zuknow learn together

新しい教材を作成

英検一級難単語(歴史文化)

カード 77枚 作成者: echo_yosho (作成日: 2016/08/15)

  • mutiny


    /ˈmjuː.tɪ.ni/

解説面  クリックしてカードを裏返す

アプリをダウンロードして、このコンテンツを学習しよう! AppStore / Google Play

教材の説明:

英検一級語彙について『英検一級 文で覚える単熟語』の歴史文化セクションから覚えられていないものを厳選したもの。発音記号、語の意味、例文はCambridge Dictionary (Onlihne)から。

公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    mutiny

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈmjuː.tɪ.ni/

    答え

    • an occasion when a group of people, especially soldiers or sailors, refuses to obey orders and/or attempts to take control from people in authority:

    解説

    There were rumours of mutiny among the troops.

  • 2

    adrift

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /əˈdrɪft/

    答え

    • ​ If a boat is adrift, it is moving on the water but is not controlled by anyone because of a problem:

    解説

    He spent three days adrift on his yacht.

  • 3

    enmity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈen.mə.ti/

    答え

    • a feeling of hate:

    解説

    She denied any personal enmity towards him.

  • 4

    clemency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈklem.ən.si/

    答え

    • kindness when giving a punishment:

    解説

    The jury passed a verdict of guilty, with an appeal to the judge for clemency.

  • 5

    rebuke

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /rɪˈbjuːk/

    答え

    • to speak angrily to someone because you disapprove of what they have said or done:

    解説

    I was rebuked by my manager for being late.

  • 6

    lay out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to explain something clearly, usually in writing:

    解説

    The code of practice lays out very clearly what the duties of the registrar are.

  • 7

    self-serving

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌselfˈsɜː.vɪŋ/

    答え

    • working or acting for your own advantage:

    解説

    Politicians are seen as corrupt and self-serving.

  • 8

    conerstone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkɔː.nə.stəʊn/

    答え

    • something of great importance that everything else depends on

    解説

    In most countries, the family unit is still the cornerstone of society.

  • 9

    arbitration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌɑː.bɪˈtreɪ.ʃən/

    答え

    • the process of solving an argument between people by helping them to agree to an acceptable solution:

    解説

    Both sides in the dispute have agreed to go to arbitration (= to have the disagreement solved by an arbitrator).

  • 10

    conjure up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkʌn.dʒər/

    答え

    • to make a picture or idea appear in someone's mind

    解説

    For some people, the word "England" may still conjure up images of pretty gardens and tea parties.

  • 11

    brute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /bruːt/ 

    答え

    • an animal, especially a large one:

    解説

    Your dog's an ugly brute, isn't it?

  • 12

    versatile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈvɜː.sə.taɪl/ 

    答え

    •  able to change easily from one activity to another or able to be used for many different purposes:

    解説

    He's a very versatile young actor who's as happy in highbrow dramas as he is in TVcomedies.

  • 13

    debunk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌdiːˈbʌŋk/ 

    答え

    • to show that something is less important, less good, or less true than it has been made to appear:

    解説

    The writer's aim was to debunk the myth that had grown up around the actress.

  • 14

    incongruous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɪnˈkɒŋ.ɡru.əs/

    答え

    • ​ unusual or different from what is around or from what is generally happening:

    解説

    It seems incongruous to have a woman as the editor of a men's magazine.

  • 15

    idyllic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɪˈdɪl.ɪk/ 

    答え

    • An idyllic place or experience is extremely pleasant, beautiful, or peaceful:

    解説

    an idyllic childhood/summer

  • 16

    boisterous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈbɔɪ.stər.əs/ 

    答え

    • noisy, energetic, and rough:

    解説

    boisterous children

  • 17

    frivolous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈfrɪv.əl.əs/ 

    答え

    • A frivolous activity or object is silly or not important rather than useful or serious:

    解説

    I feel like doing something completely frivolous today.

  • 18

    stringent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈstrɪn.dʒənt/ 

    答え

    • having a very severe effect, or being extremely limiting:

    解説

    We need to introduce more stringent security measures such as identity cards.

  • 19

    not be cut out for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to not be the right type of person for something:

    解説

    I'm not cut out for an office job.

  • 20

    invoke

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to request help from someone, especially a god, when you want to improve a situation:

    解説

    Their sacred dance is performed to invoke ancient gods.

  • 21

    vanquish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to defeat an enemy or opponent, especially in war:

    解説

    Napoleon was vanquished at the battle of Waterloo in 1815.

  • 22

    throw a match

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /θrəʊ/

    答え

    • delibetrately lose a match

    解説

  • 23

    copious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkəʊ.pi.əs/ 

    答え

    • in large amounts, or more than enough:

    解説

    They drank copious amounts of wine.

  • 24

    adept

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /əˈdept/ 

    答え

    • having a natural ability to do something that needs skill:

    解説

    She's very adept at dealing with the media.

  • 25

    perforate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈpɜː.fər.eɪt/ 

    答え

    • ​ to make a hole or holes in something:

    解説

    He suffered from bruises and a perforated eardrum in the accident.

  • 26

    lash

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /læʃ/ 

    答え

    • to hit with a lot of force:

    解説

    The prisoners were regularly lashed with electric cable.

  • 27

    recess

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /rɪˈses/ 

    答え

    • a secret or hidden place:

    解説

    Psychoanalysts aim to explore the deepest/innermost recesses of the mind.

  • 28

    decimation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌdes.ɪˈmeɪ.ʃən/

    答え

    • the act of killing a something in large numbers, or reducing something severely:

    解説

    the virtual decimation of the population through influenza

  • 29

    aberrant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /əˈber.ənt/ /

    答え

    • different from what is typical or usual, especially in an unacceptable way:

    解説

    aberrant behaviour/sexuality

  • 30

    contentious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /kənˈten.ʃəs/

    答え

    • causing or likely to cause disagreement:

    解説

    She has some very contentious views on education.

  • 31

    allay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /əˈleɪ/

    答え

    • cause someone to feel a strong emotion ( such as fear or worry( less or to feel calm again:

    解説

    The government is trying to allay public fears/concern about the spread of the disease.

  • 32

    sway

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /sweɪ/

    答え

    • to move slowly from side to side /to cause something to move or change

    解説

    Recent developments have swayed the balance of power in the region.

  • 33

    cranium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkreɪ.ni.əm/

    答え

    • the hard bone case that gives an animal's or a human's head its shape and protects the brain

    解説

  • 34

    outpost

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈaʊt.pəʊst/

    答え

    • a place, especially a small group of buildings or a town, that represents the authority or business interests of a government or company that is far away:

    解説

    a police/military/colonial outpost

  • 35

    metallurgy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /məˈtæl.ə.dʒi/

    答え

    • the scientific study of the structures and uses of metals:

    解説

    She has a doctorate in metallurgy from the University of Utah.

  • 36

    demise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /dɪˈmaɪz/

    答え

    • the end of something that was previously considered to be powerful, such as a business, industry, or system:

    解説

    The demise of the company was sudden and unexpected.

  • 37

    tap

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /tæp/

    答え

    • to get or make use of something:

    解説

    For more than a century, Eastern cities have expanded their water supplies by tapping ever more remote sources.

  • 38

    cohesive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /kəʊˈhiː.sɪv/

    答え

    • united and working together effectively:

    解説

    a cohesive group

  • 39

    adherent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ədˈhɪə.rənt/

    答え

    • a person who strongly supports a particular person, principle, or set of ideas

    解説

    She has long been an adherent of the Communist Party.

  • 40

    proclamation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌprɒk.ləˈmeɪ.ʃən/

    答え

    • an official announcement:

    解説

    A bloody civil war followed the proclamation of an independent state.

  • 41

    topple

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈtɒp.əl/

    答え

    • to (cause to) lose balance and fall down:

    解説

    The statue of the dictator was toppled (over) by the crowds.

  • 42

    ragtag

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈræɡ.tæɡ/

    答え

    • untidy and not similar or organized:

    解説

    The village was guarded by a ragtag group of soldiers.

  • 43

    fan out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /fæn/

    答え

    • Spreading and scattering / they move in different directions from a single point.

    解説

  • 44

    excavator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈek.skə.veɪ.tər/

    答え

    • a large, powerful machine with a container connected to a long arm, used for digging up the ground (ショベルカー)

    解説

  • 45

    fortification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • strong walls, towers, etc. that are built to protect a place: / the act of fortifying something

    解説

    The fortifications of the castle were massive and impenetrable.

  • 46

    earthwork

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈɜːθ.wɜːk/

    答え

    • a raised area of earth made, especially in the past, for defence against enemy attack

    解説

  • 47

    garrison

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈɡær.ɪ.sən/

    答え

    • a group of soldiers living in or defending a town or building, or the buildings that the soldiers live in:

    解説

    The 100-strong garrison had received no supplies for a week.

  • 48

    thwart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /θwɔːt/

    答え

    • to stop something from happening or someone from doing something:

    解説

    Our holiday plans were thwarted by the airline pilots' strike

  • 49

    marsh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /mɑːʃ/

    答え

    • ground near a lake, a river, or the sea that often floods and is always wet:

    解説

    At the mouth of the river is a large area of marsh

  • 50

    skirt round

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /skɜːt/

    答え

    • to go around the edge of something: / to avoid discussing a subject or problem, usually because there are difficulties that you do not want to deal with:

    解説

    The government has been accused of skirting round the issue of torture.

  • 51

    perimeter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /pəˈrɪm.ɪ.tər/

    答え

    • the outer edge of an area of land or the border around it:

    解説

    A river runs along one side of the field's perimeter.

  • 52

    Neolithic Age

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌniː.əˈlɪθ.ɪk/

    答え

    • relating to the period when humans used tools and weapons made of stone and had just developed farming: (新石器時代)

    解説

  • 53

    flesh out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • fleʃ/

    答え

    • to add more details or information to something:

    解説

    These plans need to be fleshed out with some more figures.

  • 54

    exquisitely

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɪkˈskwɪz.ɪt/

    答え

    • very beautiful and delicate:

    解説

    Look at this exquisite painting

  • 55

    decommission

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌdiː.kəˈmɪʃ.ən/

    答え

    • to take equipment or weapons out of use:

    解説

    The government has decided to decommission two battleships.

  • 56

    archipelago

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌɑː.kɪˈpel.ə.ɡəʊ/

    答え

    • a group of small islands or an area of sea in which there are many small islands:

    解説

    the Hawaiian archipelago

  • 57

    genome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈdʒiː.nəʊm/

    答え

    • ゲノム

    解説

  • 58

    cut across

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /kʌt/

    答え

    • If a problem or subject do this different groups of people, all of those groups are affected by or interested in it:

    解説

    Support for environmental issues cuts across traditional party lines.

  • 59

    chromosome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkrəʊ.mə.səʊm/

    答え

    • 染色体

    解説

  • 60

    hitherto

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌhɪð.əˈtuː/

    答え

    • until now or until a particular time:

    解説

    Mira revealed hitherto unsuspected talents on the dance floor.

  • 61

    quarry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkwɒr.i/

    答え

    • a large artificial hole in the ground where stone, sand, etc. is dug for use as building material:

    解説

    a granite/limestone/marble/slate quarry

  • 62

    foray

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈfɒr.eɪ/

    答え

    • the act of an army suddenly and quickly entering the area belonging to the enemy in order to attack them or steal their supplies

    解説

  • 63

    hang on to

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to keep something, often when you must make an effort to do this:

    解説

    Our team was just trying to hang onto the lead.

  • 64

    chafe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /tʃeɪf/

    答え

    • to be or become annoyed or lose patience because of rules or limits:

    解説

    We have been chafing under petty regulations for too long.

  • 65

    subjugation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌsʌb.dʒəˈɡeɪ.ʃən/

    答え

    • to defeat people or a country and rule them in a way that allows them no freedom

    解説

    They are bravely resisting subjugation by their more powerful neighbours.

  • 66

    disaffected

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˌdɪs.əˈfek.tɪd/

    答え

    • no longer supporting or being satisfied with an organization or idea:

    解説

    The party needs to take steps to attract disaffected voters.

  • 67

    as such

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • therefore [not recommended for writing]

    解説

  • 68

    cataclysmic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈkæt.ə.klɪ.zəm/

    答え

    • an event that causes a lot of destruction, or a sudden, violent change

    解説

  • 69

    eschatology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /es.kəˈtɒl.ə.dʒi/

    答え

    • the part of theology (= the study of religion) that deals with death or the end of the world

    解説

  • 70

    solar deity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈdeɪ.ɪ.ti/

    答え

    • sun god

    解説

  • 71

    auspicious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɔːˈspɪʃ.əs/

    答え

    • suggesting a positive and successful future:

    解説

    Our first meeting was not auspicious - we had a huge argument.

  • 72

    be disposed to do

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /dɪˈspəʊzd/

    答え

    • to be willing or likely to do something:

    解説

    After all the trouble she put me to, I didn't feel disposed to help her.

  • 73

    fire up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /faɪər/

    答え

    • to make someone become excited or angry:

    解説

    We had an argument about it and she got all fired up.

  • 74

    resonate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈrez.ən.eɪt/

    答え

    • to produce, increase, or fill with sound, by vibrating (= shaking) objects that are near:

    解説

    His voice resonated in the empty church.

  • 75

    relegate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ˈrel.ɪ.ɡeɪt/

    答え

    • to put someone or something into a lower or less important rank or position:

    解説

    She resigned when she was relegated to a desk job.

  • 76

    complacent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /kəmˈpleɪ.sənt/

    答え

    • feeling so satisfied with your own abilities or situation that you feel you do not need to try any harder:

    解説

    We can't afford to become complacent about any of our products.

  • 77

    give out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • /ɡɪv/

    答え

    • [a machine/ a part of your body] stops working:

    解説

    At the end of the race his legs gave out and he collapsed on the ground.

57034

セットの学習コンテンツ

公開初月で
60,000
ダウン
ロード!

無料アプリはこちら!

英単語をウェブサイト
からzuknowに簡単登録

覚えたい単語を選択するだけ!
簡単にzuknowに登録することが
できます

Get the free Chrome Extension

トップ