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New words vol.3

カード 314枚 作成者: moomin (作成日: 2016/05/11)

  • witness


    Priests have witnessed an increase in religious intolerance.

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  • 1

    witness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Priests have witnessed an increase in religious intolerance.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to see something happen, especially a crime or accident 2[T]. to experience important events or changes 3[T]. if a time or place ~ an event, the event happens during that time or in that place 4[T]. if you ~ the signing of an official document, you are there when it is signed, and sign it yourself to prove this 5. used to introduce an example that proves something you have just mentioned 6[I]. to speak publicly about your Christian beliefs

    解説

  • 2

    tsk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (interjection) a way of writing a sound of clicking one's tongue, which is made to show disapproval

    解説

    (v, I) to click one's tongue

  • 3

    the sooner ~ the better

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The sooner we get this job finished the better.

    答え

    • used to say that it is important that something should happen very soon

    解説

  • 4

    Kodak moment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Look at those two, now isn't that a Kodak moment.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a nice image for a picture 2. a horribly twisted event

    解説

  • 5

    brat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a spoiled brat

    答え

    • (n, C, informal) 1. a badly behaved child 2[Army/Navy/military etc ~, AE]. a child whose family moves often because one or both parents works for the army, navy etc

    解説

    adjective form = bratty

  • 6

    duplex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C, AE) a type of house that is divided into two parts, so that it has two separate homes in it

    解説

  • 7

    for one's own good

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Take the medicine - it's for your own good!

    答え

    • in order to help someone or improve a situation

    解説

    = for the good of someone

  • 8

    clank

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A tram clanked past.

    答え

    • (v, I) if a metal object ~, it makes a loud heavy sound

    解説

    (n, C) also clanking

  • 9

    take a spill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Tyson broke a rib when he took a spill on his motorcycle.

    答え

    • to fall from a horse, bicycle etc

    解説

  • 10

    be found out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • What happens if we get found out?

    答え

    • someone discover that you have been doing something dishonest or illegal

    解説

  • 11

    out front

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Hurry up! The taxi is out front.

    答え

    • the area near the entrance to a building

    解説

    = out the front / out in front

  • 12

    upholster

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, T) to cover a chair with material

    解説

  • 13

    the ins and outs of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The book guides you through the ins and outs of choosing and growing garden flowers.

    答え

    • all the facts and details of something

    解説

  • 14

    hash something out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The reorganization plan was hashed out September 16.

    答え

    • to discuss something very thoroughly and carefully, especially until you reach an agreement

    解説

  • 15

    kick someone out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was kicked out of the golf club.

    答え

    • to make someone leave a place, job etc

    解説

  • 16

    make a crack about something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's always making cracks about how stupid I am.

    答え

    • (informal) to make a clever joke or rude remark

    解説

  • 17

    snap

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I snapped the ends off the beans and dropped them into a bowl.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to break with a sudden sharp noise, or to make something break with a sudden sharp noise 2[I, T always + adv/pp]. to move into a particular position suddenly, making a short sharp noise, or to make something move like this 3[I or T]. to say something quickly in an angry way 4[I]. to suddenly stop being able to control your anger, anxiety, or other feelings in a difficult situation 5[I]. to try to bite you 6[I or T]. to take a photograph 7[T, AE]. to end a series of events - used especially in newspapers

    解説

  • 18

    fable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the fable of the fox and the crow

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a traditional short story that teaches a moral lesson, especially a story about animals 2[U]. fables or other traditional stories

    解説

  • 19

    allegory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C or U) a story, painting etc in which the events and characters represent ideas or teach a moral lesson

    解説

  • 20

    be after something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I think Chris is after my job.

    答え

    • 1. to be looking for someone or something 2[informal]. to want to have something that belongs to someone else

    解説

  • 21

    sleep over

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to sleep at someone's house for a night - used especially by children

    解説

  • 22

    distaste

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • her distaste for any form of compromise

    答え

    • (n, U) a feeling that something or someone is unpleasant or morally offensive

    解説

  • 23

    delve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • research that delves deeply into this issue

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to try to find more information about someone or something 2[always + adv/pp]. to search for something by putting your hand deeply into a bag, container etc

    解説

  • 24

    now what

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Now what are we going to do?

    答え

    • used to ask what is going to happen next, what you should do etc

    解説

  • 25

    canter stage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Anne's sculpture took centre stage at the show.

    答え

    • something that has everyone's attention, or is very important

    解説

  • 26

    do something right off the bat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He said yes right off the bat.

    答え

    • (AE, informal) to do something immediately

    解説

  • 27

    riddle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • See if you can solve this riddle.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a question that is deliberately very confusing and has a humorous or clever answer 2. something that you do not understand and cannot explain 3. a wire container with holes in it that is used to separate earth from stones

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to make a lot of small holes in something 2. to shake the coal or wood in a fire, in order to remove ashes

  • 28

    be riddled with something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The whole house was riddled with damp.

    答え

    • to be very full of something bad or unpleasant

    解説

  • 29

    sprinkle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Sprinkle the top with cheese.

    答え

    • (v, T) to scatter small drops of liquid or small pieces of something

    解説

    (n, singular) 1. a small amount of something, especially scattered on top of something 2[AE]. a light rain

  • 30

    ration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a coal ration of 4 kg a month

    答え

    • (v) 1[U or C]. a fixed amount of something that people are allowed to have when there is not enough, for example during a war 2[plural]. a fixed amount of food given to a soldier or member of a group 3[singular]. an amount of something that you think is reasonable or normal

    解説

    (v, T) 1[usually passive]. to control the supply of something because there is not enough 2. to allow someone only a small amount of something

  • 31

    go over someone's head

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The explanation went completely over my head.

    答え

    • 1. to be too difficult for someone to understand 2. to do something without discussing it with a particular person or organization first, especially when you should have discussed it with them

    解説

  • 32

    perception

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the public perception of the government's performance

    答え

    • (n) 1[U or C]. the way you think about something and your idea of what it is like 2[U]. the way that you notice things with your senses of sight, hearing etc 3[U]. the natural ability to understand or notice things quickly

    解説

  • 33

    watered-down

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a watered-down version of the original

    答え

    • (adj) having been changed so that it is less extreme or forceful than when it was first written - used to show disapproval

    解説

  • 34

    dissolve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Dissolve the tablet in water.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to mix with a liquid and become part of it, or to make something do so 2[T]. to formally end a parliament, business arrangement, marriage etc 3[I or T]. to gradually become smaller or weaker before disappearing, or to make something do this

    解説

  • 35

    hombre

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C, AE informal) a man, especially one who is strong

    解説

  • 36

    something tells me

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Something tells me we haven’t heard the last of him.

    答え

    • used for saying that you think something is probably true or will probably happen

    解説

  • 37

    busted

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You guys are so busted!

    答え

    • (adj, AE informal) 1. broken 2[not before noun]. caught doing something wrong and likely to be punished

    解説

  • 38

    go-to

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's our go-to guy in a budget crisis.

    答え

    • (adj, AE informal) 1. being a person who can be turned to for expert knowledge, advice, or reliable performance, especially in a crucial situation 2. noting something that can always be relied on to bring satisfaction, success, or good results

    解説

  • 39

    put up a good fight

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Our team put up a good fight.

    答え

    • to work very hard to fight or compete in a difficult situation

    解説

  • 40

    pushover

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Tony's a pushover for blondes.

    答え

    • (n, informal) a thing easy to persuade, influence, or defeat

    解説

  • 41

    what's with someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • What's with you people?

    答え

    • (AE) used to ask why a person or group of people is behaving strangely

    解説

  • 42

    swear

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Mona swore never to return home.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to use rude and offensive language 2[T]. to promise that you will do something 3[I or T, informal]. to say very strongly that what you are saying is true 4[I or T]. to make a public official promise, especially in a court of law

    解説

    past tense = swore, past participle tense = sworn

  • 43

    sob

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He began sobbing uncontrollably.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to cry noisily while breathing in short sudden bursts 2[T]. to say something while you are sobbing

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 44

    uptight

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You have to learn to laugh instead of getting uptight about things.

    答え

    • (adj, informal) 1. behaving in an angry way because you are feeling nervous and worried 2. having strict traditional attitudes and seeming unable to relax

    解説

  • 45

    way too

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's way too cold here. I cannot feel my feet.

    答え

    • excessively

    解説

  • 46

    be out of one's mind

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He must have been out of his mind to employ her.

    答え

    • to be stupid or crazy

    解説

  • 47

    tag along

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Kate tagged along with mum and Vicky.

    答え

    • to go somewhere with someone, especially when they have not asked you to go with them

    解説

  • 48

    dork

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C, informal) someone who you think is or looks stupid

    解説

    adjective form = dorky

  • 49

    for show

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He does actually play his guitar - it's not just for show.

    答え

    • with the purpose of looking attractive or impressive rather than being useful

    解説

  • 50

    collude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She knew about the plan, and colluded in it.

    答え

    • (v, I) to work with someone secretly, especially in order to do something dishonest or illegal

    解説

  • 51

    moan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's always moaning that we use too much electricity.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to complain in an annoying way, especially in an unhappy voice and without good reason 2[I]. to make a long low sound expressing pain, unhappiness, or sexual pleasure 3[I, literary]. to make a long low sound

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a long low sound expressing pain, unhappiness, or sexual pleasure 2[have a ~, BE informal]. to complain about something 3[literary]. a low sound made by the wind

  • 52

    scrape

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Teresa scraped the mud off her boots.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to remove something from a surface using the edge of a knife, a stick etc 2[I, T always + adv/pp]. to rub against a rough surface in a way that causes slight damage or injury, or to make something do this 3[I or T]. to make a noise by rubbing roughly against a surface

    解説

    (n) 1[C]. a mark or slight injury caused by rubbing against a rough surface 2[C]. a situation in which you are in trouble or have difficulties 3[singular]. the noise made when one surface rubs roughly against another

  • 53

    weird out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's weirded out by me.

    答え

    • (v, T, AE slang) to cause someone to feel afraid, weird, strange or uncomfortable

    解説

  • 54

    shudder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I shudder with embarrassment whenever I think about it.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to shake for a short time because you are afraid or cold, or because you think something is very unpleasant 2. to shake violently

    解説

    (n, C usually singular) a shaking movement

  • 55

    be devoid of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His face was devoid of any warmth or humour.

    答え

    • (formal) to be completely lacking in something

    解説

  • 56

    unqualified

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He gave her his unqualified support.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not having the right knowledge, experience, or education to do something 2[usually before noun]. used for emphasizing that a quality is complete and total

    解説

  • 57

    recompense

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The charge recompenses the bank for the costs involved.

    答え

    • (v, T, formal) to give someone a payment for trouble or losses that you have caused them, or a reward for their efforts to help you

    解説

  • 58

    be bounded by

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The US is bounded in the north by Canada and in the south by Mexico.

    答え

    • if a country or area of land ~ something such as a wall, river etc, it has the wall etc at its edge

    解説

  • 59

    barren

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Thousands of years ago the surface was barren desert.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having no plants growing on it 2[old-fashioned]. unable to produce children or baby animals - used of a woman or of female animals 3. a tree or plant that is ~ does not produce fruit or seeds 4. used to describe something that does not look interesting or attractive 5. used to describe a period of time during which you do not achieve anything or get any useful results

    解説

  • 60

    ravage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His health was gradually ravaged by drink and drugs.

    答え

    • (v, T usually passive) to damage something very badly

    解説

  • 61

    tumble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A few stones came tumbling down the cliff.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1[always + adv/pp]. to fall down quickly and suddenly, especially with a rolling movement 2[always + adv/pp]. to move in an uncontrolled way 3. if prices or figures ~, they go down suddenly and by a large amount 4[always + adv/pp, literary]. if someone's hair ~ down, it is long, thick, and curly 5[literary]. if words ~ out of someone's mouth, they speak very quickly because they are excited or upset 6[always + adv/pp, literary]. if water ~ somewhere, it flows there quickly

    解説

    (n, C) a fall, especially from a high place or level

  • 62

    growl

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The dog growled at me.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to make a long deep angry sound 2[I or T]. to say something in a low angry voice

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 63

    scorch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Direct sunlight will scorch the plant's leaves.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. if you ~ something, or if it ~, its surface burns slightly and changes color 2[T]. to dry and damage something, or burn it 3[I always + adv/pp, BE informal]. to travel extremely fast

    解説

    (n) 1[C]. a mark made on something where its surface has been burnt 2[U]. brown colouring on plants caused by some plant diseases

  • 64

    undulate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • undulating hills

    答え

    • (v, I, formal) to move or be shaped like waves that are rising and falling

    解説

  • 65

    shear

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The left wing had been almost completely sheared off.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to cut the wool off a sheep 2[literary]. to cut off someone's hair 3[~ off]. if part of something ~ off, or is ~ed off, it suddenly becomes separated, especially after being pulled or hit with a lot of force

    解説

    past tense = sheared, past participle tense = sheared or shorn

  • 66

    mend

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My father used to mend our shoes.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to repair a tear or hole in a piece of clothing 2[T, BE]. to repair something that is broken or not working 3[I, informal]. if a broken bone ~, it becomes whole again 4[T]. to end a quarrel or difficult situation by dealing with the problem that is causing it

    解説

    (n, C) 1[be on the mend]. to be getting better after an illness or after a difficult period 2. a place in something where it has been repaired

  • 67

    fawn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I refused to fawn over her or flatter her.

    答え

    • (v, I) to praise someone and be friendly to them in an insincere way, because you want them to like you or give you something

    解説

  • 68

    disperse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Police used tear gas to disperse the crowd.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) 1. if a group of people ~ or are ~, they go away in different directions 2. to spread in different directions over a wide area, or to make something do so

    解説

  • 69

    one another

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They often stay at one another's houses.

    答え

    • each other

    解説

  • 70

    contend

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Some astronomers contend that the universe may be younger than previously thought.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to compete against someone in order to gain something 2[T]. to argue or state that something is true 3[~ with]. to have to deal with something difficult or unpleasant

    解説

  • 71

    cease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The things people will do for charity never cease to amaze me.

    答え

    • (v, T or I, formal) to stop doing something or stop happening

    解説

    also cease doing something

  • 72

    irritate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It really irritates me when he doesn't help around the house.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to make someone feel annoyed or impatient, especially by doing something many times or for a long period of time 2. to make a part of your body painful and sore

    解説

  • 73

    reproach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'You don't need me,' she said quietly, without reproach.

    答え

    • (n, formal) 1[U]. criticism, blame, or disapproval 2[C]. a remark that expresses criticism, blame, or disapproval

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to blame or criticize someone in a way that shows you are disappointed at what they have done 2[~ oneself]. to feel guilty about something that you think you are responsible for

  • 74

    propagate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The group launched a website to propagate its ideas.

    答え

    • (v, formal) 1[T]. to spread an idea, belief etc to many people 2[I or T]. to start to grow from a parent plant to produce new plants, or to make a plant do so 3[T]. if an animal, insect, etc ~ itself, or is ~ed, it increases in number

    解説

  • 75

    slumber

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He passed into a deep slumber.

    答え

    • (n, literary) sleep

    解説

    (v, I, literary) to sleep

  • 76

    preconceived

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We started from scratch with no preconceived ideas.

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) formed before you really have enough knowledge or experience

    解説

  • 77

    perceive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Often what is perceived to be aggression is simply fear.

    答え

    • (v, T not in progressive) 1[written]. to understand or think of something or someone in a particular way 2[formal]. to notice, see, or recognize something

    解説

  • 78

    imperturbable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) remaining calm and unworried in spite of problems or difficulties

    解説

  • 79

    henceforth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Multiple Sclerosis, henceforth referred to as MS

    答え

    • (adv, formal) from this time on

    解説

  • 80

    obstinate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was the most obstinate man I've ever met.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. determined not to change your ideas, behaviour, opinions etc, even when other people think you are being unreasonable 2[only before noun, BE]. difficult to deal with or get rid of

    解説

  • 81

    meadow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a field with wild grass and flowers

    解説

  • 82

    pasture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the lush pastures of the southern counties

    答え

    • (n, U or C) land or a field that is covered with grass and is used for cattle, sheep etc to feed on

    解説

    (v) 1[T]. to put animals outside in a field to feed on the grass 2[I + on]. if animals pasture on a particular area of land, they eat the grass that is growing there

  • 83

    take it for granted

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He just took it for granted that he would pass the exam.

    答え

    • to believe that something is true without making sure

    解説

  • 84

    spiteful

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She was spiteful and unkind, both to Isabel and to her son.

    答え

    • (adj) deliberately nasty to someone in order to hurt or upset them

    解説

  • 85

    thwart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Fierce opposition thwarted the government's plans.

    答え

    • to prevent someone from doing what they are trying to do

    解説

  • 86

    despair

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • To the despair of the workers, the company announced the closure of the factory.

    答え

    • (n, U) a feeling that you have no hope at all

    解説

    (v, I, formal) to feel that there is no hope at all

  • 87

    functionary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Party functionaries

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who has a job doing unimportant or boring official duties

    解説

  • 88

    veritable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The area is a veritable paradise for those who love walking and swimming.

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun, formal) a word used to emphasize a description of someone or something

    解説

  • 89

    deputy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the Deputy Secretary of State

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. someone who is directly below another person in rank, and who is officially in charge when that person is not there 2. someone whose job is to help a sheriff in the US 3. a member of parliament in some countries, for example France

    解説

  • 90

    seductive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She used all of her seductive charm to try and persuade him.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. sexually attractive 2. very interesting or attractive to you, in a way that persuades you to do something you would not usually do

    解説

  • 91

    contemplate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The thought that she might be dead was too terrible to contemplate.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to think about something that you might do in the future 2[T]. to accept the possibility that something is true 3[I or T]. to think about something seriously for a period of time 4[T]. to look at someone or something for a period of time in a way that shows you are thinking

    解説

  • 92

    vibrant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Hong Kong is a vibrant, fascinating city.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. full of activity or energy in a way that is exciting and attractive 2. a vibrant color is bright and strong

    解説

  • 93

    frugal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He led a remarkably frugal existence.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. careful to buy only what is necessary 2. a ~ meal is a small meal of plain food

    解説

  • 94

    serene

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The child's face was serene and beautiful.

    答え

    • (adj) very calm or peaceful

    解説

  • 95

    solemn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Their faces suddenly grew solemn.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very serious and not happy, for example because something bad has happened or because you are at an important occasion 2. a ~ promise is one that is made very seriously and with no intention of breaking it 3. performed in a very serious way

    解説

  • 96

    extent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I do agree with him to an extent.

    答え

    • (n) 1. used to say how true something is or how great an effect or change is 2[U]. how large, important, or serious something is, especially something such as a problem or injury 3[U]. the length or size of something

    解説

  • 97

    indifferent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Sarah was absolutely indifferent to him, and it hurt.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not at all interested in someone or something 2. not particularly good

    解説

  • 98

    shambles

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The meeting was a shambles from start to finish.

    答え

    • (n) 1. if something is (in) a ~, it is very disorganized and there is a lot of confusion 2. if a place is (in) a ~, it is very untidy

    解説

  • 99

    hamlet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a very small village

    解説

  • 100

    savage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a savage murder

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very violent or cruel 2. criticizing someone or something very severely 3. very severe 4[only before noun, old-fashioned not polite]. an offensive word used to describe people who have a simple, traditional way of life

    解説

    (n, C, old-fashioned not polite) a very offensive word for someone who has a simple, traditional way of life (v, T) 1. if an animal such as a dog savages someone, it attacks them and injures them badly 2. to criticize someone or something very severely

  • 101

    devour

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He devoured science fiction books.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to eat something quickly because you are very hungry 2. to read something quickly and eagerly, or watch something with great interest 3[be ~ed by]. to be filled with a strong feeling that seems to control you 4[literary]. to destroy someone or something 5. to use up all of something

    解説

  • 102

    predispose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Diabetes predisposes patients to infections.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to make someone more likely to suffer from a particular health problem 2. to make someone more likely to behave or think in a particular way

    解説

  • 103

    odor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the faint odour of damp

    答え

    • (n, U or C) a smell, especially an unpleasant one

    解説

  • 104

    grove

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a small grove of beech trees

    答え

    • (n, C) a piece of land with trees growing on it

    解説

  • 105

    rustic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The village had a certain rustic charm.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. simple, old-fashioned, and not spoiled by modern developments, in a way that is typical of the countryside 2[only before noun]. roughly made from wood

    解説

  • 106

    refer something to someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My complaint was referred to the manufacturers.

    答え

    • 1. to send someone or something to a person or organization to be helped or dealt with 2. to recommend something to someone 3[formal]. to tell someone where to find information

    解説

  • 107

    giggle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • If you can't stop giggling you'll have to leave the room.

    答え

    • (v, I) to laugh quickly, quietly, and in a high voice, because something is funny or because you are nervous or embarrassed

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 108

    under the knife

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He has to go under the knife tomorrow because of appendix.

    答え

    • having a medical operation

    解説

  • 109

    be the butt of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Paul quickly became the butt of everyone's jokes.

    答え

    • to be the person or thing that other people often make jokes about

    解説

  • 110

    make fun of somebody

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'm not making fun of you. I admire what you did.

    答え

    • to make unkind, insulting remarks about someone or something

    解説

  • 111

    call in sick

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Rachel called in sick.

    答え

    • to telephone to say you are too ill to come to work

    解説

  • 112

    straight out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She came straight out with it and said she was leaving.

    答え

    • in an honest, direct way, without trying to hide your meaning

    解説

  • 113

    get up the nerve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I've finally gotten up my nerve to pack up and leave.

    答え

    • to get the confidence

    解説

    also get up one's nerve

  • 114

    make up one's mind

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • No more argument. My mind is made up.

    答え

    • to decide

    解説

  • 115

    pop the question

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Hasn't Bill popped the question yet?

    答え

    • to ask someone to marry you

    解説

  • 116

    verse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Written in verse, the play was set in the Middle Ages.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a set of lines that forms one part of a song, poem, or a book such as the Bible or the Koran 2[U]. words arranged in the form of poetry

    解説

  • 117

    rear-end

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I was rear-ended by a car.

    答え

    • (v, T) to hit the back of another car with your car

    解説

  • 118

    butt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a baby's soft little butt

    答え

    • (n, C) 1[AE informal]. the part of your body that you sit on 2. the end of a cigarette after most of it has been smoked 3. the thick end of the handle of a gun 4[BE]. a large round container for collecting or storing liquids 5. the act of hitting someone with your head

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to hit or push against something or someone with your head 2. if an animal butts someone, it hits them with its horns

  • 119

    rear end

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Bob's problem is that he's too lazy to get off his rear end and do anything.

    答え

    • (n, C, informal) the part of your body which you sit on

    解説

  • 120

    in one piece

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Ring mum and let her know we got here in one piece.

    答え

    • not injured

    解説

  • 121

    wuss

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's a gutless wuss.

    答え

    • (n, C, spoken) someone who you think is weak or lacks courage

    解説

  • 122

    coward

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Try it. Don't be such a coward.

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who is not at all brave

    解説

  • 123

    stress somebody out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Studying for exams always stresses me out.

    答え

    • to make someone so worried or nervous that they cannot relax

    解説

  • 124

    affection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She looked back on those days with affection.

    答え

    • (n, U, singular) 1. a feeling of liking or love and caring 2[somebody's ~]. the feelings of love and caring that someone has

    解説

  • 125

    need work

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's a good product, but it still needs some works.

    答え

    • to need improving, or to need to be a lot better

    解説

  • 126

    lumber

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The company sells lumber to make fine furniture.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. pieces of wood used for building, that have been cut to specific lengths and widths 2[BE]. large objects that are no longer useful or wanted

    解説

    (v) 1[I, always + adv/pp]. to move in a slow, awkward way 2[T]. to give someone a job or responsibility that they do not want 3[I, AE]. to cut down trees in a large area and prepare them to be sold

  • 127

    get caught up with something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I didn't want to get caught up in endless petty arguments.

    答え

    • to get so busy that you don't realize how late it's getting, or to get involved in something that you don't have to get involved in

    解説

    also get caught up in something

  • 128

    worked up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You shouldn't get so worked up about it.

    答え

    • (adj, not before noun, informal) very upset or excited about something

    解説

  • 129

    demote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The sergeant was demoted to private.

    答え

    • (T, usually in passive) to make someone's rank or position lower or less important

    解説

  • 130

    tangle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His parachute became tangled in the wheels of the plane.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to become twisted together, or make something become twisted together, in an untidy mass 2[I]. to argue or fight with someone

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a twisted mass of something such as hair or thread 2. a confused state or situation 3[informal]. a quarrel or fight

  • 131

    sparse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • rural areas with sparse population

    答え

    • (adj) existing only in small amounts

    解説

  • 132

    go under

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • More than 7000 businesses have gone under in the last three months.

    答え

    • 1. to have to stop operating because of financial problems 2. to sink beneath the surface of water

    解説

  • 133

    have had it up to here

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I've had it up to here with you.

    答え

    • to be very upset and angry because of a particular situation or person

    解説

    [BE] be up to here

  • 134

    spoil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Why do you always have to spoil everything?

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to have a bad effect on something so that it is no longer attractive, enjoyable, useful etc 2. to give a child everything they want, or let them do whatever they want, often with the result that they behave badly 3. to look after someone in a way that is very kind or too kind 4. to start to decay

    解説

    (n) 1[plural]. the things that someone gets by being successful 2[plural]. things taken by an army from a defeated enemy, or by thieves 2[U]. waste material such as earth and stones from a mine or hole in the ground

  • 135

    decay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her body was already starting to decay.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) to be slowly destroyed by a natural chemical process, or to make something do this

    解説

    (n, U) 1. the natural chemical change that causes the slow destruction of something 2. the gradual destruction of something

  • 136

    adore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Betty adores her grandchildren.

    答え

    • (T, not in progressive) 1. to love someone very much and feel very proud of them 2. to like something very much

    解説

  • 137

    go to somebody's head

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She never let fame go to her head.

    答え

    • 1. to make somebody feel drunk 2. to make somebody feel more important than he really is

    解説

  • 138

    quirky

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I like his quirky sense of humour.

    答え

    • (adj) unusual, especially in an interesting way

    解説

  • 139

    turn something upside down

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The burglars have turned our house upside down.

    答え

    • 1. to make a place very untidy when you are looking for something 2. to cause a lot of change and confusion in a situation or in someone's life

    解説

  • 140

    miraculous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She made a miraculous recovery from her injuries.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very good, completely unexpected, and often very lucky 2. believed to be caused by God, and impossible according to the ordinary laws of nature

    解説

  • 141

    flamboyant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He lifted his arms in a flamboyant gesture.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. behaving in a confident or exciting way that makes people notice you 2. brightly coloured and easily noticed

    解説

  • 142

    haunting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a haunting melody

    答え

    • (adj) sad but also beautiful and staying in your thoughts for a long time

    解説

  • 143

    auspicious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Saccani's excellent recording is an auspicious start to what promises to be a distinguished musical career.

    答え

    • (adj) showing that something is likely to be successful

    解説

  • 144

    sore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My arms are sore from all the lifting.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. painful, because of infection or because having used a muscle too much 2[not before noun, informal, especially AE]. upset, angry, and annoyed, especially because you have not been treated fairly 3[BE]. used to emphasize how serious, difficult etc something is

    解説

    (n, C) a painful, often red, place on your body caused by a wound or infection

  • 145

    it won't hurt to do something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It won't hurt Julia to get up early for a change.

    答え

    • said when you think someone should do something or that something is a good idea

    解説

    also it doesn't hurt ~, or something won't hurt ~

  • 146

    assault

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was jailed for assault.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U or C]. the crime of physically attacking someone 2[U or C]. a military attack to take control of a place controlled by the enemy 3[U or C]. a strong spoken or written criticism of someone else's ideas, plans etc 4[C]. an attempt to achieve something difficult, especially using physical force

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to attack someone in a violent way 2. to affect someone in a way that makes someone uncomfortable or upset 3. to strongly criticize someone's ideas, plans etc 4. to try to do something very difficult

  • 147

    bust

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Davis got busted for drugs.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to break something 2. to charge someone with a crime 3. to go into a place to look for something illegal 4. to use too much money, so that a business etc must stop operating 5. to give someone a lower military rank as a punishment

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a model of someone's head, shoulders, and upper chest, usually made of stone or metal 2. a woman's breasts, or the part of her clothes that covers her breasts 3. a measurement around a woman's breast and back 4. a situation in which the police go into a place in order to catch people doing something illegal

  • 148

    plea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Adams entered a plea of 'not guilty'.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a request that is urgent or full of emotion 2[C, usually singular]. a statement by someone in a court of law saying whether they are guilty or not 3[singular]. an excuse for something

    解説

  • 149

    RSVP

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Please RSVP by Fri.

    答え

    • (v, I) used on invitations to ask someone to reply

    解説

  • 150

    at hand

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Recent economic performance suggests that a major crisis is at hand.

    答え

    • 1. likely to happen soon 2. close to you and available to be used 3. needing to be dealt with now

    解説

  • 151

    upscale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an affluent upscale audience

    答え

    • (adj, AE) relating to people from a high social class who have a lot of money

    解説

    = upmarket

  • 152

    in short supply

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Gasoline was in short supply after the war.

    答え

    • not enough of it was available

    解説

  • 153

    be brimming with something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He seemed to be brimming with confidence.

    答え

    • to have a lot of a particular thing, quality, or emotion

    解説

  • 154

    a string of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a string of hit albums

    答え

    • 1. a number of similar things or events coming one after another 2. a group of similar things

    解説

  • 155

    reflective

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She was in a reflective mood.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. reflecting light 2. thinking quietly about something 3. showing that something is true about a situation

    解説

  • 156

    ultimatum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The army issued an ultimatum for all weapons in the city to be surrendered on October 26th.

    答え

    • (n, C) a threat saying that if someone does not do what you want by a particular time, you will do something to punish them

    解説

    [plural = ultimatums or ultimata]

  • 157

    rollover

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Many CD rollovers happen in October.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. when money is moved from one bank account or investment to another without any tax or other fees having to be paid 2[U or C]. the action of making a bank account, investment etc do this 3[C, BE]. the money that nobody wins prize and is added to the prize that can be won the following week 4[C]. an accident in which a car turns over onto its roof

    解説

    (v, T)

  • 158

    layover

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C, AE) a short stay between parts of a journey, especially a long plane journey

    解説

    = stopover

  • 159

    time to kill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • With time to kill, he took a cab to the center.

    答え

    • time that you don't have anything to do while you are waiting to do something important or waiting for something else to happen

    解説

  • 160

    check a bag

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Any luggage over five kilos must be checked.

    答え

    • to leave your bags at an official place so they can be put on a plane or a train, or to take someone's bags in order to do this

    解説

  • 161

    carry-on

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You're permitted two carry-on items.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1[AE]. a bag that you are allowed to take onto a plane with you 2[BE]. a situation in which someone behaves in a silly or annoying way

    解説

    (adj, only before noun) allowed to take onto a plane with you

  • 162

    lug

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's a huge book, not something you'd like to lug around.

    答え

    • (v, T) to pull or carry something heavy with difficulty

    解説

    (n, C) 1[usually plural]. a part of something that sticks out and can be used as a handle or a support 2[BE]. an ear 3[AE]. a rough, stupid, or awkward person

  • 163

    schlep

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I schlepped his bag all the way to the airport and he didn't even thank me.

    答え

    • (v, T, AE) 1. to carry or pull something heavy 2[~ around]. to spend your time lazily doing nothing useful

    解説

  • 164

    keep an eye on something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We keep a watchful eye on our elderly neighbors.

    答え

    • to look after someone or something and make sure that they are safe

    解説

  • 165

    you got it

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • informal way of saying yes, that's right and ok etc

    解説

  • 166

    pass something by someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to have someone look at something

    解説

  • 167

    phenomenal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • California had experienced a phenomenal growth in population.

    答え

    • (adj) very great or impressive

    解説

  • 168

    phenomenon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Homelessness is not a new phenomenon.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. something that happens or exists in society, science, or nature, especially something that is studied because it is difficult to understand 2. something or someone that is very unusual because of a rare quality or ability that they have

    解説

  • 169

    in town

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Are you in town on business or pleasure?

    答え

    • when something, especially traveling places, comes to the place you live

    解説

  • 170

    don't get me wrong

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Don't get me wrong. I'm not saying this for myself.

    答え

    • used to say that someone misunderstands you

    解説

  • 171

    no offense

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • No offense, but this cheese tastes like rubber.

    答え

    • used to tell someone that you hope that what you are going to say or do will not offend them

    解説

  • 172

    prosper

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Businesses across the state are prospering.

    答え

    • (v, I) to grow and develop in a successful way, especially by becoming rich or making a large profit

    解説

  • 173

    fill a prescription

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I got the prescription filled on the way home.

    答え

    • to get the drugs a doctor has written that you need

    解説

  • 174

    aspirin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, U or C) a medicine that reduces pain, inflammation, and fever

    解説

  • 175

    ring someone up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Are you ready to ring me up now?

    答え

    • to take someone's money for something they want to buy

    解説

  • 176

    swipe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Swipe your card to open the door.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to hit or to try to hit someone or something by swinging your arm or an object very quickly 2[T]. to steal something 3[T]. to pull a plastic card through a machine that can read the electronic information on it

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a criticism of someone or something 2. when you hit or try to hit someone or something by swinging your arm very quickly

  • 177

    rob the cradle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (AE) to have a sexual relationship with someone who is a lot younger than you - used humorously

    解説

  • 178

    May-December romance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • used to describe that people who are dating are many years apart

    解説

    = May-September romance

  • 179

    hypocrite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I think that he is a hypocrite.

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who pretends to have certain beliefs or opinions that they do not really have - used to show disapproval

    解説

  • 180

    free up someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Taking away the burden of administration will free teachers to concentrate on teaching.

    答え

    • 1. to make something available so that it can be used 2. to give someone time to do something by taking away other jobs that they have to do

    解説

  • 181

    have someone's wires crossed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I think we may have our wires crossed.

    答え

    • not to be communicating correctly

    解説

  • 182

    loose track of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I just lost all track of time.

    答え

    • to fail to pay attention to someone or something, so that you know where they are or what is happening to them

    解説

    opposite: keep ~

  • 183

    break out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Does everyone know what to do if a fire breaks out?

    答え

    • 1[something unpleasant]. to start to happen 2. to escape from a prison

    解説

  • 184

    break up a fight

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Three policemen were needed to break up the fight.

    答え

    • to stop a fight

    解説

  • 185

    hang around with someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The people I used to hang around with were much older than me.

    答え

    • to spend a lot of time with someone

    解説

  • 186

    grounded

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Simmons says that her family keeps her grounded.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. reasonable and in control of your emotions, even when this is difficult 2. understanding their own character and knowing what is really important 3. kept indoors as a punishment

    解説

  • 187

    get a hold of someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I must get hold of Vanessa to see if she can babysit.

    答え

    • to find and speak to someone about something

    解説

  • 188

    I'll tell you what

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I tell you what - let's have a picnic in the park.

    答え

    • 1. used when you are suggesting or offering something 2. used in order to emphasize what you are really saying

    解説

  • 189

    in the black

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The automaker was back in the black.

    答え

    • making profit in a business

    解説

    opposite: be in the red

  • 190

    take a chance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was taking a chance on a relatively new young actor.

    答え

    • to do something that involves risks

    解説

  • 191

    slave

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I've been slaving away at this report.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) to work very hard with little time to rest

    解説

  • 192

    come out of the woodwork

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • If we print that story in our newapaper, critics will start coming out of the woodwork.

    答え

    • to suddenly and unexpectedly appear in order to take advantage of a situation, express their opinion etc - used to show disapproval

    解説

  • 193

    pester

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I can't even walk down the street without being continually pestered for money.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) to annoy someone, especially by asking them many times to do something

    解説

  • 194

    don't hold your breath

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Don't hold your breath about the policy changes.

    答え

    • used to say that something is not going to happen soon

    解説

  • 195

    flip

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She flipped the lid of the box open and looked inside.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I, T always +adv/pp]. to move something with a quick sudden movement so that it is in a different position 2[T]. to make a flat object such as a coin go upwards and turn over in the air 3[I]. to suddenly become very angry or upset 4[T]. to move a switch so that a machine or piece of electrical equipment starts or stops 5[I]. to turn the pages of a book or newspaper quickly, especially because you are looking for something

    解説

    (n, C) 1. an action in which you make a flat object such as a coin go upwards and turn over in the air 2. a movement in which you jump up and turn over in the air, so that your feet go over your head 3. an action in which you turn the pages of a book or newspaper quickly, especially because you are looking for something

  • 196

    have something on backorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to be waiting for the company to get something so they can send it to you

    解説

  • 197

    net

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The net profit was up 16.3% last month.

    答え

    • (adj) final

    解説

    (v) 1[T]. to earn a particular amount of money as a profit after tax has been paid 2[T]. to succeed in getting something, especially by using your skill 3[I or T]. to hit or kick the ball into the net in sport 4[T]. to catch a fish in a net

  • 198

    pull up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Cinderella's coach and horses pulled up outside the Palace.

    答え

    • 1[a car ~, or someone ~]. to stop the vehicle that you are driving 2[~ a chair, stool etc]. to get a chair, etc and sit down next to someone who is already sitting 3[T, especially BE]. to stop someone who is doing something wrong and tell them you do not approve 4[T]. to find something such as an account, especially on a computer

    解説

  • 199

    mortal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her father's death reminded her that she was mortal.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not able to live for ever 2. very serious, maybe causing the end of something or death 3[literary]. human - used especially when comparing humans with gods, spirits etc

    解説

    (n, C) 1[lesser/ordinary/mere ~]. ordinary people, as compared with people who are more important, more powerful, or more skilled - used humorously 2. a human - used especially when comparing humans with gods, spirits etc

  • 200

    qualm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The manager has no qualms about dropping players who do not perform well.

    答え

    • (n, C usually plural) a feeling of slight worry or doubt because you are not sure that what you are doing is right

    解説

  • 201

    close a deal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Please advise me on how to close a business deal.

    答え

    • to successfully agree a business deal

    解説

    ~ a sale/contract etc

  • 202

    petty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • petty squabbles

    答え

    • (adj) 1. small and unimportant 2. unkind and caring too much about small unimportant things 3. a ~ official is not important - used especially when they use their power as if they were important

    解説

  • 203

    revoke

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Their work permits have been revoked.

    答え

    • (v, T) to officially state that a law, decision, or agreement is no longer effective

    解説

  • 204

    taint

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Baker argues that his trial was tainted by negative publicity.

    答え

    • (v, T usually passive) 1. to make a person or situation seem bad 2. to damage something by adding an unwanted substance to it

    解説

    (n, singular) the appearance of being related to something bad or morally wrong

  • 205

    wreck

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It was drink that wrecked their marriage.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to completely spoil something so that it cannot continue in a successful way 2. to damage something such as a building or vehicle so badly that it cannot be repaired 3. if a ship is ~ed, it is badly damaged and sinks

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a car, plane, or train that has been damaged very badly, especially in a crash 2. a ship that has sunk 3[informal]. someone who is very nervous, tired, or unhealthy 4[AE]. an accident involving cars or other vehicles 5. a place that is very untidy 6[informal]. an old car that is in a very bad condition

  • 206

    salute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The two soldiers saluted Lieutenant Cecil.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to move your right hand to your head, especially in order to show respect to an officer in the army, navy etc 2[T, formal]. to praise someone for the things they have achieved, especially publicly 3[T, old-fashioned]. to greet someone in a polite way, especially by moving your hand or body

    解説

    (n) 1[C]. an act of raising your right hand to your head as a sign of respect, usually done by a soldier to an officer 2[U or C]. something that expresses praise to someone for something they have achieved, or that expresses honour or respect to someone or something 3[C]. an occasion when guns are fired into the air in order to show respect for someone important

  • 207

    manifestation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • These latest riots are a clear manifestation of growing discontent.

    答え

    • (n, formal) 1[C]. a very clear sign that a particular situation or feeling exists 2[U]. the act of appearing or becoming clear

    解説

  • 208

    heartfelt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a heartfelt apology

    答え

    • (adj) very strongly felt and sincere

    解説

  • 209

    transcend

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The desire for peace transcended political differences.

    答え

    • (v, T, formal) to go beyond the usual limits of something

    解説

  • 210

    pass something down

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The tradition has been passed down from father to son for generations.

    答え

    • to give or teach something to people who are younger than you or live after you

    解説

  • 211

    canon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Mapplethorpe's pictures offended the canons of American good taste.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a Christian priest who has special duties in a cathedral 2[formal]. a standard, rule, or principle, or set of these, that are believed by a group of people to be right and good 3. a list of books or pieces of music that are officially recognized as being the work of a certain writer 4. all the books that are recognized as being the most important pieces of literature 5. a piece of music in which a tune is started by one singer or instrument and is copied by each of the others 6. an established law of the Christian church

    解説

  • 212

    yearn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Phil had yearned to be a pilot from an early age.

    答え

    • (v, I, literary) to have a strong desire for something, especially something that is difficult or impossible to get

    解説

  • 213

    embody

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She embodies everything I admire in a teacher.

    答え

    • (v, T, formal) 1. to be a very good example of an idea or quality 2. to include something

    解説

  • 214

    solitary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The benches were empty except for a single solitary figure.

    答え

    • (adj) 1[only before noun]. used to emphasize that there is only one of something 2. doing something without anyone else with you 3. spending a lot of time alone, usually because you like being alone

    解説

    (n) 1[U, informal]. solitary confinement 2[C, BE literary]. someone who lives completely alone

  • 215

    shatter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The plate hit the floor, and shattered into tiny bits.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to break suddenly into very small pieces, or to make something break in this way 2[T]. to completely destroy someone's hopes, beliefs, or confidence

    解説

  • 216

    timid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I was a timid child.

    答え

    • (adj) not having courage or confidence

    解説

  • 217

    confrontation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She had stayed in her room to avoid another confrontation.

    答え

    • (n, C or U) 1. a situation in which there is a lot of angry disagreement between two people or groups 2. a fight or battle

    解説

  • 218

    aftermath

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the danger of disease in the aftermath of the earthquake

    答え

    • (n, singular) the period of time after something such as a war, storm, or accident when people are still dealing with the results

    解説

  • 219

    blur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The street lights were blurred by the fog.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) 1. to become difficult to see or to make something difficult to see, because the edges are not clear 2. to be unable to see clearly 3. to make the difference between two ideas, subjects etc less clear

    解説

    adjective form = blurry (n, C usually singular) 1. a shape that you cannot see clearly 2. something that you cannot remember clearly

  • 220

    a life of its own

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Slowly but surely, the project is taking on a life of its own.

    答え

    • 1. if something has ~, it seems to move or work by itself 2. if something has ~, it exists and develops without depending on other things

    解説

  • 221

    shaggy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a shaggy black beard

    答え

    • (adj) 1. ~ hair or fur is long and untidy 2. having long and untidy hair

    解説

  • 222

    ensconce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Nick was comfortably ensconced in front of the TV set.

    答え

    • (v, T usually passive) to settle yourself in a place where you feel comfortable and safe

    解説

  • 223

    in action

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • photos of ski jumpers in action

    答え

    • doing the job or activity they are trained or designed to do

    解説

  • 224

    strife

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a time of political strife

    答え

    • (n, U) trouble between two or more people or groups

    解説

  • 225

    temperament

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Tolkien was, by temperament, a very different man from Lewis.

    答え

    • (n, U or C) the emotional part of someone's character, especially how likely they are to be happy, angry etc

    解説

  • 226

    indignant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Liz was indignant at the way her child had been treated.

    答え

    • (adj) angry and surprised because you feel insulted or unfairly treated

    解説

  • 227

    captive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His son had been taken captive during the raid.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. kept in prison or in a place that you are not allowed to leave 2[be ~ to something]. to be unable to think or speak freely, because of being influenced too much by something

    解説

    (n, C) someone who is kept as a prisoner, especially in a war

  • 228

    snug

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She wished she were back in her snug little house.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. small, warm, and comfortable, and making you feel protected 2. feeling comfortable, happy, and warm 3. clothes that are ~ fit closely

    解説

    (n, C, BE) a small comfortable room in a pub

  • 229

    harbor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I think he's harbouring some sort of grudge against me.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to keep bad thoughts, fears, or hopes in your mind for a long time 2. to contain something, especially something hidden and dangerous 3. to protect and hide criminals that the police are searching for

    解説

  • 230

    neigh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, I) if a horse ~, it makes a long loud noise

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 231

    graze

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Groups of cattle were grazing on the rich grass.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to eat grass that is growing, or make an animal do so 2[T]. to accidentally break the surface of your skin by rubbing it against something 3[T]. to touch something lightly while passing it, sometimes damaging it 4[I, informal]. to eat small amounts of food all through the day instead of having regular meals

    解説

  • 232

    passerby

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They sell drinks to passersby.

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who is walking past a place by chance

    解説

    plural form = passersby

  • 233

    teeny-weeny

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (informal) a word meaning very small - used especially by children or when speaking to children

    解説

    also teensy-weensy

  • 234

    luxuriant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • luxuriant vegetation

    答え

    • (adj) 1. growing strongly and thickly 2. beautiful and pleasant to watch or listen to

    解説

  • 235

    arid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Water from the Great Lakes is pumped to arid regions.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very dry because it has very little rain 2. not having any new, interesting, or exciting features or qualities

    解説

  • 236

    pry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I don't want to pry, but I need to ask you one or two questions.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to try to find out details about someone else's private life in an impolite way 2[T always + adv/pp, esp AE]. to force something open, or force it away from something else

    解説

  • 237

    mourning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The Armenian authorities declared May 29 a national day of mourning.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. great sadness because someone has died 2. black clothes worn to show that you are very sad that someone has died

    解説

  • 238

    tedious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The work was tiring and tedious.

    答え

    • (adj) continuing for a long time and is not interesting

    解説

  • 239

    undertone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There was an undertone of sadness in her letter.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a feeling or quality that is not directly expressed but can still be recognized 2[in a ~, literary]. quietly

    解説

  • 240

    tangle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My hair tangles easily.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to become twisted together, or make something become twisted together, in an untidy mass 2[I]. to argue or fight with someone

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a twisted mass of something such as hair or thread 2. a confused state or situation 3[informal]. a quarrel or fight

  • 241

    numb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My fingers were so numb I could hardly write.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. unable to feel anything, for example because you are very cold 2. unable to think, feel, or react in a normal way

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to make someone unable to feel pain or feel things they are touching 2. to make someone unable to think, feel, or react in a normal way

  • 242

    unity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • economic unity

    答え

    • (n) 1[U]. when a group of people or countries agree or are joined together 2[U]. the quality of having matching parts 3[C]. one of the three related principles that say a play should be about a single set of related events which take place in one place on one day

    解説

  • 243

    come into the world

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (literary) to be born

    解説

  • 244

    out and about

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It is certainly good to see you out and about.

    答え

    • 1[be/go ~]. to go to places where you can meet people 2. regularly going out of the house to work, take part in social activity, etc, esp after an illness 3. taking a stroll outside

    解説

  • 245

    oblige

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Many parents feel obliged to pay for at least part of the wedding.

    答え

    • (v, formal) 1[T usually passive]. if you are ~ed to do something, you have to do it because the situation, the law, a duty etc makes it necessary 2[I or T]. to do something that someone has asked you to do

    解説

  • 246

    esteem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The critics held him in high esteem as an actor.

    答え

    • (n, U) a feeling of respect for someone, or a good opinion of someone

    解説

    (v, T, formal) to respect and admire someone or something

  • 247

    accredited

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an accredited language school

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having official approval to do something, especially because of having reached an acceptable standard 2. if a government official is ~ to another country, they are sent to that country to officially represent their government there

    解説

    verb form = accredit adjective form = accreditation

  • 248

    distress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The girl was crying and clearly in distress.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. a feeling of extreme unhappiness 2. suffering and problems caused by a lack of money, food etc 3[formal]. great physical pain 4. a situation when a ship, aircraft etc is in danger and needs help

    解説

    (v, T) to make someone feel very upset

  • 249

    humble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a modest and humble man

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not considering yourself or your ideas to be as important as other people's 2. having a low social class or position 3[only before noun]. simple and ordinary, but useful or effective

    解説

    (v) 1. if you are humbled, you realize that you are not as important, good, kind etc as you thought you were 2[T]. to easily defeat someone who is much stronger than you are 3[~ oneself]. to show that you are not too proud to ask for something, admit you are wrong etc

  • 250

    biennial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a biennial plant

    答え

    • (adj) 1. happening every two years 2. lasting or enduring for two years

    解説

  • 251

    be at your disposal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I remain at your disposal for any further information you may need.

    答え

    • to be ready to help you in any way

    解説

  • 252

    allude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Rick didn't want to discuss his past, though he alluded darkly to 'some bad things that happened.'

    答え

    • (v, formal) to mention something or someone indirectly

    解説

  • 253

    break-in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Since the break-in we've had all our locks changed.

    答え

    • (n, C) an act of entering a building illegally and by force, especially in order to steal things

    解説

  • 254

    posture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Poor posture can lead to muscular problems.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U or C]. the way you position your body when sitting or standing 2[singular]. the way you behave or think in a particular situation

    解説

  • 255

    unbearable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was making life unbearable for his parents.

    答え

    • (adj) too unpleasant, painful, or annoying to deal with

    解説

  • 256

    endeavor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We always endeavor to please our customers.

    答え

    • (v, I, formal) to try very hard

    解説

    (n, U or C, formal) an attempt to do something new or difficult

  • 257

    name someone after someone else

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The street is named after the famous South African leader, Nelson Mandela.

    答え

    • give someone or something the same name as another person or thing

    解説

  • 258

    amiss

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There's something amiss in their relationship.

    答え

    • (adj, not before noun) if something is ~, there is a problem

    解説

  • 259

    remit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The court remitted the matter to the agency for reconsideration.

    答え

    • (v, formal) 1[I or T]. to send a payment 2[T]. to free someone from a debt or punishment 3[~ something to someone]. to send a proposal, plan, or problem back to someone for them to make a decision about

    解説

    (BE, singular or U, formal) the particular piece of work that someone has been officially asked to deal with

  • 260

    beneficiary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The rich were the main beneficiaries of the tax cuts.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. someone who gets advantages from an action or change 2. someone who receives money or property from someone else who has died

    解説

  • 261

    contingent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Further investment is contingent upon the company's profit performance.

    答え

    • (adj, formal) depending on something that may happen in the future

    解説

    (n, C also + plural verb) 1. a group of people who all have something in common, such as their nationality, beliefs etc, and who are part of a larger group 2. a group of soldiers sent to help a larger group

  • 262

    embed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Feelings of guilt are deeply embedded in her personality.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I, T usually passive]. to put something firmly and deeply into something else, or to be put into something in this way 2[T usually passive]. if ideas, attitudes, or feelings etc are ~ed, you believe or feel them very strongly 3[T]. to put something such as a graphic into a computer program or page on the Internet

    解説

    (n, C) an embedded journalist

  • 263

    anima

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) the inner self of an individual; the soul

    解説

  • 264

    menagerie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a group of wild animals kept privately or for the public to see

    解説

  • 265

    uncanny

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an uncanny coincidence

    答え

    • (adj) very strange and difficult to explain

    解説

  • 266

    mazy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • From out of the veil of her mazy hair came a voice, soft with seeming humility.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. like a maze, labyrinthine 2[AE]. confused or dizzy

    解説

  • 267

    rouse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A persistent ringing roused Christina from a pleasant dream.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1[formal]. to wake someone who is sleeping deeply 2. to make someone start doing something, especially when they have been too tired or unwilling to do it 3. to make someone feel a particular emotion, such as anger or fear

    解説

  • 268

    skirmish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The young soldier was killed in a skirmish with government troops.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a fight between small groups of soldiers, ships etc, especially one that happens away from the main part of a battle - used in news reports 2. a short argument, especially between political or sports opponents

    解説

    (v, I)

  • 269

    meow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, I) if a cat ~, it makes a crying sound

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 270

    skein

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a skein of lies

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a long loosely wound piece of thread, wool, or yarn 2[literary]. a complicated series of things that are related to each other

    解説

  • 271

    foremost

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Rostropovich was long considered the world's foremost cellist.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. the best or most important 2. in a leading position among a group of people or things 3[first and ~]. used to emphasize the most important quality, purpose, reason etc

    解説

  • 272

    archetype

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • France is the archetype of the centralized nation-state.

    答え

    • (n, C usually singular) a perfect example of something, because it has all the most important qualities of things that belong to that type

    解説

  • 273

    revelation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He resigned after revelations about his affair.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a surprising fact about someone or something that was previously secret and is now made known 2[U]. the act of suddenly making known a surprising fact that had previously been secret 3[C, formal]. something that is surprisingly good, enjoyable, or useful 4[U or C]. an event, experience etc that is considered to be a message from God

    解説

    adjective form = revelatory

  • 274

    mischievous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There was a mischievous gleam in her eyes.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. liking to have fun, especially by playing tricks on people or doing things to annoy or embarrass them 2. causing trouble or quarrels deliberately

    解説

  • 275

    impish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a little girl with dark hair and an impish grin

    答え

    • (adj) showing a lack of respect or seriousness in a way that is amusing rather than bad

    解説

  • 276

    compassion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Did he feel any compassion for the victim of his crime?

    答え

    • (n, U) a strong feeling of sympathy for someone who is suffering, and a desire to help them

    解説

  • 277

    exalt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Exalt ye the Lord.

    答え

    • (c, T, formal) 1. to put someone or something into a high rank or position 2. to praise someone, especially God

    解説

  • 278

    avarice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, U, formal) a desire to have a lot of money that is considered to be too strong

    解説

  • 279

    onwards

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • With exports strong, the business is moving onwards and upwards.

    答え

    • (adv) 1[from something ~]. beginning at a particular time or age and continuing after that 2[literary]. forward 3[~ and upwards]. used to say that the development, increase, or progress of something continues

    解説

  • 280

    dusk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The street lights go on at dusk.

    答え

    • (n, U) the time before it gets dark when the sky is becoming less bright

    解説

  • 281

    disregard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He ordered the jury to disregard the witness's last statement.

    答え

    • (v, T) to ignore something or treat it as unimportant

    解説

    (n, singular U) when someone ignores something that they should not ignore

  • 282

    conventional

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Internet connections through conventional phone lines are fairly slow.

    答え

    • (adj) 1[only before noun]. a ~ method, product, practice etc has been used for a long time and is considered the usual type 2. always following the behavior and attitudes that most people in a society consider to be normal, right, and socially acceptable, so that you seem slightly boring 3[only before noun]. ~ weapons and wars do not use nuclear explosives or weapons

    解説

  • 283

    namely

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Three students were mentioned, namely John, Sarah and Sylvia.

    答え

    • (adv, formal or written) used when saying the names of the people or things you are referring to

    解説

  • 284

    mindful of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The school is mindful of its responsibilities towards all the children.

    答え

    • (formal) remembering a particular rule or fact and thinking about it when you are making decisions about what to do

    解説

  • 285

    fabricate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The police were accused of fabricating evidence.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to invent a story, piece of information etc in order to deceive someone 2[technical]. to make or produce goods or equipment

    解説

  • 286

    reminiscent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a style strongly reminiscent of Virginia Woolf's novels

    答え

    • (adj) 1[~ of something]. reminding you of something 2[literary]. thinking about the past

    解説

  • 287

    wage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The council has waged a vigorous campaign against the proposal.

    答え

    • (v, T) to be involved in a war against someone, or a fight against something

    解説

  • 288

    provision

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The agreement includes a provision for each side to check the other side's weapons.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C usually singular, U]. when you provide something that someone needs now or in the future 2[plural]. food, drink, and other supplies, especially for a journey 3[C]. a condition in an agreement or law

    解説

    (v, T, formal) to provide someone or something with a lot of food and supplies, especially for a journey

  • 289

    clink

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Spoons clinked against the crockery.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) if two glass or metal objects ~, or if you clink them, they make a short ringing sound when they are hit together

    解説

    (n, singular) he short ringing sound made by metal or glass objects hitting each other

  • 290

    prop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The government introduced measures to prop up the stock market.

    答え

    • (v, T always + adv/pp) to support something by leaning it against something, or by putting something else under, next to, or behind it

    解説

    (n, C) 1. an object placed under or against something to hold it in a particular position 2[usually plural]. a small object such as a book, weapon etc, used by actors in a play or film 3. something or someone that helps you to feel strong 4[informal]. a propeller 5. one of the players in a rugby team, who is large and strong and holds up the scrum

  • 291

    savor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We must avoid anything that savours of corruption.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to fully enjoy the taste or smell of something 2. to fully enjoy a time or experience 3[~ of something]. to seem to involve something bad or to have some of a bad quality

    解説

    (n, singular U, formal) 1. a pleasant taste or smell 2. interest and enjoyment

  • 292

    hands-on

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He has a very hands-on approach to management.

    答え

    • (adj, usually before noun) doing something yourself rather than just talking about it or telling other people to do it

    解説

  • 293

    portray

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Romantic artists portrayed nature as wild and powerful.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to describe or show someone or something in a particular way, according to your opinion of them 2. to describe or represent something or someone 3. to act the part of a character in a play, film, or television programme

    解説

  • 294

    depict

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The god is depicted as a bird with a human head.

    答え

    • (v, T, formal) to describe something or someone in writing or speech, or to show them in a painting, picture etc

    解説

  • 295

    grueling

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The cast took a break from their gruelling schedule.

    答え

    • (adj) very difficult and tiring

    解説

  • 296

    baloney

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Don't give me that baloney.

    答え

    • (n, U, informal) something that is silly or not true

    解説

  • 297

    stern

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'Wait!' I shouted in my sternest voice.

    答え

    • (adj) serious and strict, and showing strong disapproval of someone's behavior

    解説

    (n, C usually singular) the back of a ship

  • 298

    faze

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • John was embarrassed, but it didn't faze Mike a bit.

    答え

    • (v, T, informal) if a new or difficult situation ~ you, it makes you feel confused or shocked, so that you do not know what to do

    解説

  • 299

    not in the least

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'm not in the least afraid of you any more.

    答え

    • not at all

    解説

    = not the least, not the least bit

  • 300

    collect oneself

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I got there early so I had a few minutes to collect my thoughts before the meeting began.

    答え

    • to make an effort to remain calm and think clearly and carefully about something

    解説

    = collect one's thoughts

  • 301

    imposing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's a tall, quietly spoken, but imposing figure.

    答え

    • (adj) large, impressive, and appearing important

    解説

  • 302

    unflappable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj, informal) having the ability to stay calm and not become upset, even in difficult situations

    解説

  • 303

    get one's bearings

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • An introduction session helps new students get their bearings.

    答え

    • 1. to find out exactly where you are 2. to feel confident that you know what you should do next

    解説

    or find ~

  • 304

    crunch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Cost cutting had enabled the organization to survive a previous cash crunch.

    答え

    • (n) 1[singular]. a noise like the sound of something being crushed 2[C, singular, AE]. a difficult situation caused by a lack of something, especially money or time 3[the ~ or ~ time]. an important time, especially one when a difficult decision has to be made 4[C]. sit-up

    解説

    (v) 1[I]. to make a sound like something being crushed 2[I always + adv/pp, T]. to eat hard food in a way that makes a noise 3[~ (the) numbers]. to do a lot of calculations in order to find an answer

  • 305

    word gets out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's a very small town and if you do something bad, word gets around.

    答え

    • people hear about something

    解説

    or word gets around

  • 306

    queue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There was a long queue to get into the cinema.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1[BE]. a line of people waiting to enter a building, buy something etc, or a line of vehicles waiting to move 2. all the people who are waiting to have or get something 3. a list of jobs that a computer has to do in a particular order 4. a number of telephone calls to a particular number that are waiting to be answered

    解説

    (v, I) 1. to form or join a line of people or vehicles waiting to do something or go somewhere 2. if people are queueing up to do something, they all want to do it very much

  • 307

    colloquial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) used mainly in informal conversations rather than in writing or formal speech

    解説

  • 308

    look up to someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I've always looked up to Bill for his courage and determination.

    答え

    • to admire or respect someone

    解説

  • 309

    grind

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I find the journey to work a real grind.

    答え

    • (n) 1[singular]. something that is hard work and physically or mentally tiring 2[C]. a student who never does anything except study 3[C]. a movement in skateboarding or rollerblading, which involves moving sideways along the edge of something, so that the bar connecting the wheels of the skateboard or rollerblade presses hard against the edge

    解説

    (v) 1[T]. to break something such as corn or coffee beans into small pieces or powder, either in a machine or between two hard surfaces 2[T, AE]. to cut food, especially raw meat, into very small pieces by putting it through a machine 3[T]. to make something smooth or sharp by rubbing it on a hard surface or by using a machine 4[T always + adv/pp]. to press something onto a surface and rub it with a strong twisting movement, or to press hard against something 5[written]. to say something in a rough, angry, or emotional way

  • 310

    proclaim

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His son was immediately proclaimed king.

    答え

    • (v, T, formal) 1. to say publicly or officially that something important is true or exists 2. to show something clearly or be a sign of something

    解説

  • 311

    bereaved

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a bereaved mother

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having lost a close friend or relative because they have recently died 2[the ~]. the person or people whose close friend or relative has just died

    解説

  • 312

    over time

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Students are encouraged to consider the way language changes over time.

    答え

    • gradually during a long period

    解説

  • 313

    take someone by surprise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The guerrillas were killed when army troops took them by surprise.

    答え

    • to suddenly attack a place or an opponent when they are not ready

    解説

    = catch ~

  • 314

    face someone down

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Harrison successfully faced down the mob of angry workers.

    答え

    • to deal in a strong and confident way with someone who opposes you

    解説

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