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MBB1 neuropsychology

カード 161枚 作成者: alice_blossoms (作成日: 2016/03/19)

  • Hippocrates thought that ___ is the center of control for body

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  • 1

    Hippocrates thought that ___ is the center of control for body

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • brain

    解説

  • 2

    Galen thought that body is controlled by ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pneumata (spirits)

    解説

  • 3

    3 types of pneumata according to Galen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • natural(liver), vital(heart), animal(brain)

    解説

  • 4

    Andreas Vesalius made detailed drawings of brain, including ___ and ___ of brain cortex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gyri(convolutions), sulci(grooves)

    解説

  • 5

    Rene Descartes mentioned ___ in that all animals can act autonomically

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reflexes

    解説

  • 6

    Thomas Willis thought that animal spirits are controlled in ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cortex

    解説

  • 7

    Thomas Willis distinguished _____ and _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • white matter, grey matter

    解説

  • 8

    Luigi Galvani thought that _____ is responsible for actions, found in the experiment of frog

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • electrical signal

    解説

  • 9

    Franz Joseph Gall had an idea of ___ which the brain is composed of organs of thought

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • phrenology

    解説

  • 10

    Paul Broca found that ___ area of the ___ hemisphere are responsible for ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • frontal, left, language

    解説

  • 11

    Gustav Fritsch and Eduard Hitzig found that the ___ region is responsible for ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • frontal, muscle

    解説

  • 12

    Egas moniz suggested a ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • neurosurgeon

    解説

  • 13

    multiple sclerosis is more common in ___ in their ___~___s

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • female, 20~30

    解説

  • 14

    ___ is only treatment for multiple sclerosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • interferonβ

    解説

  • 15

    _____ happens when we touch something hot or painful

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • withdrawal reflex

    解説

  • 16

    when it is needed to overcome the withdrawal reflex, ___ happens

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • inhibitation

    解説

  • 17

    cell body of neuron consists of ___ and ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cytoplasm, nucleus

    解説

  • 18

    cytoplasm contains ___ which produces ___ as energy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mitochondria, ATP

    解説

  • 19

    nucleus contains ___ which is composed of ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • chromosomes, DNA

    解説

  • 20

    chromsomes of nucleus produces ___ to build the cell and make ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • proteins, enzymes

    解説

  • 21

    neurons is composed of CNS and ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • glial cells

    解説

  • 22

    4 kinds of glial cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, microglia, schwann cells

    解説

  • 23

    a kind of glial cells whose job is physical support, providing nutrients, maintaining _____ surrounding neurons, ___ (removing dead neurons)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • astrocytes, extracellular fruid, phagocytosis

    解説

  • 24

    a kind of glial cells which works after braind damge like ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • microglia, phagocytes

    解説

  • 25

    a kind of glial cells whose job is physical support and protecting myelin sheath

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • oligodendrocytes

    解説

  • 26

    a kind of glial cells which is like oligodendrocytes for the body

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • schwann cells

    解説

  • 27

    _____ is like basic electricity power level of neurons

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • resting membrane potential

    解説

  • 28

    ___ is adding a positive electrical current to disturb the resting potential

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • depolarisation

    解説

  • 29

    the action of ions is determined by ___ and _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • diffusion, electrostatic pressure

    解説

  • 30

    _____ pushes out 3 Na⁺ ions, in 2 K⁺ ions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sodium-potassium pump

    解説

  • 31

    ___ is caused by change in membrace permeability

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • action potential

    解説

  • 32

    stage 1 that ion channels for Na⁺ ions open and they run into the cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • depolarisation

    解説

  • 33

    stage 2 that ione channels for K⁺ ions open and they rush out of the cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • repolarisation

    解説

  • 34

    stage 3 that ion channels for Na⁺ ions close

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • refractory period

    解説

  • 35

    stage 4 that ion channels for K⁺ ions slightly overshot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hyper polarisation

    解説

  • 36

    action potential only occurs at _____ (between mylin sheath)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nodes of Raniver

    解説

  • 37

    a rule of action potential

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all-or-none law

    解説

  • 38

    3 kinds of synapses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • axodendritic, axosomatic, axoaxonic

    解説

  • 39

    a substance which carries neurotransmitters

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • synaptic vesicle

    解説

  • 40

    synaptic vesicles are guided by ___ to move toward the cell membrane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • proteins

    解説

  • 41

    ___ ions help synaptic vesicles to attach to presynaptic cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ca⁺ ions

    解説

  • 42

    a neurotransmitter goes attach to the _____ of ___, and it opens ion channel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • binding site, ionotropic recepter

    解説

  • 43

    2 types which is occurred by ion channels

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • EPSP(excitatory postsynaptic potential), IPSP(inhibitory ~)

    解説

  • 44

    ___ is between EPSP and IPSP

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • neural integration

    解説

  • 45

    2 methods to clean up neurotransmitters

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reuptake, enzymatic deactivation

    解説

  • 46

    in reuptake, ___ work

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • transporter molecules

    解説

  • 47

    enzymatic deactivation is only for ___, and in it, an enzyme___ works

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ACh(acetylcholine), AChE

    解説

  • 48

    2 kinds of amino acids, a kind of neurotransmitter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • glutamate(excitatory), GABA(inihibitory)

    解説

  • 49

    3 kinds of monoamines, a kind of nerotransmitter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dopamine, norepinephrine(catecholamines), serotonin(indolamines)

    解説

  • 50

    a kind of neurotransmitter other than amino acids and monoamines

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ACh

    解説

  • 51

    2 kinds of drugs which affect behaviors by working on synapses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • agonists(increase), antagonists(decrease)

    解説

  • 52

    ___ is a disease that a person's own immune system destroys ACh recepters, and its only cure is to reduce AChE by ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Myasthenia Gravis, physostigmine

    解説

  • 53

    ___ is imaginary line between the spinal cord and the brain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • neuraxis

    解説

  • 54

    4 types of neuraxis in animals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • rostral(beak), caudal(tail), dorsal(back), bentral(belly)

    解説

  • 55

    4 additional types of neuraxis in humans

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lateral(side), medial(midline), ipsilateral(same sde), contralateral(opposite side)

    解説

  • 56

    ___ is protective sheath around the brain and spinal cord

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • meninges

    解説

  • 57

    3 parts of meninges

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater

    解説

  • 58

    ___ is clear fruid in meninges, and it is produced in ___ in lateral ventricles

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • CSF(cerebrospinal fluid), choroid plexus

    解説

  • 59

    ____ happens when the flow of CSF is blocked

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hydrocephalus

    解説

  • 60

    5 ~phalons

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • telephalon, diencephalon, mesencephalon, metencephalon, myelencephalon

    解説

  • 61

    3 parts of telecephalon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, limbic system

    解説

  • 62

    2 parts of diencephalon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • thalamus, hypothalamus

    解説

  • 63

    1 part of mesencephalon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tectum

    解説

  • 64

    2 parts of metecenphalon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cerebelllum, pons

    解説

  • 65

    1 part of myelencephalon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • medulla dolongata

    解説

  • 66

    cells develop to make ___ layers in cerebral cortex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 6

    解説

  • 67

    in development, neurons are guided by _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • radial glia

    解説

  • 68

    ____ means the end of development when the founder cells receive a signal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • apoptosis

    解説

  • 69

    cerbral cortex is composed of _____ and _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • grey matter, white matter

    解説

  • 70

    3 parts of grey matter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fissures, sulci, gyri

    解説

  • 71

    3 areas which become mature first

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • primary motor area, primary somatosensory area, primary visual area

    解説

  • 72

    primary motor area in _____ controlls body movement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • precentral gyrus

    解説

  • 73

    primary somatosensory area in _____ controlls skin sence of touch, pain and temperature

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • postcentral gyrus

    解説

  • 74

    primary visual area in _____ at the back of brain receive information from ___ and create _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • occipital cortex, retina, retinotopic map

    解説

  • 75

    a kind of lobe which is about plan, reason, behaviors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • frontal lobe

    解説

  • 76

    a kind of lobe which is about language, mental arithmetic(left), understanding locations of objects(right)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • parieral lobe

    解説

  • 77

    a kind of lobe which is about visual information

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • occipital lobe

    解説

  • 78

    a kind of lobe which is about understanding spoken or written words(left), recgnising complex stuff(right)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • temporal lobe

    解説

  • 79

    ___ is connection between two hemispheres

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • corpus callosum

    解説

  • 80

    3 types of corpus callosum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • homotopic fibres, heterotopic fibres, ipsilateral fibres

    解説

  • 81

    3 parts of limbic system which works on learning and memory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mammillary body, hippocampus, amygdala

    解説

  • 82

    3 parts of basal ganglia which works on movements

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • caudate nucleus, puteman, globus pallidus

    解説

  • 83

    in diecephalon, ___ works on autonomic nervous system and hormones and ___ works on sensory information

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hypothalamus, thalamus

    解説

  • 84

    a part of mesencephalon which is about auditory and visual process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • superior colliculus

    解説

  • 85

    a part of mesencephalon which is about auditory process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • inferior colliculus

    解説

  • 86

    a part of mesencephalon which is about sleep, arousal, reflex actions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reticular formation

    解説

  • 87

    a part of mesencephalon which produces dopamine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • substantia nigra

    解説

  • 88

    spinal cord passes through _____, which is inside of _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spinal foraman, spinal column

    解説

  • 89

    31 pairs of _____ exists, which composed of ___ and ___ root

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spinal nerve, dorsal root, ventral root

    解説

  • 90

    people with _____ have problems in speaking language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Broca's aphasia

    解説

  • 91

    a kind of Broca's aphasia which causes problem in grammatical constructions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • agrammatism

    解説

  • 92

    a kind of Broca's aphasia which causes problem in moving the tongues, lips and throat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • aproxia of speech

    解説

  • 93

    a kind of Broca's aphasia which causes problem in finding appropriate word to discribe an object

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • anomia

    解説

  • 94

    people with _____ have problems in understanding the meaning of words

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wernicke's aphasia

    解説

  • 95

    a method in animal studies which give some damage to part of brain to observe the behavior

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ablation

    解説

  • 96

    _____ is an experiment on learning and memory in monkeys using cards and food

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • delayed non-matching to sample

    解説

  • 97

    _____ is a way to determine the baseline level of activity in neurons by recording microelectrocode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • single-unit recording

    解説

  • 98

    2 types of structual brain recording

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • CT scaning, MRI

    解説

  • 99

    CT scanning makes use of ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • X-ray

    解説

  • 100

    MRI is sensitive to ___ which is in the nuclei of hydrogen atoms and creates tiny magnetic field

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • protons

    解説

  • 101

    2 types of functional brain imaging

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • EEG, fMRI

    解説

  • 102

    EEG measures the weak _____ produced by the brain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • electrical signals

    解説

  • 103

    cancelling noise from EEG, ___ can be got

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ERPs

    解説

  • 104

    fMRI makes use of magnetic properties produced by the ___ in blood

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hemoglobin

    解説

  • 105

    1 type of magnetic stimulation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TMS

    解説

  • 106

    3 traits which determine color of light

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hue, brightness, saturation

    解説

  • 107

    5 cell layers ofretina

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ganglion cell, amacrine cell, bipolar cell, horizontal cell, photorecepters

    解説

  • 108

    photorecepters is composed of ___ and ___(fewer), both contain ___

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • rods, cones, photopigments

    解説

  • 109

    3 kinds of cones and which color they are resoponsible for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • S-blue, M-green, L-red

    解説

  • 110

    _____ is a kind of color blindness which causes ploblems in discriminating between certain hues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • red-green deficient

    解説

  • 111

    ___ is to test anomalies of color perception

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ishihara color plates

    解説

  • 112

    visual signals go to ___ first, and 90% go to _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • LGN(lateral geniculate nucleus), primary visual cortex

    解説

  • 113

    primary visual cortex contains a ___ map

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reinotopic

    解説

  • 114

    damge to primary visual cortex causes ___ which the patient is blind in the opposite area

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hemianopia

    解説

  • 115

    people with ___ have vision without color in the opposite field

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • achromatopsia

    解説

  • 116

    _____ happens when we keep looking something moving continually

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • motion aftereffect

    解説

  • 117

    people with ___ have damage in both hemispheres, but no damage on areas of color and forming vision

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • akinetopsia

    解説

  • 118

    _____ causes selective loss of ability to recognise familiar objects by seeing them

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • visual object agnosia

    解説

  • 119

    _____ is that people hardly learn to recognise pictures of upside down faces

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • face inversion effect

    解説

  • 120

    ___ is that people fail to notive it is upside down

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Thatchar Illusion

    解説

  • 121

    people with ___ have problems in recognising familiar faces

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • prosopagnosia

    解説

  • 122

    3 perceptional dimensions of sound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • loudness, pitch, timbre

    解説

  • 123

    ___ runs all the way in cochlea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • basilar membrane

    解説

  • 124

    ___ is in the middle chaber in cochlea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organ of Corti

    解説

  • 125

    ___ is at the top of evey jair calls in Organ of Corti

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • stereocilia

    解説

  • 126

    each ___ has a particular prefered frequency of sound wave

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spiral ganglion cell

    解説

  • 127

    ___ is for those with hearing loss to help unferstanding speech using electronic signals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • coclear implant

    解説

  • 128

    a kind of somatosensory system which is responsible for touch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cutaneous sense

    解説

  • 129

    a kind of somatosensory system which is responsible for positions of arms and legs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • kinaesthesia

    解説

  • 130

    a kind of somatosensory system which is responsible for state of intenal organs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • organic senses

    解説

  • 131

    3 kinds of recepters of skin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ruffini corpuscles, pacinian corpuscles, free nerve endings

    解説

  • 132

    2 additional recepters for no hair skin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Meissner's corpuscles, Merkel's disks

    解説

  • 133

    small, fast skin recepter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Meissner's corpuscles

    解説

  • 134

    small, slow skin recepter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Merkel's disks

    解説

  • 135

    large, fast skin recepter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pacinian corpuscles

    解説

  • 136

    large, slow skin recepter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ruffini corpuscles

    解説

  • 137

    2 kinds of free nerve endings for changes in temperature

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cold recepters, warm recepters

    解説

  • 138

    3 kinds of free nerve endings for painful stimuli

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • high-threshold mechanorecepter, capsaicin recepter, ATP recepter

    解説

  • 139

    _____ is that skin recepters often continue to function even when the stimuli is removed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • phantom limbs

    解説

  • 140

    _____ order muscle fibres through motor neurons to change muscle length

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ventral root

    解説

  • 141

    2 kinds of muscle fibres

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • extensors and flexors

    解説

  • 142

    _____ monitor the activity of skeletal muscles

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • muscle spindles

    解説

  • 143

    ___ disease is caused by degeneration of caudate nucleus in basal ganglia, and have ___(involuntary movements)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Huntington's, chorea

    解説

  • 144

    ____ disease is caused by degeneration of dopamine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Parkinson's

    解説

  • 145

    5 symptoms of Parkinson's disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • motor tremor, rigidity, fastinating gait, hypokinesia, sequencing and set shifting

    解説

  • 146

    ___ has problems in pantomiming actions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • apraxia

    解説

  • 147

    3 kinds of emotional responses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bahavioral, autonomic, hormonal

    解説

  • 148

    ____ which removes cerebral cortex of both hemispheres results in _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • decortation, sham rage

    解説

  • 149

    _____ shows absece of fear because of damage to the amygdala

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Kluver-Bucy syndrome

    解説

  • 150

    a theory about emotion in which psychological responses and feeling come at the same time

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cannon-Bard theory

    解説

  • 151

    a theory about emotion in which psychological responses come after psychological responses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • James-Lange theory

    解説

  • 152

    _____ happens when fear is conditioned

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • potential startle reaction

    解説

  • 153

    _____ is that putting happy faces make us feel better

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • facial feedback hypothesis

    解説

  • 154

    a technique in polygraph that the examiner does not know if the individual is guilt or innocente

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mock-crime procedures

    解説

  • 155

    a technique in polygraph to compare between key questions and control questions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • control-question technique

    解説

  • 156

    a technique in polygraph to ask specific information which only the guilty person knows

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • guilty-knowledge technique

    解説

  • 157

    damage to small area of primary visual cortex causes ___ blindness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • scotoma

    解説

  • 158

    damage to one side of primary visual cortex causes ___ blindness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • homonymous hemianopia

    解説

  • 159

    damage to all primary visual cortecx causes _____ blindness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cortical

    解説

  • 160

    _____ is limitaion to the amount of visual information

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • change blindness

    解説

  • 161

    the pacients of _____ is unaware of the contralesional side of space

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unilateral spatial neglect

    解説

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