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bula ch 13

カード 44枚 作成者: Jared Woodward (作成日: 2016/06/14)

  • credit

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教材の説明:

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公開範囲:

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  • 1

    credit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • occurs when one party makes a loan to another party

    解説

  • 2

    creditor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lender in a credit transaction

    解説

  • 3

    debtor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the borrower in a credit transaction

    解説

  • 4

    unsecured credit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • credit that does not require any security (collateral) to protect the paymement of the debt

    解説

  • 5

    secured credit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • credit that requires collateral that secures payment of the loan

    解説

  • 6

    security interests in real property

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an owner borrows money from a lender and pledges real estate as security for the repayment of the loan

    解説

  • 7

    mortgage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an arrangement where an owner of real property borrows money from a lender and pledges the real property as collateral to secure the repayment of the loan

    解説

  • 8

    mortgagor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the owner debtor in a mortgage transaction

    解説

  • 9

    mortgagee

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the creditor in a mortgage transaction

    解説

  • 10

    reconveyance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • satifaction of a mortgage - filed when the mortagage is repaid in full

    解説

  • 11

    note

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an instrument that is evidence of a borrower's debt to lender

    解説

  • 12

    deed of trust

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an instrument that gives a creditor a security interest in the debtor's real property that is pledeged as collateral for a loan

    解説

  • 13

    recording statute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a statute that requires a mortgage or deed of trust to be recorded in the county recorders office of the county in which the real property is located

    解説

  • 14

    forclosure sale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a legal procedure by which a secured creditor causes the judicial sale of the secured real estate to pay a defaulted loan

    解説

  • 15

    power of sale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a power stated in a mortgage or deed that permits foreclosure without court proceedings amd sale of the property through an auction

    解説

  • 16

    deficiency judgement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a judgement of a court that permits a secured lender to recover other property or income from a defaulting debtor if the collateral is insufficient to repay the unpaid loan

    解説

  • 17

    antideficiency statute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a statute that prohibits deficiency judgements regarding certain types of mortgages, such as those on residential property

    解説

  • 18

    right of redemption

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a right that allows the mortgator to redeem real property after default and before forclosure. It requires the mortgagor to pay the full amount of the debt incurred by the mortgagee becuase of the mortgator's default

    解説

  • 19

    construction lien

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a contractor's, laboror's, supplier's, or designers statutory lien that makes the real property to which services ir materials have been provided security for the payment of these services and materials

    解説

  • 20

    secured transaction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a transaction that is created when a creditor makes a loan to a debtor in exchange for the debtor's pledge of personal property as security

    解説

  • 21

    revised article 9

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an article in the ucc that governs secured transactions in personal property

    解説

  • 22

    security agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a written document signed by a debtor that creates a security interest in personal property

    解説

  • 23

    attachement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a situation in which a creditor has an enforcable security interest against a debtor and can satisfy the debt out of the designated collateral

    解説

  • 24

    floating lien

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a security interest in property that was not in possession of the debtor when the security agreement was executed

    解説

  • 25

    after-aquired porperty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • property that a debtor acquires after a security agreement is executed

    解説

  • 26

    future advances

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • funds advanced to a debtor from a line of credit secured by collateral. future advances are future withdrawls froj a line of credit

    解説

  • 27

    perfection of a security interest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a proccess that establishes the right of a secured creditor against other creditors who claim an interest in the collateral

    解説

  • 28

    3 methods of of perfecting a security interest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. filing a financial statement, perfection by possesion of collateral, perfection by a purchase money security interest in consumer goods

    解説

  • 29

    financing statement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a document filed by a secured creditor with the appropiate government office that constructivly notifies the world of his security interest in personal property

    解説

  • 30

    perfection by possession of collateral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a rule stating that if a secured creditor has physical possession of the collateral, no financing statement has to be filed, the creditors possesion is sufficient to put other potential creditors on notice of the creditor's secured interest in the property

    解説

  • 31

    priority of claims

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the order in which conflicting claims of creditors in the same collateral are solved

    解説

  • 32

    purchase money security interest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an interest a creditor automatically obtains when he extends credit to a consumer to purchase consumer goods

    解説

  • 33

    buyer in the ordinary course of business

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a person who in good faith and without knowledge of another's ownership or security interest in goods, buys the goods in the ordinary course of business from a person in the business of selling goods of that kind

    解説

  • 34

    surety agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an arrangment in which a third party promises to be primarily liable with the borrower for the payment of the borrowers debt

    解説

  • 35

    guaranty agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an arrangement in which a third party promises to be secondarily liable for the payment of another's debt

    解説

  • 36

    voluntary petition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a petition filed by a debtor that states that the debtor has debts

    解説

  • 37

    involuntary petition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a peption filed by the creditiors of a debtor that alleges that a debtor is not paying his or her debts as they become due

    解説

  • 38

    proof of claim

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a document required to be filed by a creditor that states the amount of his claim against the debtor

    解説

  • 39

    automatic stay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the suspension of certain legal actions by creditors against a debtor or debtor's property

    解説

  • 40

    bankruptcy estate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the debtors property and earnings that comprise the estate of a bankruptcy proceeding

    解説

  • 41

    exempt property

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • property that may be retained by the debtor pursuant to federal or state law that does not become part of the bankrupcy estate

    解説

  • 42

    chapter 7 liquidation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a form of bankruptcy in which the debtor's nonexempt property is sold for cash, the cash is distributed to the creditors, and any unpaid debts are discharged

    解説

  • 43

    chapter13

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a rehabilitiation form of bankrupcy that permits bankruptcy courts to supervise the debtor's plan for the payment of unpaid debts in installments oer the plan period

    解説

  • 44

    chapter 11

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a bankruptcy method that allows the reorganization of the debtor's financial affairs under the supervision of the bankruptcy court

    解説

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