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Geoscience Vocab-2

カード 35枚 作成者: Ray (作成日: 2013/11/01)

  • Rock Cycle

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Rock Cycle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one type to another, is destroyed, and forms again by geological processes

    解説

  • 2

    Disseminated deposit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • forms when hydrothermal activity distributes minute quantities of ore throughout a large rock mass.

    解説

  • 3

    andesitic/intermediate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mineral compisiton that are between "Granitic" and "Basaltic"

    解説

  • 4

    Nonfoliated Texture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rocks composed of only one mineral with equidimensional crystals have this texture

    解説

  • 5

    magma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • molten rock in the earth's crust

    解説

  • 6

    ultramafic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Igneous rocks with low silica content and very high levels of magnesium and iron. Periodite, dunites, and doirite are examples.

    解説

  • 7

    Igneous rock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • rock formed by the solidification of molten magma

    解説

  • 8

    crystal setting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • downward movement of mineral in cooling magma

    解説

  • 9

    Lithification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The process that converts sediments into solid rock by compaction or cementation.

    解説

  • 10

    felsic/granitic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Describes magma or igneous rock that is rich in feldspars and silica and that is generally light in color.

    解説

  • 11

    Vein Deposit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A metal-rich accumulation of mineral matter that occurs along a fracture or bedding plane

    解説

  • 12

    basaltic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dense, dark-colored igneous rock formed from magma;rich in magnesium and iron and poor in silica.

    解説

  • 13

    lava

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • magma that reaches Earth's surface

    解説

  • 14

    Regional Metamorphism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • metamorphism associated with large-scale mountain-building processes

    解説

  • 15

    Evaporite Deposit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a sedimentary rock formed of material deposited from solution by evaporation of the water

    解説

  • 16

    Hydrothermal solution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the hot, watery solution that escapes from a mass of magma during the later stages of crystallization; such solutions may alter the surrounding rock

    解説

  • 17

    fine-grained texture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • igneous rocks that form rapidly at the surface often have this type of texture, where the individaul crystals are too small to be seen with the unaided eye

    解説

  • 18

    Sedimentary Rock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together

    解説

  • 19

    coarse-grained texture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an igneous rock texture in which the crystals are roughly equal in size and large enough so that individual minerals can be identified with the unaided eye

    解説

  • 20

    texture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • describes the overall appearance of an igneous rock, based on the size and arrangement of its interlocking crystals

    解説

  • 21

    Detrital Sedimentary Rock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Also called Clastic - made from broken fragments of other rocks by compaction and cementation

    解説

  • 22

    crystallization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the process by which atoms are arranged in a repeating pattern

    解説

  • 23

    Sediment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or living things

    解説

  • 24

    Foliated texture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a texture of metamorphic rocks that gives the rock a layered apperance

    解説

  • 25

    Fossils

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the perserved trace, imprint, or remains of a plant or animal

    解説

  • 26

    Bowen"s reaction series

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which minerals crystallize from cooling magma according to their chemical composition and melting point

    解説

  • 27

    Pegmatite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a very coarse-grained igneous rock (typically granite) commonly found as a dike associated with a large mass of plutonic rock that has smaller crystals; crystallization in a water-rich environment is believed to be responsible for the very large crystals

    解説

  • 28

    Metamorphic Rock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions

    解説

  • 29

    Contact Metamorphism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • changes in rock caused by the heat from a nearby magma body.

    解説

  • 30

    Strata (beds)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • parallel layers of sedimentary rock

    解説

  • 31

    intrusive/plutonic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • igneous rock that formed below the earths surface

    解説

  • 32

    extrusive (volcanic)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • igneous rocks that result when lava solidifies

    解説

  • 33

    porphyritic texture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An igneous rock texture in which large crystals are scattered on a background of much smaller crystals.

    解説

  • 34

    glassy texture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A texture formed when a rock cools so fast it doesn't have time to crystallize

    解説

  • 35

    Chemical Sedimentary Rock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sedimentary rock that forms when minerals precipitate from a solution or settle from a suspension.

    解説

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