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Root, Prefix, and Suffix

カード 53枚 作成者: yuta (作成日: 2016/01/28)

  • a, ab, abs


    absent abscond

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教材の説明:

prefix (grammar) a letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning, such as un- in unhappy and pre- in preheat
Suffix a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to make another word, such as -ly in quickly or -ness in sadness

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    a, ab, abs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • absent abscond
    • not to be present, away abscond – to run away

    答え

    • away from

    解説

    Prefix

  • 2

    ad, a, ac, af, ag, an, ar, at, as

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • adapt adhere annex attract
    • to fit into to stick to to add or join to draw near

    答え

    • to, toward

    解説

    Prefix

  • 3

    anti

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • antifreeze antisocial
    • a substance to prevent freezing refers to someone who’s not social

    答え

    • against

    解説

    Prefix

  • 4

    bi, bis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • bicycle biannual biennial
    • two wheeled cycle twice each year every two years

    答え

    • two

    解説

    Prefix

  • 5

    circum, cir

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • circumscribe circle
    • to draw around a figure that goes all around

    答え

    • around

    解説

    Prefix

  • 6

    com, con, co, col

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • combine contact collect co-worker
    • to bring together to touch together to bring together co-worker

    答え

    • with, together

    解説

    Prefix

  • 7

    de

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • depart decline
    • to go away from to turn down

    答え

    • away from, down, the opposite of

    解説

    Prefix

  • 8

    dis, dif, di

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • dislike dishonest distant
    • not to like not honest away

    答え

    • apart

    解説

    Prefix

  • 9

    epi

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • epitaph epilogue
    • writing upon a tombstone speech at the end, on top of the rest

    答え

    • upon, on top of

    解説

    Prefix

  • 10

    equ, equi

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • equalize equitable
    • to make equal fair, equal

    答え

    • equal

    解説

    Prefix

  • 11

    ex, e, ef

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • exit eject exhale
    • to go out to throw out to breathe out

    答え

    • out, from

    解説

    Prefix

  • 12

    in, il, ir, im, en

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • inject impose
    • to put into to force into

    答え

    • in, into

    解説

    Prefix

  • 13

    in, il, ig, ir, im

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • inactive ignoble irreversible irritate
    • not active not noble not reversible to put into discomfort

    答え

    • not

    解説

    Prefix

  • 14

    inter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • international interpose
    • among nations to put between

    答え

    • between, among

    解説

    prefix

  • 15

    mal, male

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • malpractice malfunction
    • bad practice fail to function, bad function

    答え

    • bad, ill, wrong

    解説

    prefix

  • 16

    mis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • mistreat mistake misplace
    • to treat badly to get wrong to put in wrong place

    答え

    • wrong, badly

    解説

    prefix

  • 17

    mono

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • monopoly monotone monologue monosyllable
    • one ownership one note speech by one person one syllable

    答え

    • one, alone, single

    解説

    prefix

  • 18

    non

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • nonsense nonprofit
    • not making sense not making a profit

    答え

    • not, the reverse of

    解説

    prefix

  • 19

    ob

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • obstacle obvious obviate
    • something that stands in the way of right in front of, apparent to do away with, make unnecessary

    答え

    • in front, against, in front of, in the way of

    解説

    prefix

  • 20

    omni

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • omnipresent omnipotent
    • always present, everywhere all powerful

    答え

    • everywhere, all

    解説

    prefix

  • 21

    per

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • pervade perceive
    • to pass through, to spread through to become aware through sight

    答え

    • through

    解説

    prefix

  • 22

    poly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • polysyllable polygon
    • many syllables figure with many sides

    答え

    • many

    解説

    prefix

  • 23

    post

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • postpone postmortem
    • to do after after death

    答え

    • after

    解説

    prefix

  • 24

    pre

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • preview prehistoric preface
    • a viewing earlier than another before written history a statement before an article or book

    答え

    • before, earlier than

    解説

    prefix

  • 25

    pro

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • proceed promote
    • to go forward to raise or more forward

    答え

    • forward, going ahead of, supporting

    解説

    prefix

  • 26

    re

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • retell, recall, recede
    • to tell again, to call back, to go back

    答え

    • again, back

    解説

    prefix

  • 27

    se

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • secede, seclude
    • to withdraw, to stay apart from others

    答え

    • apart

    解説

  • 28

    sub

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • submarine, subway, subliminal
    • under water, a path or way to move under ground, below the level of consciousness

    答え

    • under, less than

    解説

  • 29

    super

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • superstar
    • a start greater than other stars

    答え

    • over, above, greater

    解説

  • 30

    trans

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • transcontinental, transverse
    • across the continent, to lie or go across

    答え

    • across

    解説

  • 31

    un, uni

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • unidirectional, unanimous
    • having one direction, sharing one view

    答え

    • one

    解説

  • 32

    un

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • unhelpful, uninterested
    • not helpful, not interested

    答え

    • not

    解説

  • 33

    act, ag

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • agent, activity
    • one who acts as a representative, action

    答え

    • to do, to act

    解説

  • 34

    apert

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • aperture
    • an opening

    答え

    • open

    解説

  • 35

    bas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • basement
    • something that is low, at the bottom

    答え

    • low

    解説

  • 36

    cap, capt, cip, cept, ceive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • captive, receive, capable, recipient
    • one who is held, to take, able to take hold of things, one who takes hold or receives

    答え

    • to take, to hold, to seize

    解説

  • 37

    ced, cede, ceed, cess

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • precede, access, proceed
    • to go before, means of going to, to go forward

    答え

    • to go, to give in

    解説

  • 38

    cred, credit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • credible, incredible
    • believable, not belieable

    答え

    • to believe

    解説

  • 39

    curr, curs, cours

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • current, precursory
    • now in progress, running before

    答え

    • to run

    解説

  • 40

    dic, dict

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • dictionary, indict
    • a book explaining words, to say or make an accusation

    答え

    • to say

    解説

  • 41

    duc, duct

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • induce, conduct
    • to lead to action, to lead or guide

    答え

    • to lead

    解説

  • 42

    equ

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • equality, equanimity
    • equal in social, evenness of mind

    答え

    • equal, even

    解説

  • 43

    fac, fact, fix, fact, fy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • facile, fiction, factory
    • easy to do, something that is made up, place that makes things

    答え

    • to make, to do

    解説

  • 44

    fer, ferr

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • defer, referral
    • to carry away, bring a source for help/information

    答え

    • to carry, bring

    解説

  • 45

    graph

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • monograph, graphite
    • a writing on a particular subject, a form of carbon used for writing

    答え

    • write

    解説

  • 46

    mit, mis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • admit, missile
    • to send in, something sent through the air

    答え

    • to send

    解説

  • 47

    par

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • parity, disparate
    • equality, no equal

    答え

    • equal

    解説

  • 48

    plic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • complicate, implicate
    • to fold together, to fold in

    答え

    • to fold, to bend, to turn

    解説

  • 49

    pon, pos, posit, pose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • component, transpose, compose
    • a part placed together with others, a place across, to put many parts into place

    答え

    • to place

    解説

  • 50

    scrib, script

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • describe, transcript, subscription
    • to write about or tell about, a written copy, a written signature or document

    答え

    • to write

    解説

  • 51

    sequ, secu

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • sequence, sequel, consecutive
    • in following order, a second or following, one that follows another

    答え

    • to follow

    解説

  • 52

    spec, spect, spic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • specimen, aspect
    • an example to look at, one way to see something

    答え

    • to appear, to look, to see

    解説

  • 53

    sta, stat, sist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • constant
    • standing with

    答え

    • to stand, or make stand

    解説

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