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TOEIC Test Score 990 (verb)

カード 86枚 作成者: lianmei (作成日: 2014/01/31)

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  • 1

    expire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 期限が切れる if an official document expires, it can no longer be legally used *My passport expires next week.

    解説

  • 2

    endorse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を承認する to express formal support or approval for someone or something *The Prime Minister is unlikely endorse this view.

    解説

  • 3

    commute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 通勤する to regularly travel a long distance to get to work *Jim commutes to Manhattan every day.

    解説

  • 4

    evacuate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を避難させる to send people away from a dangerous place to a safe place *Several families were evacuated from their homes.

    解説

  • 5

    facilitate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を促進する to make it easier for a process or activity to happen *Computers can be used to facilitate language learning.

    解説

  • 6

    update

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を更新する to add the most recent information to something *The files need updating.

    解説

  • 7

    verify

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜が正しいことを証明する to discover whether something is correct or true *A computer system verifies that the system is working.

    解説

  • 8

    surpass

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜より勝る to be even better or greater than someone or something else *He had surpassed all our expectations.

    解説

  • 9

    disperse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を分散させる if a group of people disperse or are dispersed, they go away in different directions *Police used tear gas to disperse the crowd.

    解説

  • 10

    withhold

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を与えずにおく to refuse to give someone something *I withheld payment until they had completed the work.

    解説

  • 11

    arise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 生じる if a problem or difficult situation arises, it begins to happen *A crisis has arisen in the Foreign Office.

    解説

  • 12

    enhance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を高める to improve something *The publicity has enhanced his reputation.

    解説

  • 13

    certify

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を証明する to state that something is correct or true, especially after some kind of test *The accounts were certified by an auditor.

    解説

  • 14

    incur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を負う if you incur a cost, debt, or a fine you have to pay money because of something you have done, or you do not make money *If the council loses the appeal, it will incur all the legal costs.

    解説

  • 15

    deduct

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を差し引く to take away an amount or part from a total *The payments will be deducted from your salary.

    解説

  • 16

    retrieve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を回収する to find something and bring it back *She bent down to retrieve her earring.

    解説

  • 17

    amend

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を修正する to collect or make small changes to something that is written or spoken *The law was amended to include women.

    解説

  • 18

    deteriorate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 悪化する to become worse *Ethel's health has deteriorated.

    解説

  • 19

    collaborate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 共同で行う to work together with a person or group in order to achieve something, especially in science or art *The two nations are collaborating on several satellite projects.

    解説

  • 20

    terminate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を終わらせる if something terminates, or if you terminate it, it ends *The court ruled that the contract must be terminated.

    解説

  • 21

    curb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を抑制する to control or limit something in order to prevent it from having a harmful effect *measures to curb the spread of virus

    解説

  • 22

    renovate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を改装する to repair a building or old furniture so that it is in good condition again *The hotel has been renovated and redecorated.

    解説

  • 23

    complement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を補完する to make a good combination with someone or something else *Jon and Bob complemented each other well.

    解説

  • 24

    discontinue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を中止する to stop doing, producing, or providing something *Bus route 51is being discontinued.

    解説

  • 25

    scrub

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜をごしごし磨く to rub something hard, especially with a stiff brush, in order to clean it *She was on her hands and knees scrubbing the floor.

    解説

  • 26

    compile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を編集する to make a book, list, record etc, using different pieces of information, music etc *The document was compiled by the Department of Health.

    解説

  • 27

    reinforce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を補強する to give support to an opinion, idea, or feeling, and make it stronger *The film reinforces the idea that women should be pretty and dumb.

    解説

  • 28

    violate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • に違反する to disobey or do something against an official agreement, law, principle etc *34 protesters were arrested for violating criminal law.

    解説

  • 29

    alleviate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を緩和する to make something less painful or difficult to deal with *a new medicine to alleviate the symptoms of flu

    解説

  • 30

    emphasize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を強調する to say something in a strong way *The report emphasizes the importance of improving safety standards.

    解説

  • 31

    browse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ざっと目を通す to look through the pages of a book, magazine etc without a particular purpose, just looking at the most interesting parts.

    解説

  • 32

    remit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を送る to send a payment *Please remit payment by cheque.

    解説

  • 33

    discard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を捨てる to get rid of something *Discard any old cleaning materials.

    解説

  • 34

    upgrade

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜の等級を上げる to make a computer, machine, or piece of software better and able to do more things *You'll need to upgrade your hard drive to 4Mb before running this software.

    解説

  • 35

    enforce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を守らせる to make people obey a rule or law *Governments make laws and the police enforce them.

    解説

  • 36

    clarify

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を明らかにする to make something clearer or easier to understand *Could you clarify one or two points for me?

    解説

  • 37

    supervise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を監督する to be in charge of an activity or person, and make sure that things are done in the correct way *Griffiths closely supervised the research.

    解説

  • 38

    vary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 異なる if several things of the same type vary, they are all different each other *Test scores vary from school to school.

    解説

  • 39

    enlarge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を拡大する if you enlarge something, or if it enlarges, it increases in size or scale *an operation to enlarge her breasts

    解説

  • 40

    undertake

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜に着手する to accept that you are responsible for a piece of work, and start to do it *Dr Johnson undertook the task of writing a comprehensive English dictionary.

    解説

  • 41

    cease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を中止する to stop doing something or stop happening *He ceased to be a member of the association.

    解説

  • 42

    presume

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜だと考える to think that something is true, although you are not certain *Each of you will make a speech, I presume?

    解説

  • 43

    emit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を放出する to send out gas, heat,light, sound etc *The kettle emitted a shrill whistle.

    解説

  • 44

    delete

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を削除する to remove something that has been written down or stored in a computer *His name was deleted from the list.

    解説

  • 45

    overcharge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜に過剰請求をする to charge someone too much money for something *They were being overcharged for cheap beer.

    解説

  • 46

    dine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 食事をする to eat dinner *He was dining with friends at the Ritz.

    解説

  • 47

    speculate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜だと推測する to guess about the possible causes or effects of something, without knowing all the facts or details *She refused to speculate.

    解説

  • 48

    maximize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を最大にする to increase something such as profit or income as much as possible *The company's main function is to maximize profit.

    解説

  • 49

    diversify

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 事業を広げる if a business, company, country etc diversifies, it increases the range of goods or services it produces.

    解説

  • 50

    relieve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を和らげる to reduce someone's pain or unpleasant feelings *Drug helped to relieve the pain.

    解説

  • 51

    induce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を引き起こす to persuade someone to do something, especially something that does not seem wise *Nothing would induce me to vote for him again.

    解説

  • 52

    consolidate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を合併する to combine things in order to make them more effective or easier to deal with *We consolidate information from a wide range of sources.

    解説

  • 53

    enact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を制定する to make a proposal into a law *Congress refused to enact the bill.

    解説

  • 54

    summarize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を要約する to make a short statement giving only the main information and not the details of a plan, event, report etc *The authors summarize their views in the introduction.

    解説

  • 55

    discriminate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 区別する to treat a person or group differently from another in an unfair way *Under federal law, it is illegal to discriminate against minorities and women.

    解説

  • 56

    minimize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を最小にする to reduce something that is difficult, dangerous, or unpleasant to the smallest possible amount or degree *Every effort is being made to minimize civilian casualties.

    解説

  • 57

    detain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を拘留する to officially prevent someone from leaving a place *Two suspects have been detained by the police for questioning.

    解説

  • 58

    jeopardize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を危険にさらす to risk losing or spoiling something important *large-scale military offensives which could jeopardize the UN peace process

    解説

  • 59

    tow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を牽引する to pull a vehicle or ship along behind another vehicle, using a rope or chain *The ship had to be towed into the harbor.

    解説

  • 60

    conserve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を保護する to protect something and prevent it from changing or being damaged *We must conserve our woodlands for future generations.

    解説

  • 61

    embrace

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を受け入れる to eagerly accept a new idea, opinion, religion etc *We hope these regions will embrace democratic reforms.

    解説

  • 62

    penetrate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • に浸透する to start to sell things to an area or country, or to have an influence there *Few U.S. companies have successfully penetrated the Japanese electronics market.

    解説

  • 63

    constitute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を構成する to be considered to be something *Failing complete the work constitutes a breach of the employment contract.

    解説

  • 64

    dispatch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を派遣する to send someone or something somewhere for a particular purpose *A reporter was dispatched to Naples to cover the riot.

    解説

  • 65

    mow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を刈る to cut grass using a machine *It's time to mow the lawn again.

    解説

  • 66

    confiscate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を没収する to officially take private property away from someone, usually as a punishment *Miss Williams confiscated all our sweets.

    解説

  • 67

    restrain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を抑制する to stop someone from doing something, often by using physical force *I had to restrain her from running out into the street.

    解説

  • 68

    exaggerate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を誇張する to make something seem better, larger, worse etc than it really is *I couldn't sleep for three days - I'm not exaggerating.

    解説

  • 69

    proofread

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を校正する to read through something that is written or printed in order to correct any mistakes in it *a proofreading job

    解説

  • 70

    deter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を防止する to stop someone from doing something, by making them realize it will be difficult or have bad results *The company's financial difficulties have deterred potential investors.

    解説

  • 71

    incorporate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を組み入れる to include something as a part of a group, system, plan etc *We've incorporated many environmentally-friendly features into the design of the building.

    解説

  • 72

    soar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 急上昇する to increase quickly to a high level *Her temperature soared.

    解説

  • 73

    bother

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜に迷惑をかける to annoy someone, especially by interrupting them when they are trying to do something *Danny, don't bother Ellen while she's reading.

    解説

  • 74

    infer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を推測する to form an opinion that something is probably true because of information that you have *A lot can be inferred from these statistics.

    解説

  • 75

    downsize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を削減する if a company or organization downsizes, it reduces the number of people it employs in order to reduce costs *The airline has downsized its workforce by 30%.

    解説

  • 76

    regulate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を規制する to control an activity or process, especially by rules *strict rules regulating the use of chemicals in food

    解説

  • 77

    dip

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 減少する if an amount or level dips, it becomes less, usually for just a short time *Profits dipped slightly last year.

    解説

  • 78

    outline

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜の要点を述べる to describe something in a general way, giving the main points but not the details. *The new president outlined plans to deal with crime, drugs, and education.

    解説

  • 79

    defer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を延期する to delay something until a later date *Further discussion on the proposal will be deferred until April.

    解説

  • 80

    fluctuate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 変動する if a price or amount fluctuates, it keeps changing and becoming higher and lower. *Prices were volatile, fluctuating between $20 and $40.

    解説

  • 81

    trigger

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • を引き起こす to make something happen very quickly, especially a series of events *The assassination triggered off a wave of rioting.

    解説

  • 82

    encounter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • に直面する to experience something, especially problems or opposition *They encountered serious problems when two members of the expedition were injured.

    解説

  • 83

    safeguard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を保護する to protect something from harm or damage *The industry has a duty to safeguard consumers.

    解説

  • 84

    concede

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を認める to admit that something is true or correct, although you wish it were not true *I conceded that I had made a number of errors.

    解説

  • 85

    disrupt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 〜を混乱させる to prevent something from continuing in its usual way by causing problems *Traffic was disrupted by a hoax bomb.

    解説

  • 86

    arouse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • をかき立てる to make you become interested, expect something etc *Matt's behavior was arousing the interest of the neighbors.

    解説

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