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bula ch 16

カード 39枚 作成者: Jared Woodward (作成日: 2016/06/30)

  • corporation codes

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公開範囲:

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  • 1

    corporation codes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • state statutes that regulate the formation, operation and dissolution of corporations

    解説

  • 2

    revised model business corporation act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a 1984 revision of the MBCA that arranges the provisions of the act more logically, revises tje language to bemore consistant , and makes substaintial changes in the provisions

    解説

  • 3

    corporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a ficticious legal entity that is created according to statutory requirements

    解説

  • 4

    characteristics of a corporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • free transferbility of shares, perpetual exisitance, centralized management

    解説

  • 5

    limited liability of shareholders

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • shareholders are liablle only to the extent of their capital contributions for the debts and obligations of their corporation and are not personally liable for the debts and obligations of the corporation

    解説

  • 6

    private corporations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • conduct privately owned business, owned by private parties

    解説

  • 7

    publically held corporations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a corpooration that has many shareholders and whose securities are often traded on national stock exchanges

    解説

  • 8

    closely held corporations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a corporation owned by one or a few shareholders

    解説

  • 9

    domestic coorporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a corporation in hte state in which it was formed

    解説

  • 10

    foriegn corporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a corporation in any state or jurisdiction other than the one in which it was formed

    解説

  • 11

    alien corporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • corporation incorporated in another country

    解説

  • 12

    promoter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a person who organizes and starts a corporation, negotiate and enter into contract in advance of its formation, find the intiail investors to finance the corporation

    解説

  • 13

    promoters contracts'

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a collective term for items such as leases, contracts, contracts to purchase property, and employments contracts entered into by promoters on behalf of the proposed corporation and prior to its actual incorporation

    解説

  • 14

    articles of incorporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the basic governing documents of a corporation. It must be filed with the secretary of stateof the state of incorporation

    解説

  • 15

    registered agent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a person or corporation that os empowered to accept service of process on behalf of the corporation

    解説

  • 16

    bylaws

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a detailed set of rules adopted by the board of directors after a corporation is incorporated that contains provisions for managing the business and the affairs of the corporation

    解説

  • 17

    dividend preference

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the right to revieve a fixed dividend at stipulated periods during the year

    解説

  • 18

    liquidation preference

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the right to be paid a stated dollar amount if a corporation is dissolved nd liquidated

    解説

  • 19

    cummitalive prefered stock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • stock for which any missed dividend payments must be paid in the future to the preferred shareholders before the common shareholders can recieve any dividends

    解説

  • 20

    paticipating prefered stock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • stock that allows the prefered stockholder to participate in the profits of the corporation along with the common stock holders

    解説

  • 21

    convertible prefered stock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • stock that permits a corporation to buy back the preferred stock at some future date

    解説

  • 22

    authorized shares

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the number of shares provided for in the articles of incorporation

    解説

  • 23

    issued shares

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • authorized shares that have been sold by a corporation

    解説

  • 24

    treasury shares

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • shares repurchased by the corporation

    解説

  • 25

    outstanding shares

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • shares that are in shareholders hands, only outstanding shares have the right to vote

    解説

  • 26

    debt seurities

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • securities that etablish a debtor-creditor relationship in which the corporation borrows money from the investor to whom a degt security is issued

    解説

  • 27

    debenture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a long term unsecured debt instument that is based on a corporation;s general credit standing

    解説

  • 28

    bond

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a long term debt security that is secured by some form of colleteral

    解説

  • 29

    note

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a short tern debt security

    解説

  • 30

    indenture agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a contract between a corporation and a holder that contains the terms of debt security

    解説

  • 31

    peircing the corparate veil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • if a shareholder dominates a corpporation and uses it for improper purposes, a court of equity can disregard the corporate entity and hold the shareholder personally liable for the corporation's debts and obligations

    解説

  • 32

    board of directors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a panel of persons who are elected by the shareholders that make policy decisions concerning the operation of a corporation

    解説

  • 33

    inside directors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a member of the board who is also an officer of the corporation

    解説

  • 34

    outside directors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a member of the board who is not an officer of the corporation

    解説

  • 35

    corporate officers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • employees of a corporation who are appointed the the board to manage the day to day operations of a corporation

    解説

  • 36

    fiduciary duties

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the duties of obidience,care, and loyalty owed by directors and officers to their corporation and its shareholders

    解説

  • 37

    duty of loyalty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a duty the directors and officers have not to act adversly to the interests of the corporation and to subordinate their personal interests to those of the corporation and its shareholders

    解説

  • 38

    duty of care

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a duty of corporate directos and officers to use care and diligence when acting on behalf of the corporation

    解説

  • 39

    sarbanes oxley act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a federal statute that establishes rules to improve corporate governance, prevent fraud, and add trnsparency to corporate operations

    解説

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