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Barron 1100 Words You Need to Know Week1-5

カード 100枚 作成者: Kengo Yoda (作成日: 2016/02/29)

  • voracious

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教材の説明:

Barronの1100 Words You Need to KnowからWeek1~5の計100語を収録。英語を見てその定義(英語)を選択。3周目では英語の定義を見て、元の英語を入力する。

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    voracious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • After skiing, I find that I have a voracious appetite.

    答え

    • desiring or consuming great quantities

    解説

  • 2

    indiscriminate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Modern warfare often results in the indiscriminate killing of combatants and innocent civilians alike.

    答え

    • choosing at random without careful selection

    解説

  • 3

    eminent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The eminent author received the Nobel Prize for literature.

    答え

    • of high reputation, outstanding

    解説

  • 4

    steeped

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My cousin is so steeped in schoolwork that his friends call him a bookworm.

    答え

    • soaked, drenched, saturated

    解説

  • 5

    replete

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The football game was replete with excitement and great plays.

    答え

    • completely filled or supplied with

    解説

  • 6

    abound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The western plains used to abound with bison before those animals were slaughtered by settlers.

    答え

    • to exist in great numbers

    解説

  • 7

    technology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Man may be freed from backbreaking labor by the products of scientific technology.

    答え

    • branch of knowledge dealing with engineering, applied science, etc.

    解説

  • 8

    prognosticate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The mayor refused to prognosticate as to his margin of victory in the election.

    答え

    • to predict or foretell a future event

    解説

  • 9

    automaton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The time is approaching when human workers may be replaced by automatons.

    答え

    • a robot; a mechanical "person"

    解説

  • 10

    matron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A clever salesman will always ask a matron if her mother is at home.

    答え

    • an older married woman

    解説

  • 11

    paradox

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • One of the great paradoxes of American life is that though minority groups have suffered injustices, nowhere in the world have so many varied groups lived together harmoniously.

    答え

    • a statement that at first seems to be absurd or self-contradictory but which may in fact turn out to be true.

    解説

  • 12

    realm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The cruel king would not allow the prince to enter his realm, restricting him to the forest, which abounded with wild animals.

    答え

    • special field of something or someone; kingdom

    解説

  • 13

    annals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The annals of sports are replete with the names of great African American athletes.

    答え

    • historical records

    解説

  • 14

    compound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His gloom was now compounded by the failing mark on his geometry test.

    答え

    • to increase or add to

    解説

  • 15

    tinge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A tinge of garlic is all that's necessary in most recipes.

    答え

    • a trace, smattering, or slight degree

    解説

  • 16

    badger

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The teacher continually badgers the pupil for the missing assignments.

    答え

    • to pester, nag, annoy persistently

    解説

  • 17

    implore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The sick child's mother implored the doctor to come immediately.

    答え

    • to plead urgently for aid or mercy

    解説

  • 18

    drudgery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She does her homework on Fridays to save herself from drudgery of having to do it during the weekend.

    答え

    • unpleasant, dull, or hard work

    解説

  • 19

    interminable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I listened to the boring lecture for what seemed an interminable fifty minutes.

    答え

    • unending

    解説

  • 20

    perceive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The eminent scientist perceives difficulties in putting the invention into practice.

    答え

    • to understand, know, become aware of

    解説

  • 21

    laconic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His speech was usually rambling, but this time I found it brief and laconic.

    答え

    • expressing much in few words

    解説

  • 22

    throng

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A howling throng of teenage girls surrounded the rap artists.

    答え

    • crowd

    解説

  • 23

    intrepid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The corporal received the Silver Start for his intrepid deeds in combat.

    答え

    • brave

    解説

  • 24

    accost

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • If a surly panhandler should accost you, keep on walking.

    答え

    • to approach and speak to

    解説

  • 25

    reticent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Even under repeated questioning, the witness remained reticent.

    答え

    • silent

    解説

  • 26

    furtive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In a furtive manner she removed her shoes and tiptoed up to her room.

    答え

    • secret, stealthy

    解説

  • 27

    felon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Since the boss learned that Bob associated with a known felon, he fired him.

    答え

    • a person guilty of a major crime

    解説

  • 28

    plethora

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When the teacher asked why the homework had not been done, he was greeted by a plethora of incredible alibis.

    答え

    • excess

    解説

  • 29

    hapless

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The hapless contest winner was unable to locate the lucky ticket.

    答え

    • unfortunate

    解説

  • 30

    irate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My uncle was irate when the drunken driver swerved in front of us.

    答え

    • angry, incensed

    解説

  • 31

    pretext

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her pretext of being tired did not fool us for an instant.

    答え

    • an excuse

    解説

  • 32

    fabricate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Most fishermen can fabricate a story about the size of the one that got away.

    答え

    • to lie; to construct

    解説

  • 33

    adroit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My nephew is quite adroit at making model airplanes.

    答え

    • skillful

    解説

  • 34

    gesticulate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I often marvel as I watch the traffic officer gesticulate at the onrushing cars.

    答え

    • move the arms energetically

    解説

  • 35

    vigilant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The shootings at Columbine High School made educators much more vigilant.

    答え

    • watchful

    解説

  • 36

    avid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Bill Clinton is an avid student of the social media and is listed on Facebook.

    答え

    • eager

    解説

  • 37

    cajole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The parakeet refused to be cajoled into entering her cage.

    答え

    • coax

    解説

  • 38

    rudimentary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Since my grasp of algebra is rudimentary, I cannot solve the problem.

    答え

    • elementary

    解説

  • 39

    enhance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It will enhance your enjoyment of an opera if you know what the plot is about in advance.

    答え

    • intensity, heighten

    解説

  • 40

    nuance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In reading the satires of Jonathan Swift, one must be vigilant in order to catch each nuance.

    答え

    • slight variation in meaning, tone, etc.

    解説

  • 41

    loathe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I loathe spinach but I love other green vegetables.

    答え

    • to hate

    解説

  • 42

    reprimand

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When Ed arrived late, he knew that the grocer would reprimand him.

    答え

    • to show sharp disapproval

    解説

  • 43

    lackluster

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Speaking in a monotone, the politician was booed for his lackluster address.

    答え

    • dull

    解説

  • 44

    caustic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In a caustic article, the drama critic slaughtered the hapless actors.

    答え

    • sarcastic, biting

    解説

  • 45

    wrest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • With the help of his brothers he was able to wrest the leadership of the company from his partner.

    答え

    • take by force

    解説

  • 46

    infamous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The bombing of Pearl Harbor was referred to as an infamous deed.

    答え

    • having a bad reputation

    解説

  • 47

    jostle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When he attempted to jostle the old lady, she struck him with her umbrella.

    答え

    • to shove hard

    解説

  • 48

    dupe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The wealthy dupe consented to buy the often-sold Brooklyn Bridge.

    答え

    • a person easily tricked

    解説

  • 49

    incipient

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • By telling the truth, we stopped the incipient rumor from spreading.

    答え

    • just beginning to exist

    解説

  • 50

    inadvertent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Through an inadvertent error, the guided missile sped out of control.

    答え

    • heedless, not attentive

    解説

  • 51

    ominous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • After the weatherman had seen the ominous clouds, he prognosticated rain.

    答え

    • threatening

    解説

  • 52

    tremulous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The widow's tremulous hands revealed her nervousness.

    答え

    • quivering

    解説

  • 53

    repudiate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The general attempted to repudiate the testimony of the lieutenant, claiming that young officer was not an authority on low level bombing.

    答え

    • to reject, decline

    解説

  • 54

    cessation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The cessation of the bombing in Iraq was urged by the United Nations.

    答え

    • a stopping

    解説

  • 55

    bristle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Upon seeing the snake, the cat began to bristle with fear.

    答え

    • stiffen with fear or anger

    解説

  • 56

    euphemism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The word "expired" is a euphemism for "died".

    答え

    • a less offensive term

    解説

  • 57

    mundane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The philosopher dealt with spiritual things, ignoring the mundane ones.

    答え

    • worldly

    解説

  • 58

    incongruous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The play was so incongruous that it seemed to be the work of several authors.

    答え

    • inappropriate

    解説

  • 59

    condolence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When my neighbor's dog was run over, we sent a condolence card.

    答え

    • pity

    解説

  • 60

    stipulate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We repudiated the contrast because it did not stipulate a cost of living bonus.

    答え

    • to specify a condition

    解説

  • 61

    alacrity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The waiter moved with alacrity because he perceived they were big tippers.

    答え

    • briskness, lively action

    解説

  • 62

    disdain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When the curtain came down, the critic's face registered the disdain she felt for the lackluster play.

    答え

    • contempt

    解説

  • 63

    belligerent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His belligerent manner caused him to lose one friend after another.

    答え

    • warlike

    解説

  • 64

    intimidate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Y2K concerns of the problems with computers failed to intimidate our company.

    答え

    • to overawe

    解説

  • 65

    feint

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The Germans were duped by the Allies' feint toward the south, leaving the way open for the Normandy invasion.

    答え

    • a false attack

    解説

  • 66

    pugnacious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Since everyone can outpunch my cousin, he cannot afford to be pugnacious.

    答え

    • quarrelsome

    解説

  • 67

    promulgate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We implored the faculty advisor to promulgate the requirements for the presidency of the club.

    答え

    • to make known officially

    解説

  • 68

    brash

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My mother liked the salesman's brash personality, but he irritated most people.

    答え

    • imprudent

    解説

  • 69

    scoff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I don't understand modern art, but I neither loathe nor scoff at it.

    答え

    • to sneer at

    解説

  • 70

    belittle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Although Ralph can't play, he doesn't hesitate to belittle the efforts of our football team.

    答え

    • to make seem less important

    解説

  • 71

    tangible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Mr. Dixon belittled our request for tangible proof of his loyalty.

    答え

    • having actual form

    解説

  • 72

    laceration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The medic reached into his kit to find a bandage for the ugly laceration.

    答え

    • jagged wound

    解説

  • 73

    castigate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The kindly foreman was too reticent to openly castigate the clumsy new worker.

    答え

    • to correct by punishing

    解説

  • 74

    sordid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Stories of their sordid youth poured forth from the unhappy felons.

    答え

    • dirty, base

    解説

  • 75

    octogenarian

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When the teenager announced her engagement to the octogenarian, the public suspected it to be a publicity stunt.

    答え

    • person in his or her eighties

    解説

  • 76

    solace

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In trying to offer solace to the deceased's wife, the reporter inadvertently made the situation worse.

    答え

    • easing of grief

    解説

  • 77

    aspirant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The publisher scoffed at the reports that he was an aspirant for the job of Secretary of State.

    答え

    • candidate for high position

    解説

  • 78

    dregs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • At the bottom of the beautiful wine bottle, only the dregs remained.

    答え

    • most worthless part

    解説

  • 79

    frenzy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In a frenzy, the teenager overturned every drawer while searching for the keys.

    答え

    • wild fit

    解説

  • 80

    scurrilous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Vigilant censors protest the public from listening to scurrilous language on television.

    答え

    • coarse

    解説

  • 81

    rampant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When the plague was rampant on the island, Dr. Arrowsmith's wife died.

    答え

    • going unchecked, widespread

    解説

  • 82

    inane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Orville Wright was criticized for his inane desire to fly.

    答え

    • foolish

    解説

  • 83

    ethics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A special management committee was asked to investigate business ethics.

    答え

    • code of principles

    解説

  • 84

    concur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • If I can get my parents to concur, I'll join the Peace Corps.

    答え

    • agree

    解説

  • 85

    clandestine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The spies thought their meeting was a clandestine one, but a throng of F.B.I. agents gathered outside the building.

    答え

    • secret, undercover

    解説

  • 86

    flagrant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Parking in front of a hydrant is a flagrant violation of the city's law.

    答え

    • outrageous, glaringly bad

    解説

  • 87

    admonish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I suspect that my father will admonish me for coming home late.

    答え

    • to warn, to reprove

    解説

  • 88

    duress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The confession was signed under duress, the attorney claimed.

    答え

    • compulsion, force

    解説

  • 89

    culprit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The culprit was caught with his fingers in the cookie jar.

    答え

    • the guilty person

    解説

  • 90

    inexorable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Television sleuths are inexorable in their pursuit of lawbreakers.

    答え

    • inflexible, unrelenting

    解説

  • 91

    egregious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The bank teller's egregious error was difficult to correct.

    答え

    • remarkably bad

    解説

  • 92

    distraught

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The soldiers were distraught to learn that their furloughs had been canceled.

    答え

    • mentally confused, crazed

    解説

  • 93

    duplicity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Duplicity is the stock in trade of all adroit counterspies.

    答え

    • cunning, trickery

    解説

  • 94

    acrimonious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We tried to ignore her acrimonious comments, but that took considerable restraint.

    答え

    • bitter

    解説

  • 95

    paucity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Although it was a creative writing class, the teacher complained about the paucity of talent there.

    答え

    • scarcity

    解説

  • 96

    elicit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It isn't easy to elicit answers from a sleepy class on Monday morning.

    答え

    • to draw forth

    解説

  • 97

    pernicious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The dictator's pernicious rules failed to intimidate the leaders of the underground.

    答え

    • harmful, causing injury

    解説

  • 98

    tolerate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Dentists appreciate patients who can tolerate pain.

    答え

    • to put up with, to bear

    解説

  • 99

    construe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She hoped that we would not construe her decision to run for office as a thirst for power.

    答え

    • to make a deduction, to infer

    解説

  • 100

    impunity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The border guards allowed the doctor to cross the frontier with impunity.

    答え

    • freedom from punishment

    解説

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