part of a ship, that goes in the water

    解説

    They climbed onto the upturned hull and waited to be rescued.

  • 21

    clutter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈklʌtə(r)/

    答え

    • to fill a place with too many things, so that it is untidy

    解説

    Don't clutter the page with too many diagrams.

  • 22

    alignment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /əˈlaɪnmənt

    答え

    • arrangement in a straight line

    解説

    A bone in my spine was out of alignment.

  • 23

    run aground

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /əˈɡraʊnd/

    答え

    • (a ship) touches the ground in shallow water and cannot move

    解説

    The oil tanker ran/went aground off the Spanish coast.

  • 24

    seaboard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈsiːbɔːd

    答え

    • the part of a country that is along its coast

    解説

    The whales have been sighted along the north-eastern seaboard, from Maine to New Jersey.

  • 25

    seal one's fate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /feɪt/

    答え

    • nothing can stop some unpleasant thing happening to you:

    解説

    From the moment she stepped into the busy road her fate was sealed.

  • 26

    anything but

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • definitely not

    解説

    The hotel was anything but cheap.

  • 27

    propitious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /prəˈpɪʃəs/

    答え

    • (formal) likely to produce a successful result

    解説

    It was not a propitious time to start a new business.

  • 28

    glacier

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈɡlæsiə(r)/

    答え

    • a large mass of ice, formed by snow on mountains, that moves very slowly down a valley

    解説

    氷河

  • 29

    spring tide

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌsprɪŋ ˈtaɪd/

    答え

    • a tide in the sea when there is the smallest difference between how high the water is at high tide and how high it is at low tide

    解説

    大潮

  • 30

    transient

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈtrænziənt/

    答え

    • continuing for only a short time / staying or working in a place for only a short time, before moving on

    解説

    the transient nature of speech / a city with a large transient population (= of students, temporary workers, etc.)

  • 31

    tap into

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /tæp/

    答え

    • to manage to use something in a way that brings good results:

    解説

    If only we could tap into all that energy and creativity.

  • 32

    watershed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈwɔːtəʃed

    答え

    • an event or a period of time that marks an important change

    解説

    The middle decades of the 19th century marked a watershed in Russia's history.

  • 33

    equestrian

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɪˈkwestriən/

    答え

    • connected with riding horses, especially as a sport

    解説

    equestrian events at the Olympic Games

  • 34

    pivot on

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈpɪvət/

    答え

    • depend on

    解説

    Future deals will pivot on easing commercial conflicts.

  • 35

    disallow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌdɪsəˈlaʊ/

    答え

    • to officially refuse to accept something because it is not valid

    解説

    The court will disallow evidence obtained through torture.

  • 36

    underscore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌʌndəˈskɔː(r)/

    答え

    • underline, to emphasize or show that something is important or true

    解説

    His speech underscored the need for a clear policy.

  • 37

    living modified organism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • living organism that possesses a novel combination of genetic material obtained through the use of modern biotechnology.

    解説

    遺伝子組換え生物(LMO)

  • 38

    tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /tæks/

    答え

    • to need a great amount of physical or mental effort

    解説

    The problem is currently taxing the brains of the nation's experts (= making them think very hard).

  • 39

    mileage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈmaɪlɪdʒ/

    答え

    • the number of miles that a vehicle can travel using a particular amount of fuel

    解説

    If you drive carefully you can get better mileage from your car.

  • 40

    anxious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈæŋk.ʃəs/

    答え

    • eager to do something:

    解説

    I'm anxious to get home to open my presents.

  • 41

    emanate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈeməneɪt/

    答え

    • to produce or show something

    解説

    He emanates power and confidence.

  • 42

    phosphorus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ˈfɒsfərəs/

    答え

    • a chemical element. Phosphorus is found in several different forms, including as a poisonous, pale yellow substance that shines in the dark and starts to burn as soon as it is placed in air.

    解説

    リン

  • 43

    arsenic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ˈɑːsnɪk/

    答え

    • a chemical element: an extremely poisonous white powder

    解説

    ヒ素

  • 44

    back down on

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to take back a demand, an opinion, etc. that other people are strongly opposed to; to admit defeat

    解説

    She refused to back down on a point of principle.

  • 45

    factor in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈfæktə(r)/

    答え

    • to include a particular fact or situation when you are thinking about or planning something

    解説

    Remember to factor in staffing costs when you are planning the project.

  • 46

    condensation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌkɒndenˈseɪʃn

    答え

    • drops of water that form on a cold surface when warm water vapour becomes cool [uncountable]

    解説

    結露

  • 47

    coolant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkuːlənt/

    答え

    • a liquid that is used for cooling an engine, a nuclear reactor, etc.

    解説

  • 48

    incomparable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɪnˈkɒmprəbl/

    答え

    • so good or impressive that nothing can be compared to it

    解説

    the incomparable beauty of Lake Garda

  • 49

    aerosol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈeərəsɒl/

    答え

    • a metal container in which a liquid such as paint or hairspray is kept under pressure and released as a spray

    解説

    an aerosol can/spray

  • 50

    dry cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the type of cell in a dry battery which contains chemicals only in solid form

    解説

    乾電池

  • 51

    stumble upon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈstʌmbl/

    答え

    • to discover something by chance, or to meet someone by chance:

    解説

    Workmen stumbled upon the mosaic while digging foundations for a new building.

  • 52

    nothing short of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • something is almost true, or is equal to something

    解説

    The transformation has been nothing short of a miracle.

  • 53

    coax out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /kəʊks/

    答え

    • to gently persuade somebody to do something or give you something

    解説

    The director coaxed a brilliant performance out of the cast

  • 54

    coarsely

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkɔːsli/

    答え

    • into relatively large pieces (oppposite: finely)

    解説

    coarsely chopped onions

  • 55

    usher in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈʌʃə(r)/

    答え

    • to be the beginning of something new or to make something new begin

    解説

    The change of management ushered in fresh ideas and policies.

  • 56

    harness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈhɑːnɪs/

    答え

    • to control and use the force or strength of something to produce power or to achieve something

    解説

    We must harness the skill and creativity of our workforce.

  • 57

    gaseous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈɡæsiəs/

    答え

    • like or containing gas

    解説

    a gaseous mixture

  • 58

    be keyed up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nervous and excited, especially before an important event

    解説

    We were all keyed up about the big game.

  • 59

    frigid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈfrɪdʒɪd/

    答え

    • very cold

    解説

    They travelled over frigid lands.

  • 60

    outright

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈaʊtraɪt/

    答え

    • open and direct

    解説

    There was outright opposition to the plan.

  • 61

    meteorite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈmiːtiəraɪt/

    答え

    • a piece of rock from outer space that hits the earth’s surface

    解説

  • 62

    comet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ˈkɒmɪt/

    答え

    • a mass of ice and dust that moves around the sun and looks like a bright star with a tail

    解説

  • 63

    size up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /saɪz/

    答え

    • to form a judgement or an opinion about somebody/something

    解説

    She knew that he was looking at her, sizing her up.

  • 64

    consummate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkɒnsəmeɪt/

    答え

    • to make something complete or perfect

    解説

  • 65

    biomimicry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌbaɪ.əʊˈmɪm.ɪ.kri/

    答え

    • the practice of making technological and industrial design copy natural processes

    解説

    The idea behind biomimicry is that nature has already solved the challenges that we are trying to solve.

  • 66

    burr

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /bɜː(r)/

    答え

    • the seed container of some plants which is covered in very small hooks that stick to clothes or fur

    解説

  • 67

    impetuously

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɪmˈpetʃuəsli/

    答え

    • quickly and without thinking carefully about the results

    解説

  • 68

    centigrade

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈsentɪɡreɪd/

    答え

    • Celsius

    解説

    temperatures in centigrade and Fahrenheit

  • 69

    phenomenally

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /fəˈnɒmɪnəli/

    答え

    • in a very great or impressive way

    解説

    This product has been phenomenally successful

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