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business law ch 3

カード 26枚 作成者: Jared Woodward (作成日: 2016/05/25)

  • limited juridiction trail court

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  • 1

    limited juridiction trail court

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a court that hears matters of a specialized or limited nature ex taffic courts, juvenille courts, probate courts, family law courts

    解説

  • 2

    small claims courts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hears civil cases involving small dollar amounts parties must appear induvidually and cannoot have a lawyer

    解説

  • 3

    general juridisction courts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a court that hears cases of general nature that is not within the juridiction of limited juridiction trail courts. Testemony and evidence at trail are recorded and stored for future reference

    解説

  • 4

    highest state court

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • also refered to as state supreme court the highest court in the state court system, it hears appeals from intermediatenappellate state courts and certain trail courts

    解説

  • 5

    intermediate appellate court

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a court that hears appeals from trail courts

    解説

  • 6

    special federal courts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • federal courts that hear matters of specialized or limited jurisdiction include: us ta court, us court of federal claims, us court of international trade, us bankruptcy court, court of appeals for the armed forces, us court of appeals for veterans claims

    解説

  • 7

    us district courts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the federal court system's trail courts of general jurisdiction

    解説

  • 8

    us courts of appeals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the federal court system's intermediate appelate courts

    解説

  • 9

    us court of appeals for the federal circuit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a us court of appeals in dc that has special appelate jurisdiction to review the decisiions of the court of federal claims, patent and trademark office, and the court of international trade

    解説

  • 10

    petition for certiorari

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a petition askin the supreme court to hear a case

    解説

  • 11

    writ of certiorari

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an official notice that the supreme court will review a case

    解説

  • 12

    plurarity decision

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • majority of judges agree as to the outcome of the case but not as to the reasoning for reaching the outcome

    解説

  • 13

    concurring opinion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a justice who agrees with the outocome of the case but not the reason proffered by other justices

    解説

  • 14

    dissenting opinion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a justice that does not agree with the decision

    解説

  • 15

    federal question case

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a case arising under the us constitution, treaties, or federal statutes and regulations

    解説

  • 16

    diversity of citizenship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a lawsuit that involves citizens of different states or citizen of a state and a citizen of a foriegn country

    解説

  • 17

    standing to sue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • having some state in the outcome of a lawsuit must be present to bring up a lawsuit

    解説

  • 18

    in personam jurisdiction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a courts jurisdiction over a person

    解説

  • 19

    service of process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a summons being served on a defendent to obtain personal jurisiction over him or her

    解説

  • 20

    long arm statute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a statute that extend a state's jurisdiction to non residents who were not served a summons within the state

    解説

  • 21

    in rem jurisdiction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a court has jurisdiction to hear and decide a case because it has jurisdiction over the property at issue in the lawsuit

    解説

  • 22

    quasi in rem jurisdiction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • jurisdiction that allows a plaintiff who obtains a judgement in one state to try to collect the judgement by attaching the defendent's property located in another state

    解説

  • 23

    forum selection clause

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a contract provision that designates a certain court to hear any dispute concerning non performance of the contract

    解説

  • 24

    adminsitrative law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • law that governments enact to regulate industries, businesses, and proffesionals

    解説

  • 25

    substanive rule

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a rule issued by an administrative agency that has the force of law and towhich covered persons and businesses must adhere

    解説

  • 26

    adminsittrative law judge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an employee of an administrative agency who presides over an administrative proceeding and decides questions of law and fact concerning a case

    解説

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