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BIO - Taxonomy

カード 87枚 作成者: Kay (作成日: 2016/05/31)

  • Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cell (3)

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教材の説明:

Domain-Kingdom-Phyla-Class-Order-Family-Genus-Species

公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cell (3)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Linear DNA molecule package with histone proteins. 2. The chromosomes are enclosed in a nucleus. 3. Flagella and cilia, when present, are made of the protein tubulin arranged in “9 + 2” microtubule arrays.

    解説

  • 2

    Characteristics of Prokaryotic Cell (3)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Short and circular DNA with or without histone. 2. Plasmid, which is smaller circular DNA molecules, may be involved. 3. Flagella, when present, consist of the globular protein flagellin.

    解説

  • 3

    Autotroph

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Chemoautotroph and Photoautotroph

    答え

    • Manufactures own organic molecules

    解説

  • 4

    Heterotroph

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Parasites and Saprophytes

    答え

    • Obtains energy by consuming organic substances that are created by autotrophs

    解説

  • 5

    Domain (3)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya

    解説

  • 6

    Cell wall of Archaea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Polysaccharides

    解説

  • 7

    Cell wall of bacteria

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • peptidoglycans

    解説

  • 8

    Cell wall of plants

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cellulose

    解説

  • 9

    Cell wall of fungi

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Chitin

    解説

  • 10

    Two major groups of Archaea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Methanogens (CH4 producer) 2. Extremophiles - Halophiles (salt lovers) - Thermophiles (heat lovers)

    解説

  • 11

    Peptidoglycans

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Polysaccharides with amino acids

    解説

  • 12

    Streptomycin and Chloramphenicol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Antibiotics that inhibit bacterial ribosome activity

    解説

  • 13

    Cocci

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Spherical

    解説

  • 14

    Bacilli

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rod shape

    解説

  • 15

    Spirilla

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Spirals

    解説

  • 16

    Gram-negative bacteria

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bacteria with a thin peptidoglycan wall covered with a layer of lipopolysaccharides

    解説

  • 17

    Four major common groups of bacteria

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Nitrogen-fixing bacteria - Cyanobacteria - Chemosynthetic bacteria - Spirochetes (w/ corkscrew motion)

    解説

  • 18

    Protista

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A kingdom under Domain Eukarya

    解説

  • 19

    Three members of Protista

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Algaelike 2. Animallike 3. Funguslike

    解説

  • 20

    Euglenoids (Algaelike)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

  • 21

    Dinoflagellates (Algaelike)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

  • 22

    Diatoms (Algaelike)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

  • 23

    Brown algae

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

  • 24

    Rhodophyta

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

    Red accessory pigments are called phycobilins

  • 25

    Chlorophyta

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

    Both chlorophyll a and b contained.

  • 26

    Isogamous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sperm and egg are both MOTILE and EQUAL SIZE

    解説

  • 27

    Anisogamous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sperm and egg differ in size

    解説

  • 28

    Oogamous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A large egg cell remains in a parent body and sperm cells are motile

    解説

  • 29

    Protozoa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Animal-like protists

    解説

  • 30

    Rhizopoda (protozoa)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Amoeba

    解説

    Moves by extensions of their cell body called pseudopodia

  • 31

    Foraminifera, or forams (protozoa)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Good indicators of underlying oil deposits

    解説

    Have tests usually made of calcium carbonate

  • 32

    Apicomplexans (protozoa)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Parasites of animals

    解説

    They are characterized by an apical complex, a complex of organelles located at an end (apex) of the cell.

  • 33

    Ciliates (protozoa)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A protozoa that is characterized by their cilia

    解説

  • 34

    Three types of funguslike (3)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Cellular slime molds 2. Plasmodial slime molds 3. Oomycota

    解説

  • 35

    hyphae (singular; hypha)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The filaments that fungi grow

    解説

  • 36

    mycelium (plural, mycelia)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The mass of hyphae

    解説

  • 37

    septa (singular; septum)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cross walls which divide the filament into compartments containing a single nucleus

    解説

  • 38

    Coenocytic cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • multinucleate cells without septa

    解説

  • 39

    haustoria (singular; haustorium)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The appendage or portion of a parasitic fungus or of the root of a parasitic plant that penetrates the host's tissue and draws nutrients from it

    解説

  • 40

    Plasmogamy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The fusing of cells from two different fungal strains to produce a single cell with nuclei from both strains

    解説

  • 41

    Karyogamy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The fusing of the two haploid nuclei of a dikaryon to form a single diploid nucleus

    解説

  • 42

    Meiosis of fungi

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Haploid condition gets restored from diploid nucleus

    解説

  • 43

    fragmentation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • breaking up of hyphae

    解説

  • 44

    budding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the pinching off of a small hyphal outgrowth

    解説

  • 45

    sporangiophore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a specialized hypha bearing sporangia

    解説

  • 46

    sporangia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an enclosure in which spores are formed

    解説

  • 47

    Sporangiospores

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spores produced in saclike capsules called sporangia

    解説

  • 48

    conidia (singular; conidium)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tiny fungal spores formed at the tips of specialized hyphae called conidiophores

    解説

  • 49

    Six fungus groups (6)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Zygomycota 2. Glomeromycota 3. Ascomycota 4. Basidiomycota 5. Deuteromycota 6. Lichens

    解説

  • 50

    cuticle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a waxy covering on aerial part that reduces desiccation (it applies to all plants)

    解説

  • 51

    Xylem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • specialized for water transport in plants

    解説

  • 52

    phloem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • specialized for sugar transport in plants

    解説

  • 53

    deciduous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • they shed their leaves to minimize water loss during slow-growing (or dormant) seasons

    解説

  • 54

    three groups of bryophyte

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mosses liverworts hornworts

    解説

  • 55

    gametangia (in bryophyte)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • protective structures on the surface of the gametophytes, where the gametes are produced

    解説

  • 56

    antheridium (singular; antheridia)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • male gametangium

    解説

  • 57

    archegonium (singular; archegonia)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • female gametangium

    解説

  • 58

    three major groups of Lycophyta

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • club mosses spike mosses quillworts

    解説

  • 59

    strobili

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • clusters of spore-bearing sporangia in conelike structures produced by club mosses and spike mosses

    解説

  • 60

    three groups of pterophyta

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ferns horsetails whisk ferns

    解説

  • 61

    microsporangium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a spot where produces neumerous microspore mother cells

    解説

  • 62

    microspore mother cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cell that produces microspores through meiosis

    解説

  • 63

    pollen grains

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • matured form of microspores

    解説

    it is the male gametophyte generation

  • 64

    vegetative or tube (def; 無性の)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • matured form of one of three or four cells divided from a pollen grain

    解説

  • 65

    megasporangium or nucellus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a spot that produces megaspore mother cells

    解説

  • 66

    integuments

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One to two tissue layers called surround the megasporangium

    解説

  • 67

    ovule

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the collective title for the integuments, nucellus, and megaspore daughter cells

    解説

  • 68

    micropyle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An opening through the integuments for pollen access to the egg is

    解説

  • 69

    two groups of seed plants

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • coniferophyta anthophyta

    解説

  • 70

    coniferophyta

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cone-bearing type of seed plants

    解説

  • 71

    gymnosperms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • small group under "coniferophyta" and it means naked-seeds

    解説

  • 72

    anthophyta

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • flowering plants

    解説

  • 73

    pistil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • female reproductive structure. it consists three parts; 1. ovary 2. style 3. stigma

    解説

  • 74

    stamen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • male reproductive structure. it contains three parts; 1. anther 2. stalk 3. filaments

    解説

  • 75

    eumetozoa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • collectively title for most animals

    解説

  • 76

    gustrovacular cavity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • guts or where food is digested

    解説

  • 77

    cephalization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tendency to have higher concentration of nerve systems towards anterior of the body

    解説

  • 78

    coelom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a cavity develops from mesoderm germ layer

    解説

  • 79

    acoelomate animals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • animals lacking coelom

    解説

  • 80

    pseudocoelomate animals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • animals having a cavity that is not completely lined by mesoderm-derived tissue

    解説

  • 81

    segmentation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • body that is segmented such as insects and worms

    解説

  • 82

    Protostome and Deuterostome 1. Early cleavages 2. First infolding of archenteron forms 3. Where coelom develops from

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Protostome 1. slight angles (spiral) 2. mouth 3. split in tissue at sides of archenteron Deuterostome 1. straight down (radial) 2. anus 3. outpouching of archenteron wall

    解説

  • 83

    Porifera

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sponges

    解説

  • 84

    choanocyte

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sponges' flagellated cells to filter down the water to feed themselves

    解説

  • 85

    osculum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an opening on porifera where the water exits through out

    解説

  • 86

    amoebocyte

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a cell wandering between the two cell layers of sponges, and receiving food from choanocyte

    解説

  • 87

    spicules

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • skeletal needles made from either CaCO3 or SiO2 located on sponges' wall

    解説

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