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カード 15枚 作成者: Jared Woodward (作成日: 2015/10/20)

  • international monetary system

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  • 1

    international monetary system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • institutional arrangements countries adopt to govern exchange rates

    解説

  • 2

    floating exchange rate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system under which the exchange rate for converting one currency into another is continuously adjusted depending on the laws of supply and demand

    解説

  • 3

    pegged exchanged rate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • currency value is fixed relative to a reference currency

    解説

  • 4

    dirty float

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system under which a country's currency is nominally allowed to float freely against other currencies, but in which the government will intervine, buying and selling currency, if it believes that currency has deviated to far from its fair value

    解説

  • 5

    fixed exchange rate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system under which the exchange rate for converting one currency to another is fixed

    解説

  • 6

    eurpean monetary system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system to regulate fixed exchange rates before the introduction of the euro

    解説

  • 7

    gold standard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the practice of pegging currencies to gold and gareenteeing convertability dead by the start of WWII

    解説

  • 8

    gold par value

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the amount needed to purchase one ounce

    解説

  • 9

    balance of trade equilibirum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reached when the income of a country's residents earn from exports equals the money residents earn from exports equals the money residents pay for imports

    解説

  • 10

    managed float system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • system under which some currencies are allowed to float freely, but the majority are either managed by governement intervention or pegged to another currency

    解説

  • 11

    currency board

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • means of controlling a country's currency

    解説

  • 12

    currency crisis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • occurs when a speculative attack on the exchange value of a currency results in asharp depreciation in the value of the currency or forces authorities to expend large volumes of international currency reserves and sharply increase interest rates to defend the prevailing exchange rate

    解説

  • 13

    banking crisis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a loss of confidence in the banking system that leads to a run on banks, as induviduals and companies withdraw their deposits

    解説

  • 14

    foriegn debt crisis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • situation in which a country connot service its foreign debt obligations whether private sector or government debt

    解説

  • 15

    moral hazard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • arises when people behave reclessly becuase they know they will be saved if things go wrong

    解説

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