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business law ch4

カード 45枚 作成者: Jared Woodward (作成日: 2016/05/27)

  • litigation

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  • 1

    litigation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the process of bringing, maintaining and defending a lawsuit invovles phases pleadings,discovery, pretrail motions, and settlement conference

    解説

  • 2

    pleadings

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • paperwork that is filed with the court to initiate and repond to a law suit

    解説

  • 3

    complaint

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the document a plaintiff files with the court and serves on the defendent to intiate a lawsuit

    解説

  • 4

    summons

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a court order that directs the defendent to appear in court and answer the complaint

    解説

  • 5

    answer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the defendents written response to a plaintiff's complaint that is filed with the court and served on the plaintiff

    解説

  • 6

    default judgement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • establishes the defendents liability

    解説

  • 7

    affirmitive defense

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • defenses that are asserted in a defendents answer to allegations contatined in a plaintiff's complaint

    解説

  • 8

    cross complaint

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a document filed by the defendent against the plaintiff to seek damages or some other remedy

    解説

  • 9

    reply

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a document filed by the original plaintiff to anser the defendent's cross complaint

    解説

  • 10

    intervention

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the act of others to join as parties to an existing lawsuit

    解説

  • 11

    consolidation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the act of a court to combine two or separate lawsuits into one lawsuit

    解説

  • 12

    class action

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a lawsuit where a group of plaintiffs with common claims collectlivly bring a lawsuit against a defendent. a class will not be certified if there is not sufficient commonality among the plaintiffs claims or if the court otherwise finds that a class action is not suitible to the facts of the case

    解説

  • 13

    statute of limitations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a statute that establishes the period during which a plaintiff must bring a lawsuit against a defendent

    解説

  • 14

    discovery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a legal proccess during which each party engages in various activities to discover the facts of the case from the other party and witnesses prior to trail

    解説

  • 15

    deposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • oral testimony given by a party or witness prior to trail. the tesimony is given under oath and is transcribred

    解説

  • 16

    deponent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a party who gives his or her deposition

    解説

  • 17

    interrogatories

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • written questions submitted by one party to another. the questioned must be answered in writing within a stipulated time

    解説

  • 18

    production of documents

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a request by one party to another to produce all documents relevent to the case prior to the trail

    解説

  • 19

    physical or mental examination

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a court ordered examiniation of a party to a lawsuit before trail to determine the extent of the alleged injuries

    解説

  • 20

    pre trail motion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a motion a party can make to try to dispose of all or part of the lawsuit prior to trail

    解説

  • 21

    motion for judgement on the pleadings

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a motion that alleges that if all the facts presents in the pleadings are taken as true, the party making the motion would win the lawsuit when the proper law is applied to the asserted facts

    解説

  • 22

    motion for summary judgement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a motion that asserts that there are no factual disputes to be decided by the jury and that the judge can apply the proper law to the undisputed facts and decide that case without a jury. These motions are supported by affadavids, documents and depostion testimony

    解説

  • 23

    settlement conference

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a hearing before a trailin order to facilitate the settlement of a case

    解説

  • 24

    trier of fact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the jury in a jury trail, the judge when there is no jury

    解説

  • 25

    vior dire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the process whereby the judge and attorneys ask prospective jurors questions to determine whether they would be biased in their decisions

    解説

  • 26

    opening statement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an attorney usually summarizes the main factual and legal issues of the case and descirbes why he or she believes the client's position is valid

    解説

  • 27

    burden of proof

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a burden a plaintiff bears to persuade the trier of fact of the merits of his or her case also called the plaintiff's case

    解説

  • 28

    direct examination

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • plaintiff's attorney examines the witness

    解説

  • 29

    cross examination

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the defendents attorney examines the witness

    解説

  • 30

    defendent's case

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • proceeds after the plaintiff has concluded his or her case the defendent's case must rebut the plaintiffs evidence, prove any affirmitive defenses asserted by the defendent and prove any allegations contained in the defendents cross complaint

    解説

  • 31

    rebuttal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the plaintiff's attorney cam call additional witnesses and put forth evidence to rebut the defendent's case

    解説

  • 32

    rejoinder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • defense attorney can call additional witnesses and introduce other evidence to counter the plaintiff's rebuttal

    解説

  • 33

    judgement notwithstanding the verdict

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when the court overturns a verdict if it finds bias or jury misconduct

    解説

  • 34

    remittitur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the judge reduces the amount of monetary damages awarded by the jury if he or she finds the jury to have been biased, emotional, or inflamed

    解説

  • 35

    written memorendum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sets forth the reasons for judgement

    解説

  • 36

    appelant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the appealing party of the appeal petitoner

    解説

  • 37

    appellee

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the responding party in an appeal

    解説

  • 38

    opening brief

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sets forth legal research and other information to support his or her contensions on appeal

    解説

  • 39

    error of law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • occur when prejudicial evidence was addmited at trail when it should have been excluded, prejudicial evidence was admitted that was obtained through uncositiutional sear and seizure, the jury was instructed improperly by the judge

    解説

  • 40

    nonjudicial support resolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disputes are resolved outside the court to save litigation fees and time

    解説

  • 41

    negotiation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a procedure whereby the parties to a dispute engage in discussions and bargaining to try to reach a voluntary settlement of their dispute

    解説

  • 42

    arbitration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a form of alternitave dispute resolution in which the parties choose an impartial third party to hear and decide the dispute

    解説

  • 43

    uniform arbitration act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • promotes arbitration at the state level

    解説

  • 44

    Federal arbitration act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a federal statute that provides for the enforcement of most arbritatration agreements

    解説

  • 45

    mediation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a form of alternative resolution in which the parties use a mediator to propose a settlement of their dispute

    解説

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