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英検一級難単語(社会経済)

カード 94枚 作成者: echo_yosho (作成日: 2016/08/19)

  • wreak


    /riːk/

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教材の説明:

英検一級難単語(社会経済)

英検一級語彙について『英検一級 文で覚える単熟語』の社会経済セクションから覚えられていないものを厳選したもの。発音記号、語の意味、例文は基本的にはOxford Learner's Dictionary(Onlihne)から。

公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    wreak

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /riːk/

    答え

    • to do great damage or harm to somebody/something

    解説

    Their policies would wreak havoc on the economy.

  • 2

    high-rise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈhaɪ.raɪz/

    答え

    • a building that is very tall and has a lot of floors

    解説

    to live in a high-rise

  • 3

    allow for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /əˈlaʊ/

    答え

    • to consider or include somebody/something when calculating something

    解説

    It will take about an hour to get there, allowing for traffic delays.

  • 4

    hydroponics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌhaɪdrəˈpɒnɪks/

    答え

    • the process of growing plants in water or sand, rather than in soil

    解説

    水耕栽培

  • 5

    savor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈseɪvə(r)

    答え

    • a taste or smell, especially a pleasant one (figurative)

    解説

    For Emma, life had lost its savour.

  • 6

    lambaste

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /læmˈbeɪst/

    答え

    • to attack or criticize somebody/something very severely, especially in public

    解説

    His first novel was well and truly lambasted by the critics.

  • 7

    slam

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • slæm/

    答え

    • (used especially in newspapers) to criticize somebody/something very strongly

    解説

    The government has been slammed for failing to take firm action against drinking and driving.

  • 8

    reinstate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌriːɪnˈsteɪt/

    答え

    • to give back a job or position that had been taken away from somebody

    解説

    He was reinstated in his post.

  • 9

    summary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈsʌməri/

    答え

    • done immediately, without paying attention to the normal process that should be followed

    解説

    a summary judgement

  • 10

    severance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈsevərəns/

    答え

    • the act of ending a connection or relationship

    解説

    the severance of diplomatic relations

  • 11

    do away with

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to stop doing or having something; to make something end

    解説

    He thinks it's time we did away with the monarchy.

  • 12

    it behooves X to do

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /bɪˈhəʊv/

    答え

    • it is right or necessary for somebody to do something

    解説

    It behoves us to study these findings carefully.

  • 13

    ultimatum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌʌltɪˈmeɪtəm/

    答え

    • a final warning to a person or country that if they do not do what you ask, you will use force or take action against them

    解説

    The government denied that it had presented the union with an ultimatum.

  • 14

    venomous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • ˈvenəməs/

    答え

    • full of bitter feeling or hatred

    解説

    a venomous attack on his political enemies

  • 15

    gear up to do

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɡɪə(r)/

    答え

    • to prepare yourself/somebody/something to do something

    解説

    Cycle organizations are gearing up for National Bike Week.

  • 16

    incumbent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɪnˈkʌmbənt/

    答え

    • a person who has an official position

    解説

    the present incumbent of the White House

  • 17

    infringe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɪnˈfrɪndʒ/

    答え

    • to break a law or rule

    解説

    Two of the projects are deemed to infringe EU legislation.

  • 18

    decry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /dɪˈkraɪ/

    答え

    • to strongly criticize somebody/something, especially publicly

    解説

    The measures were decried as useless.

  • 19

    a moot point/question

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /muːt/

    答え

    • a matter about which there may be disagreement or confusion

    解説

    Whether this should be enforced by law or not is a moot point.

  • 20

    forgo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /fɔːˈɡəʊ/

    答え

    • to decide not to have or do something that you would like to have or do

    解説

    No one was prepared to forgo their lunch hour to attend the meeting.

  • 21

    propagate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈprɒpəɡeɪt/

    答え

    • to spread an idea, a belief or a piece of information among many people

    解説

    Television advertising propagates a false image of the ideal family.

  • 22

    posit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈpɒzɪt/

    答え

    • to suggest or accept that something is true so that it can be used as the basis for an argument or discussion

    解説

    They were forced to modify the political premises on which the regime was posited.

  • 23

    perk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /pɜːk/

    答え

    • something you receive as well as your wages for doing a particular job

    解説

    Perks offered by the firm include a car and free health insurance.

  • 24

    on the face of it

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • used to say that something seems to be good, true, etc. but that this opinion may need to be changed when you know more about it

    解説

    What may, on the face of it, seem obvious often turns out to be far more complicated.

  • 25

    progeny

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈprɒdʒəni/

    答え

    • a person’s children; the young of animals and plants

    解説

    He was surrounded by his numerous progeny.

  • 26

    level off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈlev.əl/

    答え

    • to stay at a steady level of development or progress after a period of sharp rises or falls

    解説

    Sales have levelled off after a period of rapid growth.

  • 27

    stipulation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌstɪpjuˈleɪʃn/

    答え

    • a clear and firm statement that something must be done, or about how it must be done

    解説

    The only stipulation is that the topic you choose must be related to your studies.

  • 28

    token

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈtəʊ.kən/

    答え

    • nominal; used to refer to something that is done to prevent other people complaining, although it is not sincerely meant and has no real effect:

    解説

    The truth is that they appoint no more than a token number of women to managerial jobs.

  • 29

    uplifting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌʌpˈlɪftɪŋ/

    答え

    • making you feel happier or giving you more hope

    解説

    an uplifting experience

  • 30

    fulfillment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /fʊlˈfɪlmənt/

    答え

    • happiness and satisfaction with what you are doing or have done

    解説

    to find personal fulfilment

  • 31

    spearhead

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈspɪəhed/

    答え

    • a person or group that begins an activity or leads an attack against somebody/something

    解説

    American troops formed the spearhead of the attack.

  • 32

    yardstick

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈjɑːdstɪk/

    答え

    • a standard used for judging how good or successful something is

    解説

    Exam results are not the only yardstick of a school's performance.

  • 33

    leverage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈliːvərɪdʒ/

    答え

    • the ability to influence what people do

    解説

    Retailers can exert leverage over producers by threatening to take their business elsewhere.

  • 34

    remit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈriːmɪt/

    答え

    • to cancel or free somebody from a debt, duty, punishment, etc.

    解説

    to remit a prison sentence

  • 35

    be on the hook for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /hʊk/

    答え

    • (in a financial context) responsible for

    解説

    he's on the hook for about $9.5 million"

  • 36

    shore up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ʃɔː(r)

    答え

    • to help to support something that is weak or going to fail

    解説

    The measures were aimed at shoring up the economy.

  • 37

    go all out for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to make a very great effort to get something or do something

    解説

    The team went all out for a win.

  • 38

    burgeoning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈbɜːdʒənɪŋ/

    答え

    • beginning to grow or develop rapidly

    解説

    a burgeoning population

  • 39

    power grid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an interconnected network for delivering electricity from suppliers to consumers

    解説

  • 40

    on the drawing board

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /bɔːd/

    答え

    • being prepared or considered

    解説

    t's just one of several projects on the drawing board.

  • 41

    drive up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /draɪv/

    答え

    • To cause something to increase rapidly:

    解説

    The scarce supply of oil is driving up prices. The interest in the new toy drove up sales.

  • 42

    offset

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈɒfset

    答え

    • to use one cost, payment or situation in order to cancel or reduce the effect of another

    解説

    Prices have risen in order to offset the increased cost of materials.

  • 43

    unleash

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ʌnˈliːʃ/

    答え

    • to suddenly let a strong force, emotion, etc. be felt or have an effect

    解説

    The government's proposals unleashed a storm of protest in the press.

  • 44

    barrage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈbærɑːʒ/

    答え

    • a large number of something, such as questions or comments, that are directed at somebody very quickly, one after the other, often in an aggressive way

    解説

    the media’s barrage of attacks on the President’s wife

  • 45

    alluring

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /əˈlʊərɪŋ/

    答え

    • attractive and exciting in a mysterious way

    解説

    an alluring smile

  • 46

    slip through

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /slɪp

    答え

    • n organization or a system fails to find them and deal with them

    解説

    We tried to contact all former students, but one or two slipped through the net.

  • 47

    go with something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɡəʊ/

    答え

    • to agree to accept something, for example a plan or an offer

    解説

    You're offering £500? I think we can go with that.

  • 48

    jaded

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈdʒeɪdɪd/

    答え

    • tired and bored, usually because you have had too much of something

    解説

    I felt terribly jaded after working all weekend.

  • 49

    fall back on

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /fɔːl/

    答え

    • to go to somebody for support; to have something to use when you are in difficulty

    解説

    I have a little money in the bank to fall back on.

  • 50

    lax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /læks/

    答え

    • (disapproving) not strict, severe or careful enough about work, rules or standards of behaviour

    解説

    lax security/discipline

  • 51

    get hit with

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • be attacked

    解説

  • 52

    chalk up to

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /tʃɔːk/

    答え

    • to consider that something is caused by something

    解説

    We can chalk that win up to a lot of luck.

  • 53

    dupe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /djuːp/

    答え

    • to trick or cheat somebody

    解説

    They soon realized they had been duped.

  • 54

    give short shrift to

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ʃrɪft/

    答え

    • to give somebody/get little attention or sympathy

    解説

  • 55

    stifle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈstaɪfl/

    答え

    • to prevent something from happening; to prevent a feeling from being expressed

    解説

    The government failed to stifle the unrest.

  • 56

    bolster

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈbəʊlstə(r)/

    答え

    • to improve something or make it stronger

    解説

    bolster somebody’s confidence/courage/morale

  • 57

    resurgence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /rɪˈsɜːdʒəns/

    答え

    • the return and growth of an activity that had stopped

    解説

    a resurgence of interest in the artist’s work

  • 58

    fare

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /feə(r)/

    答え

    • to be successful/unsuccessful in a particular situation

    解説

    The party fared very badly in the last election. / The North, by and large, has fared better than most regions in avoiding high unemployment figures.

  • 59

    subsist on

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /səbˈsɪst/

    答え

    • to manage to stay alive, especially with limited food or money

    解説

    Old people often subsist on very small incomes.

  • 60

    incidence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈɪnsɪdəns/

    答え

    • the extent to which something happens or has an effect

    解説

    an area with a high incidence of crime

  • 61

    bring in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /brɪŋ/

    答え

    • to make or earn a particular amount of money

    解説

    The garage sale brought in about £200.

  • 62

    climb out of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /klaɪm/

    答え

    • to get, crawl, or move out of something.

    解説

    He climbed out of the wreckage and examined himself carefully for injuries.

  • 63

    destitute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈdestɪtjuːt/

    答え

    • without money, food and the other things necessary for life

    解説

    When he died, his family was left completely destitute.

  • 64

    subvention

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /səbˈvenʃn/

    答え

    • an amount of money that is given by a government, etc. to help an organization

    解説

    The movie industry received a government subvention of several million pounds.

  • 65

    stamp out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /stæmp/

    答え

    • eliminate, to get rid of something that is bad, unpleasant or dangerous, especially by using force or a lot of effort

    解説

    to stamp out racism

  • 66

    plight

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /plaɪt/

    答え

    • a difficult and sad situation

    解説

    The African elephant is in a desperate plight.

  • 67

    solicit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /səˈlɪsɪt/

    答え

    • to ask somebody for something, such as support, money or information; to try to get something or persuade somebody to do something

    解説

    They were planning to solicit funds from a number of organizations.

  • 68

    falter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈfɔːltə(r)/

    答え

    • to become weaker or less effective

    解説

    The economy is beginning to falter.

  • 69

    frugal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈfruːɡl/

    答え

    • (opposite extravagant) using only as much money or food as is necessary

    解説

    He has always been hard-working and frugal.

  • 70

    pin down

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /pɪn/

    答え

    • to explain or understand something exactly

    解説

    The cause of the disease is difficult to pin down precisely.

  • 71

    at loggerheads over

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈlɒɡəhedz/

    答え

    • in strong disagreement

    解説

    The two governments are still at loggerheads over the island.

  • 72

    make for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to help to make something possible

    解説

    Constant arguing doesn't make for a happy marriage.

  • 73

    delude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /dɪˈluːd/

    答え

    • to make somebody believe something that is not true

    解説

    She had been deluding herself that he loved her.

  • 74

    trade preference

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • It grants special support to one country over another.

    解説

  • 75

    canister

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkænɪstə(r)/

    答え

    • a strong metal container containing gas or a chemical substance, especially one that bursts when it is fired from a gun or thrown

    解説

    tear-gas canisters

  • 76

    go for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • priced

    解説

    it goes for 180 USD

  • 77

    service

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈsɜːvɪs/

    答え

    • to examine a vehicle or machine and repair it if necessary so that it continues to work correctly

    解説

    We need to have the car serviced.

  • 78

    circumvent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌsɜːkəmˈvent/

    答え

    • to find a way of avoiding a difficulty or a rule

    解説

    They found a way of circumventing the law.

  • 79

    reap

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /riːp/

    答え

    • to obtain something, especially something good, as a direct result of something that you have done

    解説

    They are now reaping the rewards of all their hard work.

  • 80

    contraband

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkɒntrəbænd/

    答え

    • goods that are illegally taken into or out of a country

    解説

    to smuggle contraband

  • 81

    spike

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /spaɪk/

    答え

    • to rise quickly and reach a high value (especially North American English)

    解説

    The US dollar spiked to a three-month high.

  • 82

    acrimony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈækrɪməni/

    答え

    • angry bitter feelings or words

    解説

    The dispute was settled without acrimony.

  • 83

    stern

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /stɜːn/

    答え

    • serious and often disapproving; expecting somebody to obey you

    解説

    The police are planning sterner measures to combat crime.

  • 84

    ballon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /bəˈluːn/

    答え

    • to suddenly swell out or get bigger

    解説

    Unemployment ballooned to fourteen per cent.

  • 85

    turmoil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈtɜːmɔɪl/

    答え

    • a state of great anxiety and confusion

    解説

    His statement threw the court into turmoil.

  • 86

    come up with

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to find or produce an answer, a sum of money, etc.

    解説

    She came up with a new idea for increasing sales.

  • 87

    remuneration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /rɪˌmjuːnəˈreɪʃn/

    答え

    • an amount of money that is paid to somebody for the work they have done

    解説

    Generous remuneration packages are often attached to overseas postings.

  • 88

    shell out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ʃel/

    答え

    • to pay a lot of money for something

    解説

    The band shelled out $100 000 for a mobile recording studio.

  • 89

    vilify

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈvɪlɪfaɪ/

    答え

    • to say or write unpleasant things about somebody/something so that other people will have a low opinion of them [synonym: malign]

    解説

  • 90

    budding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈbʌdɪŋ

    答え

    • beginning to develop or become successful

    解説

    The budding young star is now hot property in Hollywood.

  • 91

    conducive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /kənˈdjuːsɪv/

    答え

    • making it easy, possible or likely for something to happen

    解説

    Chairs in rows are not as conducive to discussion as chairs arranged in a circle.

  • 92

    automate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈɔːtəmeɪt

    答え

    • to use machines and computers instead of people to do a job or task

    解説

    The entire manufacturing process has been automated.

  • 93

    wane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /weɪn/

    答え

    • to become gradually weaker or less important

    解説

    Her enthusiasm for the whole idea was waning rapidly.

  • 94

    tedious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈtiːdiəs/

    答え

    • lasting or taking too long and not interesting

    解説

    We had to listen to the tedious details of his operation

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