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英美法生字

カード 45枚 作成者: Cresz (作成日: 2015/11/07)

  • having the legal ability to force someone to do something

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  • 1

    having the legal ability to force someone to do something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bind

    解説

  • 2

    to hold someone legally as to charge them with a crime

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • arrest

    解説

  • 3

    persons who make claims against someone in civil courts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • claimant

    解説

  • 4

    to say that someone has committed a crime

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • charge

    解説

  • 5

    failure to carry out the terms of an agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • breach

    解説

  • 6

    to send someone to prison or a court

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • commit

    解説

  • 7

    an adjective referring to the rights and duties of private persons or organizations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • civil

    解説

  • 8

    to ask a high law court to change its decision or sentence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • appeal

    解説

  • 9

    a court order telling someone to stop doing something, or not to do something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • injunction

    解説

  • 10

    a legal agreement between two or more parties

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • contract

    解説

  • 11

    an adjective referring to crime

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • criminal

    解説

  • 12

    the arguments used when fighting a case

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • defense

    解説

  • 13

    a disagreement or argument between parties

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dispute

    解説

  • 14

    a written or spoken statement of facts which helps to prove or disprove something at a trial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • evidence

    解説

  • 15

    money claimed by someone as compensation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • damages

    解説

  • 16

    to find that someone is guilty of a crime

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • covinct

    解説

  • 17

    a case which is being heard by a committee, tribunal or court of law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hearing

    解説

  • 18

    offense for which one may be punished by law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • crime

    解説

  • 19

    to order someone to pay money as a punishment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fine

    解説

  • 20

    someone who is accused or sued in a legal case

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • defendant

    解説

  • 21

    a response to an offer in which the terms of the original offer are changed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • counteroffer

    解説

  • 22

    nothing, as though it had not occurred

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nullity

    解説

  • 23

    restore an injured person to his or her original position prior to a loss

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • restitution

    解説

  • 24

    not good, having no legal effect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • void

    解説

  • 25

    the overcoming of a person's free will by the use of threat or physical harm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • duress

    解説

  • 26

    refraining from taking action

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • forbearance

    解説

  • 27

    a doctrine under which no consideration is necessary when someone makes a promise that induces another's action or forbearance and injustice can be avoided only by enforcing the promise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • promissory estoppel

    解説

  • 28

    cancel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • rescind

    解説

  • 29

    the transfer of a right from one person to another

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • assignment

    解説

  • 30

    damages that agreed upon by the parties at the time of the execution of a contract in the event of a subsequent breach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • liquidated damages

    解説

  • 31

    damages in name only

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nominal damages

    解説

  • 32

    an agreement whereby an original party to a contract is replaced by a new party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • novation

    解説

  • 33

    damages as a measure of punishment for the defendant's wrongful acts (also called exemplary damages)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • punitive damages

    解説

  • 34

    無因管理

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Management of affairs without mandate

    解説

  • 35

    要約與承諾

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • offer and acceptance

    解説

  • 36

    履行利益

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • intension means to want the agreement to have legal effect

    解説

  • 37

    期待利益

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • performance interest

    解説

  • 38

    信賴利益

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • exceptation interest

    解説

  • 39

    回復原狀利益

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reliance interest

    解説

  • 40

    契約的形成

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • restitution interest

    解説

  • 41

    a contract that is imposed by the court to prevent unjust enrichment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • quasi-contract

    解説

  • 42

    契約的要素

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • essential elements of contract

    解説

  • 43

    行政救濟法

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • administrative remedy law

    解説

  • 44

    valid but not legally enforceable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unenforeable

    解説

  • 45

    no legal rights

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • void

    解説

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