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business law ch6

カード 34枚 作成者: Jared Woodward (作成日: 2016/06/01)

  • tort

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  • 1

    tort

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a wrong three categories: intentional tort unintentional tort and strict liability

    解説

  • 2

    intentional tort

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a category of torts that requires that the defendent possesed the intent to do the act that caused the plaintiff's injuries

    解説

  • 3

    assualt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the threat of immediate harm of offensive contact, any action that arouses reasonable apprehension of imminent harm. Actual physical harm is uneccesary

    解説

  • 4

    battery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unauthorized and harmful or offensive direct or indirect physical contact with another person that causes injury

    解説

  • 5

    false imprisonment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the intentional confinement or restraint of another person without authority or justification and without that person's consent

    解説

  • 6

    merchant protection statutes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • statutues that allow nerchants to stop, detain, and investigate suspected shoplifters without being held liable for false imprisonment of there are reasonable grounds for suspicion, suspects are only detained for a reasonable amount of time, investigations are conducted in a reasonable manner

    解説

  • 7

    misappropiation of the right to publicity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an attempt by another person to appropiate a living person's name of identity for commercial purposes

    解説

  • 8

    invasion of the right to privacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the unwarrented or undesired publicity of a private fact about a person. the fact doesnt have to be untrue

    解説

  • 9

    defamation of character

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false statements made by one person about another. in court the plaintiff must prove that the defendent made untrue statement of fact about the plaintiff and the statement was intentionally or accidentaly published to a third party

    解説

  • 10

    libel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a false statement that appears in literature or video

    解説

  • 11

    slander

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • oral defamation of character

    解説

  • 12

    disparagement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false statements about a competitor's products, services, propeprty, or business reputation

    解説

  • 13

    intentional representation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the intentional defrauding of a person out of money,property, or business reputation

    解説

  • 14

    Four elements of fraud

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. wrong doer made a false representation of material fact 2. wrongdoes had knowledge that the representation was false and intended to decieve innocent party 3. the innocent party justifiabily relied on the misrepresentation 4. the innocent party was injured

    解説

  • 15

    intentional infliction of emotional distress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tort that says a person whose extreme and outragouse conduct intentionally or recklessly causes severe emotional distress to another person

    解説

  • 16

    malicious prosecution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lawsuit in which the original defendent sues the original plaintiff. in the second lawsuit, the defendent becomes the plaintiff, and vice versa

    解説

  • 17

    unitientional tort

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • negligance a docterine that says a person is liable for harm that is forseeeable consequence of his or her actions

    解説

  • 18

    five elements of negligence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. the defendednt owed a duty of care to the plaintiff, 2. the defendent breached this duty of care 3. the plaintiff suffered injury 4. the defendant's negligent act was the actual cause of the plaintiff's injury 5. tge defebdebt's negligent act was the proximate cause of the plaintiff's injuries

    解説

  • 19

    duty of care

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • he duty not to cause any unreasonalbe harm or risk of harm

    解説

  • 20

    breach of the duty of care

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a failure to exercise care or to act as a reasonable person would act

    解説

  • 21

    injury

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a plaintiff's personal injury or damage to his or her property that enables him or her to recover monetary damages for the defendent's negligence

    解説

  • 22

    actual cause

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the acutal cause of negligence. Aperson who commits a negligent act is not liable unless actual cause can be proven

    解説

  • 23

    proximate cause

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a point along the chain of events caused by negligent party after which this party is no longer legally responsible for the consequences of his or her actions

    解説

  • 24

    proffessional malpractice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the liability of a proffesional who breaches his or her duty of ordinary care

    解説

  • 25

    negligence per se

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tort in which the violation of a statute or an ordinanceconsitutes the breach of the duty of care

    解説

  • 26

    res ipsa loquitur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tort in ehich the presumption of negligence arrises because 1. the defendent was in control of the situation and 2. the plaintiff would not have suffered injury but for someone's negligence. the burden swtiches to the defendent to prove that he or she was not negligent

    解説

  • 27

    gross negligence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a doctorine that says a person os liable for harm that is caused by his or her willful misconduct or reckless behavior. Punitive damages may be assessed

    解説

  • 28

    attractive nuisance docterine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tort rule that imposes liability on a landowner to children who have been attracted onto the landowner's property by an attractive nuisance and who are killed or injurred on the property

    解説

  • 29

    good samaritan law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a statute that relieves medical professionals from liability for ordinary negligence when they stop and render aid to victims in emergency situations

    解説

  • 30

    assumption of the risk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a defense that a defendent can use against a plainftiff who knowingly and voluntarily enters into or participates in a risky activity that results in injury

    解説

  • 31

    contibutory neglegence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a docterine that says that a plaintiff who is partially at fault for his or her own injury cannot recover agianst the negligent defendent

    解説

  • 32

    comparitive negligence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a docterine under which damages are apportioned according to fault

    解説

  • 33

    strict liability

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tort docterine that makes manufacturers, distibutors, wholesalers, retailers, and others in the chain of distribution of a defective product liable for the damages cuased by the defect, regardless of fault

    解説

  • 34

    puntive damages

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • monetary damages that are awarded to punish a defendent who either intentionally or recklessly injured the plaintiff

    解説

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