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カード 467枚 作成者: moomin (作成日: 2015/09/07)

  • dense


    A narrow track wound steeply up through dense forest.

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  • 1

    dense

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A narrow track wound steeply up through dense forest.

    答え

    • (adj) containing so many or much something that something is difficult to understand or see through or breathe

    解説

  • 2

    squander

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The home team squandered a number of chances in the first half.

    答え

    • (v, T) to carelessly waste money, time, opportunities etc

    解説

  • 3

    shackle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They finally managed to throw off the shackles of communism.

    答え

    • (n, C) one of a pair of metal rings joined by a chain that are used for fastening together a prisoner's hands or feet, so that they cannot move easily or escape

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to put many limits on what someone can do - used to show disapproval 2. to put shackles on someone

  • 4

    hindrance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The floods have been a major hindrance to relief efforts.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1[C]. something or someone that makes it difficult for you to do something 2[U]. the act of making it difficult for someone to do something

    解説

    [verb form = hinder]

  • 5

    exponent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The most famous exponent of this approach to art was probably Charles Rennie Mackintosh.

    答え

    • (n, C) a person who is good at a particular skill, idea, belief or activity, or tries to explain it to others

    解説

  • 6

    prioritize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The public wants to see the fight against crime prioritized.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to put several things, problems etc in order of importance, so that you can deal with the most important ones first, or to deal with the most important thing first

    解説

  • 7

    socialize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • People don't socialize with their neighbours as much as they used to.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to spend time with other people in a friendly way 2[T, usually passive]. to train someone to behave in a way that is acceptable in the society they are living in

    解説

  • 8

    cumulative

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Depression is often caused by the cumulative effects of stress and overwork.

    答え

    • (adj) increasing gradually as more of something is added or happens

    解説

  • 9

    concurrent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The exhibition reflected concurrent developments abroad.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. existing or happening at the same time 2[formal]. in agreement

    解説

  • 10

    abreast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's important to keep abreast of the latest developments in computers.

    答え

    • (adv) side by side, or keeping up with, or level with

    解説

  • 11

    crave

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an insecure child who craves attention

    答え

    • (v, T) to have an extremely strong desire for something

    解説

  • 12

    reap

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Those who do take risks often reap the rewards.

    答え

    • (v, T) to get something, especially something good, as a result of what you have done

    解説

  • 13

    sorcery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, U) magic that uses the power of evil forces

    解説

  • 14

    reclaim

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I want to reclaim the championship that I lost in 1999.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to get back something that you have lost or that has been taken away from you, especially money 2. to make an unsuitable area suitable for farming or building

    解説

  • 15

    fixation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Carlo has an absolute fixation with the royal family.

    答え

    • (n, C) a very strong interest in or love for someone or something, that is not natural or healthy

    解説

  • 16

    optimize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They need to optimize the use of available resources.

    答え

    • (v, T) to improve the way that something is done or used so that it is as effective as possible

    解説

  • 17

    indices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • plural of index when it means standards by which the level of something can be judged or measured

    解説

    plural of index, but when the index means another meaning, the plural form is indexes

  • 18

    dumbfounded

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was completely dumbfounded by the incident.

    答え

    • (adj) extremely surprised

    解説

    [the verb form : dumbfound]

  • 19

    sluggish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Alex woke late feeling tired and sluggish.

    答え

    • (adj) moving or reacting more slowly than normal

    解説

  • 20

    lethargic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The hot weather was making us all lethargic.

    答え

    • (adj) feeling as if you have no energy and no interest in doing anything

    解説

    [= lazy]

  • 21

    amuck

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Drunken troops ran amuck in the town.

    答え

    • (adj, adv) frenzied, mad, confused, uncontrollable

    解説

    [or amok]

  • 22

    hone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He set about honing his skills as a draughtsman.

    答え

    • (v, T) to improve your skill at doing something, especially when you are already very good at it

    解説

  • 23

    curb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • measures to curb the spread of the virus

    答え

    • (v, T) to control or limit something in order to prevent it from having a harmful effect

    解説

    (n, C) 1. an influence which helps to control or limit something 2. the raised edge of a road, between where people can walk and cars can drive

  • 24

    cognitive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • cognitive psychology

    答え

    • (adj) related to the process of knowing, understanding, and learning something

    解説

  • 25

    inherent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Every business has its own inherent risks.

    答え

    • (adj) a natural part of something and cannot be separated from it

    解説

    be inherent in ~

  • 26

    intrinsic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There is nothing in the intrinsic nature of the work that makes it more suitable for women.

    答え

    • (adj) being part of the nature or character of someone or something

    解説

  • 27

    cohesive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Historically, sport has been a cohesive force in international relations.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. connected or related in a reasonable way to form a whole 2. uniting people or things

    解説

  • 28

    adept

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Silas proved adept in the art of avoiding potholes in the road.

    答え

    • (adj) good at something that needs care and skill

    解説

    [art of ~ = technique of ~] [pothole = a large hole in the surface of a road, caused by traffic and bad weather, which makes driving difficult or dangerous]

  • 29

    glide

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • couples gliding over the dancefloor

    答え

    • (v, I always + adv/pp) 1. to move smoothly and quietly, as if without effort 2. to do or achieve things easily

    解説

    (n, C) a smooth quiet movement that seems to take no effort

  • 30

    glean

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Additional information was gleaned from other sources.

    答え

    • (v, T) to find out information slowly and with difficulty

    解説

  • 31

    critique

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a major new critique of his work

    答え

    • (n, C or U) a detailed explanation of the problems of something such as a set of political ideas (v, T) to say how good or bad something is

    解説

  • 32

    disengage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Too many young people disengage from learning.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) to move away to stop something that has been kept

    解説

  • 33

    well-rounded

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She has a well-rounded background in management.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. varied, wide-range, complete 2. used to describe a woman has a pleasantly curved figure [= shapely]

    解説

  • 34

    trade-off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There has to be a trade-off between quality and quantity if we want to keep prices low.

    答え

    • (n, C) a balance between two opposing things, that you are willing to accept in order to achieve something

    解説

  • 35

    protagonist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the main protagonists in the conflict

    答え

    • (n, C) one of the most important people taking part in something

    解説

  • 36

    propel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • One of our students was unable to propel her wheelchair up the ramp.

    答え

    • (v, T) to move something forward or in a particular direction

    解説

  • 37

    pervasive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the pervasive influence of television

    答え

    • (adj) existing everywhere

    解説

  • 38

    auditory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) relating to the ability to hear

    解説

  • 39

    reassure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He tried to reassure me that my mother would be okay.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone feel calmer and less worried or frightened about a problem or situation

    解説

  • 40

    utilize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We must consider how best to utilize what resources we have.

    答え

    • (v, T) to use something for a particular purpose

    解説

  • 41

    prompt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • What prompted you to buy that suit?

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone do something, especially as a reaction or by suggesting something (adj) done quickly, immediately, or at the right time

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a word or words said to an actor in a play, to help them remember what to say 2. a sign on a computer screen which shows that the computer has finished one operation and is ready to begin the next

  • 42

    optimum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • This design makes the optimum use of the available space.

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) the best or most suitable

    解説

    [= optimal]

  • 43

    distract

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Try not to distract the other students.

    答え

    • (v, T) to take someone's attention away from something by making them look at or listen to something else

    解説

  • 44

    discern

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Officials were keen to discern how much public support there was.

    答え

    • (v, T) to notice or understand or see something by thinking about or looking carefully

    解説

  • 45

    transition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The company has transitioned to new management in the past year.

    答え

    • (n, C or U) when something changes from one form or state to another (v, I) to change from one form or state to another

    解説

  • 46

    replicate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There is a need for further research to replicate these findings.

    答え

    • (v, T) to do it again, or to try to get the same result again

    解説

  • 47

    broad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Private pension schemes fall into two broad categories.

    答え

    • (adj) wide, including many different kinds of things, large, mostly concerning the main parts of something (n, C) an offensive word for a woman

    解説

  • 48

    outreach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • outreach centers for drug addicts

    答え

    • (n, U) when help, advice, or other services are provided for people who would not otherwise get these services easily

    解説

  • 49

    leaflet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a small book or piece of paper advertising something or giving information on a particular subject

    解説

    (v, T or I) to give leaflets to people

  • 50

    ubiquitous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Coffee shops are ubiquitous these days.

    答え

    • (adj) seeming to be everywhere, sometimes used humorously

    解説

  • 51

    conciliatory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Brooks felt in no mood to be conciliatory.

    答え

    • (adj) doing something that is intended to make someone stop arguing with you

    解説

  • 52

    surrogate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • William was acting as a surrogate father for his brother's son.

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) taking the place of someone or something else

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 53

    hew

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a hewn stone

    答え

    • (v, T or I) to cut something with a cutting tool

    解説

    [hew to = comply with]

  • 54

    strike a chord with somebody

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Many of the things she says will strike a chord with other young women.

    答え

    • to do or say something that people feel is familiar or true

    解説

    [touch a chord with somebody]

  • 55

    virtual

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Car ownership is a virtual necessity when you live in the country.

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) very nearly a particular thing

    解説

    also means being made, done, seen etc on the Internet or on a computer, rather than in the real world

  • 56

    conscience

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He didn't want somebody's death on his conscience.

    答え

    • (n, C or U) the part of your mind that tells you whether what you are doing is morally right or wrong, or a guilty feeling that you have about something bad you have done

    解説

  • 57

    cradle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Like most Catholic children, he had heard stories of Ireland from the cradle.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a small bed for a baby, especially one that moves gently from side to side 2. the beginning of something 3. a structure that is used to lift something heavy up or down 4. the part of a telephone where you put the receiver when you are not using it

    解説

    (v, T) to hold something gently, as if to protect it

  • 58

    litigate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, I or T) to take a claim or complaint against someone to a court of law

    解説

  • 59

    overdraft

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Many students have a free overdraft facility.

    答え

    • (n, C) the amount of money you owe to a bank when you have spent more money than you had in your account

    解説

  • 60

    win by default

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • win it because your opponent did not play or because there were no other competitors

    解説

  • 61

    happen by default

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • it happens because you did not do anything to change it

    解説

  • 62

    default

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The company is in default on its loan agreement.

    答え

    • (n, U or C) failure to do something that you are supposed to do according to the law or because it is your duty, especially to pay money that you owe at the right time

    解説

    (v, I) ex. He defaulted on his child support payments.

  • 63

    giveaway

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He'd been smoking dope; his glazed eyes were a dead giveaway.

    答え

    • (n) 1[singular]. something that makes it easy for you to guess something 2[C]. something that is given away free, especially something that a shop gives you when you buy a product

    解説

    [adj, only before noun] giveaway prices are extremely cheap

  • 64

    deduction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Children will soon make deductions about the meaning of a word.

    答え

    • (n, U or C) 1. the process of using the knowledge or information you have in order to understand something or form an opinion, or the opinion that you form 2. the process of taking away an amount from a total, or the amount that is taken away

    解説

  • 65

    outnumber

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In nursing, women still outnumber men by four to one.

    答え

    • (v, T) to be more in number than another group

    解説

  • 66

    exploit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Homeworkers can easily be exploited by employers.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to treat someone unfairly by asking them to do things for you, but giving them very little in return - used to show disapproval 2. to use something or someone fully and effectively

    解説

    (n, C usually plural) a brave and exciting adventure that someone has had

  • 67

    quirk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Years later, by a strange quirk of fate, she found herself sitting next to him on a plane.

    答え

    • (n, C) something strange that happens by chance, especially a someone's habit, character or feature

    解説

  • 68

    dwindle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His money had dwindled away.

    答え

    • (v, I) to gradually become less and less or smaller and smaller

    解説

  • 69

    court

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • To have admitted this would have courted political disaster.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to try hard to please someone, especially because you want something from them 2. to behave in a way that makes danger etc more likely

    解説

  • 70

    albeit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Chris went with her, albeit reluctantly.

    答え

    • (conj) used to add information that reduces the force or importance of what you have just said

    解説

    [= although]

  • 71

    disparity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a disparity between the rates of pay for men and women

    答え

    • (n, U or C) a difference between two or more things, especially an unfair one

    解説

  • 72

    tether

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I tethered my dog to a pole.

    答え

    • (v, T) to tie an animal to a post so that it can only move around within a limited area

    解説

    (n, C)a rope or chain that an animal is tied to so that it can only move around within a limited area

  • 73

    dwell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They dwelt in the forest.

    答え

    • (v, I, always + adv/pp) [literary] to live in a particular place

    解説

    [past tense and past participle = dwelt or dwelled]

  • 74

    civic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It is your civic duty to vote in the local elections.

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) relating to a town or city, or people who live in a town or city

    解説

  • 75

    write-off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • This morning was a complete write-off.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a period of time when you fail to achieve anything 2[BE]. a vehicle that has been so badly damaged that it can never be used again 3. an official agreement that someone does not have to pay a debt

    解説

  • 76

    subtract

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • If you subtract 30 from 45, you get 15.

    答え

    • (v, T) to take a number or an amount from a larger number or amount

    解説

  • 77

    boon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The bus service is a real boon to people in the village.

    答え

    • (n, C, usually singular) something that is very useful and makes your life a lot easier or better

    解説

  • 78

    heyday

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Greta Garbo in her heyday

    答え

    • (n, C, usually singular) the time when someone or something was most popular, successful, or powerful

    解説

  • 79

    bustle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Madge bustled round the room, putting things away.

    答え

    • (v, I, always +adv/pp) to move around quickly, looking very busy

    解説

    (n) 1[singular]. busy and usually noisy activity 2[C]. a frame worn by women in the past to hold out the back of their skirts

  • 80

    fiscal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • sound(= good) fiscal policy

    答え

    • (adj) relating to money, taxes, debts etc that are owned and managed by the government

    解説

  • 81

    windfall

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • his £2 million windfall in the lottery

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. an amount of money that you get unexpectedly 2. a piece of fruit that has fallen off a tree

    解説

  • 82

    haul

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Patrick hauled himself painfully up the stairs.

    答え

    • (v, T) to pull something heavy with a continuous steady movement

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a large amount of illegal or stolen goods 2. the amount of fish caught when fishing with a net

  • 83

    assert

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • French cooking, she asserted, is the best in the world.

    答え

    • (v, T) to state firmly that something is true

    解説

  • 84

    spur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The band were spurred on by the success of their last two singles.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. make them want to do something, or make an improvement or change happen faster 2. to encourage a horse to go faster, especially by pushing it with special points on the heels of your boots

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 85

    nationwide

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We have 350 sales outlets nationwide.

    答え

    • (adj, adv) happening or existing in every part of the country

    解説

  • 86

    fixture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • light fixtures

    答え

    • (n, C) 1[usually plural]. a piece of equipment that is fixed inside a house or building and is sold as part of the house 2[BE]. a sports match that has been arranged for a particular time and place

    解説

  • 87

    whimsy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a sense of fancy and whimsy

    答え

    • (n, U) a way of thinking, behaving, or doing something that is unusual, strange, and often amusing

    解説

  • 88

    opaque

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a shower with an opaque glass door

    答え

    • (adj, usually before noun) 1. difficult to see through and often thick 2[formal]. difficult to understand

    解説

  • 89

    upfront

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Mo's very upfront with him about their relationship.

    答え

    • (adj) 1[not before noun]. behaving or talking in an honest way so that people know what you really think 2. paid before any work has been done or before goods are supplied

    解説

    (adv) 1. if you pay money upfront, you pay it before any work has been done or before any goods are supplied 2. in football, if you play upfront, you play in a forward position

  • 90

    foster

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The bishop helped foster the sense of a community embracing all classes.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) to help a skill, feeling, idea etc develop over a period of time, especially to take someone else's child into your family without becoming their legal parent

    解説

  • 91

    monopolize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The company has monopolized the soft drinks market.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to have complete control over something so that other people cannot share it or take part in it 2. to use a lot of someone's time or attention

    解説

  • 92

    elaborate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • McDonald refused to elaborate on his reasons for resigning.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) to give more details or new information about something

    解説

    (adj) 1. having a lot of small parts or details put together in a complicated way 2. carefully planned and organized in great detail

  • 93

    concession

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We will try to force further concessions from the government.

    答え

    • (n, C or U) 1. something or special right that someone is allowed to have, especially in an argument 2. a small business that sells things in a place owned by someone else, or right of it

    解説

  • 94

    nimble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • nimble fingers

    答え

    • (adj) able to move quickly and easily with light neat movements

    解説

  • 95

    agile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was physically strong and mentally agile.

    答え

    • (adj) able to move quickly and easily

    解説

  • 96

    breach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The company accused him of breaching his contract.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to break a law, rule, or agreement 2. to break a hole in a wall that is intended to protect a place:

    解説

    (n, U or C)

  • 97

    entity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The mind exists as a separate entity.

    答え

    • (n, C) something that exists as a single and complete unit

    解説

  • 98

    congress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a congress of the ruling Labor Party

    答え

    • (n, C or U) 1. a formal meeting of representatives of different groups, countries etc, to discuss ideas, make decisions etc 2. the group of people chosen or elected to make the laws in some countries

    解説

    [Congress = the group of people elected to make laws in the US, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives]

  • 99

    hamstring

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The President feels he is hamstrung by Congress.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone unable to take the action they want or need to take, especially by restricting them

    解説

    [past tense and past participle hamstrung] (n, C) a tendon behind your knee, which sometimes gets injured when you do sport

  • 100

    scope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A full discussion of that issue is beyond the scope of this book.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U]. the range of things that a subject, activity, book etc deals with 2[U]. the opportunity to do or develop something 3[singular]. a particular set of activities and the people who are involved in them

    解説

    (v, T) to look at something or someone to see what they are like

  • 101

    yield

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Each of these oilfields could yield billions of barrels of oil.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) 1. to produce a result, answer, piece of information, crops or profits etc 2. to allow yourself to be forced or persuaded to do something or stop having something, or to accept defeat

    解説

    (n, C) the amount of profits, crops etc that something produces

  • 102

    bounce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The radio signals are bounced off a satellite.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to immediately moves up or away from a surface after hitting it, or to move up and down quickly 2[I always + adv/pp]. to walk quickly and with a lot of energy 3[I or T]. to unsuccessfully return, especially cheque or e-mail

    解説

    (n) 1[C]. the action of moving up and down on a surface 2[U]. the ability to move up and down on a surface, or that surface's ability to make something move up and down 3[U]. a lot of energy that someone has

  • 103

    spate of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a spate of burglaries

    答え

    • a large number of similar things that happen in a short period of time, especially bad things

    解説

  • 104

    rattle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Chris rattled off some statistics about the teams.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to shake and make a quick series of short sounds, or make something so 2[T]. to make someone lose confidence or become nervous

    解説

    (n, C or U) a short repeated sound, made when something shakes

  • 105

    bundle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a small bundle containing mostly clothing

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a group of things that are fastened or tied together 2. a number of things that belong or are dealt with together

    解説

    (v) 1[T always + adv/pp]. to quickly push something somewhere, especially because you are in a hurry or you want to hide them 2[T]. to include computer software or other services with a new computer at no extra cost

  • 106

    bail-out

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) financial help given to a person or a company that is in difficulty

    解説

  • 107

    composite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • composite metals

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) made up of different parts or materials

    解説

    (n, C) 1. something made up of different parts or materials 2. a picture of a possible criminal, made by police from descriptions given by witnesses

  • 108

    cock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He cocked a quizzical eyebrow at her.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to lift a part of your body, or hold a part of your body at an angle 2. to pull back the hammer of a gun so that it is ready to be fired

    解説

    (n, C) 1. an adult male bird, especially for a chicken 2. something that controls the flow of liquid or gas out of a pipe or container [= tap]

  • 109

    facet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He has travelled extensively in China, recording every facet of life.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. one of several parts of someone's character, a situation etc 2. one of the flat sides of a cut jewel

    解説

  • 110

    enamored

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You don't seem very enamoured with your job.

    答え

    • (adj, not before noun) liking something very much

    解説

  • 111

    shrewd

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Capra looked at her with shrewd eyes.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. good at judging what people or situations are really like 2. well judged and likely to be right

    解説

  • 112

    flair

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Jo has a flair for languages.

    答え

    • (n) 1[singular]. a natural ability to do something very well 2[U]. a way of doing things that is interesting and shows imagination

    解説

  • 113

    aficionado

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an aficionado of fine food

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who is very interested in a particular activity or subject and knows a lot about it

    解説

  • 114

    indefatigable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an indefatigable campaigner for human rights

    答え

    • (adj) determined and never giving up

    解説

  • 115

    discreet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I stood back at a discreet distance.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. careful about what you say or do, so that you do not offend, upset, or embarrass people or tell secrets 2. small and showing good taste or judgment - use this to show approval

    解説

  • 116

    subvert

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an attempt to subvert the democratic process

    答え

    • (v, T) to try to destroy the power and influence of a government or the established system, or to destroy someone's beliefs or loyalty

    解説

    [adjective form = subversive] [noun form = subversion, subversive]

  • 117

    dapper

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a dapper little man in a grey suit

    答え

    • (adj) being nicely dressed, having a neat appearance, and usually small or thin

    解説

  • 118

    intricacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • designs of amazing intricacy and sophistication

    答え

    • (n, U) the state of containing a large number of parts or details

    解説

    [the intricacies of something = the complicated details of something]

  • 119

    cite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Several factors have been cited as the cause of the unrest.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to mention something as an example, especially one that supports, proves, or explains an idea or situation 2. to order someone to appear before a court of law 3. to mention someone because they deserve praise

    解説

  • 120

    crisp

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She kicked at the crisp leaves at her feet.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. pleasantly hard, or clear 2. fresh, clean, and new 3. cold and dry 4. confident, polite, and firm, but not very friendly

    解説

    (n, C) = chip, especially potato chip (v, T or I) to become crisp or make something become crisp by cooking or heating it

  • 121

    splice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The doctor spliced the broken leg bones with special screws.

    答え

    • (v, T) to join the ends of two pieces of rope, film etc so that they form one continuous piece

    解説

    (n, C) the act of joining the ends of two things together, or the place where this join has been made

  • 122

    strain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The strain on the cables supporting the bridge is enormous.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U or C]. worry, a difficulty or an injury to muscle that is caused by something too much 2[U]. a situation in which something is being pulled or pushed, or is holding weight, and so might break or become damaged 3[C]. a type of animal, plant, or disease 4[singular]. a particular quality which people have, especially one that is passed from parents to children 5[singular]. an amount of a feeling that you can see in the way someone speaks, writes, paints etc

    解説

    (v) 1[T]. to injure a muscle or part of your body by using it too much or making it work too hard 2[T or I]. to try very hard to do something using all your strength or ability 3[T]. to separate solid things from a liquid by pouring the mixture through something with very small holes in it 4[T]. to cause difficulties for something by making too much work or too many problems which it cannot deal with easily 5[T]. to pull hard at something or push hard against something

  • 123

    cull

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The data had been culled from a variety of sources.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to kill some animals of a group, usually the weakest ones, especially so that the size of the group does not increase too much 2[T]. to find or choose information from many different places

    解説

    (n, C) the act of killing the weakest animals in a group, especially so that the size of the group does not increase too much

  • 124

    free-range

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • free-range eggs

    答え

    • (adj) relating to a type of farming which allows animals such as chickens and pigs to move around and eat naturally, rather than being kept in a restricted space

    解説

  • 125

    adjacent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We stayed in adjacent rooms.

    答え

    • (adj) next to

    解説

  • 126

    outbound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • outbound traffic

    答え

    • (adj) moving away from you or away from a town, country etc

    解説

  • 127

    leeway

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The government does not have much leeway in foreign policy.

    答え

    • (n, U) freedom to do things in the way you want to

    解説

  • 128

    entrant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • new entrants to higher education

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. someone who takes part in a competition 2[BE]. someone who has recently started studying at university, or working

    解説

  • 129

    sarcastic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He can't help making sarcastic comments.

    答え

    • (adj) saying things that are the opposite of what you mean, in order to make an unkind joke or to show that you are annoyed

    解説

  • 130

    discipline

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The book gives parents advice on discipline.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U]. a way of training someone so that they learn to control their behaviour and obey rules 2[U]. the ability to control your own behaviour, so that you do what you are expected to do 3[U or C]. a way of training your mind or learning to control your behaviour 4[C]. an area of knowledge or teaching, especially one such as history, chemistry, mathematics etc that is studied at a university

    解説

    (v, T) to punish or teach someone in order to keep order and control

  • 131

    frenzy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Doreen had worked herself into a frenzy.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C or U]. a state of great anxiety or excitement, in which you cannot control your behaviour 2[C]. a time when people do a lot of things very quickly

    解説

  • 132

    spawn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • New technology has spawned new business opportunities.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to make a series of things happen or start to exist 2[T or I]. if a fish or frog ~, it produces eggs in large quantities at the same time

    解説

    (n, U) the eggs of a fish or frog laid together in a soft mass

  • 133

    principal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Teaching is her principal source of income.

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) most important [= main]

    解説

    (n) 1[C]. someone who is in charge of a school, a university or college, or main person in a business or performing 2[singular]. the original amount of money that is lent to someone, not including any of the interest

  • 134

    principle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He refused to give me any more money as a matter of principle.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U or C]. a moral rule or belief about what is right and wrong, that influences how you behave 2[C]. the basic idea that a plan or system is based on 3[C]. a rule which explains the way something such as a machine works, or which explains a natural force in the universe

    解説

  • 135

    newsstand

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a place on a street where newspapers and magazines are sold

    解説

  • 136

    pile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Melissa piled spaghetti onto her plate.

    答え

    • (v, T) to fill a place or container or cover a surface with a large amount of things

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a group of several things of the same type that are put on top of each other 2. a large amount of something arranged in a shape that looks like a small hill 3. a very large old house

  • 137

    blessing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's a blessing no one was badly hurt.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. something that you have or something that happens which is good because it improves your life, helps you in some way, or makes you happy 2[U]. someone's approval or encouragement for a plan, activity, idea etc 3[U or C]. protection and help from God, or words spoken to ask for this

    解説

  • 138

    out of the blue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • very unexpected

    解説

  • 139

    palate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It tasted very strange, at least to my untrained palate.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. the roof (= top inside part) of your mouth 2[U or C]. the sense of taste, and especially your ability to enjoy or judge food

    解説

  • 140

    zeal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He approached the job with missionary zeal.

    答え

    • (n, U) eagerness to do something, especially to achieve a particular religious or political aim

    解説

  • 141

    trail off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She trailed off, silenced by the look Kris gave her.

    答え

    • to become gradually quieter and then stops

    解説

  • 142

    trail

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We spent the afternoon trailing around the shops.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to pull something behind you, especially along the ground, or to be pulled in this way 2[I, always + adv/pp]. to walk slowly, especially behind other people because you are tired or bored 3[T or I, usually in progressive] to be losing in a game, competition, or election 4[T]. to follow someone by looking for signs that they have gone in a particular direction

    解説

    (n, C) 1. rough path 2. a line, a series of mark, a series of unpleasant situation or a sign that have been left by something 3. all the places that a particular group of people visit for a particular purpose 4. the set of things that someone does to achieve something

  • 143

    be among the most

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Good friends are among the greatest assets in life.

    答え

    • to be one of the most

    解説

  • 144

    quantitative

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We need to do a proper quantitative analysis of this problem.

    答え

    • [adj] relating to amounts rather than to the quality or standard of something

    解説

  • 145

    tangible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He has no tangible evidence of John's guilt.

    答え

    • (adj) clear enough or definite enough to be easily seen or noticed

    解説

  • 146

    a plethora of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a plethora of suggestions

    答え

    • a very large number of something, usually more than you need

    解説

  • 147

    mentor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) an experienced person who advises and helps a less experienced person

    解説

  • 148

    greed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • people motivated by jealousy and greed

    答え

    • (n, U) a strong desire for more food, money, power, possessions etc than you need

    解説

  • 149

    ranch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a very large farm in the western US and Canada where sheep, cattle, or horses are bred

    解説

  • 150

    panacea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There is no panacea for the country's economic problems.

    答え

    • (n, C) something that people think will make everything better and solve all their problems

    解説

  • 151

    scarce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Food was often scarce in the winter.

    答え

    • (adj) being not very much of something available

    解説

    (adv)

  • 152

    disparate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a meeting covering many disparate subjects

    答え

    • (adj) consisting of things or people that are very different and not related to each other

    解説

  • 153

    desperate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We resorted to desperate measures.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. willing to do anything to change a very bad situation, and not caring about danger 2. needing or wanting something very much 3. very bad or serious

    解説

  • 154

    take hold

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The fever was beginning to take hold.

    答え

    • to start to have a definite effect

    解説

    or 'take a hold'

  • 155

    sow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • These fields used to be sown with oats.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to plant or scatter seeds on a piece of ground 2[T]. to do something that will cause a bad situation in the future

    解説

    (n, C) a fully grown female pig

  • 156

    saw

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The tree was cut down and sawn up for logs.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) to cut something using a saw

    解説

    [past tense = sawed, past participle = sawn or sawed] (n, C) 1. a tool that is called Nokogiri in Japan 2. a short, familiar phrase or sentence that is considered to contain some truth about life

  • 157

    sew

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Could you sew up this hole in my trousers?

    答え

    • (v, T or I) 1. to use a needle and thread to make or repair clothes or to fasten something such as a button to them 2[usually passive]. to finish a business agreement or plan and get the result you want

    解説

    [past tense = sewed, past participle = sewn or sewed]

  • 158

    folks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • That's all for now, folks.

    答え

    • (n) 1[AE]. your parents and family 2. used when talking to a group of people in a friendly way

    解説

  • 159

    flock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • People have been flocking to the exhibition.

    答え

    • (v, I) go to a place in large numbers because something interesting or exciting is happening there

    解説

    (n) 1[C]. a group of sheep, goats, or birds 2[C usually singular]. a large group of people 3[C usually singular]. a priest's flock is the group of people who regularly attend his or her church 4[U]. small pieces of wool or cotton that are used for filling cushions

  • 160

    blockbuster

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the latest Hollywood blockbuster

    答え

    • (n, C) a book or film that is very good or successful

    解説

  • 161

    erode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The rocks have gradually eroded away.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) 1. to gradually destroy surface of rock or soil, or to be 2. to gradually reduce something such as someone's power or confidence

    解説

    [verb form = erosion]

  • 162

    wholesome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • well-balanced wholesome meals

    答え

    • (adj) 1. likely to make you healthy 2. considered to have a good moral effect

    解説

  • 163

    be capable of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The company isn't capable of handling an order that large.

    答え

    • having the qualities or ability needed to do something

    解説

  • 164

    breathable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) allowing air to pass through it easily

    解説

  • 165

    hydrate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • After you run, drink plenty of water to stay well hydrated.

    答え

    • (v, T usually passive) to supply someone or something with water to keep them healthy and in good condition

    解説

  • 166

    terrain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • rocky terrain

    答え

    • (n, U or C) a particular type of land

    解説

  • 167

    in the hot seat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in a difficult position where you have to make important decisions, answer questions etc

    解説

    also on the hot seat

  • 168

    binge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Ken's gone on a binge with his mates.

    答え

    • (n, C) a short period when you do too much of something, such as eating or drinking

    解説

    (v, I) to do too much of something, such as eating or drinking, in a short period of time

  • 169

    impulsive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In a burst of impulsive generosity, I offered to pay.

    答え

    • (adj) without considering the possible dangers or problems first

    解説

  • 170

    impediment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • War is one of the greatest impediments to human progress.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a physical problem that makes speaking, hearing, or moving difficult 2. a situation or event that makes it difficult or impossible for someone or something to succeed or make progress

    解説

  • 171

    tiff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Dave's had a tiff with his girlfriend.

    答え

    • (n, C) a slight argument between friends or people who are in love

    解説

  • 172

    hallmark

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The explosion had all the hallmarks of a terrorist attack.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. an idea, method, or quality that is typical of a particular person or thing 2. a mark put on silver, gold, or platinum that shows the quality of the metal, and where and when it was made

    解説

    (v, T) to put a hallmark on silver, gold, or platinum

  • 173

    forgo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I had to forgo lunch.

    答え

    • (v, T) to not do or have something pleasant or enjoyable

    解説

  • 174

    stumble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Vic stumbled over the step as he came in.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to hit your foot against something or put your foot down awkwardly while you are walking or running, so that you almost fall 2. to walk in an unsteady way and often almost fall 3. to stop or make a mistake when you are reading to people or speaking

    解説

  • 175

    likewise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Nanny put on a shawl and told the girls to do likewise.

    答え

    • (adv) 1. in the same way 2. used to return someone's greeting or polite statement

    解説

  • 176

    compound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Helmut's problems were compounded by his lack of concentration.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to make a difficult situation worse by adding more problems 2[BE]. to make a bad action worse by doing more bad things 3[AE]. to pay interest that is calculated on both the sum of money and the interest

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a substance containing atoms from two or more elements 2. a combination of two or more parts, substances, or qualities 3. an area that contains a group of buildings and is surrounded by a fence or wall 4. a noun, adjective etc that is made up of two or more words. The noun 'flower shop' and the adjective 'self-made' are compounds (adj) having two or more parts, or made from

  • 177

    inflect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, I) to change its form according to its meaning or use

    解説

  • 178

    variable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Interest rates can be highly variable.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. likely to change often 2. sometimes good and sometimes bad 3. able to be changed

    解説

    (n, C) 1. something that may be different in different situations, so that you cannot be sure what will happen 2. a mathematical quantity which can represent several different amounts

  • 179

    figurative

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He's my son, in the figurative sense of the word.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. used in a different way from its usual meaning, to give you a particular idea or picture in your mind 2. showing objects, people, or the countryside as they really look

    解説

  • 180

    I don't suppose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I don't suppose you have any idea where my address book is, do you?

    答え

    • 1. used to ask a question in an indirect way, especially if you think the answer will be 'no' 2. used to ask for something in a very polite way 3. used to say that you think it is unlikely something will happen

    解説

  • 181

    round of applause

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She got a big round of applause.

    答え

    • when people clap for a short time to show that they enjoyed something or approve of something

    解説

  • 182

    sweep something under the carpet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to try to keep something a secret, especially something you have done wrong

    解説

    also sweep/brush something under the carpet/rug

  • 183

    nautical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • nautical equipment

    答え

    • (adj) relating to ships, boats, or sailing

    解説

  • 184

    derogatory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Their conversation contained a number of derogatory racial remarks.

    答え

    • (adj) insulting and disapproving

    解説

  • 185

    euphemistic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) polite to avoid shocking or upsetting people

    解説

  • 186

    pompous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He seems rather pompous.

    答え

    • (adj) thinking that oneself is important, and shows this by being very formal and using long words - used to show disapproval

    解説

  • 187

    variant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • This game is a variant of netball.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. something that is slightly different from the usual form of something 2. a slightly different form of a word or phrase

    解説

  • 188

    horrendous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She suffered horrendous injuries.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. frightening and terrible [= horrific] 2. extremely un-reasonable or unpleasant

    解説

  • 189

    immerse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Immerse your foot in ice cold water to reduce the swelling.

    答え

    • (v, T) to put someone or something deep into a liquid so that they are completely covered

    解説

  • 190

    awkward

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A laugh can help people over an awkward situation.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. making you feel embarrassed so that you are not sure what to do or say 2. not relaxed, comfortable or convenient 3. difficult to do, use, or deal with 4. deliberately unhelpful

    解説

  • 191

    goof

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The restaurant totally goofed up our reservations.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) to make a silly mistake

    解説

    (n, C) a silly mistake or person

  • 192

    ordeal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She was forced to face the ordeal of withdrawal symptoms.

    答え

    • (n, C) a terrible or painful experience that continues for a period of time

    解説

  • 193

    run for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Salinas is running for a second term as President.

    答え

    • to try to be elected in an election

    解説

  • 194

    blockhead

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a very stupid person

    解説

  • 195

    shallow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Place the meat in a shallow dish.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. measuring only a short distance from the top to the bottom 2. not interested in or not showing any understanding of important or serious matters - used to show disapproval

    解説

  • 196

    doom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Many species are doomed to extinction.

    答え

    • (v, T usually passive) to make someone or something certain to fail, die, be destroyed etc

    解説

    (n, U) something very bad that is going to happen, or the fact that it is going to happen

  • 197

    shriek

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'I'm pregnant,' she shrieked.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to make a very high loud sound, especially because you are afraid, angry, excited, or in pain 2[T]. to say something in a high loud voice because you are excited, afraid, or angry

    解説

    (n, C) a loud high sound made because you are frightened, excited, angry etc

  • 198

    abate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We waited for the storm to abate.

    答え

    • (v, I) to become less strong or decrease

    解説

  • 199

    one's mind boggle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The sheer amount of data makes the mind boggle.

    答え

    • to feel a difficulty to imagine or accept something

    解説

    also 'something boggles one's mind', also the mind boggle

  • 200

    year after year

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Many birds return to the same spot year after year.

    答え

    • every year for many years

    解説

    [= year in, year out]

  • 201

    gross

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a family with gross earnings of just £75 per week

    答え

    • (adj) 1. total 2. clearly wrong and unacceptable 3. very unpleasant to look at or think about 4. extremely fat and unattractive

    解説

    (adv) before tax has been taken away (v, T) to gain an amount as a total profit, or earn it as a total amount, before tax has been taken away (n) a quantity of 144 things

  • 202

    conference call

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a telephone call in which several people in different places can all talk to each other

    解説

  • 203

    peculiar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Something peculiar is going on.

    答え

    • (adj) strange, unfamiliar, or a little surprising, or existing only with something

    解説

  • 204

    shiver

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She shivered with fear and anger.

    答え

    • (v, I) to shake slightly because you are cold or frightened

    解説

  • 205

    consult

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Have you consulted a dictionary?

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to ask for information or advice from someone because it is their job to know something 2[T or I]. to discuss something with someone so that you can make a decision together 3[T]. to look for information in a book, map, list etc

    解説

  • 206

    arbitrate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A committee will arbitrate between management and unions.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) to officially judge how an argument between two opposing sides should be settled

    解説

  • 207

    decide against something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He eventually decided against telling her.

    答え

    • to decide to oppose or reject something or someone

    解説

  • 208

    decide in favor of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • After a long discussion, they decided in favour of the older applicant.

    答え

    • to decide to accept something or someone

    解説

  • 209

    bald

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Dad started going bald when he was in his thirties.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having little or no hair on your head 2. not having enough of what usually covers something

    解説

  • 210

    reef

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a proposal to protect several miles of thousand-year-old coral reef

    答え

    • (n, C) a line of sharp rocks, often made of coral, or a raised area of sand near the surface of the sea

    解説

    (v, T) to tie up part of a sail in order to make it smaller

  • 211

    devise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She devised a method for quicker communications between offices.

    答え

    • (v, T) to plan or invent a new way of doing something

    解説

  • 212

    the vast majority of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The vast majority of books on the subject are complete rubbish.

    答え

    • used when you want to emphasize that something is true about almost all of a group of people or things

    解説

  • 213

    dissipate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Little by little, the smoke was dissipated by the breeze.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to gradually become less or weaker before disappearing completely, or to make something do this 2[T]. to waste something valuable such as time, money, or energy

    解説

  • 214

    evaporate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The sun evaporates moisture on the leaves.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to change into a gas, or be changed into a gas by heat 2[I]. to slowly disappear

    解説

  • 215

    enormous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The team made an enormous effort.

    答え

    • (adj) very big in size or in amount

    解説

  • 216

    remnant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The remnants of a meal stood on the table.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1[usually plural]. a small part of something that remains after the rest of it has been used, destroyed, or eaten 2. a small piece of cloth left from a larger piece and sold cheaply

    解説

  • 217

    fad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Interest in organic food is not a fad, it's here to stay.

    答え

    • (n, C) something that people like or do for a short time, or that is fashionable for a short time

    解説

  • 218

    inflict

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Detectives warned that the men could inflict serious injury.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone suffer something unpleasant

    解説

  • 219

    petrified

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'm petrified of spiders.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. extremely frightened, especially so frightened that you cannot move or think 2. having changed into stone over a long period of time

    解説

  • 220

    dreary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a dreary winter's day

    答え

    • (adj) dull and making you feel sad or bored

    解説

    [also drear]

  • 221

    prerequisite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A reasonable proficiency in English is a prerequisite for the course.

    答え

    • (n, C) something that is necessary before something else can happen or be done

    解説

  • 222

    pertain to something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • legislation pertaining to employment rights

    答え

    • to relate directly to something

    解説

  • 223

    dismay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They stared at each other in dismay.

    答え

    • (n, U) the worry, disappointment, or unhappiness you feel when something unpleasant happens

    解説

    (v, T) to make someone feel worried, disappointed, and upset

  • 224

    make inroad into something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They have made significant inroads into the European market.

    答え

    • 1. to have an important effect or influence on something, especially by taking something away from it 2. to make some progress towards achieving something difficult

    解説

    make inroad on something

  • 225

    clunky

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • clunky old shoes

    答え

    • (adj) heavy and awkward to wear or use

    解説

  • 226

    envision

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I envisioned a future of educational excellence.

    答え

    • (v, T) to imagine something that you think might happen in the future, especially something that you think will be good

    解説

    [= envisage]

  • 227

    cash in on

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The record company was trying to cash in on her fame by releasing early teenage recordings.

    答え

    • to make a profit from a situation in a way that other people think is wrong or unfair

    解説

  • 228

    one of a kind

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Each plate is handpainted and one of a kind.

    答え

    • the only one of a particular type of thing

    解説

  • 229

    trajectory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The decision was certain to affect the trajectory of French politics for some time to come.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. the curved path of an object that has been fired or thrown through the air 2. the events that happen during a period of time, which often lead to a particular aim or result

    解説

  • 230

    odds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • You can narrow the odds of a nasty accident happening in your home by being more safety-conscious.

    答え

    • (n, plural) 1. how likely it is that something will or will not happen 2. difficulties which make a good result seem very unlikely 3. the numbers that show how much money you will win if you bet on the winner of a horse race or other competition

    解説

  • 231

    minuscule

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her office is minuscule.

    答え

    • (adj) extremely small

    解説

    [= minute]

  • 232

    leverage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • diplomatic leverage by the US

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. influence that you can use to make people do what you want 2. the action, power, or use of a lever

    解説

    (v, T) 1[AE]. to make money available to someone in order to invest or to buy something such as a company 2. to spread or use resources (=money, skills, buildings etc that an organization has available), ideas etc again in several different ways or in different parts of a company, system etc

  • 233

    shed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He strode across the bathroom, shedding wet clothes as he went.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to get rid of something that you no longer need or want 2. to make leaves, skin or hair fall off as part of a natural process 3. to drop something or allow it to fall 4. to make water flow off its surface, instead of sinking into it

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a small building, often made of wood, used especially for storing things 2. a large industrial building where work is done, large vehicles are kept, machinery is stored

  • 234

    drown

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A train blew its whistle and drowned his voice.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to die from being under water for too long, or to kill someone in this way 2[T]. if a loud noise drowns out another sound, it prevents it from being heard 3[T]. to cover something, especially food, with more liquid than is necessary or nice 4[I or T]. to have a very strong feeling or a serious problem that is difficult to deal with

    解説

  • 235

    presumably

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's raining, which presumably means that your football match will be cancelled.

    答え

    • (adv) used to say that you think something is probably true

    解説

  • 236

    insulate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Pipes may need insulating against the cold.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to cover or protect something with a material that stops electricity, sound, heat etc from getting in or out 2. to keep someone apart from particular experiences or influences, especially unpleasant ones

    解説

  • 237

    bottom-up

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) deciding on practical details before thinking about general principles

    解説

  • 238

    top-down

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The company has a top-down management system.

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) 1. in a way that the most important people make decisions and tell the people below them what they should do 2. starting with a general idea and adds details later

    解説

  • 239

    inert

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • inert gases

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not producing a chemical reaction when combined with other substances 2. not moving, or not having the strength or power to move 3. not willing to do anything

    解説

  • 240

    gradient

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a steep gradient

    答え

    • (n C) a slope or a degree of slope, especially in a road or railway

    解説

    [= grade]

  • 241

    extract

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He extracted an envelope from his inside pocket.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to remove something from something else 2. to get something from something else 3. to get an advantage or good thing from a situation

    解説

  • 242

    globular

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) in the shape of a globule or a globe

    解説

  • 243

    globule

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • globules of fat

    答え

    • (n, C) a small drop of a liquid, or of a solid that has been melted

    解説

  • 244

    globe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We export our goods all over the globe.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a round object with a map of the Earth drawn on it 2(the ~). the world 3. an object shaped like a ball

    解説

  • 245

    brittle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Joanna was diagnosed as having brittle bones.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. hard but easily broken 2. easily damaged or destroyed 3. showing no warm feelings

    解説

  • 246

    contrast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The snow was icy and white, contrasting with the brilliant blue sky.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to have difference that is very easy to see and is sometimes surprising 2[T]. to compare two things, ideas, people etc to show how different they are from each other

    解説

  • 247

    fossilize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Most couples, however fossilized their relationship, have some interests in common.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) 1[usually passive]. to never change or develop, even when there are good reasons why they should change 2. to become or form a fossil by being preserved in rock

    解説

  • 248

    tempestuous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a tempestuous marriage

    答え

    • (adj) 1. involving a lot of difficulty and strong emotions 2. very rough and violent

    解説

  • 249

    devise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She devised a method for quicker communications between offices.

    答え

    • (v, T) to plan or invent a new way of doing something

    解説

  • 250

    forefather

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • What would our forefathers have thought?

    答え

    • (n, C, usually plural) 1. the people, especially men, who were part of your family a long time ago in the past 2. someone in the past who did something important that influences your life today

    解説

  • 251

    deposit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The female deposits her eggs directly into the water.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1[always + pp/adv]. to put something down in a particular place 2. to leave a layer of a substance on the surface of something, especially gradually 3. to put money or something valuable in a bank or other place where it will be safe

    解説

  • 252

    lattice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n C) 1. a pattern or structure made of long pieces of wood, plastic etc that cross each other so that the spaces between them are shaped like diamonds 2. a regular arrangement of objects

    解説

  • 253

    dump

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Ellie dumped all the photos of her ex-husband.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1[always + adv/pp]. to put something somewhere in a careless untidy way 2. to get rid of something that you do not want 3. to end a relationship with someone 4. to get rid of goods by selling them in a foreign country at a much lower price 5. to copy information stored in a computer's memory on to something else such as a disk or magnetic tape

    解説

  • 254

    diagram

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a diagram of the heating system

    答え

    • (n, C) a simple drawing or plan that shows exactly where something is, what something looks like, or how something works

    解説

    (v, T) to show or represent something in a diagram

  • 255

    foundation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • All theories should be built on a foundation of factual knowledge.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. the solid layer of cement, bricks, stones etc that is put under a building to support it 2[C]. a basic idea, principle, situation etc that something develops from 3[C]. an organization that gives or collects money to be used for special purposes, especially for charity or for medical research 4[U]. the establishment of an organization, business, school etc

    解説

  • 256

    engineer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Perhaps she could engineer a meeting between them?

    答え

    • (v, T) 1[often passive]. to make something happen by skilful secret planning 2. to change the genetic structure of a plant, animal etc 3. to design and plan the building of roads, bridges, machines, etc

    解説

    (n, C) 1. someone whose job is to design or build roads, bridges, machines etc 2. someone whose job is to take care of the engines on a ship or aircraft 3[BE]. someone whose job is to repair electrical equipment or machines 4. someone whose job is driving a train

  • 257

    petrify

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'm petrified of spiders.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to make someone extremely frightened, especially so frightened that someone cannot move or think 2. to change something into stone over a long period of time

    解説

  • 258

    accretion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, U or C) 1. a layer of a substance which slowly forms on something 2. a gradual process by which new things are added and something gradually changes or gets bigger

    解説

  • 259

    niche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Amanda soon found her niche at the club.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a job or activity that is very suitable for you 2[singular]. an opportunity to sell a product or service to a particular group of people who have similar needs, interests etc 3[C]. a hollow place in a wall, often made to hold a statue

    解説

    (adj) relating to selling goods to a particular small group of people who have similar needs, interests etc

  • 260

    the First World

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n) the rich industrial countries of the world

    解説

  • 261

    counterpoise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a counterbalancing weight 2. a force or influence that balances or equally counteracts another 3. the state of being in equilibrium

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to oppose with an equal weight; counterbalance 2. to act against with an equal force or power

  • 262

    marvel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Visitors to Rome marvel over the beauty of the city.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) to feel or express great surprise or admiration at something, especially someone's behaviour

    解説

    (n, C) something or someone that is extremely useful or skilful

  • 263

    artificial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • artificial barriers of gender and race

    答え

    • (adj, usually before noun) 1. not real or not made of natural things but made to be like something that is real or natural 2. to have been made by someone, and not because it is really necessary 3. not sincere - used to show disapproval

    解説

  • 264

    leash

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Marcus keeps you on a short leash, does he?

    答え

    • (n, C) a piece of rope, leather etc fastened to a dog's collar in order to control it

    解説

    (v, T) [AE] to put a leash on a dog

  • 265

    tap

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • People are tapping into the power supply illegally.

    答え

    • (v) 1[T or I]. to hit your fingers lightly on something, for example to get someone's attention 2[T]. to make a regular pattern of sounds with your fingers or feet, especially when you are listening to music 3[T]. to use or take what is needed from something such as an energy supply or an amount of money 4[T]. to make as much use as possible of the ideas, experience, knowledge etc that a group of people has 5[I]. to listen secretly to someone's telephone by using a special piece of electronic equipment 6[T]. to get liquid from the trunk of a tree by making a hole in it

    解説

  • 266

    eminent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an eminent lawyer

    答え

    • (adj) famous, important, and respected

    解説

  • 267

    predominant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In this painting, the predominant colour is black.

    答え

    • (adj) more powerful, more common, or more easily noticed than others

    解説

  • 268

    burden

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Nothing can lift the burden from my shoulders.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. something difficult or worrying that you are responsible for 2. something that is carried

    解説

  • 269

    liken A to B

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Critics have likened the new theater to a supermarket.

    答え

    • to say that someone or something is similar to another person or thing

    解説

  • 270

    whoop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Hundreds of people ran past them, whooping joyously.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to shout loudly and happily

    解説

    (n, C)

  • 271

    sniff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Margaret sniffed miserably and nodded.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to breathe air into your nose noisily, for example when you are crying or have a cold 2[T or I]. to breathe air in through your nose in order to smell something 3[T]. to say something in a way that shows you think something is not good enough 4[T]. to take a harmful drug by breathing it up your nose 5. to refuse something in a proud way, or behave as if something is not good enough for you

    解説

    (n, C) 1. when you breathe in air noisily through your nose, for example in order to smell something, because you have a cold, or in order to show your disapproval 2[BE]. a small amount or sign of something

  • 272

    giddy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Greg stared down from the seventh floor and began to feel giddy.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. feeling slightly sick and unable to balance, because everything seems to be moving 2. feeling silly, happy, and excited, or showing this feeling

    解説

  • 273

    arguably

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Senna was arguably the greatest racing driver of all time.

    答え

    • (adv) used when giving your opinion to say that there are good reasons why something might be true

    解説

    [sentence adverb]

  • 274

    premonition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When Anne didn't arrive, Paul had a premonition that she was in danger.

    答え

    • (n, C) a strange feeling that something, especially something bad, is going to happen

    解説

  • 275

    confront

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We try to help people confront their problems.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. appears and needs to be dealt with 2. to deal with something very difficult or unpleasant in a brave and determined way 3. to face someone in a threatening way, as though you are going to attack them 4. to accuse someone of doing something, especially by showing them the proof

    解説

  • 276

    vest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Copyright is vested in the author for 50 years.

    答え

    • (v, T) to give someone the official right to do or own something

    解説

    (n, C) a piece of clothing without sleeves

  • 277

    payout

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There should be a big payout on this month's lottery.

    答え

    • (n, C) a large payment of money to someone, for example from an insurance claim or from winning a competition

    解説

  • 278

    fast-track

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a fast-track procedure for adoption

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) happening or making progress more quickly than is usual

    解説

  • 279

    pact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The two countries signed a non-aggression pact.

    答え

    • (n, C) a formal agreement between two groups, countries, or people, especially to help each other or to stop fighting

    解説

  • 280

    vanquish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, T) to defeat somebody or something completely

    解説

  • 281

    formidable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The building is grey, formidable, not at all picturesque.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very powerful or impressive, and often frightening 2. difficult to deal with and needing a lot of effort or skill

    解説

  • 282

    resort

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Officials fear that extremists may resort to violence.

    答え

    • (v, I) to do something bad, extreme, or difficult because you cannot think of any other way to deal with a problem

    解説

    (n, C) a place where a lot of people go for holidays

  • 283

    dispense

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Villagers dispensed tea to visitors.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to give something to people, especially in fixed amounts 2. to officially provide something for people 3. to officially prepare and give medicines to people

    解説

  • 284

    conglomerate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an international conglomerate

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a large business organization consisting of several different companies that have joined together 2[U or C]. a rock consisting of different sizes of stones held together by clay 3[C]. a group of things gathered together

    解説

  • 285

    probe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I don't want to probe too deeply into your personal affairs.

    答え

    • (v, T or I) 1. to ask questions in order to find things out, especially things that other people do not want you to know 2. to look for something or examine something, using a long thin object

    解説

    (n, C) 1. a long thin metal instrument that doctors and scientists use to examine parts of the body 2. an investigation in which many questions are asked to discover the truth about something

  • 286

    instantaneous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • modern methods of instantaneous communication

    答え

    • (adj) happening immediately

    解説

  • 287

    sundries

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, plural) small objects that are not important enough to be named separately

    解説

  • 288

    all and sundry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I don't want you telling our private business to all and sundry.

    答え

    • everyone, not just a few carefully chosen people

    解説

  • 289

    nourishment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The soil provides nourishment for plant roots.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. the food and other substances that people and other living things need to live, grow, and stay healthy 2. something that helps a feeling, idea, or belief to grow stronger

    解説

  • 290

    swaddle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, T, old-fashioned) to wrap a baby tightly to keep it warm and protect it

    解説

  • 291

    slew

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I lost control of the car and it slewed sideways into the ditch.

    答え

    • (v, I or T + adv/pp) to turn or slide in a different direction suddenly and violently, or to make a vehicle do this

    解説

  • 292

    army of something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The village hall is maintained by an army of volunteers.

    答え

    • a large number of people involved in the same activity

    解説

  • 293

    entrenched

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Ageism is entrenched in our society.

    答え

    • (adj) strongly established and not likely to change - often used to show disapproval

    解説

  • 294

    trickle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The tears trickled down her cheeks.

    答え

    • (v, I, always + adv/pp) 1. to flow slowly in drops or in a thin stream 2. to move there slowly in small groups or amounts

    解説

  • 295

    plaintiff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who brings a legal action against another person in a court of law

    解説

  • 296

    as tough as nails

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • very tough and not easily frightened, or not caring about the effects of your actions on other people

    解説

    also as hard as nails

  • 297

    woo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the Party's efforts to woo working class voters

    答え

    • (v, T) to try to persuade someone to do something such as buy something from you, vote for you, or work for you - used in news reports

    解説

  • 298

    be a rarity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Visitors were a rarity in the village.

    答え

    • to not happen or exist very often

    解説

  • 299

    sentiment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Similar sentiments were expressed by many politicians.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C or U]. an opinion or feeling you have about something 2[U]. feelings of pity, love, sadness etc that are often considered to be too strong or not suitable for a particular situation

    解説

  • 300

    underwrite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The government has agreed to underwrite the project with a grant of £5 million.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to support an activity, business plan etc with money, and to take financial responsibility if it fails 2. to contractually agree to pay for any damage or loss that happens 3. to arrange to sell shares to investors, and to agree to buy any which are not bought by them

    解説

  • 301

    underlie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the one basic principle that underlies all of the party's policies

    答え

    • (v, T) to be the cause of something, or be the basic thing from which something develops

    解説

  • 302

    allege

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It was alleged that the policeman had accepted bribes.

    答え

    • (v, T often passive) to say that something is true or that someone has done something wrong, although it has not been proved

    解説

  • 303

    litigate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (v, T or I) to take a claim or complaint against someone to a court of law

    解説

  • 304

    sizzle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The bacon began to sizzle in the pan.

    答え

    • (v, I) to make a sound like water falling on hot metal

    解説

  • 305

    memorabilia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a collection of war memorabilia

    答え

    • (n, plural) things that you keep or collect because they are connected with a famous person, event, or time

    解説

  • 306

    hum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • By nine o'clock, the restaurant was humming.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to sing a tune by making a continuous sound with your lips closed 2[I]. to make a low continuous sound 3[I]. to be full of activity - use this to show approval

    解説

    (n, singular) a low continuous sound

  • 307

    bureaucracy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the reduction of unnecessary bureaucracy

    答え

    • (n) 1[U]. a complicated official system which is annoying or confusing because it has a lot of rules, processes etc 2[U or C]. the officials who are employed rather than elected to do the work of a government, business etc

    解説

  • 308

    stifle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • How can this party stifle debate on such a crucial issue?

    答え

    • (v) 1[T]. to stop something from happening or developing 2[T]. to stop a feeling from being expressed 3[I or T usually passive]. to stop breathing comfortably, or to make stop it

    解説

  • 309

    wiry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) 1. thin but has strong muscles 2. stiff and strong

    解説

  • 310

    deadpan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • deadpan humour

    答え

    • (adj) sounding and looking completely serious when you are saying or doing something funny

    解説

  • 311

    fame

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She won fame as a singer before she became an actress.

    答え

    • (n, U) the state of being known about by a lot of people because of your achievements

    解説

  • 312

    lofty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He had set himself the lofty goal of reaching the world's top five.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very high and impressive 2. showing high standards or high moral qualities - use this to show approval 3. seeming to think you are better than other people - used to show disapproval

    解説

  • 313

    dilapidated

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) old and in very bad condition

    解説

  • 314

    hangout

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The bar is a favorite hangout for students.

    答え

    • (n, C) a place someone likes to go to often

    解説

  • 315

    quell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Police used live ammunition to quell the disturbances.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to end a situation in which people are behaving violently or protesting, especially by using force 2. to reduce or stop unpleasant feelings such as fear, doubt, or worry

    解説

  • 316

    visionary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Under his visionary leadership, the city prospered.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. having clear ideas of what the world should be like in the future 2. existing only in someone's mind and unlikely to ever exist in the real world

    解説

    (n, C) 1. someone who has clear ideas and strong feelings about the way something should be in the future 2. a holy person who has visions

  • 317

    relentless

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • her relentless determination to succeed

    答え

    • (adj) 1. strict, cruel, or determined, without ever stopping 2[something bad is]. continuing without ever stopping or getting less severe

    解説

  • 318

    outright

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an outright refusal

    答え

    • (adj, only before noun) 1. clear and direct 2. complete and total

    解説

  • 319

    revulsion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • News of the atrocities produced a wave of anger and revulsion.

    答え

    • (n, U) a strong feeling of shock and very strong dislike

    解説

  • 320

    unequivocal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His answer was an unequivocal 'No.'

    答え

    • (adj) completely clear and without any possibility of doubt

    解説

  • 321

    autonomy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Teachers are given considerable individual autonomy.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. freedom that a place or an organization has to govern or control itself 2. the ability or opportunity to make your own decisions without being controlled by anyone else

    解説

  • 322

    demur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They demurred politely, but finally agreed to stay.

    答え

    • (v, I) to express doubt about or opposition to a plan or suggestion

    解説

    (n, U) disagreement or disapproval

  • 323

    blight

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her guilty secret was a blight on her happiness.

    答え

    • (n) 1[singular, U]. an unhealthy condition of plants in which parts of them dry up and die 2[singular]. something that makes people unhappy or that spoils their lives or the environment they live in

    解説

    (v, T) to spoil or damage something, especially by preventing people from doing what they want to do

  • 324

    sprawl

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I tripped on a stone and went sprawling on the pavement.

    答え

    • (v, I always + adv/pp) 1. to lie or sit with your arms or legs stretched out in a lazy or careless way 2. to spread out over a wide area in an untidy and unattractive way

    解説

    (n, singular, U) a large area of buildings that are spread out in an untidy and unattractive way

  • 325

    brim

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an old straw hat with a broad brim

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. the bottom part of a hat that sticks out to protect you from sun and rain 2. the top edge of a container

    解説

  • 326

    devastate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Rob was devastated by the news of her death.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to make someone feel extremely shocked and sad 2. to damage something very badly or completely

    解説

  • 327

    jovial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He addressed me in a jovial manner.

    答え

    • (adj) friendly and happy

    解説

  • 328

    pinnacle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She had reached the pinnacle of her political career.

    答え

    • (n) 1[singular]. the most successful, powerful, exciting etc part of something 2[C]. a high mountain top 3[C]. a pointed stone decoration, like a small tower, on a building such as a church or castle

    解説

  • 329

    serendipity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, U) when interesting or valuable discoveries are made by accident

    解説

  • 330

    seedy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a seedy nightclub

    答え

    • (adj) looking dirty or poor, and often connected with illegal or immoral activities

    解説

  • 331

    grease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Grease the pan before you pour the batter in.

    答え

    • (v, T) to put butter, grease etc on a pan etc to prevent food from sticking to it

    解説

    (n, U) 1. a fatty or oily substance that comes off meat when it is cooked, or off food made using butter or oil 2. a thick oily substance that is put on the moving parts of a car, machine etc to make it run or move smoothly 3. an oily substance that is produced by your skin

  • 332

    acolyte

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. someone who serves a leader or believes in their ideas 2. someone who helps a priest at a religious ceremony

    解説

  • 333

    adamant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She begged me to change my mind, but I remained adamant.

    答え

    • (adj) determined not to change your opinion or a decision that you have made

    解説

  • 334

    tinge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There was a tinge of sadness in her voice.

    答え

    • (n, C) a very small amount of a colour, emotion, or quality

    解説

    (v, T) to give something a small amount of a particular colour, emotion, or quality

  • 335

    dissuade

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a campaign to dissuade young people from smoking

    答え

    • (v, T) to persuade someone not to do something

    解説

  • 336

    help something along

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She asked a few questions to help the conversation along.

    答え

    • to make a process or activity happen more quickly or easily

    解説

  • 337

    put something together

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It took all morning to put the proposal together.

    答え

    • 1. to prepare or produce something by collecting pieces of information, ideas etc 2. to form people or things into a group 3. to make a machine, model etc by joining all the different parts

    解説

  • 338

    behind the scenes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Behind the scenes, both sides are working towards an agreement.

    答え

    • secretly, while other things are happening publicly

    解説

  • 339

    all along

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They should have known all along that she was lying.

    答え

    • all the time from the beginning, while something was happening

    解説

  • 340

    costly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His delay in making a decision could prove costly in the long run.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very expensive, especially wasting a lot of money 2. causing a lot of problems or trouble

    解説

  • 341

    futile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • My efforts to go back to sleep proved futile.

    答え

    • (adj) useless because they have no chance of being successful

    解説

  • 342

    plausible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His story certainly sounds plausible.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. reasonable and likely to be true or successful 2. good at talking in a way that sounds reasonable and truthful, although maybe in fact lying

    解説

  • 343

    antithetical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • This violence is completely antithetical to the teaching of the church.

    答え

    • (adj) exactly opposite to something

    解説

  • 344

    proponent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Steinem has always been a strong proponent of women's rights.

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who supports something or persuades people to do something

    解説

  • 345

    swathe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A swathe of sunlight lay across the floor.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a long thin area of something, especially land 2. a long thin area of grass or plants that has been cut down

    解説

    [also, swath]

  • 346

    torturous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a torturous five days of fitness testing

    答え

    • (adj) very painful or unpleasant to experience

    解説

  • 347

    ramp

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Ramps are needed at exits and entrances for wheelchair users.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a slope that has been built to connect two places that are at different levels 2[AE]. a road for driving onto or off a large main road

    解説

    (v,T) 1. to try to persuade people that a company's shares are worth more than they really are 2. to increase an activity

  • 348

    revolt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • French farmers are in revolt over cheap imports.

    答え

    • (n, U or C) 1. a refusal to accept someone's authority or obey rules or laws 2. strong and often violent action by a lot of people against their ruler or government

    解説

    (v) 1[T]. to take strong and often violent action against the government, usually with the aim of taking power away from them 2[I]. to refuse to accept someone's authority or obey rules or laws 3[T or I]. to be so unpleasant that it makes someone feel sick and shocked

  • 349

    startle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Sorry, I didn't mean to startle you.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone suddenly surprised or slightly shocked

    解説

  • 350

    repudiate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He repudiated all offers of friendship.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to refuse to accept or continue with something 2. to state or show that something is not true or correct

    解説

  • 351

    reckoning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • By my reckoning, we have 12,000 clients.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U]. calculation that is based on a careful guess rather than on exact knowledge 2[C usually singular, or U]. a time when you are judged or punished for your actions, or when they have results that affect you

    解説

  • 352

    inevitable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It's inevitable that doctors will make the occasional mistake.

    答え

    • (adj) certain to happen and impossible to avoid

    解説

  • 353

    juncture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • At this juncture, I suggest we take a short break.

    答え

    • (n, C usually singular) a particular point in an activity or period of time

    解説

  • 354

    humiliate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her boss humiliated her in front of all her colleagues.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone feel ashamed or stupid, especially when other people are present

    解説

  • 355

    troll

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I would troll for fish from the rowboat.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) 1. to try to remove something from a river, ocean etc by pulling a rope, line etc through the water 2. to try to obtain something by searching, asking people etc

    解説

    (n, C) an imaginary creature in stories that looks like an ugly person

  • 356

    tame

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • tame elephants

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not wild any longer, because it has been trained to live with people 2. dull and disappointing 3[only before noun]. used to describe a person who is willing to do what other people ask, even if it is slightly dishonest

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to reduce the power or strength of something and prevent it from causing trouble 2. to train a wild animal to obey you and not to attack people

  • 357

    prevail

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Justice will prevail.

    答え

    • (v, I not in progressive) 1. to exist among a group of people at a certain time 2. to be successful in the end of an activity or something

    解説

  • 358

    espionage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a campaign of industrial espionage against his main rival

    答え

    • (n, U) the activity of secretly finding out secret information and giving it to a country's enemies or a company's competitors

    解説

  • 359

    denounce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Amnesty International denounced the failure by the authorities to take action.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to express strong disapproval of someone or something, especially in public 2. to give information to the police or other authority about someone's illegal political activities

    解説

  • 360

    ludicrous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The court granted him the ludicrous sum of £100 in damages.

    答え

    • (adj) completely un-reasonable, stupid, or wrong

    解説

  • 361

    estranged

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Mill became estranged from his family after the marriage.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. no longer seeing or talking to a relative or good friend, because of an argument 2. no longer feeling any connection with something that used to be important in your life

    解説

  • 362

    grapple

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Two men grappled with a guard at the door.

    答え

    • (v, I) to fight or struggle with someone, holding them tightly

    解説

  • 363

    embroil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I became embroiled in an argument with the taxi driver.

    答え

    • (v, T) to involve someone or something in a difficult situation

    解説

  • 364

    decency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The film was banned on the grounds of public decency.

    答え

    • (n, U) polite, honest, and moral behaviour and attitudes that show respect for other people

    解説

  • 365

    clamp

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She clamped her hands over her ears.

    答え

    • (v, T always + adv/pp) 1. to put or hold something in a position so that it cannot move 2. to hold two things together, using a clamp

    解説

  • 366

    backlash

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The 1970s saw the first backlash against the women's movement.

    答え

    • (n, C) a strong negative reaction by a number of people against recent events, especially against political or social developments

    解説

  • 367

    unduly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She doesn't seem unduly concerned about her exams.

    答え

    • (adv) more than is normal or reasonable

    解説

  • 368

    detriment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He worked very long hours, to the detriment of his marriage.

    答え

    • (n, U) harm or damage

    解説

  • 369

    wary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'm a bit wary of driving in this fog.

    答え

    • (adj) careful because thinking something might be dangerous or harmful

    解説

  • 370

    disarray

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • This left the Liberal Party in total disarray.

    答え

    • (n, U) the state of being untidy or not organized

    解説

  • 371

    assumption

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the assumption of responsibility

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. something that you think is true although you have no definite proof 2[U]. when someone starts to have control or power

    解説

  • 372

    viable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The committee came forward with one viable solution.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. able to work successfully 2. able to continue to live or to develop into a living thing

    解説

  • 373

    flop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He flopped down onto the bed.

    答え

    • (v) 1[always + adv/pp]. to sit or lie down in a relaxed way, by letting all your weight fall heavily onto a chair etc 2[always + adv/pp]. to hang or fall loosely, in an uncontrolled way 3. to be not successful because people do not like it

    解説

    (n) 1[C]. a film, play, product etc that is not successful 2[singular]. the movement or noise that something makes when it falls heavily

  • 374

    lump

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Melt a lump of butter in your frying-pan.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a small piece of something solid, without a particular shape 2. a small hard swollen area that sticks out from someone's skin or grows in their body, usually because of an illness 3. a small square block of sugar

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to accept a situation or decision you do not like because you cannot change it 2. to put two or more different people or things together and consider them as a single group, sometimes wrongly

  • 375

    nascent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the country's nascent democracy

    答え

    • (adj, usually before noun) coming into existence or starting to develop

    解説

  • 376

    you ain't seen nothing yet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • If you think that was muddy, you ain’t seen nothing yet.

    答え

    • used to indicate that although something may be considered extreme or impressive, there is something even more extreme or impressive in store

    解説

  • 377

    in store for somebody

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • As we left, I wondered what the future held in store.

    答え

    • (something unexpected such as a surprise or problem is) about to happen to somebody

    解説

  • 378

    deaf

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I think Mum's going a bit deaf.

    答え

    • (adj) physically unable to hear anything or unable to hear well

    解説

    (tone-deaf: unable to hear the difference between different musical notes)

  • 379

    gulf

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the Gulf of Mexico

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a large area of sea partly enclosed by land 2. a great difference and lack of understanding between two groups of people, especially in their beliefs, opinions, and way of life

    解説

  • 380

    waft

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Cooking smells wafted up from downstairs.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T, always + adv/pp]. to move gently through the air, or make something move so 2[I, always + adv/pp]. to be heard, and it's pleasant but not very loud

    解説

  • 381

    companion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His dog became his closest companion.

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. someone you spend a lot of time with, especially a friend 2. one of a pair of things that go together or can be used together 3. used in the titles of books about a particular subject 4. someone, especially a woman, who is paid to live or travel with an older person

    解説

  • 382

    procrastinate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • People often procrastinate when it comes to paperwork.

    答え

    • (v, I) to delay doing something that you ought to do, usually because you do not want to do it

    解説

  • 383

    deceptive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Some snakes move with deceptive speed.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. to seem to be one thing but is in fact very different 2. intended to make someone believe something that is not true

    解説

  • 384

    profession

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Some students enter other professions such as arts administration.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a job that needs a high level of education and training 2[singular, also + plural verb, BE]. all the people who work in a particular professional area 3[C]. a statement of your belief, opinion, or feeling

    解説

  • 385

    vow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Jim made a vow that he would find his wife's killer.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a serious promise 2[C]. a religious promise that you will do something for God, the church etc 3[plural]. the promises you make during your wedding 4[plural]. the promises you make when you become a Catholic priest or nun

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to make a serious promise to yourself or someone else 2. to make a religious promise that you will do something for God, the church etc

  • 386

    upset stomach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an illness that affects the stomach and makes you feel sick

    解説

  • 387

    fleet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the US seventh fleet

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a group of ships, or all the ships in a navy 2. a group of vehicles that are controlled by one company

    解説

    (adj) fast or quick

  • 388

    nay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a bright - nay, a blinding light

    答え

    • (adv, sentence adverb) used when you are adding something to emphasize what you have just said

    解説

    (n, C) a 'no' - used when voting

  • 389

    perplex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Shea's symptoms perplexed the doctors.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make someone feel confused and worried because it is difficult to understand

    解説

  • 390

    intervene

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The army will have to intervene to prevent further fighting.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I]. to become involved in an argument, fight, or other difficult situation in order to change what happens 2[I or T]. to interrupt someone when they are speaking 3[I]. to delay or interrupt something else 4[I]. to come between two events

    解説

  • 391

    contaminate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Drinking water supplies are believed to have been contaminated.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to make a place or substance dirty or harmful by putting something such as chemicals or poison in it 2. to influence something in a way that has a bad effect

    解説

  • 392

    advisable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It is advisable to write a career objective at the start of your resume.

    答え

    • (adj, not before noun) should be done in order to avoid problems or risks

    解説

  • 393

    breakdown

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She had already had one nervous breakdown.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U or C]. the failure of a relationship or system 2[C]. a serious medical condition in which someone becomes mentally ill and is unable to work or deal with ordinary situations in life 3[C]. an occasion when a car or a piece of machinery breaks and stops working 4[C]. a list of all the separate parts of something 5[singular]. the changing of a substance into other substances

    解説

  • 394

    bilateral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • bilateral negotiations between Israel and Syria

    答え

    • (adj) involving two groups or nations

    解説

  • 395

    lateral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The wall is weak and requires lateral support.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. relating to the sides of something, or movement to the side 2. relating to positions, jobs, relationships etc that are at the same level or rank

    解説

  • 396

    obese

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) very fat in a way that is unhealthy

    解説

  • 397

    admonish

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The witness was admonished for failing to answer the question.

    答え

    • (v, T) to tell someone severely that they have done something wrong

    解説

  • 398

    painstaking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The work had been done with painstaking attention to detail.

    答え

    • (adj, usually before noun) very careful and thorough

    解説

  • 399

    pre-emptive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a series of pre-emptive strikes on guerilla bases

    答え

    • (adj) done to prevent something from happening, especially something that will harm you

    解説

  • 400

    disgust

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Much to my disgust, I found that there were no toilets for the disabled.

    答え

    • (n, U) 1. a strong feeling of dislike, annoyance, or disapproval 2. a very strong feeling of dislike that almost makes you sick, caused by something unpleasant

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to make someone feel very annoyed or upset about something that is not acceptable 2. to be so unpleasant that it makes you feel almost sick

  • 401

    lenient

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • School examiners say that marking has become more lenient in recent years.

    答え

    • (adj) not strict in the way you punish someone or in the standard you expect

    解説

  • 402

    abstain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Pilots must abstain from alcohol for 24 hours before flying.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to choose not to vote for or against something 2. to not do or have something you enjoy, especially alcohol or sex, usually for reasons of religion or health

    解説

  • 403

    insidious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an insidious trend towards censorship of the press

    答え

    • (adj) to spread gradually without being noticed, and cause serious harm

    解説

  • 404

    presumptuous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Would it be presumptuous of me to ask why you are so miserable?

    答え

    • (adj) doing something that you have no right to do and that seems rude

    解説

  • 405

    babble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I have no idea what he was babbling on about.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I or T]. to speak quickly in a way that is difficult to understand or sounds silly 2[I]. to make a sound like water moving over stones

    解説

    (n, singular) 1. the confused sound of many people talking at the same time 2. a sound like water moving over stones

  • 406

    get-together

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a friendly informal meeting or party

    解説

  • 407

    emit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The kettle emitted a shrill whistle.

    答え

    • (v, T) to send out gas, heat, light, sound etc

    解説

  • 408

    charter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the freedoms embodied in the UN charter

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a statement of the principles, duties, and purposes of an organization 2[U]. the practice of paying money to a company to use their boats, aircraft, etc, or the boat, aircraft etc used in this way 3[C]. a signed statement from a government or ruler which allows a town, organization, or university to officially exist and have special rights 4[singular, BE]. a law or official decision that seems to give someone the right to do something most people consider morally wrong

    解説

    (v, T) 1. to pay a company for the use of their aircraft, boat etc 2. to say officially that a town, organization, or university officially exists and has special rights

  • 409

    rent something out to someone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • She rents out two rooms to students.

    答え

    • to let someone live in a house, room etc that you own, or use your land, in return for money

    解説

  • 410

    undertaking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Starting a new business can be a risky undertaking.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C, usually singular]. an important job, piece of work, or activity that you are responsible for 2[C]. a promise to do something 3[U]. the business of an undertaker

    解説

  • 411

    let alone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The baby can't even sit up yet, let alone walk!

    答え

    • used after a negative statement to say that the next thing you mention is even more unlikely

    解説

  • 412

    on the fly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • So far, policy is being made on the fly.

    答え

    • 1. while a computer program is actually running 2. while dealing with a situation, rather than before dealing with it

    解説

  • 413

    concentric

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • concentric circles

    答え

    • (adj) having the same center

    解説

  • 414

    adherent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The anti-globalization movement is attracting new adherents to its principles.

    答え

    • (n, C) someone who supports a particular belief, plan, political party etc

    解説

  • 415

    accountable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The government should be accountable to all the people of the country.

    答え

    • (adj) responsible for the effects of your actions and willing to explain or be criticized for them

    解説

  • 416

    be met with something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The decision was met with anger from local residents.

    答え

    • to get a particular reaction or result

    解説

  • 417

    rose-colored glasses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He looked at life through rose-colored glasses and rarely worried about anything.

    答え

    • optimistic attitude

    解説

  • 418

    a drain on something

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The war was an enormous drain on the country's resources.

    答え

    • something that continuously uses a lot of time, money etc

    解説

  • 419

    understate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The press have tended to understate the extent of the problem.

    答え

    • (v, T) to describe something in a way that makes it seem less important or serious than it really is

    解説

  • 420

    discontent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There is widespread discontent at the quality of education.

    答え

    • (n, U) a feeling of being unhappy and not satisfied with the situation you are in

    解説

  • 421

    venture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When darkness fell, he would venture out.

    答え

    • (v) 1[I, always + adv/pp]. to go somewhere that could be dangerous 2[T]. to say or do something in an uncertain way because you are afraid it is wrong or will seem stupid

    解説

  • 422

    override

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The needs of the mother should not override the needs of the child.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to use your power or authority to change someone else's decision 2. to be regarded as more important than something else 3. to stop a machine doing something that it does by itself

    解説

  • 423

    objection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Local residents raised strong objections to the building application.

    答え

    • (n, C or U) a reason that you have for opposing or disapproving of something, or something you say that expresses this

    解説

  • 424

    dunce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the dunce of the class

    答え

    • (n, C, old-fashioned) someone who is slow at learning things

    解説

  • 425

    agony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It was agony not knowing if she would live.

    答え

    • (n, U or C) 1. very severe pain 2. a very sad, difficult, or unpleasant experience

    解説

  • 426

    coop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a building for small animals, especially chickens

    解説

  • 427

    affinity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • his remarkable affinity with animals

    答え

    • (n) 1[singular]. a strong feeling that you like and understand someone or something 2[U or C]. a close relationship between two things because of qualities or features that they share

    解説

  • 428

    budge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Will hasn't budged from his room all day.

    答え

    • (v, I, or T usually in negatives) 1. to move, or to make someone or something move 2. to change your opinion, or to make someone change their opinion

    解説

  • 429

    marginalize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Female employees complained of being marginalized by management.

    答え

    • (v, T) to make a person or a group of people unimportant and powerless in an unfair way

    解説

  • 430

    marginal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a marginal increase in the unemployment figures

    答え

    • (adj) 1. too small to be important 2. relating to a change in cost, value etc when one more thing is produced, one more dollar is earned etc 3. not considered powerful or important

    解説

  • 431

    sales pitch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • an aggressive salesman with a fast-talking sales pitch

    答え

    • the things someone says to persuade people to buy something

    解説

  • 432

    stimulus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Tax cuts provided the stimulus which the slow economy needed.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C usually singular, or U]. something that helps a process to develop more quickly or more strongly 2[C]. something that makes someone or something move or react

    解説

    [plural = stimuli]

  • 433

    glimmer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a glimmer of hope for the future

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a small sign of something such as hope or understanding 2. a light that is not very bright

    解説

    (v, I) to shine with a light that is not very bright

  • 434

    insatiable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • our insatiable thirst for knowledge

    答え

    • (adj) always wanting more and more of something

    解説

  • 435

    thirst

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Many of the animals had died of thirst.

    答え

    • (n) 1[singular]. the feeling of wanting or needing a drink 2[U]. the state of not having enough to drink

    解説

    [adjective form = thirsty]

  • 436

    hunger

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Thousands of people are dying from hunger every day.

    答え

    • (n) 1[U]. lack of food, especially for a long period of time, that can cause illness or death 2[U]. the feeling that you need to eat 3[singular, U]. a strong need or desire for something

    解説

    (v, I) to want something very much

  • 437

    glow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The bedside lamp glowed dimly.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to produce or reflect a soft steady light 2. to be pink or hot because you are healthy, have been doing exercise, or are feeling a strong emotion 3. to be attractive and has strong colors

    解説

    (n, singular) 1. a soft steady light 2. the pink colour in your face or body that you have when you are healthy, have been doing exercise, or are excited

  • 438

    ransack

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The whole flat had been ransacked.

    答え

    • (v, T) 1. to go through a place, stealing things and causing damage 2. to search a place very thoroughly, often making it untidy

    解説

  • 439

    benevolent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A benevolent uncle paid for her to have music lessons.

    答え

    • (adj) kind and generous

    解説

  • 440

    perverse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He gets perverse satisfaction from embarrassing people.

    答え

    • (adj) behaving in an un-reasonable way, especially by deliberately doing the opposite of what people want you to do

    解説

  • 441

    superfluous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a modern building with no superfluous decoration

    答え

    • (adj) more than is needed or wanted

    解説

  • 442

    mundane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Initially, the work was pretty mundane.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. ordinary and not interesting or exciting 2. concerned with ordinary daily life rather than religious matters

    解説

  • 443

    transgress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Orton's plays transgress accepted social norms.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) to do something that is against the rules of social behaviour or against a moral principle

    解説

  • 444

    engender

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • relationships that engender trust in children

    答え

    • (v, T) to be the cause of a situation or feeling

    解説

  • 445

    amble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • An old man came out and ambled over for a chat.

    答え

    • (v, I always + adv/pp) to walk slowly in a relaxed way

    解説

    (n, singular)

  • 446

    immaculate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He wore an immaculate dark-blue suit.

    答え

    • (adj) 1. very clean and tidy 2. exactly correct or perfect in every detail

    解説

  • 447

    denunciation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, C) a public statement in which you criticize someone or something

    解説

  • 448

    unsound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a test that's scientifically unsound

    答え

    • (adj) 1. not based on facts or good reasons 2. in bad condition 3. physically or mentally ill

    解説

  • 449

    interfere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Anxiety can interfere with children's performance at school.

    答え

    • (v, I) 1. to deliberately get involved in a situation where you are not wanted or needed 2. to prevent something from succeeding or from happening in the way that was planned

    解説

  • 450

    inept

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was criticized for his inept handling of the problem.

    答え

    • (adj) not good at doing something

    解説

  • 451

    folklore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n, U) the traditional stories, customs etc of a particular area or country

    解説

  • 452

    disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A number of stadiums were closed because of crowd disorder.

    答え

    • (n) 1[C]. a mental or physical illness which prevents part of your body from working properly 2[U]. a situation in which a lot of people behave in an uncontrolled, noisy, or violent way in public 3[U]. a situation in which things or people are very untidy or disorganized

    解説

  • 453

    cessation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a cessation of hostilities

    答え

    • (n, U or C) a pause or stop

    解説

    [noun form of cease]

  • 454

    wade

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I wish you wouldn't always wade in with your opinion.

    答え

    • (v, T, or I always + adv/pp) 1. to walk through water that is not deep 2. to enter a discussion, argument etc in a forceful and annoying way, often without thinking about the possible results 3. to move forward and attack someone 4. to read or deal with a lot of boring papers or written work

    解説

  • 455

    illicit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • illicit drugs

    答え

    • (adj) not allowed by laws or rules, or strongly disapproved of by society

    解説

  • 456

    exonerate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He was totally exonerated of any blame.

    答え

    • (v, T) to state officially that someone who has been blamed for something is not guilty

    解説

  • 457

    gregarious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (adj) 1. friendly and preferring to be with other people 2. tending to live in a group

    解説

  • 458

    caucus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus

    答え

    • (n, C) 1. a meeting of the members of a political party to choose people to represent them in a larger meeting, election etc 2. an organized group of people who have similar aims or interests, especially political ones

    解説

  • 459

    precocious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a precocious child who walked and talked early

    答え

    • (adj) showing intelligence or skill at a very young age, or behaving in an adult way - sometimes used to show disapproval in British English

    解説

  • 460

    omniscient

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the book's omniscient narrator

    答え

    • (adj) knowing everything

    解説

  • 461

    scold

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her father scolded her for upsetting her mother.

    答え

    • (v, T) to angrily criticize someone, especially a child, about something they have done

    解説

  • 462

    nonchalant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'Has he got a girlfriend?' Jill asked, trying to sound nonchalant.

    答え

    • (adj) behaving calmly and not seeming interested in anything or worried about anything

    解説

  • 463

    it goes without saying

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The Internet, too, it goes without saying, is a good source of information.

    答え

    • used to say that something is so clearly true that it does not need to be said

    解説

  • 464

    landslide

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a landslide election victory

    答え

    • (n, C) 1[usually singular]. a victory in an election in which one person or party gets a lot more votes than all the others 2. a sudden fall of a lot of earth or rocks down a hill, cliff etc

    解説

  • 465

    stodgy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • a stodgy play

    答え

    • (adj) 1. boring and formal or old-fashioned - used to show disapproval 2[BE]. heavy and makes you feel full very quickly - used to show disapproval

    解説

  • 466

    ascent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the first ascent of Everest

    答え

    • (n) 1[C usually singular]. the act of climbing something or moving upwards 2[C usually singular]. a path or way up to the top of something, for example a mountain 3[U]. the process of becoming more important, powerful, or successful than before

    解説

  • 467

    hedge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 'That depends on my partner,' she hedged.

    答え

    • (v, I or T) 1. to avoid giving a direct answer to a question 2[~ your bets]. to reduce your chances of failure or loss by trying several different possibilities instead of one 3[~ against something]. to try to protect yourself against possible problems, especially financial loss

    解説

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