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カード 40枚 作成者: Jared Woodward (作成日: 2016/06/07)

  • genuiness of assent

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公開範囲:

公開

  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    genuiness of assent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the requirement that a party's assent to a contract be genuine may be missing when party of entered into a contract based on mistake, fruadualant misrepresentation, duress or undue influence

    解説

  • 2

    unilateral mistake

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a mistake in which only one party is mistaken about a material fact regarding the subject matter of a contract. the contract is still enforced

    解説

  • 3

    mutual mistake of a material fact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a mistake made by both parties concerning a material fact that is important to the subject matter of a contract. a party may rescind the contract

    解説

  • 4

    mutual mistake of value

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a mistake that occurs if both parties know the object of the contract but are mistaken to its value. contract remians enforcable

    解説

  • 5

    intentional misrepresentation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an event that occurs when one person consciously decides to induce another person to rely and act on a misrepresentation. contract is voidable by the innocent party

    解説

  • 6

    4 elements to prove fraud

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. the wrong doer made a false representation of material fact 2. the wrongdoer intended to decieve the innocent party 3. the innocent party justifiably relied on the misrepresentation 4. the innocent party was injuried

    解説

  • 7

    duress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a situtaion in which one party threatens to do a wrongful act unless the other party enters into a contract. such a contract is not enforceable

    解説

  • 8

    undue influence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one person takes advantage of another person's mental, emotional, or physical weakness and unduly persuades that person to enter into a contract. voidble by the innocent party

    解説

  • 9

    statute of Frauds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a state statute that requires certain types of contracts to be in writing intended to ensure that the terms of important contracts are not forgotton, misunderstood, or fabricated

    解説

  • 10

    equal dignity rule

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a rule stating that agents' contracts to sell property covered by the statute of frauds nust be in writing to be enforceable

    解説

  • 11

    one year rule

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a rule stating that an executory contract that cannot be performed by its own terms within one year of its formation must be in writing. prevents disputes about contract terms that may otherwise occur toward the end of a long term contract

    解説

  • 12

    guaranty contract

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a promise in which one person agrees to answer for the debts or duties of another person and required to be in writing

    解説

  • 13

    sec 2-201 of UCC

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sales contracts worth 500 or more must be in writing

    解説

  • 14

    sec2-201A of UCC

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lease contracts worth 1000 or more must be in writing

    解説

  • 15

    parol evidence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any oral or written words outside the four corners of a written contract

    解説

  • 16

    parol evidence rule

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • parol evidence for a contract is inadmissable in court regarding a dispute over the contract

    解説

  • 17

    assignment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the transfer of contractural rights by an obilgee to another party

    解説

  • 18

    obligor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a party who owes a duty of performance under a contract

    解説

  • 19

    obligee

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a party who is owed a right under a contract

    解説

  • 20

    assignor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • obligee who transfers a right

    解説

  • 21

    assignee

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a party to whom a right has been transfered

    解説

  • 22

    intended third party beneficiary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the performance of one of the parties should be rendered to or directly benifit a third party

    解説

  • 23

    incidental beneficiary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a party who is unintentionally benefited by other people's contracts

    解説

  • 24

    covenant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an unconditional promise

    解説

  • 25

    conditonal promise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the promisor's duty to perform or not perform arises only if the condition does or does not occur

    解説

  • 26

    condition prececedent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a condition that requires the occurence or nonoccurence of an event before a party is obligated to perform a duty under a contract

    解説

  • 27

    condition subsequent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a condition whose occurrence or nonoccurence of a specific event automatically excuses the performance of an existing contractual duty to perform

    解説

  • 28

    discharge by agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the parties to a contract may mutually agreee to discharge their contractual duties

    解説

  • 29

    three methods for discharging a contract

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mutual rescission, novation, accord and satisfaction

    解説

  • 30

    force majeure clause

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a clause in a contract in which the parties specify certain events that will excuse nonperformance

    解説

  • 31

    substaintial performance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • performance by a contracting party that deviates only slightly from complete performance

    解説

  • 32

    minor breach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a breach that occurs when a party renders substaintial performance of his or her contractual duties

    解説

  • 33

    material breach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a breach that occurs when a party renders inferior performance of his or her contractural duties

    解説

  • 34

    compensetory damages

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • intended to compensate a nonbreaching party for the loss of bargain

    解説

  • 35

    consequential damages

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • forseeable damages that arise from circumstances outside a contract

    解説

  • 36

    liquidated damages

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • damages that parties to a contract agree in advance should be paid if the contract is breached

    解説

  • 37

    mitigation of damages

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a non breaching party's legal duty to avoid or reduce damages caused by a breach of contract

    解説

  • 38

    types of equitable remedies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • specific performance, reformation, injunction

    解説

  • 39

    reformation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • permits the court to rewrite a contract to express parties' true intentions

    解説

  • 40

    injunction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a court order that prohibits a person from doing a certain act

    解説

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