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Common Law Vocabs

カード 48枚 作成者: Cresz (作成日: 2015/11/18)

  • any actor who is primarily responsible for a crime.

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教材の説明:

Preparation for Finals (NUK G.L.)

公開範囲:

公開

  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    any actor who is primarily responsible for a crime.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • principle offender

    解説

    正犯

  • 2

    aiding and abetting a criminal.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Having been charged with accessory offender, she is spared from death.

    答え

    • accessory offender

    解説

    從犯

  • 3

    intention to commit a crime but mere preparation, for some reason still guilty of criminal attempt.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • preparatory crime

    解説

    預備犯

  • 4

    to take someone away illegally and demand money for returning him/her.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • abduction

    解説

    擄人救贖

  • 5

    damage, injury, or trouble caused by someone's action.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • actual bodily harm

    解説

    故意傷害

  • 6

    a violent attack on someone.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • assault

    解説

    攻擊威脅

  • 7

    unlawfully hitting somebody.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • battery

    解説

    毆打

  • 8

    crime of killing an infant.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • infanticide

    解説

    殺嬰罪

  • 9

    crime of killing a person unlawfully but not intentionally.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • manslaughter

    解説

    過失致死

  • 10

    unlawful killing of a human being intentionally.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • murder

    解説

    蓄意殺人

  • 11

    mistreating some races, especially by the infliction of physical, sexual, or psychological harm.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • racial abuse

    解説

    種族歧視行為犯

  • 12

    to injure someone, especially with a knife or gun.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • wounding

    解説

    傷害

  • 13

    criminal and deliberate act of setting fire to a house or other building.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • arson

    解説

    縱火

  • 14

    being equipped to steal.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • This man was charged with 50 counts of theft of a motor vehicle, and 20 counts of armed larceny.

    答え

    • armed larceny

    解説

    攜械竊盜

  • 15

    a person who manages the affairs of another for purpose to take an illegal benefit for himself or for a third person or to harm the interests of his principle and who acts contrary to his duties.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • breach of trust

    解説

    背信

  • 16

    demanding money from somebody by threatening to reveal information which could harm him/her.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • blackmail

    解説

    恐嚇取財

  • 17

    breaking and entering alone is probably at least illegal trespass.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • breaking and entering

    解説

    非法侵入

  • 18

    crime of entering a building in order to steal.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • burglary

    解説

    侵入住宅竊盜

  • 19

    lawlessly physical done to something so that it is broken.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • criminal damage

    解説

    毀損器物

  • 20

    fraud in order to obtain property, services or pecuniary advantage.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • deception

    解説

    詐欺取財

  • 21

    to steal money from the place where you work.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • embezzlement

    解説

    侵占

  • 22

    the crime of illegally copying something.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • forgery

    解説

    偽證罪

  • 23

    offenses of handing or storing the thieved goods.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • John was arrested on Wednesday for receiving stolen property.

    答え

    • receiving stolen property

    解説

    贓物罪

  • 24

    the act of illegally copying and selling other people's work.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • piracy

    解説

    侵害著作權

  • 25

    the crime of attacking and stealing from ships.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • piracy

    解説

    海盜罪

  • 26

    the crime of deliberately damaging things, especially public property.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vandalism

    解説

    故意毀損公物罪

  • 27

    unruly and destructive behavior. Such behavior is commonly associated with sport fans, particularly supporters of proffessional football.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hooliganism

    解説

    運動賽事產生破壞暴力行為

  • 28

    the crime of stealing money or things from a person or place, especially using violence.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • robbery

    解説

    搶奪竊盜罪

  • 29

    the act of crime of stealing something.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • theft

    解説

    竊盜

  • 30

    offenses of interference with tranquililty.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • breach of the peace

    解説

    妨害安寧

  • 31

    production, distribution and sale of cocaine, heroin, amphetamine, etc.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • drug dealing

    解説

    毒品交易

  • 32

    drug addiction disobeyed.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • misuse of drug

    解説

    煙毒罪

  • 33

    offensive language or behavior involving sex, especially in a book and play.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • obscenity

    解説

    猥褻的言語或行為

  • 34

    doing any act which makes it more difficult for the police to carry out their lawful duty.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • obstruction of the police

    解説

    妨礙警察執行職務

  • 35

    a group of gangsters were charged with possessing weapons.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • possessing weapons

    解説

    擁有槍械

  • 36

    illegal coming together of a group of people for a specific purpose.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unlawful assembly

    解説

    非法集會

  • 37

    the actions by which an individual helps another person voluntarily bring about his or her own death.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • assisted suicide

    解説

    加工自殺

  • 38

    *the accident was due to careless or reckless driving.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • careless or reckless driving

    解説

    疏忽駕駛

  • 39

    *Mary was ordered to pay 6000 dollars for driving without a licence or insurance.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • driving without a licence or insurance

    解説

    無照駕駛

  • 40

    driving under the influence of alcohol.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • drunk in charge or drink driving

    解説

    酒後駕駛

  • 41

    marrying a person when still legally married to someone else.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bigamy

    解説

    重婚罪

  • 42

    the crime of deliberately doing something against moral standards in a public place.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • indecency

    解説

    公然猥褻

  • 43

    child sexual abuse or fantasy on the part of an adult of engaging in sexual activity with a child or children.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pedophilia

    解説

    公然猥褻

  • 44

    to force someone to have sex, especially by usinig violence.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • rape

    解説

    強制性交

  • 45

    without reason to open or conceal a sealed letter or other sealed document belonging to another.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • offense against privacy

    解説

    妨害秘密

  • 46

    giving or taking of bribes.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bribery

    解説

    行賄, 受賄

  • 47

    practice of spying or using spies to obtain secret information

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • espionage

    解説

    間諜罪

  • 48

    speech, writing, or actions that try to encourage people to disobey a government.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sedition

    解説

    煽動叛亂

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