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Geoscience Mineralogy Vocaburaly

カード 37枚 作成者: Ray (作成日: 2013/11/01)

  • atom

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教材の説明:

Mineralogy Vocab

公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    atom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element

    解説

  • 2

    color

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an unreliable mineral property due to impurities within the mineral

    解説

  • 3

    energy levels (shells)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Electrons occupy generally fixed regions of space around the nucleus

    解説

  • 4

    streak

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the color of a mineral in the powdered form

    解説

  • 5

    mineral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition

    解説

  • 6

    ionic bond

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a positive ion and the other atom gains to electron to form a negative ion

    解説

  • 7

    isotope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with different numbers of neutrons

    解説

  • 8

    neutron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in the nucleus of an atom

    解説

  • 9

    silicon-oxygen tetrahedron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a structure composed of four oxygen atoms surrounding a silicon atom that constitutes the basic building block of silicate minerals. The fundamental building block of all silicate minerals

    解説

  • 10

    mineralogy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the branch of geology that studies minerals: their structure and properties and the ways of distinguishing them

    解説

  • 11

    electron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus

    解説

  • 12

    radioactive decay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the spontaneous disintegration of a radioactive substance along with the emission of ionizing radiation

    解説

  • 13

    Mohs hardness scale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a scale ranking ten minerals from softest to hardest; used in testing the hardness of minerals

    解説

  • 14

    rock-forming minerals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the common minerals that make up most of the rocks in Earth's crust

    解説

  • 15

    element

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • substance consisting entirely of one type of atom

    解説

  • 16

    crystal form

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the external appearance of a mineral as determined by its internal arrangement of atoms

    解説

  • 17

    atomic number

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom

    解説

  • 18

    mass number

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the sum of the number of neutrons and protons in an atomic nucleus

    解説

  • 19

    mineral resources

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a beneficial mineral that can be recovered for use

    解説

  • 20

    nucleus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the positively charged dense center of an atom

    解説

  • 21

    fracture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular way

    解説

  • 22

    cleavage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces

    解説

  • 23

    periodic table

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol, and average atomic mass; elements with similar chemical properties are grouped together.

    解説

  • 24

    ions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • electrically charged atoms that have gained or lost electrons.

    解説

  • 25

    valence electrons

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of an atom; these are the electrons involved in forming bonds.

    解説

  • 26

    feldspar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Group of most common minerals of Earth's crust. All feldspars contain silicon, aluminum, and oxygen and may contain potassium, calcium, and sodium.

    解説

  • 27

    compound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements in definite proportions

    解説

  • 28

    hardness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a measure of the ability of a mineral to resist scratching

    解説

  • 29

    proton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is found in the nucleus of an atom

    解説

  • 30

    rock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an aggregate of minerals

    解説

  • 31

    specific gravity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the ratio of a mineral's weight compared with the weight of an equal volume of water

    解説

  • 32

    silicate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mineral that contains silicon and oxygen and usually one or more other elements

    解説

  • 33

    quartz

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form

    解説

  • 34

    luster

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the visual property of something that shines with reflected light

    解説

  • 35

    reserve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an already identified deposit from which minerals can be extracted profitably

    解説

  • 36

    covalent bond

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons between atoms in a molecule

    解説

  • 37

    ore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a metal-bearing mineral valuable enough to be mined

    解説

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