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RSM ch14

カード 34枚 作成者: Siyang Fan (作成日: 2016/02/18)

  • difference of data and information?

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  • 1

    difference of data and information?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • data原始信息,不一定和决策相关;information是processed data

    解説

  • 2

    an organized method for collecting, storing, and communicating past, present, and projected information on internal operations and external intelligence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • information system

    解説

  • 3

    An effective ____ can understand and control technology so that the company can use one seamless operation to communicate both internally and externally.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • CIO

    解説

  • 4

    Can CIO report directly to CEO?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • yes

    解説

  • 5

    *the role of a CIO has changed from being a technical role to being a business partner who often applies strong influence over a company’s strategy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 6

    the executive responsible for managing a firm’s information systems and related computer technologies.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • CIO

    解説

  • 7

    *More and more, CIOs and former CIOs are being appointed to companies’ boards of directors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 8

    *data processing steps can include storing data for later use, classifying and analyzing it, and retrieving it easily when needed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 9

    *Many companies—and nations—combine high-tech and low-tech solutions to manage the flow of information

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 10

    information systems that use computer and related technologies to store information electronically in an organized, accessible manner.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • computer-based information system

    解説

  • 11

    Computer-based information systems consist of four components and technologies:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.computer hardware 2.computer software 3.telecommunication and computer networks 4.data management resources

    解説

  • 12

    _____refer to the hardware and software needed to provide wired or wireless voice and data communications. Also included are support for external networks, such as the Internet, and private internal networks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • telecommunications and computer networks

    解説

  • 13

    ______involves developing and maintaining an organization’s databases so that decision-makers can access the information they need when they need it

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • data resource management

    解説

  • 14

    a centralized integrated collection of data resources

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • database

    解説

  • 15

    *Businesses obtain databases in many ways. They can hire a staff person to build them on site, hire an outside source to build them, or buy packaged database programs from specialized vendors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 16

    what are the problems of data bases

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.contribute to information overload—too much data for people to absorb or data that are irrelevant, or not meaningful, to decision-making 2. safety problem

    解説

  • 17

    two types of information systems

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.operational support system 2. management support system

    解説

  • 18

    what are two examples of operational support system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. transaction processing system 2. process control system

    解説

  • 19

    *RFID (radio-frequency identification) is an example of process control system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 20

    ______information systems that are designed to provide support for effective decision-making

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • management support system

    解説

  • 21

    ______is designed to produce reports to managers and other professionals.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • MIS (management information system)

    解説

  • 22

    an information system that gives direct support to business people during the decision-making process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • decision support system

    解説

  • 23

    an information system that lets senior executives access the firm’s primary databases, often by touching the computer screen, pointing and clicking a mouse, or using voice recognition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • executive support system

    解説

  • 24

    a computer program that imitates human thinking through complicated sets of “if-then” rules

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • expert system

    解説

  • 25

    Different types of computers have varying memory capacities and processing speeds. list 4 types of systems:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mainframe, midrange, PC, hand-held device

    解説

  • 26

    which is the heart of a midrange computer network?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • server

    解説

  • 27

    *Many Internet-related functions at organizations are handled by midrange systems. Midrange systems are also commonly used in process control systems, computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), and computer-aided design (CAD)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 28

    *original type of hand-held is the personal digital assistant (PDA)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 29

    what is the difference between viruses and worms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • worm does not need a host program

    解説

  • 30

    five important tasks when considering off-site data storage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.planning( what is important to store) 2.schedule sequence 3. transmit off-site 4. select right security vendor 5.continually test and evaluate

    解説

  • 31

    an outside supplier that provides both the computers and the application support for managing an information system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • application service provider(ASP)

    解説

  • 32

    the use of software time from application providers; firms pay only for their usage of the software, not for purchasing or maintaining the software

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • on-demand computing

    解説

  • 33

    use of powerful servers that store applications software and databases that users access by using any Internet-connected device, such as a PC or a smartphone.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cloud computing

    解説

  • 34

    By combining multiple small computers, ______creates a virtual mainframe or even a supercomputer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • grid computing

    解説

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