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RSM ch10

カード 100枚 作成者: Siyang Fan (作成日: 2016/02/10)

  • the location decisions depend on:
    (3)

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  • 1

    the location decisions depend on: (3)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.transport 2. human 3.physical

    解説

  • 2

    transportation considerations (3)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.closeness of market 2.closeness of raw materials 3. transportation options

    解説

  • 3

    physical factors (3)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (1) water supply (2) energy (3) hazardous waste

    解説

  • 4

    human factors(4)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. labour resources 2 zoning regulation 3. tax regulation 4.community living conditions

    解説

  • 5

    location 之前的还没记,提醒一下

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

  • 6

    what study is needed when test the influence of life quality of surrounding areas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • environment impact study

    解説

  • 7

    product management task(4)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.planning 2.selecting layout 3.carry out plan 4.control and make adjustment

    解説

  • 8

    what is the benefits of team-oriented structure in the production?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.responsible for the production 2. have authority to improve the quality 3. no competition in the structure

    解説

  • 9

    4 facility layout designs:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • process, fixed position, product, customer oriented

    解説

  • 10

    the aim of efficient layout(3)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.reduce material handling 2.reduce cost 3.increase the product flow

    解説

  • 11

    which layout is for different product functions, and general equipment, non-standard and relative small batches?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • process layout

    解説

  • 12

    which outlay is related to assembly line and is related to large number of similar product; and now robots replace human to do this

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • product

    解説

  • 13

    which outlay is related to producing heavy, large products such as ships, aeroplanes, oil drilling

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fixed-position

    解説

  • 14

    which outlay sometimes is a combination which combine product,process, fixed outlay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • customer-oriented

    解説

  • 15

    what are the 3 activities in carrying out plan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.whether make, lease or buy the product 2.choose the best suppliers 3.control inventory

    解説

  • 16

    why keep alternative supplier relationship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in case strike or quality problems

    解説

  • 17

    what is the downsides of outsourcing(2)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.lay-off 2.decreased quality

    解説

  • 18

    a inventory system that can automatically reorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • perpetual inventory system

    解説

  • 19

    concept that hand over inventory function to supplier

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vendor-managed inventory

    解説

  • 20

    a broad management philosophy that reaches beyond the narrow activity of inventory control to affect the entire system of production and operations management.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • just in time system

    解説

  • 21

    a computer- based production planning system that ensures a firm has all the parts and materials it needs to produce its output at the right time and place and in the right amounts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • material requirement planning

    解説

  • 22

    5 steps of controlling

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • planning, routing, scheduling, dispatching, follow-up

    解説

  • 23

    managers decide on the amount of resources (including raw materials and other items) needed to produce a certain out- put. which step?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • production planning

    解説

  • 24

    manager decides on the sequence of work throughout the facility, who will perform each part of the work, and where the work will be done. which step?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • routing

    解説

  • 25

    routing choice depends on two factors?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.nature of product and service 2.facility layout

    解説

  • 26

    timetables that show how long each operation in the production process takes and when workers should perform it. which step?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • scheduling

    解説

  • 27

    for scheduling, there are two kinds of charts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Gantt chart 2. PERT chart (for complex project)

    解説

  • 28

    which step is the responsibility of a manager or a self-managed work team to decide what to do, how long to do, and offer instructions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dispatching

    解説

  • 29

    what the process is called:the process of looking at how well other companies perform business functions or tasks and using their performance as a standard for measuring another company’s performance.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • benchmarking

    解説

  • 30

    what is the difference between quality control and benchmarking?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • quality control is about quality standard, while benchmarking is about other companies' performance

    解説

  • 31

    which ISO standard: ensure the high quality and continuous improvement?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ISO 9000

    解説

  • 32

    which ISO standard is about the envirnment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ISO 14000

    解説

  • 33

    ISO 9001:2008 and ISO 14001:2004 about?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • quality management system environment management system

    解説

  • 34

    does ISO carry out auditing and certification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • no, independent organizations do such a job.

    解説

  • 35

    why company needs ISO auditing and certification?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • because managers, consumers and shareholders can see the confidence of company's ability

    解説

  • 36

    3 kinds of production?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mass production, flexible production, customer-driven

    解説

  • 37

    ___is a system for manufacturing products in large quantities by using effective combinations of employees with specialized skills, mechanization, and standardization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mass production

    解説

  • 38

    * mass production-->automatic, standard, specialization-->assembly line

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 39

    *flexible production is usually more cost-effective for producing smaller runs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 40

    *flexible production 1.use information technology of detail of customer order and 2,programmable equipment to fill order(automation) 3.skilled people carry out tasks —>auto industry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

  • 41

    *customer-driven production 1.set up computer links between customers and retailers to forecast and design production schedule 2.wait until customers order

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 42

    *analytical and synthetic continuous and intermittent -->production process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 43

    *Green manufacturing process for long-term success

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 44

    *LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) a voluntary certification program administered by the Canada Green Building Council, aimed at promoting the most sustainable construction processes available.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

  • 45

    _______ is a production facility that workers can quickly change to manufacture different products.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • flexible manufacturing system

    解説

  • 46

    ___is an integrated production system that uses computers to help workers design products, control machines, handle materials, and control the production function.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • computer-integrated manufacturing

    解説

  • 47

    *computer-integrated manufacturing does not always lead to more automation and fewer people than other options. But it does involve a new type of automation that is organized around the computer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 48

    *key to CIM is a centralized computer system running software that integrates and controls separate processes and functions.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 49

    *The advantages of CIM include increased productivity, decreased design costs, increased equipment utilization, and improved quality.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 50

    CIM is widely used in the ____industry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • printing

    解説

  • 51

    The decision of where to locate a production facility depends on 3 factors:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • transportation, human, physical factors

    解説

  • 52

    A manufacturing business that wants to locate near a community must prepare an _______study. This study analyzes how a proposed plant will affect the quality of life in the surrounding area

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • environment impact

    解説

  • 53

    A recent trend in location strategy is bringing production facilities closer to the final markets One reason is the reduced time and cost for ____. Another reason is a closer ____relationship between the parent company and the supplier (in cases where production remains overseas)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • shipping, cultural

    解説

  • 54

    *incentives may take the form of tax breaks, agreements to improve infrastructure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 55

    production management processes(4)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • plan, select best layout, carry out the plan, control plan

    解説

  • 56

    *products must satisfy customers and be produced as efficiently and inexpensively as possible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 57

    *Production departments focus on planning the production process in two ways: (1) by converting original product ideas into final specifications and (2) by designing the most efficient facilities to produce those products.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 58

    *In a traditional manufacturing organization, each production manager has a specific area of authority and responsibility. One downside is that it may actually mean that the purchasing manager will compete against the inventory control manager.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 59

    *More organizations have moved toward team-oriented structures

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 60

    Some organizations assign team members to specific projects, with all team members reporting to _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • production manager

    解説

  • 61

    what are two benefits of team-oriented production

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (1)all workers on teams are responsible for their output, (2) teamwork avoids the competitiveness between managers often found in traditional structures.

    解説

  • 62

    four types to select facility layout

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • product layout, process layout, fixed position, customer-oriented layout

    解説

  • 63

    A process layout groups machinery and equipment according to their ____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • functions

    解説

  • 64

    A process layout often makes it easier to produce a variety of_______(nonstandard/standard) items in relatively ____( big/small)batches.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • non-standard, small

    解説

  • 65

    A product layout, also called an ____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • assembly line

    解説

  • 66

    what are benefits and downsides of product layout?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This type of layout efficiently produces large numbers of similar items, but it may be inflexible, with room for only a few product variations

    解説

  • 67

    *automation solves one of the major drawbacks of product layout system—unlike humans, robots don’t get bored doing a dull, repetitive job

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

  • 68

    _____ suits very large, bulky, heavy, or fragile products. For example, a bridge cannot be built on an assembly line. Fixed-position layouts are in used in several industries, including construction, shipbuilding, aircraft and aerospace, and oil drilling.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fixed-position layout

    解説

  • 69

    what influence the make,buy,lease decisions?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.firm’s standards for quality and quantity. 2.affected by the need for confidentiality 3. the supplies for a short or long period 4. whether have technology ...

    解説

  • 70

    *selecting suppliers may require a joint decision by the production, engineering, purchasing, and quality-control departments

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 71

    what are the benefits of build long-term contract and relations with suppliers?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • availability of supply, reduce the number of suppliers they handle, expand their role in production process

    解説

  • 72

    *Production managers use networking to learn about suppliers and to get to know them personally. Managers also meet suppliers, competitors, and colleagues at trade shows, conferences, and seminars, and other meetings.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 73

    Many grocery stores link their scanning devices to ______that reorder goods with- out the need for a human

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • perpetual inventory system

    解説

  • 74

    JIT systems are used in a wide range of industries, including the______supply field

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • medical

    解説

  • 75

    JIT system shifts most of the responsibility for carrying inventory to _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • suppliers

    解説

  • 76

    *Strong demand can overtax JIT systems.Suppliers and their customers may struggle to keep up with orders without having an inventory of goods to meet the extra demand

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 77

    Production managers use ____to create schedules that list the specific parts and materials, time needed to produce an item

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • material requirement planning

    解説

  • 78

    _____creates well-defined procedures for coordinating people, materials, and machinery to provide the greatest production efficiency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • production control

    解説

  • 79

    _____ also ensures the availability of needed machines and personnel , raw material and components

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • production planning

    解説

  • 80

    in _______,the manager decides on the sequence of work throughout the facility, who will perform each part of the work, and where the work will be done

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • routing

    解説

  • 81

    routing depends on two factors:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.the nature of the good and service 2.facility layout

    解説

  • 82

    In ____ stage, managers develop timetables that show how long each operation in the production process takes and when workers should perform it.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • scheduling

    解説

  • 83

    *an effective scheduling can make sure that 1. delivery in time 2. efficient use of the resources

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 84

    ____ are most effective for scheduling simple projects.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Gantt chart

    解説

  • 85

    A complex project might require a ____chart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • PERT(program evaluation and review technique)

    解説

  • 86

    ____—the sequence of operations that requires the longest time for completion in PERT

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • critical path

    解説

  • 87

    which type of complex production planning is needed when constructing a huge office building?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • PERT

    解説

  • 88

    dispatching phase of production control, management___ each department on the work it needs to do and how long it has to do the work

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • instruct

    解説

  • 89

    in _____ phase of production control, managers and employees, or team members, spot problems in the production process and come up with solutions.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • follow-up

    解説

  • 90

    *planning control概括: 要什么去干,怎么干,什么时候干, 开始干,干得怎么样

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    解説

  • 91

    quality is defined as the state of being free of _____or imperfections

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • deficiency

    解説

  • 92

    *Quality matters because it is costly to fix, replace, or redesign imperfect products

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 93

    _____is the process of looking at how well other companies perform business functions or tasks and using their performance as a standard for measuring another company’s performance.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • benchmarking

    解説

  • 94

    *A firm might choose a direct competitor for benchmarking, or it might choose a company in an entirely different industry that has processes the firm wants to study and copy.22

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 95

    *Quality control involves measuring output against quality standards

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 96

    *A typical factory can spend up to half its operating budget identifying and fixing mistakes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 97

    *When a company uses Six Sigma, it tries to make error-free products 99.9997 percent of the time.The goal of Six Sigma programs is for companies to eliminate nearly all defects in output, processes, and transactions.23

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 98

    *production managers should identify all processes involved in producing goods and services and then work to increase the efficiency of these processes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 99

    *IOS mission is to develop and promote international standards for business, government, and society. The aim is to improve and encourage global trade and cooperation.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

  • 100

    *ISO certification is not a requirement of either standard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • .

    解説

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