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New Words vol.2

カード 496枚 作成者: moomin (作成日: 2015/11/01)

  • dubious


    The assumption that growth in one country benefits the whole world is highly dubious.

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  • 1

    dubious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The assumption that growth in one country benefits the whole world is highly dubious.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. probably not honest, true, right etc 2[not before noun]. not sure whether something is good or true 4. not good or not of good quality

    解説

  • 2

    tactless

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I thought it would be tactless to ask about her divorce.

    答え

    • (adj) likely to upset or embarrass someone without intending to

    解説

  • 3

    pry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I don't want to pry, but I need to ask you one or two questions.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to try to find out details about someone else's private life in an impolite way 2[T always + adv/pp]. to force something open, or force it away from something else

    解説

  • 4

    irascible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an irascible old man

    答え

    • (adj) easily becoming angry

    解説

  • 5

    dab

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She wiped her tears away with a dab of her handkerchief.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a small amount of something that you put onto a surface 2. a light touch with your hand, a cloth etc 3. a small flat fish

    解説

    (v) 1[I or T]. to touch something lightly several times, usually with something such as a cloth 2[T]. to put a substance onto something with quick light movements of your hand

  • 6

    slog

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • After a day slogging away at work, I need to relax.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to work hard at something without stopping, especially when the work is difficult, tiring, or boring 2[always + adv/pp]. to make a long hard journey somewhere, especially on foot 3[ ~ it out, BE]. to fight, compete, or argue about something until one side wins

    解説

    (n) 1[singular, U]. a piece of work that takes a lot of time and effort and is usually boring 2[singular]. a long period of tiring walking

  • 7

    sojourn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a brief sojourn in Europe

    答え

    • (n, C) a short period of time that you stay in a place that is not your home

    解説

  • 8

    intravenous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an intravenous injection

    答え

    • (adj) through or into a vein

    解説

  • 9

    aversion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I have an aversion to housework.

    答え

    • (n, singular, U) a strong dislike of something or someone

    解説

  • 10

    derision

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His speech was greeted with derision by opposition leaders.

    答え

    • (n, U) when you show that you think someone or something is stupid or silly

    解説

  • 11

    wince

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Sandra winced as the dentist started to drill.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to suddenly change the expression on your face as a reaction to something painful or upsetting 2. to suddenly feel very uncomfortable or embarrassed because of something that happens, something you remember etc

    解説

    (n, singular)

  • 12

    ward something off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Don't forget insect repellent to ward off the mosquitoes.

    答え

    • to do something to try to protect yourself from something bad, such as illness, danger, or attack

    解説

  • 13

    doze

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I must have dozed off.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to sleep lightly for a short time 2[ ~ off]. to go to sleep, especially when you did not intend to

    解説

    (n, singular)

  • 14

    whistle-blower

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who tells people in authority or the public about dishonest or illegal practices at the place where they work

    解説

  • 15

    mire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The wheels got stuck in the mire.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. deep mud 2[the ~]. a bad or difficult situation that you cannot seem to escape from

    解説

  • 16

    specimen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a specimen of rock

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a small amount or piece that is taken from something, so that it can be tested or examined 2. a single example of something, often an animal or plant 3. a person you are describing in a particular way - used humorously

    解説

  • 17

    dread

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Tim dreaded his parents finding out.

    答え

    • (v, T) to feel anxious or worried about something that is going to happen or may happen

    解説

    (n, singular, U) a strong fear of something that is going to happen or may happen

  • 18

    refuge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • During the frequent air-raids, people took refuge in their cellars.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U]. shelter or protection from someone or something 2[C]. a place that provides shelter, or protection from danger

    解説

  • 19

    redundant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the removal of redundant information

    答え

    • (adj) not necessary because something else means or does the same thing

    解説

  • 20

    ruffle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He ruffled her hair affectionately.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to make a smooth surface uneven 2. to offend or upset someone slightly

    解説

  • 21

    reprehensible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I find their behaviour morally reprehensible.

    答え

    • (adj) very bad and deserving criticism

    解説

  • 22

    resilience

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • People showed remarkable resilience during the war.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. the ability to become strong, happy, or successful again after a difficult situation or event 2. the ability of a substance such as rubber to return to its original shape after it has been pressed or bent

    解説

    [also = resiliency]

  • 23

    elude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She took the exam again, but again success eluded her.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to escape from someone or something, especially by tricking them 2. to be unable to find or achieve by someone 3. to be unable to remember or solve by someone

    解説

  • 24

    unfounded

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Unfounded rumours began circulating that Ian and Susan were having an affair.

    答え

    • (adj) wrong because they are not based on facts

    解説

  • 25

    unkempt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) having not been kept neat

    解説

  • 26

    foray

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Wright is about to make his first foray into the music business.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. a short attempt at doing a particular job or activity, especially one that is very different from what you usually do 2. a short sudden attack by a group of soldiers, especially in order to get food or supplies 3. a short journey somewhere in order to get something or do something

    解説

  • 27

    kindle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A love of poetry was kindled in him by his mother.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) 1. to start to burn, or to get it to burn 2. to make someone feel interested, excited, hopeful etc

    解説

  • 28

    recluse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She became a recluse after her two sons were murdered.

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who chooses to live alone, and does not like seeing or talking to other people

    解説

  • 29

    grievance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The teachers' contract established a grievance procedure .

    答え

    • (n, U or C) a belief that you have been treated unfairly, or an unfair situation or event that affects and upsets you

    解説

  • 30

    underway

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Your peace will be shattered when the tourist season gets underway.

    答え

    • (adj) 1[not before noun]. happening now 2. moving

    解説

  • 31

    entice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Our special offers are intended to entice people to buy.

    答え

    • (v, T) to persuade someone to do something or go somewhere, usually by offering them something that they want

    解説

  • 32

    fraction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She paused for a fraction of a second.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a very small amount of something 2. a part of a whole number in mathematics, such as ½ or ¾

    解説

  • 33

    sprout

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Jim seemed to have sprouted a beard.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to start to grow, or to make it to start to grow 2[I]. to appear suddenly in large numbers

    解説

  • 34

    disastrous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Climate change could have disastrous effects on Earth.

    答え

    • (adj) very bad, or ending in failure

    解説

  • 35

    evasion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She accused him of evasion of his responsibilities.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U]. when you deliberately avoid doing something that you should do, or paying an amount of money that you should pay 2[U or C]. when you deliberately avoid talking about something or answering a question

    解説

  • 36

    ensue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • problems that ensue from food and medical shortages

    答え

    • (v, I) to happen after or as a result of something

    解説

  • 37

    entrust

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She entrusted her son's education to a private tutor.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone responsible for doing something important, or for taking care of someone

    解説

  • 38

    compel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She felt compelled to resign because of the scandal.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to force someone to do something 2. to make people have a particular feeling or attitude

    解説

  • 39

    capitalize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Ecuador has capitalized on its natural beauty to attract tourism.

    答え

    • (v, T, BE) to use a situation or something good that you have, in order to get an advantage for yourself

    解説

  • 40

    retract

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He confessed to the murder but later retracted his statement.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to say that you did not mean what you said 2[T or I]. to move a part of body or something back into main part

    解説

  • 41

    copious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He could drink copious amounts of beer without ill effect.

    答え

    • (adj, usually before noun) existing or being produced in large quantities

    解説

  • 42

    rumble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We could hear thunder rumbling in the distance.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to make a series of long low sounds, especially a long distance away from you 2[I always + adv/pp]. to move slowly along while making a series of long low sounds 3[I, stomach ~]. to make a noise, especially because you are hungry 4[T, BE]. to find out what someone is secretly intending to do

    解説

    (n, singular) a series of long low sounds

  • 43

    rumbling

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There have been rumblings about the need for better computers.

    答え

    • (n) 1[plural]. remarks that show that people are starting to become annoyed, or that a difficult situation is developing 2[C usually singular]. a series of long low sounds

    解説

  • 44

    uncanny

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an uncanny coincidence

    答え

    • (adj) very strange and difficult to explain

    解説

  • 45

    hand in hand

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They say that genius often goes hand in hand with madness.

    答え

    • 1[go ~]. to be closely connected 2. while holding each other's hand

    解説

  • 46

    console

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • No one could console her when Peter died.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone feel better when they are feeling sad or disappointed

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a flat board that contains the controls for a machine, piece of electrical equipment, computer etc 2. a special cupboard for a television, computer etc

  • 47

    hostile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Senator Lydon was hostile to our proposals.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. angry and deliberately unfriendly towards someone and ready to argue with them 2. opposing a plan or idea very strongly 3. belonging to an enemy 4. used to describe conditions that are difficult to live in, or that make it difficult to achieve something

    解説

  • 48

    lurk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She didn't see the figure lurking behind the bushes.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to wait somewhere quietly and secretly, usually because you are going to do something wrong 2. to exist, but you may not see it or know about it 3. to read what other people are writing to each other, but do not write any messages oneself

    解説

  • 49

    ostracize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was ostracized by the other students.

    答え

    • (v, T) to refuse to accept someone as a member of the group

    解説

  • 50

    accost

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was accosted by four youths and forced to give them all his money.

    答え

    • (v, T) to go towards someone you do not know and speak to them in an unpleasant or threatening way

    解説

  • 51

    cinch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The program is a cinch to install.

    答え

    • (n, singular) 1. something that is very easy 2[AE]. something that will definitely happen, or someone who will definitely do something

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to pull a belt, strap etc tightly around something 2[AE]. to make something certain to happen

  • 52

    vanity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Sabrina had none of the vanity so often associated with beautiful women.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. too much pride in yourself, so that you are always thinking about yourself and your appearance

    解説

  • 53

    parry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It is far easier to parry a direct blow than to stop it forcibly.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to defend yourself against someone who is attacking you by pushing their weapon or hand to one side 2[T]. to avoid answering a question that is difficult to answer or that someone does not want to answer

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 54

    hard-hitting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a hard-hitting report

    答え

    • (adj) criticizing someone or something in a strong and effective way

    解説

  • 55

    obsolete

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Will computers render books obsolete?

    答え

    • (adj) no longer useful, because something newer and better has been invented

    解説

  • 56

    censor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The information given to the press was carefully censored by the Ministry of Defence.

    答え

    • (v, T) to examine books, films, letters etc to remove anything that is considered offensive, morally harmful, or politically dangerous etc

    解説

    (n, C) someone whose job is to examine books, films, letters etc and remove anything considered to be offensive, morally harmful, or politically dangerous

  • 57

    lawful

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It is not lawful to kill or injure a pet animal.

    答え

    • (adj) allowed or recognized by law

    解説

  • 58

    outlay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • House buyers usually have a large initial outlay on carpets and furniture.

    答え

    • (n, U or C) the amount of money that you have to spend in order to start a new business, activity etc

    解説

  • 59

    stoical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) not showing emotion or not complaining when bad things happen to you

    解説

  • 60

    libel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Holt sued the newspaper for libel.

    答え

    • (n, U or C) when someone writes or prints untrue statements about someone so that other people could have a bad opinion of them

    解説

    (v, T) to write or print a libel against someone

  • 61

    capricious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She was as capricious as her mother had been.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. likely to change your mind suddenly or behave in an unexpected way 2. changing quickly and suddenly

    解説

  • 62

    euphoric

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Scientists are euphoric at the success of the test.

    答え

    • (adj) feeling very happy and excited

    解説

  • 63

    crude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a crude wooden bridge

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not exact or without any detail, but generally correct and useful 2. not developed to a high standard, or made with little skill 3. offensive or rude, especially in a sexual way 4[only before noun]. in its natural or raw condition before it is treated with chemicals

    解説

    (n, U) oil that is in its natural condition, as it comes out of an oil well, before it is made more pure or separated into different products

  • 64

    effusive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Dotty was effusive in her thanks.

    答え

    • (adj) showing your good feelings in a very excited way

    解説

  • 65

    tepid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a tepid response from the audience

    答え

    • (adj) 1. showing a lack of excitement or interest 2. slightly warm, especially in a way that seems unpleasant

    解説

  • 66

    flout

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Some companies flout the rules and employ children as young as seven.

    答え

    • (v, T) to deliberately disobey a law, rule etc, without trying to hide what you are doing

    解説

  • 67

    fickle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an unpredictable and fickle lover

    答え

    • (adj) 1. always changing their mind about people or things that they like, so that you cannot depend on them - used to show disapproval 2. often changing suddenly

    解説

  • 68

    coalesce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Gradually the different groups of people coalesced into one dominant racial group.

    答え

    • (v, I) to combine to form one single group

    解説

  • 69

    stay up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I let the kids stay up late on Fridays.

    答え

    • to not go to bed at the time you would normally go to bed

    解説

  • 70

    sensible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's sensible to keep a note of your passport number.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. reasonable, practical, and showing good judgment 2. suitable for a particular purpose, and practical rather than fashionable 3[formal]. noticeable 4[be ~ of something]. to know or realize that something exists or is true

    解説

    A sensible person is reasonable and shows good judgement. A sensitive person is easily upset, or understands other people's feelings when they are upset.

  • 71

    ratty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a ratty old sofa

    答え

    • (adj) 1[BE]. becoming annoyed quickly or easily 2[AE]. dirty and in bad condition

    解説

  • 72

    lament

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The nation lamented the death of its great war leader.

    答え

    • (v, written) 1[I or T]. to express feelings of great sadness about something 2[T]. to express annoyance or disappointment about something you think is unsatisfactory or unfair

    解説

    (n, C) a song, piece of music, or something that you say, that expresses a feeling of sadness

  • 73

    on purpose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You make it sound as if I did it on purpose!

    答え

    • (adv) deliberately

    解説

  • 74

    work oneself into

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He seemed to be working himself into a rage.

    答え

    • to make yourself become (adj), especially nervous, angry

    解説

  • 75

    shoo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He shooed the kids out of the kitchen.

    答え

    • (interjection) used to tell an animal or a child to go away (v, T always + adv/pp) to make an animal or a child go away, especially because they are annoying you

    解説

  • 76

    ripe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Those tomatoes aren't ripe yet.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. fully grown and ready to eat, or ready for something to happen sooner 2. mature 3[~ smell]. strong and unpleasant - used humorously

    解説

  • 77

    tramp

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a long tramp through the snow

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. someone who has no home or job and moves from place to place, often asking for food or money 2. a long or difficult walk

    解説

    (v, I always + adv/pp, T) to walk somewhere slowly and with heavy steps

  • 78

    intercourse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • sexual intercourse

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. the act of having sex 2. an exchange of ideas, feelings etc which make people or groups understand each other better

    解説

  • 79

    ammunition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His mistakes provided political opponents with even more ammunition.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. bullets, shells etc that are fired from guns 2. information that you can use to criticize someone or win an argument against them

    解説

  • 80

    atrocity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C usually plural, or U) an extremely cruel and violent action, especially during a war

    解説

  • 81

    flirt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She was flirting outrageously with some of the managers.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to behave towards someone in a way that shows that you are sexually attracted to them, although you do not really want a relationship with them

    解説

    (n, C) someone who flirts with people

  • 82

    seminal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a seminal study of eighteenth-century France

    答え

    • (adj) 1. important and influencing the way things develop in the future 2[only before noun]. producing or containing semen

    解説

  • 83

    swat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He calmly swatted a couple of flies.

    答え

    • (v, T) to hit an insect in order to kill it

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 84

    trudge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We trudged home through the snow.

    答え

    • (v, I always + adv/pp) to walk with slow heavy steps, especially because you are tired or it is difficult to walk

    解説

    (n, singular)

  • 85

    mean

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It was mean of him not to invite her.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. cruel or not kind 2. not wanting to spend money, or not wanting to use much of something 3[only before noun]. average 4[only before noun]. poor or looking poor

    解説

  • 86

    empirical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • empirical evidence

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) based on scientific testing or practical experience, not on ideas

    解説

  • 87

    marginal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a marginal increase in the unemployment figures

    答え

    • (adj) 1. too small to be important 2. relating to a change in cost, value etc when one more thing is produced, one more dollar is earned etc 3[only before noun]. written in a margin

    解説

  • 88

    fit in OK

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Is she fitting in OK?

    答え

    • to be accepted by the other people in a group well

    解説

  • 89

    lay off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Millions of people have been laid off in the steel industry.

    答え

    • 1. to stop employing someone because there is no work for them to do 2. to stop using or doing something, or annoying someone or hurting them 3. to pass the ball to someone in your team in a game such as football - used in sports reports

    解説

  • 90

    ask someone out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Jerry's too scared to ask her out.

    答え

    • to ask someone, especially someone of the opposite sex, to go to a film, a restaurant etc with you

    解説

  • 91

    snore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He could hear the old man snoring.

    答え

    • (v, I) to breathe in a noisy way through your mouth and nose while you are asleep

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 92

    lush

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The fields were lush with grass and flowers.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having grown many leaves and look healthy and strong 2. very beautiful, comfortable, and expensive

    解説

  • 93

    culinary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the region's culinary delights

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) relating to cooking

    解説

  • 94

    speak highly of someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to say that someone is very good and you admire someone

    解説

    think highly of someone

  • 95

    recount

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Alan recounted how he and Joyce had met.

    答え

    • (v, T) to tell someone a story or describe a series of events

    解説

    (n, C) a second count of votes that happens in an election because the result was very close

  • 96

    out of place

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He never seemed to feel out of place at social functions.

    答え

    • 1. not suitable for a particular situation or occasion 2. not in the correct or usual position

    解説

  • 97

    caution someone against something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Business leaders are cautioning against hasty action that would hamper flexibility.

    答え

    • to warn someone that something might be dangerous, difficult etc

    解説

  • 98

    unconditional

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the unconditional release of all political prisoners

    答え

    • (adj) not limited by or depending on any conditions

    解説

  • 99

    be coupled with something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Lack of rain coupled with high temperatures caused the crops to fail.

    答え

    • to happen or exist together and produce a particular result

    解説

  • 100

    hint of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'When?' he asked with a hint of impatience.

    答え

    • a very small amount or sign of something

    解説

  • 101

    dent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • No one was injured, but the car was scratched and dented.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to hit or press something, or to be hit or pressed so that its surface is bent inwards 2[T]. to damage or harm something

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a hollow area in the surface of something, usually made by something hitting it 2. a reduction in the amount of something

  • 102

    know something by heart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • After a few days of phoning Stephanie, he knew her number by heart.

    答え

    • to remember all of it exactly

    解説

  • 103

    thresh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • threshing machine

    答え

    • (v, I or T) to separate grains of corn, wheat etc from the rest of the plant by beating it with a special tool or machine

    解説

  • 104

    stink

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The toilets stank to high heaven!

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to have a strong and very unpleasant smell 2(spoken). used to say that something is bad, unfair, dishonest etc

    解説

    [stink, stank, stunk] (n, C usually singular) a very bad smell

  • 105

    subsume

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A wide range of offences are usually subsumed under the category of robbery.

    答え

    • (v, T) to include someone or something as a member of a group or type, rather than considering it separately

    解説

  • 106

    good God

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • = oh my God

    解説

    = almighty God

  • 107

    denomination

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Christians of all denominations

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a religious group that has slightly different beliefs from other groups within the same religion 2. the value shown on a coin, paper money, or a stamp

    解説

  • 108

    come up with

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We've been asked to come up with some new ideas.

    答え

    • 1. to think of an idea, answer etc 2. to produce an amount of money

    解説

  • 109

    loaf

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They spend all day loafing around on street corners.

    答え

    • (v, I) to spend time somewhere and not do very much [= hang around/round]

    解説

    (n) [plural = loaves] 1[C]. bread that is shaped and baked in one piece and can be cut into slices 2[U or C]. food that has been cut into very small pieces, pressed together, and baked

  • 110

    sucker

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You fell for that old line? Sucker!

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. someone who is easily tricked or persuaded to do something 2[be a ~ for somebody/something]. to like someone or something very much, especially so that you cannot refuse them 3. a part of an insect or of an animal's body that it uses to hold on to a surface 4[AE]. a lollipop 5. a part of a plant that grows from the root or lower stem of a plant to become a new plant 6. a flat round piece of rubber that sticks to a surface by suction

    解説

    (v, AE) to persuade someone to do something they do not want to do, especially by tricking them or lying to them

  • 111

    lean

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was lean, tall, and muscular.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. thin in a healthy and attractive way 2. not fatty 3. using only as much money and as many people as it needs, so that nothing is wasted 4. very difficult because there is not enough money, business etc

    解説

  • 112

    play around

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Play around with the ingredients if you like.

    答え

    • 1. to have a sexual relationship with someone who is not your usual partner 2. to try doing something in different ways, to see what would be best, especially when this is fun 3. to behave in a silly way or waste time, when you should be doing something more serious 4. to keep moving or making changes to something in your hands

    解説

  • 113

    coerce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The rebels coerced the villagers into hiding them from the army.

    答え

    • (v, T) to force someone to do something they do not want to do by threatening them

    解説

  • 114

    can't take one's eyes off something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She looked stunning. I couldn't take my eyes off her all evening.

    答え

    • to be unable to stop looking at someone or something, especially because they are extremely interesting or attractive

    解説

  • 115

    divert

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Officials diverted revenue from arms sales to the rebels.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to change the use of something such as time or money 2. to change the direction in which something travels 3. to arrange for telephone calls to go directly to another number, for example because you are not able to answer them yourself for some time 4. to deliberately take someone's attention from something by making them think about or notice other things 5. to amuse or entertain someone

    解説

  • 116

    in a fashion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Please leave the building in an orderly fashion.

    答え

    • in a particular way

    解説

  • 117

    resemble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's amazing how closely Brian and Steve resemble each other.

    答え

    • (v, T, not in progressive or passive) to look like or be similar to someone or something

    解説

  • 118

    bear in mind

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Bear in mind that some children will need help.

    答え

    • o remember a fact or piece of information that is important or could be useful in the future

    解説

  • 119

    arousal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, U) excitement, especially sexual excitement

    解説

  • 120

    stimulate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • An inspiring teacher can stimulate students to succeed.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to encourage or help an activity to begin or develop further 2. to encourage someone by making them excited about and interested in something 3. to make a plant or part of the body become active or stronger

    解説

  • 121

    duh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (AE) used to say that what someone else has just said or asked is stupid

    解説

  • 122

    come across something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I've never come across anyone quite like her before.

    答え

    • to meet, find, or discover someone or something by chance

    解説

  • 123

    fascinated

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Ed was fascinated to see gorillas in the wild.

    答え

    • (adj, not before noun) extremely interested by something or someone

    解説

  • 124

    oxygenate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, T) to add oxygen to something

    解説

  • 125

    every now and then

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sometimes, but not often or regularly

    解説

  • 126

    conceivable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We were discussing the problems from every conceivable angle.

    答え

    • (adj) able to be believed or imagined

    解説

  • 127

    connoisseur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Fry was a connoisseur of Renaissance art.

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who knows a lot about something such as art, food, or music

    解説

  • 128

    differentiate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • What differentiates these two periods of history?

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to recognize or express the difference between things or people 2[T]. to be the quality, feature etc that makes one thing or person clearly different from another 3[I]. to behave differently towards someone or something, especially in an unfair way

    解説

  • 129

    exhilarate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone feel very excited and happy

    解説

  • 130

    pungent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the pungent odor of garlic

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having a strong taste or smell 2[~ speech or writing is]. clever and direct, and usually criticizes someone or something strongly

    解説

  • 131

    intractable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the seemingly intractable problem of human greed

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very difficult to deal with or solve 2. having a strong will and difficult to control

    解説

  • 132

    unattached

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • According to Jo, Mark was still unattached.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not married or involved in a romantic relationship 2. not connected or fastened to anything

    解説

  • 133

    suck

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Jennie sucked up the last bit of milkshake with her straw.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to take air, liquid etc into your mouth by making your lips form a small hole and using the muscles of your mouth to pull it in 2[I or T]. to hold something in your mouth and pull on it with your tongue and lips 3[T]. to pull someone or something with great power and force into or out of a particular place

    解説

  • 134

    conception

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They have no conception of what women really feel and want.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U or C]. an idea about what something is like, or a general understanding of something 2[U]. a process in which someone forms a plan or idea 3[U or C]. the process by which a woman or female animal becomes pregnant, or the time when this happens

    解説

  • 135

    mileage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The newspapers wanted to get as much mileage from the story as they could.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C usually singular, U]. the number of miles a vehicle has travelled since it was made, or miles someone travels in a vehicle in a particular period of time, or miles a vehicle can travel using a particular amount of fuel 2[U]. the amount of use or advantage you get from something 3[C usually singular, U]. an amount of money that is paid to someone for each mile that they travel when they use their own car for work 4[U]. the number of miles that is covered by a country's roads or railways

    解説

  • 136

    titillate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • That movie is titillating, but it's not pornographic.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to make someone feel sexually interested 2. touch a part of body lightly so as to excite the surface nerves and cause uneasiness, laughter, or spasmodic movements

    解説

  • 137

    get to the bottom of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I never got to the bottom of this!

    答え

    • to find out the cause of a problem or situation

    解説

  • 138

    flour

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, T) to cover a surface with flour when you are cooking

    解説

  • 139

    fertile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Most men remain fertile into old age.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. able to produce good crops, babies, young animals, or new plants 2[only before noun]. easily able to develop and succeed

    解説

  • 140

    sit around

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We sat around for a bit, chatting.

    答え

    • to spend a lot of time sitting and doing nothing very useful

    解説

  • 141

    speculate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Jones refused to speculate about what might happen.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to guess about the possible causes or effects of something, without knowing all the facts or details 2[I]. to buy goods, property, shares in a company etc, hoping that you will make a large profit when you sell them

    解説

  • 142

    toss

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She crumpled the letter and tossed it into the fire.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to throw something, especially something light, with a quick gentle movement of your hand 2[I or T]. to move about continuously in a violent or uncontrolled way, or to make something do this 3[I or T, BE]. to throw a coin in the air, so that a decision will be made according to the side that faces upwards when it comes down 4[T]. to throw something up into the air and let it fall to the ground 5[T]. to move pieces of food about in a small amount of liquid so that they become covered with the liquid

    解説

  • 143

    courtship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • courtship rituals

    答え

    • (n) 1[U or C]. the period of time during which a man and woman have a romantic relationship before marrying 2[U]. special behaviour used by animals to attract each other for sex

    解説

  • 144

    mimic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The drug mimics the action of the body's own chemicals.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to copy the way someone speaks or behaves, especially in order to make people laugh 2. to behave or operate in exactly the same way as something or someone else 3. to look or sound very like something

    解説

    past and past participle tense = mimicked, present participle tense = mimicking

  • 145

    in the throes of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a country in the throes of a profound economic crisis

    答え

    • in the middle of a very difficult situation

    解説

  • 146

    dismantle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Chris dismantled the bike in five minutes.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to take a machine or piece of equipment apart so that it is in separate pieces 2. to gradually get rid of a system or organization

    解説

  • 147

    idle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I cannot afford to leave the land lying idle.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not working or producing anything 2. not serious, or not done with any definite intention 3. lazy

    解説

    (v) 1[I]. if an engine idles, it runs slowly while the vehicle, machine etc is not moving 2[I]. to spend time doing nothing 3[T, AE]. to stop using a factory or stop providing work for your workers, especially temporarily

  • 148

    bunk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • What a load of bunk!

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a narrow bed that is attached to the wall, for example on a train or ship, or one of two beds that are attached together, one on top of the other 2[U]. nonsense

    解説

    (v, I) to sleep somewhere, especially in someone else's house

  • 149

    slop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Coffee slopped over the rim of her cup.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I, always + adv/pp]. to move around or over the edge of a container in an uncontrolled way 2[T, alway + adv/pp]. to put a liquid somewhere in a careless way

    解説

    (n, U) 1. waste food that can be used to feed animals 2[BE]. dirty water or urine 3. food that is too soft and tastes bad

  • 150

    spurt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Flames spurted through the roof.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. come out of it quickly and suddenly 2[T]. to send out liquid or flames quickly or suddenly 3[I always + adv/pp]. to suddenly start moving more quickly, especially for a short time

    解説

  • 151

    be shy of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The Democrats are three votes shy of a majority.

    答え

    • [AE] to have less than a particular amount of something

    解説

  • 152

    write-up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The play got a really good write-up in the press.

    答え

    • (n, C) a written opinion about a new book, play, or product in a newspaper, magazine etc

    解説

  • 153

    oeuvre

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the oeuvre of Van Gogh

    答え

    • (n, C usually singular) all the works of an artist or writer

    解説

  • 154

    crumb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She stood up to brush the crumbs off her uniform.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a very small piece of dry food, especially bread or cake 2. a very small amount of something

    解説

  • 155

    out on a limb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He'd gone out on a limb to help us.

    答え

    • alone and without help or support

    解説

  • 156

    straightaway

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We need to start work straightaway.

    答え

    • at once

    解説

    (n, singular, AE) the straight part of a racetrack

  • 157

    I bet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I bet you she won't come.

    答え

    • 1. used to say that you are fairly sure that something is true, something is happening etc, although you cannot prove this 2. used to show that you understand or can imagine the situation that someone has just told you about 3. used to show that you do not believe what someone has just told you

    解説

    or I'll bet ~

  • 158

    bully

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Don't let them bully you into working on Saturdays.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to threaten to hurt someone or frighten them, especially someone smaller or weaker 2. to put pressure on someone in order to make them do what you want

    解説

    (adj) used when you do not think that someone has done anything special but they want you to praise them

  • 159

    cue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Our success was the cue for other companies to press ahead with new investment.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. an action or event that is a signal for something else to happen 2. a word, phrase, or action in a play that is a signal for the next person to speak or act 3. a long straight wooden stick used for hitting the ball in games such as billiards and pool

    解説

    (v, T) to give someone a sign that it is the right moment for them to speak or do something, especially during a performance

  • 160

    solicit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The governor sent two officials to Mexico City to solicit aid from the President.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I, usually progressive]. to offer to have sex with someone in exchange for money 2[I or T]. to ask someone for money, help, or information 3[I or T, AE]. to try to sell a product or service by taking it to homes or businesses and showing it to the people there

    解説

  • 161

    flaw

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A design flaw caused the engine to explode.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a mistake, mark, or weakness that makes something imperfect 2. a mistake or problem in an argument, plan, set of ideas etc 3. a fault in someone's character

    解説

  • 162

    testimonial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a testimonial dinner in honour of Senator Frank Flint

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a formal written statement describing someone's character and abilities 2. something that is given or done to someone to thank or praise them, or show admiration for them

    解説

  • 163

    testimony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Barker's testimony is crucial to the prosecution's case.

    答え

    • (n, U or C) 1. a formal statement saying that something is true, especially one a witness makes in a court of law 2. a fact or situation that shows or proves very clearly that something exists or is true

    解説

  • 164

    edge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The next version of the software will have the edge over its competitors.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. the part of an object that is furthest from its center 2[C]. the thin sharp part of a blade or tool that cuts 3[U, singular]. something that gives you an advantage over others 4[singular]. a quality in someone's voice that makes it sound slightly angry or impatient 5[C]. an area beside a very steep slope 6[singular]. a special quality of excitement or danger

    解説

    (v)

  • 165

    edge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The paper has edged ahead of its rivals.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I, T always +adv/pp]. to move gradually with several small movements, or to make something do this 2[T usually passive]. to put something on the edge or border of something 3[I, T always +adv/pp]. to change gradually, especially so as to get better or worse 4[T]. to cut the edges of an area of grass so that they are tidy and straight

    解説

  • 166

    spin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Supporters attempted to spin the bill's defeat to their advantage.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to turn around and around very quickly, or to make something do this 2[T]. to describe a situation or information in a way that is intended to influence the way people think about it - used especially about what politicians or business people do 3[I or T]. to make cotton, wool etc into thread by twisting it 4[I always+adv/pp]. to drive or travel quickly 5[T, BE]. to get water out of clothes using a machine after you have washed them 6[T]. produces thread to make a web or cotton

    解説

    (n)

  • 167

    spin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They tried to put a positive spin on the sales figures.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. an act of turning around quickly 2[singular]. a short trip in a car for pleasure 3[U, singular]. the way someone, especially a politician or business person, talks about information or a situation, especially in order to influence the way people think about it

    解説

  • 168

    excel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Rick has always excelled at foreign languages.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I, not in progressive]. to do something very well, or much better than most people 2[~ oneself, BE]. to do something better than you usually do

    解説

  • 169

    shade of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There is room in the Democratic party for many shades of opinion.

    答え

    • 1. a particular type of color 2. a meaning etc that is slightly different from other ones 3. used to say that someone or something reminds you of another person or thing

    解説

  • 170

    a mixed blessing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Having children so early in their marriage was a mixed blessing.

    答え

    • a situation that has both good and bad parts

    解説

  • 171

    drag

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Inge managed to drag the table into the kitchen.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to pull something along the ground, often because it is too heavy to carry 2[T always+adv/pp]. to pull someone somewhere where they do not want to go, in a way that is not gentle 3[T always+adv/pp]. to persuade or force someone to come with you when they do not want to 4[T]. to move words, pictures etc on a computer screen by pulling them along with the mouse 5[I]. to seem to go very slowly because nothing interesting is happening 6[T]. to be unable to lift a part of body off the ground as you walk because it is injured

    解説

    (n) 1. something or someone that is boring 2. something that is annoying and continues for a long time 3. the act of breathing in smoke from your cigarette 4. the force of air that pushes against an aircraft or a vehicle that is moving forward

  • 172

    orbit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The satellite orbits the Earth every 48 hours.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) to travel in a curved path around a much larger object such as the Earth, the sun etc

    解説

    (n, C) 1. the curved path travelled by an object which is moving around another much larger object such as the Earth, the sun etc 2. the area of power and influence of a person, organization etc

  • 173

    harsh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The hostages are being held in harsh conditions.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. difficult to live in and very uncomfortable 2. severe, cruel, or unkind 3. unpleasantly loud and rough 4. unpleasantly bright 5. ugly and unpleasant to look at 6. too strong and likely to damage the thing you are cleaning

    解説

  • 174

    novice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'm still a complete novice at the sport.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. someone who has no experience in a skill, subject, or activity 2. someone who has recently joined a religious group to become a monk or nun

    解説

  • 175

    one of a kind

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Each plate is handpainted and one of a kind.

    答え

    • the only one of a particular type of thing

    解説

  • 176

    tight-knit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a tight-knit island community

    答え

    • (adj, usually before noun) closely connected with each other

    解説

  • 177

    fraud

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I felt like a fraud.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U or C]. the crime of deceiving people in order to gain something such as money or goods 2[C]. someone or something that is not what it is claimed to be

    解説

  • 178

    recurrent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Political revolution is a recurrent theme in Riley's books.

    答え

    • (adj) happening or appearing several times

    解説

  • 179

    tactless

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I thought it would be tactless to ask about her divorce.

    答え

    • (adj) likely to upset or embarrass someone without intending to

    解説

  • 180

    underrated

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a much underrated novel

    答え

    • (adj) better than people think or say

    解説

  • 181

    audible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His voice was barely audible above the roar of the crowd.

    答え

    • (adj) loud enough for you to hear it

    解説

  • 182

    triumph

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a tremendous diplomatic triumph for France

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. an important victory or success after a difficult struggle 2[U]. a feeling of pleasure and satisfaction that you get from victory or success 3[singular]. a very successful example of something

    解説

    (v, I) to gain a victory or success after a difficult struggle

  • 183

    fierce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The government's policies came under fierce attack.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. done with a lot of energy and strong feelings, and sometimes violent 2. angry or ready to attack, and looks very frightening 3. much more than usual

    解説

  • 184

    balanced

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a balanced account of what happened

    答え

    • (adj) 1. giving equal attention to all sides or opinions 2. arranged to include things or people of different kinds in the right amounts 3. calm and sensible, and having good mental health

    解説

  • 185

    I'd hate something to do

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'd hate you to go.

    答え

    • used to emphasize that you do not want something to happen

    解説

    or I'd hate for something to do

  • 186

    harness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a safety harness

    答え

    • (n, U or C) 1. a set of leather bands used to control a horse or to attach it to a vehicle it is pulling 2. a set of bands used to hold someone in a place or to stop them from falling

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to control and use the natural force or power of something 2. to fasten two animals together, or to fasten an animal to something using a harness 3. to put a harness on a horse

  • 187

    in turn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Interest rates were cut and, in turn, share prices rose.

    答え

    • 1. as a result of something 2. one after the other, especially in a particular order

    解説

  • 188

    tramp

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a long tramp through the snow

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. someone who has no home or job and moves from place to place, often asking for food or money 2. a long or difficult walk

    解説

    (v, I always +adv/pp, or T) to walk somewhere slowly and with heavy steps

  • 189

    parochial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the parochial church council

    答え

    • (adj) 1. only interested in things that affect your local area - used in order to show disapproval 2[used only before noun]. relating to a particular church and the area around it

    解説

  • 190

    botanical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) relating to plants or the scientific study of plants

    解説

  • 191

    corral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a fairly small enclosed area where cattle, horses etc can be kept temporarily, especially in North America

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to make animals move into a corral 2. to keep people in a particular area, especially in order to control them

  • 192

    den

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • corrupt gambling dens

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. the home of some animals, for example lions or foxes 2. a place where secret or illegal activities take place 3. an enclosed and secret place where children play 4[AE]. a room in a house where people relax, watch television etc

    解説

  • 193

    in particular

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It was a good concert - I enjoyed the last song in particular.

    答え

    • especially

    解説

  • 194

    on and off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's been smoking for 10 years now, on and off.

    答え

    • for short periods but not regularly over a long period of time

    解説

  • 195

    jerk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Wilcox jerked his head to indicate that they should move on.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) 1. to move with a quick sudden movement, or to make part of your body move in this way 2. to pull something suddenly and roughly

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a sudden quick movement 2[informal]. someone, especially a man, who is stupid or who does things that annoy or hurt other people

  • 196

    spontaneous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My spontaneous reaction was to run away.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. something that is ~ has not been planned or organized, but happen by itself, or because you suddenly feel you want to do it 2. someone who is ~ does things without planning them first - used to show approval

    解説

  • 197

    jingle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He jingled his car keys.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) to shake small metal things together so that they make a sound, or to make this sound

    解説

    (n) 1[C]. a short song used in advertisements 2[singular]. the sound of small metal objects being shaken together

  • 198

    no-brainer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Joining the savings plan is a no-brainer. Just do it.

    答え

    • a decision that is easy, and that you do not need to think about, used when you want to emphasize that it is really very easy

    解説

  • 199

    self-conscious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Jerry's pretty self-conscious about his weight.

    答え

    • (adj) worried and embarrassed about what you look like or what other people think of you

    解説

  • 200

    early on

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I realized early on I'd never pass the exam.

    答え

    • at an early stage in a relationship, process etc

    解説

  • 201

    fancy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Sorry, but I don't fancy going out tonight.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1[BE informal]. to like or want something, or want to do something 2[BE informal]. to feel sexually attracted to someone 3[BE]. to think someone or something is likely to be successful in something 4[BE spoken]. used to express your surprise or shock about something 5[literary]. to think or believe something without being certain

    解説

    (n) 1[especially BE, singular]. a feeling, especially one that is not particularly strong or urgent, that you like someone or want to have something 2[U]. imagination or something that you imagine (adj) 1. expensive and fashionable 2. having a lot of decoration or bright colours, or made in a complicated way 3. complicated and needing a lot of skill 4[AE, for food]. high quality

  • 202

    cripple

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Industry is being crippled by high interest rates.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1[old-fashioned]. to hurt someone badly so that they cannot walk properly 2. to damage something badly so that it no longer works or is no longer effective

    解説

    (n, C, old-fashioned) someone who is unable to walk properly because their legs are damaged or injured - now considered offensive

  • 203

    herd

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a herd of cattle

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a group of animals of one kind that live and feed together 2[the ~]. people generally, especially when thought of as being easily influenced by others

    解説

    (v) 1[T always +adv/pp]. to bring people together in a large group, especially roughly 2[T]. to make animals move together in a group

  • 204

    obnoxious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She's really obnoxious.

    答え

    • (adj) very offensive, unpleasant, or rude

    解説

  • 205

    mug

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A lot of people won't go out alone at night because they're afraid of being mugged.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to attack someone and rob them in a public place 2[I, AE informal]. to make silly expressions with your face or behave in a silly way, especially for a photograph or in a play

    解説

  • 206

    snatch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The thief snatched her purse and ran.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to take something away from someone with a quick, often violent, movement 2. to take someone away from a person or place, especially by force 3. to quickly get something, especially sleep or rest, because you do not have very much time

    解説

    (n, C) when someone quickly takes or steals something

  • 207

    sup

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to drink something 2[old-fashioned]. to eat supper

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 208

    nudge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Jill nudged him in the ribs.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to push someone gently, usually with your elbow, in order to get their attention 2[T always +adv/pp]. to move something or someone a short distance by gently pushing 3[I always +adv/pp]. to move forward slowly by pushing gently 4[T always +adv/pp]. to gently persuade or encourage someone to take a particular decision or action 5[T]. to almost reach a particular level or amount

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 209

    piss

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, I, spoken not polite) to urinate

    解説

  • 210

    piss off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The way she treats me really pisses me off.

    答え

    • 1. to annoy someone very much 2[BE]. to go away - used especially to tell someone to go away 3[BE]. used to say no or to refuse to do something

    解説

  • 211

    creepy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There's something creepy about the way he looks at me.

    答え

    • (adj, informal) making you feel nervous and slightly frightened

    解説

  • 212

    starve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They'll either die from the cold or starve to death.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I].to suffer or die because you do not have enough to eat 2[T]. to prevent someone from having enough food to live

    解説

  • 213

    fetch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Shannon went upstairs to fetch some blankets.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1[BE]. to go and get something or someone and bring them back 2. to be sold for a particular amount of money, especially at a public sale - used especially in news reports 3[BE]. to make people react in a particular way

    解説

  • 214

    furious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Residents in the area are furious at the decision.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very angry 2[usually before noun]. done with a lot of energy, effort, or speed

    解説

  • 215

    coarse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a jacket of coarse wool

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having a rough surface that feels slightly hard 2. consisting of threads or parts that are thick or large 3. talking in a rude and offensive way, especially about sex

    解説

  • 216

    mind-blowing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a mind-blowing experience

    答え

    • (adj, informal) very exciting, shocking, or strange

    解説

  • 217

    messy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Sorry the place is so messy, I haven't had time to clear up.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. dirty or untidy 2[informal]. complicated and unpleasant to deal with 3. making someone or something dirty or untidy

    解説

  • 218

    fluffy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a fluffy little kitten

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very light and soft to touch 2. made soft and light by mixing it quickly so that a lot of air is mixed into it 3. looking light and soft

    解説

  • 219

    fill somebody in on something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I think you'd better fill me in on what's been happening.

    答え

    • to tell someone about recent events, especially because they have been away from a place

    解説

  • 220

    what not

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I've been busy with work and what not.

    答え

    • [spoken] any of various other things that might also be mentioned

    解説

  • 221

    neuter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a neutered tomcat

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to remove part of the sex organs of an animal so that it cannot produce babies 2. to remove power from something or to stop something from being effective - used to show disapproval

    解説

  • 222

    intimidate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The whole idea of going to Oxford intimidated me.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to frighten or threaten someone into making them do what you want 2. to make someone feel worried and not confident

    解説

  • 223

    commission someone to do

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Macmillan commissioned her to illustrate a book by Spike Milligan.

    答え

    • to formally ask someone to write an official report, produce a work of art for you etc

    解説

  • 224

    by God

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • [spoken old use] used to emphasize how determined or surprised you are

    解説

  • 225

    downside

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The downside of the book is that it is written in a rather boring style.

    答え

    • the negative part or disadvantage of something

    解説

  • 226

    relive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The girls watch the tape, eager to relive their victory against UCLA.

    答え

    • (v, T) to remember or imagine something that happened in the past so clearly that you experience the same emotions again

    解説

  • 227

    for certain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I know for certain it's in here somewhere.

    答え

    • without doubt

    解説

  • 228

    hilarious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a hilarious story

    答え

    • (adj) extremely funny

    解説

  • 229

    gory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a gory horror movie

    答え

    • (adj) 1[informal]. clearly describing or showing violence, blood, and killing 2[literary]. covered in blood

    解説

  • 230

    not be much of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'm not much of a dancer, I'm afraid.

    答え

    • to not be a good example of something or not be very good at something

    解説

  • 231

    whatsoever

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's had no luck whatsoever.

    答え

    • used to emphasize a negative statement

    解説

  • 232

    as opposed to something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Students discuss ideas, as opposed to just copying from books.

    答え

    • used to compare two things and show that they are different from each other

    解説

  • 233

    skit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a short humorous performance or piece of writing

    解説

  • 234

    the world at large

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The chemical pollution poses a threat to the population at large.

    答え

    • people in general

    解説

    = the population/public/society/etc at large

  • 235

    squash

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The cake got a bit squashed on the way here.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to press something into a flatter shape, often breaking or damaging it 2[I, or T always +adv/pp]. to push yourself or something else into a space that is too small 3[T]. to use your power or authority to stop something 4[T]. to control or ignore an emotion

    解説

    (n) 1[U]. a game played by two people who use rackets to hit a small rubber ball against the walls of a square court 2[U or C]. one of a group of large vegetables with solid flesh and hard skins, such as pumpkins 3[U, BE]. a drink made from fruit juice, sugar, and water

  • 236

    wheezy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You sound wheezy.

    答え

    • (adj) making a noisy sound in your throat or chest, because you cannot breathe easily

    解説

  • 237

    campy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj, AE) very strange, bright, or unusual

    解説

  • 238

    snicker

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The other students snickered at Steve.

    答え

    • (v, I, AE) to laugh quietly and in a way that is not nice at something which is not supposed to be funny

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 239

    uproarious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an uproarious party

    答え

    • very noisy, because a lot of people are laughing or shouting

    解説

  • 240

    squeal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The children squealed with delight.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to make a long loud high sound or cry 2[I, ~ on]. to tell the police or someone in authority about someone you know who has done something wrong

    解説

    (n, C) a long loud high sound or cry

  • 241

    whisk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The waitress whisked our coffee cups away before we'd had a chance to finish.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to mix liquid, eggs etc very quickly so that air is mixed in, using a fork or a whisk 2[always +adv/pp]. to take someone or something quickly away from a place

    解説

    (n, C) a small kitchen tool made of curved pieces of wire, used for mixing air into eggs, cream etc

  • 242

    muffle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her voice was muffled by the pillow in which she had hidden her face.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to make a sound less loud and clear, especially by covering something 2[usually passive]. to cover yourself or another person with something thick and warm

    解説

  • 243

    chuckle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • What are you chuckling about?

    答え

    • (v, I) to laugh quietly

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 244

    whimper

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He heard the dog whimper.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) to make low crying sounds, or to speak in this way

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 245

    spectrum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The two articles here represent opposite ends of the spectrum.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a complete range of opinions, people, situations etc, going from one extreme to its opposite 2. the set of bands of coloured light into which a beam of light separates when it is passed through a prism 3. a complete range of radio, sound etc waves

    解説

    plural = spectra

  • 246

    debase

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The medical profession has been debased by these revelations.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone or something lose its value or people's respect

    解説

  • 247

    bland

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a bland diet

    答え

    • (adj) 1. without any excitement, strong opinions, or special character 2. having very little taste

    解説

  • 248

    bunch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'll send her a bunch of flowers.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a group of things that are fastened, held, or growing together 2[singular, informal]. a group of people 3[singular, AE]. a large number of people or things, or a large amount of something

    解説

    (v) 1[I or T]. to stay close together in a group, or to make people do this 2[I or T]. to make part of your body tight or to become tight like this 3[I or T]. to pull material together tightly in folds 4[T]. to hold or tie things together in a bunch

  • 249

    for sure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • No one knows for sure what really happened.

    答え

    • 1[informal]. certainly or definitely 2[spoken]. used to emphasize that something is true 3[AE, informal spoken]. used to agree with someone

    解説

  • 250

    intrepid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • intrepid explorers

    答え

    • (adj) willing to do dangerous things or go to dangerous places - often used humorously

    解説

  • 251

    pledge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Eisenhower fulfilled his election pledge to end the war in Korea.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1[formal]. a serious promise or agreement, especially one made publicly or officially 2. a promise to give money to an organization 3. something valuable that you leave with someone else as proof that you will do what you have agreed to do 4. someone who has promised to become a member of a fraternity or sorority at an American university

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to make a formal, usually public, promise that you will do something 2. to make someone formally promise something 3. to leave something with someone as a pledge 4. to promise to become a member of a fraternity or sorority at an American university

  • 252

    blush

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Joan blushed at the unexpected compliment.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to become red in the face, usually because you are embarrassed 2. to feel ashamed or embarrassed about something

    解説

    (n, C) the red colour on your face that appears when you are embarrassed

  • 253

    plump

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The nurse was a cheerful plump woman.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. slightly fat in a fairly pleasant way - used especially about women or children, often to avoid saying the word fat 2. round and full in a way that looks attractive

    解説

    (v) 1[T]. to make cushions, pillows etc rounder and softer by shaking or hitting them 2[T always +adv/pp]. to put something down suddenly and carelessly 3[I or T]. to become fatter and softer when in liquid, or to make it so

  • 254

    broil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • broiled chicken

    答え

    • (v, AE) 1[T]. to cook something under direct heat, or over a flame on a barbecue 2[I or T]. to become very hot

    解説

  • 255

    simmer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Bring the soup to the boil and allow it to simmer gently for about half an hour.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) to boil gently, or to cook something slowly by boiling it gently

    解説

    (n, singular) when something is boiling gently

  • 256

    sift

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Police are sifting through the evidence.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to put flour, sugar etc through a sieve or similar container in order to remove large pieces 2. to examine information, documents etc carefully in order to find something out or decide what is important and what is not

    解説

  • 257

    mince

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Mince the meat up with some onion and garlic.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to cut food, especially meat, into very small pieces, usually using a machine 2[I always +adv/pp]. to walk with very quick, short steps in a way that looks unnatural or silly

    解説

  • 258

    braise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, T) to cook meat or vegetables slowly in a small amount of liquid in a closed container

    解説

  • 259

    poach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Deer have been poached here for years.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to cook an egg in or over gently boiling water, without its shell 2[T]. to gently cook food, especially fish, in a small amount of boiling water, milk etc 3[I or T]. to illegally catch or shoot animals, birds, or fish, especially on private land without permission 4[T]. to persuade someone who belongs to another organization, team etc to leave it and join yours, especially in a secret or dishonest way 5[T]. to take and use someone else's ideas unfairly or illegally

    解説

  • 260

    fall short of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The Republicans increased their share of the vote, but still fell short of a majority.

    答え

    • to be less than what you need, expected, or hoped for, or to fail to reach a satisfactory standard

    解説

  • 261

    pious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was a quiet, pious man.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having strong religious beliefs, and showing this in the way you behave 2[~ talk]. trying to sound good or moral but you do not believe that they are sincere or will really do what they say 3[~ hope/wish]. something that you want to be true or to happen, but that is very unlikely

    解説

    noun form = piety

  • 262

    effusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a massive effusion of poisonous gas

    答え

    • (n, U or C) 1[technical]. a liquid or gas that flows out of something, or the act of flowing out 2[formal]. an uncontrolled expression of strong good feelings

    解説

  • 263

    extraneous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Such details are extraneous to the matter in hand.

    答え

    • (adj, formal) 1. not belonging to or directly related to a particular subject or problem 2. coming from outside

    解説

  • 264

    savvy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • savvy consumers

    答え

    • (adj) clever and knowing how to deal with situations successfully

    解説

    (n, U) practical knowledge and ability

  • 265

    spree

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They went on a drinking spree.

    答え

    • (n, C) a short period of time when you do a lot of one activity, especially spending money or drinking alcohol

    解説

  • 266

    tenacious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a tenacious negotiator

    答え

    • (adj) 1. determined to do something and unwilling to stop trying even when the situation becomes difficult 2. continuing to have a lot of influence for a long time

    解説

  • 267

    crumple

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Dan tore the page out, crumpled it, and threw it in the wastepaper basket.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to crush something so that it becomes smaller and bent, or to be crushed in this way 2[I, a face ~]. to suddenly look sad or disappointed, as if you might cry 3[I, a body ~]. to fall down in an uncontrolled way

    解説

  • 268

    spasmodic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • spasmodic machine gun fire

    答え

    • (adj) 1. happening for short irregular periods, not continuously 2[formal or medical]. of or relating to a muscle spasm

    解説

  • 269

    nil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The new machine reduced labour costs to almost nil.

    答え

    • (n, U) nothing, zero

    解説

  • 270

    align

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Church leaders have aligned themselves with the opposition.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to publicly support a political group, country, or person that you agree with 2[I or T]. to arrange things so that they form a line or are parallel to each other, or to be in a position that forms a line etc 3[T, usually passive]. to organize or change something so that it has the right relationship to something else

    解説

  • 271

    malign

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She had seen herself repeatedly maligned in the newspapers.

    答え

    • (v, T, usually passive) to say unpleasant things about someone that are untrue

    解説

    (adj, formal) harmful

  • 272

    erratic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His breathing was becoming erratic.

    答え

    • (adj) not following any pattern or plan but happening in a way that is not regular

    解説

  • 273

    matrimony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They were joined together in holy matrimony.

    答え

    • (n, U, formal) the state of being married

    解説

  • 274

    save something for a rainy day

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to save something, especially money, for a time when you will need it

    解説

  • 275

    farce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She admitted that the interview had been a complete farce from start to finish.

    答え

    • (n) 1[singular]. an event or a situation that is very badly organized or does not happen properly, in a way that is silly and un-reasonable 2[U or C]. a humorous play or film in which the characters are involved in complicated and silly situations, or the style of writing or acting that is used

    解説

  • 276

    veer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A tanker driver died when his lorry veered off the motorway.

    答え

    • (v, I always + adv/pp) 1. to change direction 2. to gradually change and become quite different

    解説

  • 277

    flee

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His attackers turned and fled.

    答え

    • (v, I or T, written) to leave somewhere very quickly, in order to escape from danger

    解説

    past and past participle = fled

  • 278

    bolt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Kevin had bolted through the open window.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to suddenly run somewhere very quickly, especially in order to escape or because you are frightened 2[T]. to eat very quickly 3[T]. to fasten two things together using a bolt, or to lock a door or window by sliding a bolt across[

    解説

  • 279

    vent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I could hear mum venting her frustration by banging the pots noisily.

    答え

    • (v, T) to express feelings of anger, hatred etc, especially by doing something violent or harmful

    解説

  • 280

    hunch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I had a hunch that something like this would happen.

    答え

    • (n, C) suspicion that something is true or will happen

    解説

    (v, I, always +adv/pp) to bend down and forwards so that your back forms a curve

  • 281

    exacerbate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The recession has exacerbated this problem.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make a bad situation worse

    解説

  • 282

    acrimonious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The meeting ended in an acrimonious dispute.

    答え

    • (adj) a ~ meeting or discussion is one in which people argue a lot and get very angry

    解説

  • 283

    acute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Young children have a particularly acute sense of smell.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very serious 2. very strong 3[technical]. a ~ illness or disease quickly becomes very serious 4. ~ senses are very good and sensitive 5. quick to notice and understand things

    解説

  • 284

    feud

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a feud between rival drug organizations

    答え

    • (n, C) an angry and often violent quarrel between two people or groups that continues for a long time

    解説

    (v, I) to continue quarrelling for a long time, often in a violent way

  • 285

    poke

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Be careful with that umbrella or you'll poke someone in the eye.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to quickly push your finger or some other pointed object into something or someone 2[T always +adv/pp]. to move or push something through a space or opening 3[I always +adv/pp]. if something is ~ing through or out of something else, you can see part of it but not all of it

    解説

    (n, C) 1. an act of quickly pushing your fingers, a stick etc into something or someone 2[AE, informal]. a criticism of someone or something

  • 286

    dissect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • books in which the lives of famous people are dissected

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to cut up the body of a dead animal or person in order to study it 2. to examine something carefully in order to understand it 3. to divide an area of land into several smaller pieces

    解説

  • 287

    pneumatic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a pneumatic pump

    答え

    • (adj, usually before noun) 1[technical]. filled with air 2. worked by air pressure

    解説

  • 288

    lily-white

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You're not so lily-white yourself!

    答え

    • (adj) 1. pure white 2[informal]. morally perfect

    解説

  • 289

    heuristic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj, formal) 1. based on discovering and experiencing things for yourself 2. helping you in the process of learning or discovery

    解説

  • 290

    ritual

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The lady of the house performs the sacred ritual of lighting two candles.

    答え

    • (n, U or C) 1. a ceremony that is always performed in the same way, in order to mark an important religious or social occasion 2. something that you do regularly and in the same way each time

    解説

    (adj, only before noun) 1. done as part of a rite or ritual 2. done in a fixed and expected way, but without real meaning or sincerity

  • 291

    clad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She felt hot, despite being clad only in a thin cotton dress.

    答え

    • (adj, literary) wearing a particular kind of clothing

    解説

  • 292

    protocol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a breach of diplomatic protocol

    答え

    • (n) 1[U]. a system of rules about the correct way to behave on an official occasion 2[C, formal]. an international agreement between two or more countries 3[C, formal]. a written record of a formal or international agreement, or an early form of an agreement 4[C, technical]. an established method for connecting computers so that they can exchange information 5[C, technical]. a set of rules that are followed when doing a scientific experiment or giving someone medical treatment

    解説

  • 293

    vague

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The governor gave only a vague outline of his tax plan.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. unclear because someone does not give enough detailed information or does not say exactly what they mean 2. not having a clear shape or form

    解説

  • 294

    makeshift

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The refugees slept in makeshift tents at the side of the road.

    答え

    • (adj) made to be used for a short time only when nothing better is available

    解説

  • 295

    bleak

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The company still hopes to find a buyer, but the future looks bleak.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. without anything to make you feel happy or hopeful 2. cold and without any pleasant or comfortable features

    解説

  • 296

    ailing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the ailing car industry

    答え

    • (adj, usually before noun) 1. having a lot of problems and not successful 2[formal]. ill and not likely to get better

    解説

  • 297

    delegate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Around 350 delegates attended the conference.

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who has been elected or chosen to speak, vote, or take decisions for a group

    解説

    (v) 1[I or T]. to give part of your power or work to someone in a lower position than you 2[T]. to choose someone to do a particular job, or to be a representative of a group, organization etc

  • 298

    grace

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Lena moved with the grace of a dancer.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U]. a smooth way of moving that looks natural, relaxed, and attractive 2[U]. polite and pleasant behaviour 3[plural]. the skills needed to behave in a way that is considered polite and socially acceptable 4[U]. more time that is allowed to someone to finish a piece of work, pay a debt etc 5[U, formal]. God's kindness that is shown to people 6[U]. a prayer thanking God, said before a meal 7[U]. the state of someone's soul when it is free from evil, according to Christian belief

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to bring honour to an occasion or group of people by coming to something - said humorously when someone comes late or does not often come to meetings etc 2[formal]. to make a place or an object look more attractive

  • 299

    disgrace

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His actions brought disgrace on the family.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. the loss of other people's respect because you have done something they strongly disapprove of

    解説

    (v, T) to do something so bad that you make other people feel ashamed

  • 300

    scrutinize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She scrutinized his face.

    答え

    • (v, T) to examine someone or something very carefully

    解説

  • 301

    grimace

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She grimaced at her reflection in the mirror.

    答え

    • (v, I) to twist your face in an ugly way because you do not like something, because you are feeling pain, or because you are trying to be funny

    解説

    (n, U, written) an expression you make by twisting your face because you do not like something or because you are feeling pain

  • 302

    ingenuity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, U) skill at inventing things and thinking of new ideas

    解説

  • 303

    periphery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a residential area on the periphery of the city

    答え

    • (n, C, usually singular, formal) the edge of an area

    解説

  • 304

    bop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Tom bopped him on the nose.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to hit someone, especially gently 2[I]. to dance to popular music 3[I always +adv/pp, informal]. to go somewhere or to several different places, especially to enjoy yourself

    解説

    (n) 1. another word for bebop 2[C]. a gentle hit 3[singular, BE, informal]. a dance

  • 305

    legit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Don't worry, the deal's strictly legit.

    答え

    • (adj, not before noun, spoken informal) 1. legal or allowed by official rules 2. honest and not trying to deceive people

    解説

  • 306

    shimmy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, I) to move forwards or backwards while also quickly moving slightly from side to side

    解説

  • 307

    perplex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Shea's symptoms perplexed the doctors.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone feel confused and worried because it is difficult to understand

    解説

  • 308

    hype

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Despite the media hype, I found the film very disappointing.

    答え

    • (n, U) attempts to make people think something is good or important by talking about it a lot on television, the radio etc - used to show disapproval

    解説

    (v, T) to try to make people think something is good or important by talking about it a lot on television, the radio etc

  • 309

    fundamental

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We have to tackle the fundamental cause of the problem.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. relating to the most basic and important parts of something 2. very necessary and important

    解説

  • 310

    pleb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Plebs like me could never have such perfect manners.

    答え

    • (n, C usually plural, BE informal) an insulting word meaning someone who is from a low social class - often used humorously

    解説

    adjective form = plebby

  • 311

    penitent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a penitent expression

    答え

    • (adj, formal) feeling sorry because you have done something wrong, and are intending not to do it again

    解説

    (n, C) someone who is doing penance

  • 312

    thug

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was beaten up by a gang of young thugs.

    答え

    • (n, C) a violent man

    解説

  • 313

    rife

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Violent crime is rife in our inner cities.

    答え

    • (adj, not before noun) 1[for something bad or unpleasant]. very common 2[~ with something]. full of something bad or unpleasant

    解説

  • 314

    retard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Cold weather retards the growth of many plants.

    答え

    • (v, T) to delay the development of something, or to make something happen more slowly than expected

    解説

    (n, C, spoken not polite) an offensive word for a stupid person

  • 315

    buff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • wine buff

    答え

    • (n) 1. someone who is interested in something and knows a lot about them 2[U]. a pale yellow-brown color

    解説

    (v, T) to polish something with a cloth

  • 316

    be big on something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'm not big on kids.

    答え

    • (spoken) 1. to like something very much 2. to have a lot of a quality or feature

    解説

  • 317

    out of nowhere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • happening or appearing suddenly and without warning

    解説

    = out from nowhere

  • 318

    fall apart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Tommy's old bicycle was rusty and falling apart.

    答え

    • 1. to stop being effective or successful 2[be ~ing]. to be in very bad condition 3. to break into pieces 4. to be unable to deal with your personal or emotional problems 5[someone's life or world ~]. something very bad and serious happens which changes their life

    解説

  • 319

    sting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Chopping onions makes my eyes sting.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. makes a very small hole in your skin and you feel a sharp pain because of a poisonous substance 2[I or T]. to make something hurt with a sudden sharp pain, or to hurt like this 3[I, T usually passive]. to make someone feel upset, or to be made so

    解説

    (n) 1[C]. a wound or mark made when an insect or plant stings you 2[C, BE]. the sharp needle-shaped part of an insect's or animal's body, with which it stings you 3[singular]. a sharp pain in your eyes or skin, caused by being hit, by smoke etc 4[a sting in the tail]. if a story, event, or announcement has a sting in its tail, there is an unpleasant part at the end of it 5[singular]. the upsetting or bad effect of a situation 6[C]. a clever way of catching criminals in which the police secretly pretend to be criminals themselves

  • 320

    penultimate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the penultimate chapter

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) not the last, but immediately before the last

    解説

  • 321

    retch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The smell made her retch.

    答え

    • (v, I) to try to vomit

    解説

  • 322

    gag

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The foul smell made her gag.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to be unable to swallow and feel as if you are about to bring up food from your stomach 2. to put a piece of cloth over someone's mouth to stop them making a noise 3. to stop people saying what they want to say and expressing their opinions

    解説

    (n, C) 1[informal]. a joke or funny story 2. a piece of cloth put over someone's mouth to stop them making a noise

  • 323

    threshold

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She opened the door and stepped across the threshold.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. the entrance to a room or building, or the area of floor or ground at the entrance 2. the level at which something starts to happen or have an effect 3. at the beginning of a new and important event or development

    解説

  • 324

    weary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She sat down with a weary sigh.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very tired or bored, especially because you have been doing something for a long time 2[especially literary]. very tiring

    解説

  • 325

    sniffle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For goodness' sake, stop sniffling!

    答え

    • (v, I) to keep sniffing in order to stop liquid from running out of your nose, especially when you are crying or you have a cold

    解説

    have the sniffle = if you have the sniffles, you keep sniffing, especially because you have a cold

  • 326

    glare

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She glared at him accusingly.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to look angrily at someone for a long time 2[always +adv/pp]. to shine with a very strong bright light which hurts your eyes

    解説

  • 327

    chill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'Hold it! Just chill for a second, won't you!'

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to become very cold but does not freeze, or to make something do so 2[I, informal]. to relax completely instead of feeling angry, tired, or nervous 3[T]. to make someone very cold 4[T, literary]. to suddenly frighten someone, especially by seeming very cruel or violent

    解説

    (n) 1[singular]. a feeling of coldness 2[C]. a sudden feeling of fear or worry, especially because of something cruel or violent 3[C]. an illness which causes a slight fever, headache, and shivering 4[C usually plural]. a feeling of being cold, caused by being ill (adj, usually before noun) unpleasantly cold

  • 328

    a whole nother

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Texas is a whole nother country.

    答え

    • used humorously when emphasizing that something is completely different from what you have been talking about. It is a changed form of "another whole".

    解説

  • 329

    un-bridled

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • un-bridled greed

    答え

    • (adj) not controlled and too extreme or violent

    解説

  • 330

    bridle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a set of leather bands put around a horse's head and used to control its movements

    解説

    (v) 1[I, written]. to become angry and offended about something 2[T]. to put a bridle on a horse

  • 331

    adulterate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, T) to make food or drink less pure by adding another substance of lower quality to it

    解説

  • 332

    utter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • This company treats its employees with utter contempt.

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) complete - used especially to emphasize that something was very bad, or that a feeling was very strong

    解説

    (v, T, formal) 1. to say something 2. to make a sound with your voice, especially with difficulty

  • 333

    contempt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The contempt he felt for his fellow students was obvious.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. a feeling that someone or something is not important and deserves no respect 2[law]. disobedience or disrespect towards a court of law 3. complete lack of fear about something

    解説

  • 334

    due to the fact that

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The school's poor exam record is largely due to the fact that it is chronically underfunded.

    答え

    • because

    解説

  • 335

    chilly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The bathroom's a bit chilly.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. cold enough to make you feel uncomfortable 2. uncomfortably cold 3. unfriendly

    解説

  • 336

    squabble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's squabbling with the referee.

    答え

    • (v, I) to argue about something unimportant

    解説

  • 337

    luxuriant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • luxuriant vegetation

    答え

    • (adj) 1. growing strongly and thickly 2. beautiful and pleasant to watch or listen to

    解説

  • 338

    palatable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They changed the wording of the advertisement to make it more palatable to women.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having a pleasant or acceptable taste 2. acceptable

    解説

  • 339

    verbose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For once, his usually verbose wife was content to listen.

    答え

    • (adj) using or containing too many words

    解説

  • 340

    alimony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, U) money that a court orders someone to pay regularly to their former wife or husband after their marriage has ended

    解説

  • 341

    grand

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The party was a grand affair.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. big and very impressive 2.aiming or intended to achieve something impressive 3. important and rich 4[initial capital]. used in the titles of buildings, places that are big and impressive, or some people who belong to the highest social class 5[BE, informal]. excellent

    解説

    (n, C, informal) 1[plural = grand]. a thousand pounds or dollars 2. a grand piano

  • 342

    ramification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the practical ramifications of taking on a new job

    答え

    • (n, C usually plural) an additional result of something you do, which may not have been clear when you first decided to do it

    解説

  • 343

    the call of nature

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a need to urinate - used especially humorously

    解説

  • 344

    set the world on fire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her last film didn't exactly set the world on fire.

    答え

    • [spoken] to have a big effect or be very successful

    解説

  • 345

    bizarre

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a bizarre coincidence

    答え

    • (adj) very unusual or strange

    解説

  • 346

    put someone out of their misery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Go on, put them out of their misery and announce the winner.

    答え

    • 1[informal]. to make someone stop feeling worried, especially by telling them something they are waiting to hear 2. to kill a sick or injured animal in order to end its suffering

    解説

  • 347

    whirr

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Helicopters whirred overhead.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make a fairly quiet regular sound, like the sound of a bird or insect moving its wings very fast

    解説

    [also whir] (n, C usually singular)

  • 348

    jerk off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to masturbate

    解説

  • 349

    be all downhill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The worst is over - it's all downhill from here.

    答え

    • to be easy to do, because you have already done the hard part

    解説

    [also ~ from here] = be downhill all the way (from here)

  • 350

    prune

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The roses need pruning.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to cut off some of the branches of a tree or bush to make it grow better 2[especially BE]. to make something smaller by removing parts that you do not need or want

    解説

    (n, C) a dried plum, often cooked before it is eaten

  • 351

    hush

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Hush, now. Try to get to sleep.

    答え

    • (v) 1[spoken]. used to tell people to be quiet or to comfort a child who is crying or upset 2[T, written]. to make someone stop shouting, talking, crying etc 3[I, written]. to stop shouting, talking etc 4[~ something up]. to prevent people from knowing about something dishonest or immoral

    解説

    (n, singular) a period of silence, especially when people are expecting something to happen

  • 352

    flourish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The economy is booming and small businesses are flourishing.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to develop well and be successful 2[I]. to grow well and be very healthy 3[T]. to wave something in your hand in order to make people notice it

    解説

    (n) 1[usually singular]. a special or impressive part of something 2[C]. a loud part of a piece of music, played especially when an important person enters 3[C]. a curved line that you use to decorate writing

  • 353

    honk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a loud noise made by a car horn 2. a loud noise made by a goose

    解説

    (v, I or T) if a car horn or a goose honks, it makes a loud noise

  • 354

    mutter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'He's such an unpleasant man,' Alyssia muttered under her breath.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to speak in a low voice, especially because you are annoyed about something, or you do not want people to hear you 2[I]. to complain about something or express doubts about it, but without saying clearly and openly what you think

    解説

    (n, singular)

  • 355

    sedate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The wedding was rather a sedate occasion.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. calm, serious, and formal 2[formal]. moving slowly and calmly

    解説

    (v, T often passive). to give someone drugs to make them calm or to make them sleep:

  • 356

    you know what?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You know what? I think he's lonely.

    答え

    • used to start talking about something, or make someone listen

    解説

    = you know

  • 357

    cut corners

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Don't try to cut corners when you're decorating.

    答え

    • to save time, money, or energy by doing things quickly and not as carefully as you should

    解説

  • 358

    substantiate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Katzen offered little evidence to substantiate his claims.

    答え

    • (v, T, formal) to prove the truth of something that someone has said, claimed etc

    解説

  • 359

    scoff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • David scoffed at her fears.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to laugh at a person or idea, and talk about them in a way that shows you think they are stupid 2[T, BE informal]. to eat something very quickly

    解説

  • 360

    map something out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her own future had been mapped out for her by wealthy and adoring parents.

    答え

    • to plan carefully how something will happen

    解説

  • 361

    level with someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She decided to level with him and tell him how she felt.

    答え

    • to speak honestly to someone, after hiding some unpleasant facts from them

    解説

  • 362

    dub

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The body, thousands of years old, was found in the Alps and dubbed 'The Iceman'.

    答え

    • 1[usually passive]. to give something or someone a name that describes them in some way 2. to change the original spoken language of a film or television programme into another language 3[especially BE]. to make a record out of two or more different pieces of music or sound mixed together 4[AE]. to copy a recording from a tape or CD onto another tape 5. to give the title of knight to someone in a special ceremony

    解説

    (n, U) a style of poetry or music from the West Indies with a strong regular beat

  • 363

    fascist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My last boss was a real fascist.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. someone who supports fascism 2[informal]. someone who is cruel and unfair and does not like people to argue with them 3[informal]. someone who has extreme right-wing opinions

    解説

  • 364

    not have the heart to do something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I didn't have the heart to tell her that her beautiful vase was broken.

    答え

    • to be unable to do something because it will make someone unhappy

    解説

  • 365

    classy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • classy restaurants

    答え

    • (adj, informal) fashionable and expensive

    解説

  • 366

    arrogant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was unbearably arrogant.

    答え

    • (adj) behaving in an unpleasant or rude way because you think you are more important than other people

    解説

  • 367

    dictator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the downfall of the hated dictator

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a ruler who has complete power over a country, especially one whose power has been gained by force 2. someone who tells other people what they should do, in a way that seems un-reasonable

    解説

  • 368

    downfall

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the scandal that led to the president's downfall

    答え

    • (n, singular) 1. complete loss of your money, moral standards, social position etc, or the sudden failure of an organization 2. something that causes a complete failure or loss of someone's money, moral standards, social position etc

    解説

  • 369

    savory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • pancakes with sweet and savoury fillings

    答え

    • (adj) 1[BE]. tasting of salt 2. strong and pleasant but is not sweet 3.

    解説

    (n, U) a plant that is used in cooking to add taste to meat and other food

  • 370

    quarantine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The monkeys were kept in quarantine for 31 days.

    答え

    • (n, U) a period of time when a person or animal is kept apart from others in case they are carrying a disease

    解説

    (v, T) to keep a person or animal apart from others for a period of time in case they are carrying a disease

  • 371

    spectacular

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a mountainous area with spectacular scenery

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very impressive 2. very sudden, unexpected, or extreme

    解説

    (n, C) an event or performance that is very large and impressive

  • 372

    come out and say

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • At least he's got the courage to come out and say what he thinks.

    答え

    • to say publicly that you strongly support or oppose a plan, belief etc

    解説

  • 373

    couldn't care less

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I really couldn't care less what you think!

    答え

    • used to say that someone does not care at all about something

    解説

  • 374

    all of a sudden

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • suddenly

    解説

  • 375

    pal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We've been pals since we were at school.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1[informal]. a close friend 2[spoken]. used to speak to a man in an unfriendly way

    解説

    (v) if you pal around with someone, you do things together as friends

  • 376

    vocation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Jan has a vocation for teaching.

    答え

    • (n, C or U) 1. the feeling that the purpose of your life is to do a particular type of work, especially because it allows you to help other people 2. a particular type of work that you feel is right for you 3. a strong belief that you have been chosen by God to be a priest or a nun

    解説

  • 377

    vocational

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • vocational qualifications

    答え

    • (adj) teaching or relating to the skills you need to do a particular job

    解説

  • 378

    wait until

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Wait till you see Gaby's new house!

    答え

    • used when you are excited about telling or showing someone something

    解説

    = wait till

  • 379

    lagoon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a coastal lagoon

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a lake of sea water that is partly separated from the sea by rocks, sand, or coral 2[AE]. a small lake which is not very deep, near a larger lake or river

    解説

  • 380

    gasp

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Ollie gasped with pain and slumped forward.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to breathe in suddenly in a way that can be heard, especially because you are surprised or in pain 2[I]. to breathe quickly in a way that can be heard because you are having difficulty breathing 3[be ~ing]. to feel that you urgently need something such as a drink or cigarette

    解説

    (n, C) 1. when you take in a breath suddenly in a way that can be heard, especially because you are surprised or in pain 2. when you breathe in air quickly because you are having difficulty breathing

  • 381

    screech

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They screeched with laughter.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) 1. to shout loudly in an unpleasant high voice because you are angry, afraid, or excited 2. if a vehicle ~, its wheels makes a high unpleasant noise as it moves along or stopping

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 382

    resent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I resented having to work such long hours.

    答え

    • (v, T) to feel angry or upset about a situation or about something that someone has done, especially because you think that it is not fair

    解説

  • 383

    willful

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a willful child

    答え

    • (adj) 1. continuing to do what you want, even after you have been told to stop - used to show disapproval 2. deliberate, when you know that what you are doing is wrong

    解説

  • 384

    grunt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He just grunted and carried on reading his book.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) 1. to make short sounds or say a few words in a rough voice, when you do not want to talk 2[I]. to make short low sounds in their throat

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a short low sound that a person or animal makes in their throat 2[AE informal]. someone who does hard physical work for low pay 3[AE informal]. a soldier in the infantry

  • 385

    screw up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You'd better not screw up this time.

    答え

    • 1. to make a bad mistake or do something very stupid 2[informal]. to spoil something by doing something stupid 3[~ ones eyes/face]. to move the muscles in your face in a way that makes your eyes seem narrow 4[informal]. to make someone feel very unhappy, confused, or upset so that they have emotional 5[~ the/enough/ones courage]. to be brave enough to do something you are very nervous about

    解説

  • 386

    civilize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Andrea was a great civilizing influence on her husband.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to influence someone's behaviour, making or teaching them to act in a more sensible or gentle way 2. to improve a society so that it is more organized and developed, and often more fair or comfortable

    解説

  • 387

    civilized

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Such things should not happen in a civilized society.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. well organized and developed, and having fair laws and customs 2. pleasant and comfortable 3. behaving in a polite sensible way instead of getting angry 4[a ~ hour]. a time that is not too early in the morning

    解説

  • 388

    drool

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was drooling over a Porsche.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I, BE]. to let saliva come out of your mouth 2[I]. to show in a silly way that you like someone or something a lot

    解説

  • 389

    be meant to do something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I thought the police were meant to protect people.

    答え

    • 1. if you ~, you should do it, especially because someone has told you to or because you are responsible for it 2. to be intended to do something

    解説

    something was meant to be/happen = used to say that you think a situation was certain to happen and that no one could have prevented it

  • 390

    star-69

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I tried to star-69 the call but was unable to retrieve the number.

    答え

    • to identify the last caller’s number, and if possible, to call them back.

    解説

    (n)

  • 391

    projectile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C, formal) an object that is thrown at someone or is fired from a gun or other weapon, such as a bullet, stone, or shell

    解説

  • 392

    a little something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I got you a little something for your birthday.

    答え

    • used when you are telling someone that you have bought them a present

    解説

  • 393

    cut to the chase

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • [informal] to immediately start dealing with the most important part of something

    解説

  • 394

    denote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • What does the word 'curriculum' denote that 'course' does not?

    答え

    • (v, T, formal) 1. to mean something 2. to represent or be a sign of something

    解説

  • 395

    guise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They operated a drug-smuggling business under the guise of an employment agency.

    答え

    • (n, C) the way someone or something appears to be, which hides the truth or is only temporary

    解説

  • 396

    plague

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • drops in population levels due to plagues and famines

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a disease that causes death and spreads quickly to a large number of people 2[U]. a very infectious disease that produces high fever and swollen places on the body, and often leads to death, especially bubonic plague

    解説

    (v, T) 1[usually passive]. to cause pain, suffering, or trouble to someone, especially for a long period of time 2. to annoy someone, especially by asking for something many times or asking them many questions

  • 397

    faggot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) 1[BE]. a ball made of meat mixed with bread, which is cooked 2[AE, taboo informal]. a very offensive word for a homosexual man. Do not use this word.

    解説

  • 398

    rub something in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Was he trying to rub in the fact that he didn't think much of me?

    答え

    • to remind someone about something they want to forget, especially because they are embarrassed about it

    解説

  • 399

    shame

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He felt shamed and humiliated by the treatment he had received.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to make someone feel ashamed 2. to be so much better than someone else that you make them seem bad or feel embarrassed 3. to make someone feel they have lost all honor and respect

    解説

    (n, C) 1[it's a shame/what a shame etc]. used when you wish a situation was different, and you feel sad or disappointed 2. the feeling you have when you feel guilty and embarrassed because you, or someone who is close to you, have done something wrong 3. the ability to feel shame

  • 400

    placate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • These changes did little to placate the unions.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone stop feeling angry

    解説

  • 401

    blunt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • To be blunt, many of the candidates cannot read or write.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not sharp or pointed 2. speaking in an honest way even if this upsets people

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to make a feeling less strong 2. to make the point of a pencil or the edge of a knife less sharp

  • 402

    puke

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • That kind of greed makes me puke!

    答え

    • (v, I or T, informal) 1. to bring food back up from your stomach through your mouth 2[make you (want to) ~. to make you feel very angry

    解説

    (n, U, informal) food brought back up from your stomach through your mouth

  • 403

    yank

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • One of the men grabbed Tom's hair and yanked his head back.

    答え

    • (v, T or I, informal) to suddenly pull something quickly and with force

    解説

    (n)

  • 404

    Mr. Happy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (slang) a penis

    解説

  • 405

    majorly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I was majorly upset, as you can imagine.

    答え

    • (adv, +adj/adv, informal) extremely

    解説

  • 406

    turn something down

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Josie's already turned him down.

    答え

    • 1. to turn the switch on a machine such as an oven, radio etc so that it produces less heat, sound etc 2. to refuse an offer, request, or invitation

    解説

  • 407

    pamper

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She spent her childhood as the pampered daughter of a wealthy family.

    答え

    • (v, T) to look after someone very kindly, for example by giving them the things that they want and making them feel warm and comfortable

    解説

  • 408

    take something on someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Don't take it out on me just because you've had a bad day.

    答え

    • to treat someone badly when you are angry or upset, even though it is not their fault

    解説

  • 409

    pervert

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Genetic scientists are often accused of perverting nature.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to change something in an unnatural and often harmful way 2. to influence someone so that they begin to think or behave in an immoral way

    解説

    (n, C) someone whose sexual behavior is considered unnatural and unacceptable

  • 410

    slut

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C, taboo informal) a very offensive word for a woman who has sex with a lot of different people. Do not use this word.

    解説

  • 411

    crush

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Two people were crushed to death in the rush to escape.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to press something so hard that it breaks or is damaged 2. to press something in order to break it into very small pieces or into a powder 3. to make someone feel extremely upset or shocked

    解説

    (n) 1[singular]. a crowd of people pressed so close together that it is difficult for them to move 2[C]. a strong feeling of romantic love for someone, especially one that a young person has for someone older who they do not know well 3[C, AE informal]. someone who you have a feeling of romantic love for, but who you do not know well

  • 412

    patriotic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • patriotic songs

    答え

    • (adj) having or expressing a great love of your country

    解説

  • 413

    bull of the woods

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n) 1[AE slang]. a chief, supervisor or boss 2. a sexually mature male of a large wild species, such as moose or elk 3. the supervisor of a logging camp

    解説

  • 414

    do me a favor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'Did you like it?' 'Do me a favor!'

    答え

    • used when you are annoyed because someone has asked a silly question or done something to upset people

    解説

    =do us a favor

  • 415

    do somebody a favor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Could you do me a favor and tell Kelly I can't make it?

    答え

    • to do something for someone

    解説

  • 416

    spare somebody the trouble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I wanted to spare them the trouble of buying me a present.

    答え

    • to prevent someone from having to experience something difficult or unpleasant

    解説

    also ~ the difficulty/pain etc

  • 417

    I don't know about you but

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I don't know about you, but I'll be glad when Christmas is over.

    答え

    • used to give your opinion, decision, or suggestion when you are not sure that the person you are talking to will feel the same way

    解説

  • 418

    tipsy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj, informal) slightly drunk

    解説

  • 419

    awe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • All of the neighbours were a little in awe of my mother.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. a feeling of great respect and liking for someone or something 2[be/stand in ~ of somebody] also[hold somebody in ~]. to admire someone and have great respect for them and sometimes a slight fear of them

    解説

    (v, T usually passive, formal) if you are awed by someone or something, you feel great respect and liking for them, and are often slightly afraid of them

  • 420

    hands down

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's won this hands down.

    答え

    • 1. without much effort, very easily 2. without any doubt

    解説

  • 421

    pick someone's brains

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Have you got a minute? I need to pick your brains.

    答え

    • to ask someone who knows a lot about something for information and advice about it

    解説

  • 422

    sit down with someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Have a sit-down with her and tell her what the problem is.

    答え

    • to talk seriously with someone

    解説

  • 423

    flatter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Perry would always flatter Mrs. Mitchell by praising her cooking.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to praise someone in order to please them or get something from them, even though you do not mean it 2. to make someone look as attractive as they can 3. to make something look or seem more important or better than it is 4[~ yourself]. to make yourself believe something about your abilities or achievements are true, although they are not

    解説

  • 424

    go down on somebody

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to touch someone's sexual organs with the lips and tongue in order to give them sexual pleasure

    解説

  • 425

    upstanding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • upstanding young men and women

    答え

    • (adj) 1. honest and responsible 2. standing upright or pointing upwards 3[BE, spoken formal, be ~]. used in a formal situation such as a law court to tell people to stand up as a sign of respect for an important person

    解説

  • 426

    call it quits

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • After twenty-five years as a teacher, he's decided to call it quits.

    答え

    • 1. to agree that a debt or argument is settled 2. to stop doing something

    解説

  • 427

    wound up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I was too wound up to sleep.

    答え

    • (adj, not before noun) anxious, worried, or excited

    解説

  • 428

    jump someone's bones

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • If you fix my computer, I will jump your bones!

    答え

    • (slang) 1. to have sexual intercourse with someone, or used to describe that you want to do so 2. to make strong sexual advances

    解説

  • 429

    phony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a phony American accent

    答え

    • (adj) 1. false or not real, and intended to deceive someone 2. insincere and pretending to be something they are not

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 430

    sneak

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Douglas had sneaked his camera into the show.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I always +adv/pp]. to go somewhere secretly and quietly in order to avoid being seen or heard 2[T]. to hide something and take it somewhere or give it to someone secretly 3[~ a look/glance/peek]. to look at something quickly and secretly, especially something that you are not supposed to see 4[T, informal]. to quickly and secretly steal something unimportant or of little value

    解説

    past and past participle tense = sneaked or snuck

  • 431

    gross somebody out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His dirty fingernails really gross me out.

    答え

    • (AE spoken) to make someone wish they had not seen or been told about something because it is so unpleasant

    解説

  • 432

    swear

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He says he was there all the time, but I swear I never saw him.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to use rude and offensive language 2[T]. to promise that you will do something 3[T or I, informal]. to say very strongly that what you are saying is true 4[I or T]. to make a public official promise, especially in a court of law

    解説

    past tense = swore, past participle tense = sworn

  • 433

    worship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He absolutely worships her.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to show respect and love for a god, especially by praying in a religious building 2[T]. to admire and love someone very much

    解説

    (n, U) the activity of praying or singing in a religious building in order to show respect and love for a god

  • 434

    obedient

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • citizens who are obedient to the law

    答え

    • (adj) always doing what you are told to do, or what the law, a rule etc says you must do

    解説

  • 435

    clatter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The tray slipped and clattered to the floor.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to make a loud unpleasant noise, or to make something do so 2[I always +adv/pp]. to move quickly and noisily

    解説

    (n, singular U)

  • 436

    take a whiz

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (AE spoken) to urinate

    解説

  • 437

    I can tell you

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'm telling you, Sheila, I've never seen anything like it in my life.

    答え

    • used to emphasize that what you are saying is true even though it may be difficult to believe

    解説

    also I'm telling you

  • 438

    ingenious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Many fish have ingenious ways of protecting their eggs from predators.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. working well and which is the result of clever thinking and new idea 2. very good at inventing things or at thinking of new ideas

    解説

  • 439

    romp

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They could hear the children romping around upstairs.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1[always +adv/pp]. to play in a noisy way, especially by running, jumping etc 2. to win a race, competition, election etc very easily

    解説

    (n, C) 1[informal]. a piece of amusing entertainment which has a lot of exciting scenes 2[BE informal]. a period of sexual activity - used humorously, especially in newspapers 3. when one sports team defeats another one very easily - used in newspapers

  • 440

    relegate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Women tended to be relegated to typing and filing jobs.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1[formal]. to give someone or something a less important position than before 2[BE]. to have a sport team move into a lower division

    解説

  • 441

    adorn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • church walls adorned with religious paintings

    答え

    • (v, T, formal) to decorate something

    解説

  • 442

    emanate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He emanates tranquility.

    答え

    • (v, T) to produce a smell, light etc, or to show a particular quality

    解説

  • 443

    malevolent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He gave her a dark, malevolent look.

    答え

    • (adj) wanting to harm other people

    解説

  • 444

    whack

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He kept whacking the dog with a stick.

    答え

    • (v, T, informal) 1. to hit someone or something hard 2[BE spoken]. to put something somewhere

    解説

    (n, C, especially spoken) 1. the act of hitting something hard, or the noise this makes 2. an amount of something

  • 445

    whack off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (AE slang) to masturbate

    解説

  • 446

    choke the bishop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (slang) to masturbate

    解説

  • 447

    chafe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Wear a T-shirt under your wetsuit to stop it chafing.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to make a part of a body become sore because of something rubbing against it, or to become so 2[I]. to feel impatient or annoyed 3[T, BE]. to rub part of your body to make it warm

    解説

  • 448

    vulgar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • vulgar behavior

    答え

    • (adj) 1. dealing with sex in a very rude and offensive way 2. not behaving politely in social situations 3. not showing good judgment about what is beautiful or suitable

    解説

  • 449

    mess with something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Don't mess with drugs.

    答え

    • 1. to get involved with someone or something that may cause problems or be dangerous 2. to deceive someone or cause trouble for them 3. to try changing something, especially in a way that damages or spoils it

    解説

  • 450

    abundantly clear

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She'd made her feelings towards him abundantly clear.

    答え

    • very easy to understand

    解説

  • 451

    be looking to do something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We're looking to buy a new car early next year.

    答え

    • (informal) to be planning or expecting to do something

    解説

  • 452

    Gay Pride

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a political movement that began in the U.S. and encourages gay people to be open about the fact that they are gay and to be proud of themselves

    解説

  • 453

    pant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was panting for breath.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to breathe quickly with short noisy breaths, for example because you have been running or because it is very hot 2[T]. to say something while you are panting

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 454

    you never know

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I doubt I'll win, but you never know.

    答え

    • used when you cannot be sure about something, but something good might happen

    解説

  • 455

    cut a deal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A French company has reportedly cut a deal to produce software for government agencies.

    答え

    • to make a business deal

    解説

  • 456

    no shit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'I can get you one for $50.' 'No shit?'

    答え

    • (AE) 1. used to express surprise or to check whether what someone has just said is true 2. used to emphasize that what you are saying is true, or to agree that what someone else says is true

    解説

  • 457

    potent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A good company pension scheme remains a potent weapon for attracting staff.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having a very powerful effect or influence on your body or mind 2. powerful and effective 3. able to have sex or able to make a woman pregnant

    解説

  • 458

    mellow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the mellow golden light of early evening

    答え

    • (adj) 1. looking soft, warm, and not too bright 2. sounding pleasant and smooth 3. having a smooth, pleasant taste 4. gentle and calm and not criticizing other people, because having a lot of experience of life 5. calm and relaxed, especially after drinking alcohol

    解説

    (v, I or T) 1. if someone mellows or is mellowed, they become gentler and more sympathetic 2. if colors mellow or are mellowed, they begin to look warm and soft 3. if wine mellows or is mellowed, its taste becomes smoother

  • 459

    get laid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • All he wants to do is go out and get laid.

    答え

    • (informal) to have sex with someone

    解説

  • 460

    grudge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Is there anyone who might have had a grudge against her?

    答え

    • (n, C) a feeling of dislike for someone because you cannot forget that they harmed you in the past

    解説

    (v, T) to do or give something very unwillingly

  • 461

    resonate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an idea that resonates with many voters

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to seem important or good to people, or continues to do this 2. to make a deep loud clear sound that continues for a long time 3. to make a sound that is produced as a reaction to another sound 4[formal]. to be full of a particular meaning or quality 5. to be full of a particular sound

    解説

  • 462

    if anything

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Sam didn't seem too disappointed at losing. If anything, he seemed relieved that it was all over.

    答え

    • (spoken) used when you are adding something to emphasize what you have just said

    解説

  • 463

    down-to-earth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Fran's a friendly, down-to-earth person.

    答え

    • (adj) practical and direct in a sensible honest way

    解説

  • 464

    whale on something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (AE) to start hitting someone or something

    解説

    also whale into something

  • 465

    smoke pot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Michael was smoking pot with some friends.

    答え

    • (old-fashioned informal) to smoke marijuana

    解説

  • 466

    look who's talking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'Peggy shouldn't smoke so much.' 'Look who's talking!'

    答え

    • (spoken) used to tell someone they should not criticize someone else's behaviour

    解説

    = you're a fine one to talk, you can talk

  • 467

    would you mind

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Would you mind shutting up for a minute?

    答え

    • 1. used to politely ask someone's permission, or to do 2. used to angrily ask or tell someone to do something

    解説

  • 468

    that's what someone think

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • used to say that you strongly disagree with someone

    解説

  • 469

    fantasize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Sometimes she fantasized about buying a boat and sailing around the world

    答え

    • (v, I or T) to imagine that you are doing something which is very pleasant or exciting, but which is very unlikely to happen

    解説

  • 470

    constitute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Failing to complete the work constitutes a breach of the employment contract.

    答え

    • (v) 1[linking verb, not in progressive]. to be considered to be something 2[linking verb, not in progressive]. to be the parts that form something 3[T usually in passive, formal]. to officially form a group or organization

    解説

  • 471

    not to mention something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Pollution has a negative effect on the health of everyone living in the city, not to mention the damage to the environment.

    答え

    • used to introduce an additional thing that makes a situation even more difficult, surprising, interesting etc

    解説

  • 472

    to boot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She was a great sportswoman, and beautiful to boot.

    答え

    • in addition to everything else you have mentioned

    解説

  • 473

    throw in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She threw in a couple of odd remarks about men.

    答え

    • 1. to add something to what you are selling, without increasing the price 2[~ a remark]. to say it suddenly without thinking carefully

    解説

  • 474

    twisted

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Whoever sent those letters has a twisted mind.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. bent in many directions or turned many times, so that it has lost its original shape 2. seeming to enjoy things that are cruel or shocking, in a way that is not normal

    解説

  • 475

    pop off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to die suddenly

    解説

  • 476

    melee

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Luckily no one was hurt in the melée.

    答え

    • (n, C usually singular) a situation in which a lot of people rush around in a confused way

    解説

  • 477

    let's just say

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'So who did it?' 'Let's just say it wasn't anyone in this family.'

    答え

    • used to say that you are not going to give someone all the details about something

    解説

  • 478

    be for the best

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I still don't want him to go but maybe it's for the best.

    答え

    • (especially spoken) used to say that a particular event may seem bad now, but might have a good result later

    解説

  • 479

    so to speak

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We have to pull down the barriers, so to speak, of poverty.

    答え

    • used when you are saying something in words that do not have their usual meaning

    解説

  • 480

    stray

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Three of the soldiers strayed into enemy territory.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to move away from the place you should be 2. to begin to deal with or think about a different subject from the main one, without intending to 3. if your eyes ~, you begin to look at something else, usually without intending to 4. to start doing something that is wrong or immoral, when usually you do not do this

    解説

    (adj, only before noun) 1. a stray animal, such as a dog or cat, is lost or has no home 2. accidentally separated from other things of the same kind (n, C) 1. an animal that is lost or has no home 2[informal]. someone or something that has become separated from others of the same kind

  • 481

    nuts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Turn that radio off. It's driving me nuts.

    答え

    • (adj) 1[not before noun]. crazy 2[go ~, spoken]. to become very excited because something good has just happened, or to become very angry about something 3[be ~ about/over something]. to like someone or something very much

    解説

  • 482

    I take it

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I take it you've heard that Rick's resigned.

    答え

    • I assume

    解説

  • 483

    have a thing for something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I still have a thing for her.

    答え

    • to be attracted to something

    解説

    = have got a thing for something

  • 484

    Faustian

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She was a truly Faustian archaeologist, not above sleeping with other researchers to find out what leads they were following.

    答え

    • (adj) of or pertaining to Faust, especially his abandonment of values in order to pursue knowledge

    解説

  • 485

    punctuate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The silence was occasionally punctuated by laughter.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to divide written work into sentences, phrases, etc using commas, full stops etc 2[T usually passive, literary]. to be interrupted by something, especially when this is repeated

    解説

  • 486

    analogy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • analogies between human and animal behavior

    答え

    • (n, C or U) something that seems similar between two situations, processes etc

    解説

  • 487

    it's one of those days

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's one of those days when nothing seems to go right.

    答え

    • used to say that everything seems to be going wrong

    解説

  • 488

    cave

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The roof of the tunnel caved in on them.

    答え

    • (v) 1[~ in]. to fall down or inwards 2. to finally stop opposing something, especially because someone has persuaded or threatened you

    解説

  • 489

    how dare you

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • How dare you accuse me of lying!

    答え

    • said to show that you are very angry and shocked about what someone has done or said

    解説

  • 490

    breadwinner

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) the member of a family who earns the money to support the others

    解説

  • 491

    not give something a second thought

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Don't give it a second thought.

    答え

    • used to say that someone does not think or worry about something

    解説

    = without a second thought

  • 492

    impractical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • James was a foolish man, full of impractical plans.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not sensible or possible for practical reasons 2. not good at dealing with ordinary practical matters, such as making or repairing things

    解説

  • 493

    incline

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The accident inclined him to reconsider his career.

    答え

    • (v, not in progressive) 1[T, formal]. to influence someone towards a particular action or opinion 2[I, formal]. to think that a particular belief or opinion is most likely to be correct 3[I or T]. to slope at a particular angle, or to make something do this

    解説

    (n, C) a slope

  • 494

    inclined

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It was Sunday morning, and she was not inclined to get up yet.

    答え

    • (adj) 1[be ~ to agree/think etc]. to hold a particular opinion, but not very strongly 2. likely to do something or behave in a particular way 3. wanting to do something, but without having a strong desire 4. sloping or leaning in a particular direction

    解説

  • 495

    from now on

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Please try to be more careful from now on.

    答え

    • starting from now

    解説

  • 496

    the key to something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a discovery that may hold the key to our understanding of the universe

    答え

    • the part of a plan, action etc, that will make it possible for it to succeed

    解説

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