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Geoscience Astronomy

カード 40枚 作成者: Ray (作成日: 2013/11/01)

  • Terrestrial Planet

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Terrestrial Planet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one of the dense rocky planets nearest to the sun; Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars

    解説

  • 2

    Light-year

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., the distance light travels in one year

    解説

  • 3

    Binary Stars

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., pairs of stars that revolve around each other

    解説

  • 4

    Radio Telescope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., an instrument that collects and records radio waves traveling through space and can be used day or night under most weather conditions; provides information to map the universe and look for life on other planets

    解説

  • 5

    Absolute Magnitude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., (astronomy) the magnitude that a star would have if it were viewed from a distance of 10 parsecs (32.62 light years) from the earth

    解説

  • 6

    Prominences

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., huge, arching columns of gas. may be caused by intense magnetic fields from sunspots. some blast material from sun into space

    解説

  • 7

    Main-sequence star

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., A normal star that is undergoing nuclear fusion of hydrogen into helium. Our sun is a typical main-sequence star.

    解説

  • 8

    Doppler Effect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., change in the apparent frequency of a wave as observer and source move toward or away from each other

    解説

  • 9

    Galaxy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity; can be elliptical, spiral, or irregular

    解説

  • 10

    Pulsar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., a rapidly spinning neutron star that produces radio waves

    解説

  • 11

    Absorption Spectrum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., A graph showing the amount of light absorbed by individual pigments at various wavelengths

    解説

  • 12

    Planetesimal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One of the small asteroid-like bodies that formed the building blocks of the planets.

    解説

  • 13

    Nebula

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • large cloud of gas and dust that contracts under gravitational force and breaks apart into smaller pieces, each of which might collapse to form a star

    解説

  • 14

    Supergiant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., late stage in the life cycle of a massive star in which the core heats up, heavy elements form by fusion, and the star expands; can eventually explode to form a supernova

    解説

  • 15

    Supernova

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., when the core of a massive star collapes violently causing the outer portion of the star to explode

    解説

  • 16

    Spectroscopy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the study of the spectra of stars by analyzing the spectral properties of the light they give off

    解説

  • 17

    Emission Spectrum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., a series of bright lines of particular wavelengths produced by a hot gas under low pressure

    解説

  • 18

    Neutron Star

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., collapsed core of a supernova that shrinks to about 20 km in diameter and whose dense core has only neutrons

    解説

  • 19

    Red Giant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., A large, reddish star late in its life cycle

    解説

  • 20

    Chromatic Aberration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., a spherical lens defect in which light passing through a lens is focused at different points, causing an object viewed through a lens to seem to be ringed with color

    解説

  • 21

    Black Hole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., final stage in the evolution of a very massive star, where the core's mass collapses to a point that its gravity is so strong that not even light can escape

    解説

  • 22

    Big Bang Theory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., the theory that all matter and energy in the universe was compressed into an extremely small volume that 13 billion to 15 billion years ago exploded and began expanding in all directions

    解説

  • 23

    Apparent Magnitude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth

    解説

  • 24

    Refracting Telescope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., optical telescope that has a large convex lens that produces an image that is viewed through the eyepiece

    解説

  • 25

    Galaxy Cluster

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., a system of galaxies containing from several to thousands of member galaxies

    解説

  • 26

    White Dwarf

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., late stage in the life cycle of a comparatively low-mass main sequence star; formed when its core depletes its helium and its outer layers escape into space, leaving behind a hot, dense core

    解説

  • 27

    Reflecting Telescope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., optical telescope consisting of a large concave mirror that produces an image that is magnified by the eyepiece

    解説

  • 28

    Parallax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., the apparent change in position of an object when you look at it from different places

    解説

  • 29

    Nova

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., a star that explosively increases in brightness

    解説

  • 30

    Nuclear Fusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., a nuclear reaction in which nuclei combine to form more massive nuclei with the simultaneous release of energy

    解説

  • 31

    Continuous Spectrum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., A spectrum that contains all colors or wavelengths

    解説

  • 32

    Protostar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., Early form of a star; This stage lies between the collapsing of dust and gas and the beginning of nuclear fusion

    解説

  • 33

    Solar Flares

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., violent eruptions of particles and radiation from the surface of the Sun

    解説

  • 34

    Electromagnetic Spectrum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • arrangement of electromagnetic radiation--including radio waves, visible light from the Sun, gamma rays, X rays, ultraviolet waves, infrared waves, and microwaves--according to their wavelengths

    解説

  • 35

    Hubble's Law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., the farther away a galaxy is, the faster it is moving away from us

    解説

  • 36

    Constellation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky

    解説

  • 37

    Photon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a particle of light

    解説

  • 38

    Sun Spots

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., black spots on the sun's surface (photosphere), cooler than the surrounding area because of the sun's magnetic field that keeps in heat and light

    解説

  • 39

    Cepheid Variable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ..., A variable star that brightens and dims regularly, or pulses, and whose distance can be determined from its period of pulsation

    解説

  • 40

    Jovian Planet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Planets with low densities and are huge gas giants. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

    解説

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