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Geoscience -Midyear

カード 37枚 作成者: Ray (作成日: 2013/11/01)

  • iron meteorites

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教材の説明:

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公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    iron meteorites

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • largely composed of metallic iron nickel, 45% of all meteorites, come from the core

    解説

  • 2

    stony-iron meteorites

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • contain large amounts of both metallic and rocky material, 1% of all meteorites, come from boundary zone

    解説

  • 3

    chondrites

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 86% of all stony meteorites, composed mostly of silicate minerals, BUILDING BLOCKS OF OUR PLANET

    解説

  • 4

    meteorite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • object originating in outer space that survives impact with the earth's surface

    解説

  • 5

    shadow zones

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4 locations on the earth's surface where neither S nor P waves are detected OR where only P waves are detected

    解説

  • 6

    S waves

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • seismic waves that are SLOWER and can only travel through SOLIDS

    解説

  • 7

    P waves

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • seismic waves that are FAST and can travel through LIQUIDS, SOLIDS, AND GASES.

    解説

  • 8

    differentiation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the SEPARATING out of DIFFERENT parts of a planetary body based on their chemical or physical characteristics where by the body evolves into compositionally distinct layers

    解説

  • 9

    accretion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • refers to the COLLISION and STICKING of microscopic dust and ice eventually leading to planetesimals which accrete more small particles and planetesimals

    解説

  • 10

    evidence for the big bang theory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • if the distance between galaxy clusters is increasing today then everything must have been closer together in the past

    解説

  • 11

    big bang theory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • prevailing theory of the early development of the universe

    解説

  • 12

    crust

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • outermost layer, continental: under continents, oceanic: under the oceans

    解説

  • 13

    inner core

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hottest layer, solid

    解説

  • 14

    outer core

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • liquid layer, asphalt like

    解説

  • 15

    mantle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • asthenosphere: upper and cool, lithosphere: ability to flow

    解説

  • 16

    seasons

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the earth rotates on an axis of 23.5° from the perpendicular, causes days because the earth revolves the sun

    解説

  • 17

    revolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • completed every 365 days

    解説

  • 18

    rotation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • completed every 24 hours

    解説

  • 19

    newtonian

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Law of Gravitation, the force of attraction between any two objects depends on their masses and the distance between them, the larger the masses of the two objects and the closer they are the greater the force of gravity will be between them

    解説

  • 20

    xenoliths

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a piece of rock of different origin from the igneous rock in which it is embedded

    解説

  • 21

    isostatic adjustment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the up and down movements of the crust to reach isostasy

    解説

  • 22

    convection current

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • warm water rising and cool water sinking

    解説

  • 23

    convection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • causes the movement of lithospheric plates?, transfer heat through the movement of heated materials

    解説

  • 24

    transform

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • two plates grinding past each other

    解説

  • 25

    convergent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • direct collision of two plates causing one to go under the other, leads to a subduction zone

    解説

  • 26

    divergent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • two plates moving away from each other

    解説

  • 27

    aa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sharp blocky texture of the volcanic rock, formed when the crust deforms rapidly

    解説

  • 28

    finding epicenter using lagtime

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • P - S= epicenter

    解説

  • 29

    deep

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 300-650 km

    解説

  • 30

    intermediate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 70-300 km

    解説

  • 31

    shallow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 0-70 km

    解説

  • 32

    epicenter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the point on the surface directly above the focus

    解説

  • 33

    focus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the area along the fault where slippage first occurs

    解説

  • 34

    earthquake

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vibrations of the earth's crust

    解説

  • 35

    seismograph

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • instrument used to detect and record seismic waves

    解説

  • 36

    mercalli scale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • expresses the intensity of an earthquake and the amount of damage using roman numerals

    解説

  • 37

    seamount

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a mountain on the ocean floor that does not reach the surface

    解説

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