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CE①Lesson 6,7 Vocabulary

カード 81枚 作成者: Dahei (作成日: 2015/11/20)

  • solar


    Even though you cannot see it, you are also looking at the largest junkyard in the solar system

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教材の説明:

CUHS English 2nd year, assembled by Dahei

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  • 1

    solar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Even though you cannot see it, you are also looking at the largest junkyard in the solar system

    答え

    • 太陽の

    解説

  • 2

    mile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Placed higher than the highest clouds but much closer than the moon, the junkyard stretches to 20,000 miles overhead

    答え

    • マイル

    解説

  • 3

    overhead

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Placed higher than the highest clouds but much closer than the moon, the junkyard stretches to 20,000 miles overhead

    答え

    • 頭上に

    解説

  • 4

    junk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There are tens of millions of pieces of junk there

    答え

    • ごみ

    解説

  • 5

    dust

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Some are rocks and dust from passing comets, but most are manmade and called “orbital debris.”

    答え

    • ちり

    解説

  • 6

    comet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Some are rocks and dust from passing comets, but most are manmade and called “orbital debris.”

    答え

    • 彗星

    解説

  • 7

    orbital

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Some are rocks and dust from passing comets, but most are manmade and called “orbital debris.”

    答え

    • 軌道の

    解説

  • 8

    debris

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Some are rocks and dust from passing comets, but most are manmade and called “orbital debris.”

    答え

    • デブリ(ごみ)

    解説

  • 9

    glove

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Astronauts have lost a camera, tools, and a glove in space

    答え

    • 手袋

    解説

  • 10

    satellite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Most of the junk, however, comes from large satellites and rockets that fell apart after they stopped working

    答え

    • 衛星

    解説

  • 11

    apart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Most of the junk, however, comes from large satellites and rockets that fell apart after they stopped working

    答え

    • ばらばらに

    解説

  • 12

    weigh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Together, all the space junk would weigh about 11 million pounds on the Earth, or more than 3,000 cars

    答え

    • 重さが~である

    解説

  • 13

    pound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Together, all the space junk would weigh about 11 million pounds on the Earth, or more than 3,000 cars

    答え

    • ポンド

    解説

  • 14

    fingernail

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The smallest piece is smaller than your fingernail

    答え

    解説

  • 15

    orbit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A small stone in orbit around the Earth can have as much energy as a bowling ball going 500 miles per hour, or a car going 30 miles per hour

    答え

    • 軌道

    解説

  • 16

    bowling

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A small stone in orbit around the Earth can have as much energy as a bowling ball going 500 miles per hour, or a car going 30 miles per hour

    答え

    • ボーリング

    解説

  • 17

    per

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A small stone in orbit around the Earth can have as much energy as a bowling ball going 500 miles per hour, or a car going 30 miles per hour

    答え

    • ~につき

    解説

  • 18

    track

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Without tracking debris , you cannot avoid collisions

    答え

    • ~を追跡する

    解説

  • 19

    collision

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Without tracking debris , you cannot avoid collisions

    答え

    • 衝突

    解説

  • 20

    shuttle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In 1983, a small crack appeared in one window of the space shuttle Challenger while it was in space

    答え

    • シャトル

    解説

  • 21

    challenger

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In 1983, a small crack appeared in one window of the space shuttle Challenger while it was in space

    答え

    • チャレンジャー,挑戦者

    解説

  • 22

    struck

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • If the shuttle had been struck by a larger piece of junk, the astronauts might have been in danger

    答え

    • ~をぶつける (<strike)

    解説

  • 23

    endeavor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When the space shuttle Endeavour returned to the Earth, its body had small holes from space garbage

    答え

    • (真剣な)努力

    解説

  • 24

    direction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Two satellites also had to change direction to avoid collisions with big pieces of junk

    答え

    • 方向

    解説

  • 25

    surveillance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The US Space Surveillance Network and NASA work together to keep track of the largest pieces of space junk

    答え

    • 監視

    解説

  • 26

    nearby

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When the shuttle is in orbit, for example, their attention is on nearby junk that might get in the way

    答え

    • 近くの

    解説

  • 27

    inch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There are about 17,000 pieces of garbage larger than four inches

    答え

    • インチ

    解説

  • 28

    dozen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The Space Surveillance Network keeps a list of all these pieces, with dozens of telescopes and antennas on the Earth and in space to watch them

    答え

    • 1ダース,12(個)

    解説

  • 29

    telescope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The Space Surveillance Network keeps a list of all these pieces, with dozens of telescopes and antennas on the Earth and in space to watch them

    答え

    • 望遠鏡

    解説

  • 30

    antenna

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The Space Surveillance Network keeps a list of all these pieces, with dozens of telescopes and antennas on the Earth and in space to watch them

    答え

    • アンテナ

    解説

  • 31

    prediction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The prediction of direction is not simple because the junk can move north or south, east or west, and up or down

    答え

    • 予測

    解説

  • 32

    instead

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Instead of watching each piece one by one, scientists watch one area of sky and count the number of pieces that pass overhead

    答え

    • その代わりに

    解説

  • 33

    count

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Instead of watching each piece one by one, scientists watch one area of sky and count the number of pieces that pass overhead

    答え

    • ~を数える

    解説

  • 34

    measurement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • With that small measurement, they can use a computer program to get a good idea of what the whole sky looks like

    答え

    • 測定

    解説

  • 35

    trash

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In the future, pieces of junk will probably hit each other, making even more trash

    答え

    • くずごみ

    解説

  • 36

    spacecraft

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For example, engineers are changing the way they build spacecraft to minimize debris

    答え

    • 宇宙船

    解説

  • 37

    minimize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For example, engineers are changing the way they build spacecraft to minimize debris

    答え

    • ~を最小限にする

    解説

  • 38

    cooperation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A solution will require international cooperation

    答え

    • 協力

    解説

  • 39

    guideline

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Guidelines for how to reduce the risk of space junk have already been approved

    答え

    • 指針

    解説

  • 40

    approve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Guidelines for how to reduce the risk of space junk have already been approved

    答え

    • ~を承認する

    解説

  • 41

    section

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • If you have badly burned or injured your skin, the doctor may have to take a section of the good skin from your back and sew it onto the injured area

    答え

    • 一部

    解説

  • 42

    medical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Thanks to a growing medical technology called tissue engineering, however, it may no longer be necessary for you to give up any skin in the near future

    答え

    • 医療の

    解説

  • 43

    tissue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Thanks to a growing medical technology called tissue engineering, however, it may no longer be necessary for you to give up any skin in the near future

    答え

    • 組織

    解説

  • 44

    engineering

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Thanks to a growing medical technology called tissue engineering, however, it may no longer be necessary for you to give up any skin in the near future

    答え

    • 工学技術

    解説

  • 45

    necessary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Thanks to a growing medical technology called tissue engineering, however, it may no longer be necessary for you to give up any skin in the near future

    答え

    • 必要な

    解説

  • 46

    incredible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Today, an incredible number of research studies have been carried out all over the world in this field

    答え

    • 信じられない

    解説

  • 47

    compete

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Scientists are working very hard and competing with one another to come up with faster and safer ways to create tissues such as skin from the patient’s own body cells

    答え

    • 競争する

    解説

  • 48

    injury

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was first a medical doctor treating back injuries, broken limbs, damaged joints, and such

    答え

    • けが

    解説

  • 49

    limb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was first a medical doctor treating back injuries, broken limbs, damaged joints, and such

    答え

    • 手足

    解説

  • 50

    joint

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was first a medical doctor treating back injuries, broken limbs, damaged joints, and such

    答え

    • 関節

    解説

  • 51

    disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • One day, he saw a woman with a serious disease in her joints

    答え

    • 病気

    解説

  • 52

    infect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was so shocked when he saw her infected joints, swollen and out of shape, that he decided to become a scientist

    答え

    • ~を感染させる

    解説

  • 53

    swollen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was so shocked when he saw her infected joints, swollen and out of shape, that he decided to become a scientist

    答え

    • ~をふくらませる (<swell)

    解説

  • 54

    basic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He went into basic study in order to find good ways to treat those patients suffering from serious diseases and injuries

    答え

    • 基礎の

    解説

  • 55

    muscle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • One way to create tissue is to use egg cells, which have the ability to grow into any body part such as hair or muscle

    答え

    • 筋肉

    解説

  • 56

    method

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • This method, however, has produced a lot of debate

    答え

    • 方法

    解説

  • 57

    debate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • This method, however, has produced a lot of debate

    答え

    • 議論

    解説

  • 58

    fear

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In addition, people fear that this method can lead to human cloning

    答え

    • ~を恐れる

    解説

  • 59

    cloning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In addition, people fear that this method can lead to human cloning

    答え

    • クローン化

    解説

  • 60

    succeed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Then, in 2007, they finally succeeded in creating heart muscle tissue from skin cells taken from a patient’s face

    答え

    • 成功する

    解説

  • 61

    gene

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They first added four kinds of genes to the skin cells to put them back into their initial state , a state similar to egg cells

    答え

    • 遺伝子

    解説

  • 62

    initial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They first added four kinds of genes to the skin cells to put them back into their initial state , a state similar to egg cells

    答え

    • 初期の

    解説

  • 63

    initialize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The four genes they found are now called “Yamanaka Factors,” and the initialized cells that can grow into any of the 200 cell types are called “iPS cells.”

    答え

    • ~を初期化する

    解説

  • 64

    illness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • These iPS cells could be used for treating various illnesses and injuries by transplanting them into body parts that are damaged or not in good condition

    答え

    • 病気

    解説

  • 65

    transplant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Last, they would transplant them into your heart

    答え

    • ~を移植する

    解説

  • 66

    condition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • These iPS cells could be used for treating various illnesses and injuries by transplanting them into body parts that are damaged or not in good condition

    答え

    • 状態

    解説

  • 67

    properly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For example, if your heart were not working properly, due to damaged heart muscles, doctors could first collect some of your body cells by cutting out a very small section of your ski

    答え

    • 正しく

    解説

  • 68

    due

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For example, if your heart were not working properly, due to damaged heart muscles, doctors could first collect some of your body cells by cutting out a very small section of your ski

    答え

    • ~のせいで,~が原因で

    解説

  • 69

    heat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Dr. Yamanaka’s findings heated up the competition in tissue engineering

    答え

    • ~を熱する

    解説

  • 70

    competition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Dr. Yamanaka’s findings heated up the competition in tissue engineering

    答え

    • 競争

    解説

  • 71

    mice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In fact, when he succeeded in creating iPS cells using mice in 2006, many foreign researchers followed his method and tried to overtake him

    答え

    • (ハツカ)ネズミ,マウス (<mouse)

    解説

  • 72

    researcher

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In fact, when he succeeded in creating iPS cells using mice in 2006, many foreign researchers followed his method and tried to overtake him

    答え

    • 研究者

    解説

  • 73

    overtake

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In fact, when he succeeded in creating iPS cells using mice in 2006, many foreign researchers followed his method and tried to overtake him

    答え

    • ~を追い越す

    解説

  • 74

    publish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For example, on the same day that Dr. Yamanaka published his study on human iPS cells in the journal Cell, an American researcher named Dr. James Thomson published a similar paper in Science

    答え

    • ~を発表する

    解説

  • 75

    journal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For example, on the same day that Dr. Yamanaka published his study on human iPS cells in the journal Cell, an American researcher named Dr. James Thomson published a similar paper in Science

    答え

    • (学術)雑誌

    解説

  • 76

    James Thomson

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For example, on the same day that Dr. Yamanaka published his study on human iPS cells in the journal Cell, an American researcher named Dr. James Thomson published a similar paper in Science

    答え

    • ジェイムズ・トムソン

    解説

  • 77

    online

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Dr. Yamanaka managed to keep the lead by publishing it online

    答え

    • オンラインで

    解説

  • 78

    certain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For example, in 2011, Dr. Dezawa’s research team at Tohoku University found that only a certain kind of body cell can become iPS cells

    答え

    • 特定の

    解説

  • 79

    quick

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Also, in the same year, Dr. Okano at Keio University found a quicker way to change cells into different types

    答え

    • 速い

    解説

  • 80

    possibility

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Although some researchers say that there is a possibility that iPS cells will grow into cancer cells, Dr. Okano’s method might avoid it

    答え

    • 可能性

    解説

  • 81

    priority

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • “Saving the patients” has always been the top priority on his list

    答え

    • 優先

    解説

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